It depends on when MTD is reached for either EC1456 or EC1169. I think the increases in dose are about to get big, so maybe MTD will be found relatively soon.
This abstract has been withheld from publication due to its inclusion in the AACR Annual Meeting 2016 Official Press Program. It will be posted online following its presentation.
The PD-1/PD-L1 (programmed cell death protein 1; programmed death-ligand 1) pathway plays a key role in immunological tolerance and autoimmunity. PD-1 is primarily expressed on activated T and B cells while its receptor, PD-L1, is expressed in a variety of cell types including resting lymphocytes, DCs, and macrophages. Recently, multiple human solid tumor types (melanoma, NSCLC, RCC, ovarian, and colorectal cancer) have been found to overexpress PD-L1 within its tumor microenvironment. More importantly, PD-1/PD-L1 blocking agents (pembrolizumab, nivolumab, lambrolizumab, MPDL3280A) have been found active as a single agent or in combination with chemotherapy and some have produced durable clinical responses. On the other hand, human epithelial tumors are also known to overexpress the high-affinity folate receptor (FR)-alpha that is capable of bringing folate-linked drugs into the cell cytosol via endocytosis. Using flow cytometry, we assessed PD-L1 expression in various FR-positive syngeneic mouse tumor models (M109, Renca, L1210A, 4T1-Cl2, ID8-Cl15). PD-L1 expression was found to vary significantly among different tumor types and could be found not only on CD45- malignant cells but also on tumor stromal cells such as F4/80+CD11b+ tumor-associated macrophages. Using a rat anti-mouse PD-1 antibody (clone RMP1-14), we studied in-vivo efficacy of a folate-targeted chemotherapy in combination with PD-1/PD-L1 blockage in PD-L1-expressing tumor models. In syngeneic models with high PD-L1 expression and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, a synergistic and curable anti-tumor effect was observed and the animals developed tumor-protective immunity against rechallenge. Thus, our preliminary results suggest that folate-targeted chemotherapeutics may also be enhanced by PD-1/PD-L1 blockage by means of overcoming tumor-mediated immune suppression
ECYT will be presenting this weekend. They have a new and improved product. CASH is market value plus research on top of it. Next week it will pass resistance to above 4.00, after that it is easy ride ..
Sentiment: Strong Buy