Several companies and universities are involved with developing these technologies. Wireless research is headed by the director of Colorado State University's telecom program, Dr. Nassar. The University of Colorado and Colorado School of Mines are involved in different areas including optical systems, policies, and regulatory analysis. Some of the companies involved include Idris (idriscomm.com), Granularity (granularity.com), and Genghis. Some of this research is also funded by NASA.