A mystery crater spotted in the frozen Yamal peninsula in Siberia earlier this month was probably caused by methane released as permafrost thawed, researchers in Russia say.
Air near the bottom of the crater contained unusually high concentrations of methane — up to 9.6% — in tests conducted at the site on 16 July, says Andrei Plekhanov, an archaeologist at the Scientific Centre of Arctic Studies in Salekhard, Russia. Plekhanov, who led an expedition to the crater, says that air normally contains just 0.000179% methane.
Since the hole was spotted in mid-July by a helicopter pilot, conjecture has abounded about how the 30-metre-wide crater was formed — a gas or missile explosion, a meteorite impact and alien involvement have all been suggested.
But Plekhanov and his team believe that it is linked to the abnormally hot Yamal summers of 2012 and 2013, which were warmer than usual by an average of about 5°C. As temperatures rose, the researchers suggest, permafrost thawed and collapsed, releasing methane that had been trapped in the icy ground.
Other researchers argue that long-term global warming might be to blame — and that a slow and steady thaw in the region could have been enough to free a burst of methane and create such a big crater. Over the past 20 years, permafrost at a depth of 20 metres has warmed by about 2°C, driven by rising air temperatures1, notes Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, a geochemist at the Alfred Wegener Institute in Potsdam, Germany.
Hubberten speculates that a thick layer of ice on top of the soil at the Yamal crater site trapped methane released by thawing permafrost. “Gas pressure increased until it was high enough to push away the overlying layers in a powerful injection, forming the crater,” he says. Hubberten says that he has never before seen a crater similar to the Yamal crater in the Arctic.
Larry Hinzman, a permafrost hydrologist at the University of Alaska in Fairbanks and director of the International Arctic Research Center says....
Sentiment: Strong Buy
see on youtube it's from CNN recorded 2015 - Russia - Seven New Mysterious Giant Craters Spotted in Russia's Far North
methane fields are starting to bust causing meltdown permafrost and ice sheets?
scientists are speaking about run a way behavior but nobody have noticed
Sentiment: Strong Buy
Study by Boston Consulting to world by 2030 more than 150 billion euros of investment in large industrial storage facilities as Elek
Many large corporations deal currently with the storage issue. Because the market is attractive. According to a study by Boston Consulting to worldwide flow of investment in large industrial storage facilities such as electrolysis and 2030 more than 150 billion euros. The market for lithium-ion batteries, currently all talk about is, however unequally assessed small with a maximum of 70 billion euros.
Siemens has developed a particularly advanced system, which is used in Mainz. These are a total of six megawatts to the largest electrolysis plant in the world. The conventional electrolysis uses an alkaline process. The splitting is done in potash, must have the operating temperature. Siemens is contrary to the PEM technology (Proton Exchange Membrane). The systems can be arbitrarily switched on and off and to respond at very short notice within milliseconds to the big jumps in electricity production from wind and solar plants. In the process also put competitors like Hydrogenics and ITM.
The ailing energy giant Eon launched on Monday the operation of its first power to gas plant in Ibbenbüren, a small town near Münster. The use of such systems will in the long term indispensable, said Arndt Neuhaus, CEO of RWE Germany. Only the natural gas network offer sufficient capacity to store huge amounts of energy.
Viele große Konzerne beschäftigen sich derzeit mit der Speicherthematik. Denn der Markt ist attraktiv. Laut einer Studie von Boston Consulting sollen weltweit bis 2030 über 150 Milliarden Euro an Investitionen in Großindustrielle Speicheranlagen wie Elektrolyse fließen. Der Markt für Lithium-Ionen-Akkus, über den derzeit alle reden, wird dagegen mit maximal 70 Milliarden Euro ungleich kleiner eingeschätzt.
Siemens hat eine besonders fortschrittliche Anlage entwickelt, die in Mainz zum Einsatz kommt. Dabei handelt es sich mit insgesamt sechs Megawatt um die größte Elektrolyse-Anlage der Welt. Die herkömmliche Elektrolyse setzt auf ein alkalisches Verfahren. Das Splitten erfolgt in Kalilauge, die Betriebstemperatur haben muss. Siemens setzt dagegen auf die PEM-Technologie (Proton Exchange Membran). Die Anlagen können beliebig an- und ausgeschaltet werden und sehr kurzfristig innerhalb von Millisekunden auf die großen Sprünge bei der Stromproduktion von Wind- und Solaranlagen reagieren. Auf das Verfahren setzen auch Konkurrenten wie Hydrogenics und ITM.
Der angeschlagene Energieriese Eon startete am Montag den Betrieb seiner ersten Power-to-Gas-Anlage in Ibbenbüren, einer Kleinstadt in der Nähe von Münster. Der Einsatz solcher Anlagen werde langfristig unverzichtbar, sagte Arndt Neuhaus, Chef von RWE Deutschland. Nur das Erdgasnetz biete ausreichend große Kapazitäten, um riesige Mengen an Energie zu speichern.
Sentiment: Strong Buy
HYGS is not involved anywhere in this field. Big mistake.
The Dantherm project in Europe uses on-site backup generators for CHP app. But Hf/c can be used to produce electrical power for individual homes with combo of batteries and super-capacitors. These systems would not be cheap. But if producing all full-time electrical needs for a home, payback is under 5 years. From then on, the systems are hugely profitable for the homeowner. Total annual electrical use for a 3500 sq ft home (avg, depending on environment) is about $8000.
I think CHP tech is short-sighted. It does not eliminate the utility and power grid, so national security issues are not addressed. And CHP is for backup only. I have propane backup generators at our home and mountain cabin as we have a lot of power outages in both locations. I'd rather be making my own electricity in the same space.
Stanford Report, June 23, 2015 this is the latest article , most of the reports are from June & July 2014 ,
The nickel/nickel-oxide catalyst significantly lowers the voltage required to split water, which could eventually save hydrogen producers billions of dollars in electricity costs, and up to 80% efficient .There still working on the durability of the device. Will see if it survives outside the Lab ?
I hate saying this but Good Find Phil !!
If you Google as described above, you'll find several articles on the same page elaborating on the prospects & potential of this exciting new breakthrough. After dwelling on it awhile, I got wondering: Is this new development related to the recent surge stock buying? What do you think?
I FOUND THIS ARTICLE BY GOOGLING "STANDFORD UNIVERSITY ELECTROLYZER". YOU CAN ALSO FIND IT BY GOOGLING "STANFORD UNVERSITY WATER SPLITTER".
Most interesting & recommended raeding for HYGS investors.
WOW this knocks the ball out of the park.
very very very interesting development this is getting big
Sentiment: Strong Buy
The big game changer is represented by production and storage, because of more leveraged uses..... PTGas via electrolizers allow monetizing of energy excess... you'll monetize the H2 by injecting it into the gas pipeline? or for industrial applications? or for FCEVs? 3 options, and a plant can even reach them all.
So it's better for the Company to bet on several channels, included home applications that you're calling.
IMO, home applications won't be a breakthrough... Look at all the burocratics and policy issues that these PTgas applications are facing.... and they ARE currently passing a significative turning point (at least Germany, US and Japan)..... but look at how much time did it take?
My point is that I guess it's far more difficult to legislate for H2-home applications.
About this topic, I think you're referring to the "ene field", a research on field for home fcell CHP, going on in EU.
My understandment is that BLDP is in game with Danthern (check ene field website).
But I don't think HYGS is involved. Confirm?
Flukie...still around? Still underwater? Awww...too bad. Well, if you keep buying high and selling low someday you'll figure out what you're doing wrong.
Laughing at you, boy...
Teakettle just loves hearing the keyboard taps while posting his pompous and usually trivial stuff on Hygs board... It's ok, you're full of gas, let it out... ;)
It would have to be a very large shareholder. As you say, no fund or other large managed pool of cash is involved. If that were the case, we'd know it. I've increased my holdings to 33,200 shares...and that's very, very small compared to what you suggest might be involved.
No...I think the little surge over the past few days is a combination of small-ish shareholders getting in at a good price.
Hey...maybe macvogel finally saw the light...and fluke and dmr and dvd3! Maybe you...
True...if by succeed you mean growing its position in production and storage alone. That is HYGS's core biz. But where does it go from here...or rather, there?
Sorry...but production and storage are competitive, capital intensive businesses with narrow margins. HYGS assumes growth in its motivation business...buses, commercial vehicles, forklift trucks...as a significant contributor to its profits going forward. (See Annual Report)
But those too are highly competitive and, frankly, propane is a more viable and far less expensive alternative. Meanwhile, HYGS has the technology to develop on-site electrical generation (OSEG) for homes and small office bldgs. All they need is a partner for delivery and service. That is a huge, nearly untapped market in USA and Canada.
For security reasons as well as cost, reliable and continuous OSEG is the future. The National Association of Realtors (NAR) is pushing for value-added features and systems that can be marketed along with new homes. OSEG is one of the systems they are seeking. Elon Musk has developed a system that relies heavily on batteries for this purpose. Musk is a very successful guy, with great vision. If he sees OSEG as a viable market, a firm like HYGS...with its great technology...should, IMO, be working on an approach to that market and a possible partnership with Musk.
I have repeatedly asked HYGS mgt why they are not moving in that direction and their an-
swer is always the same...no interest at this time. The future is passing HYGS by. Meanwhile, they continue to look at motivating more forklift trucks. As a shareholder, I believe that is not best use of MY money.
If you're a shareholder, you should be emailing the company regularly with your concerns, just as I am. Every shareholder should be.
numerous ways to succeed going forward and some showing very positive signs... I'm following the ceos lead here. Starting to accumulate again
Again... why no mention with a PR?
OffTopic: My msg all deleted, until half July......???