Progressivism is a general political philosophy based on the idea of progress that asserts that advances in science, technology, economic development, and social organization, can improve the human condition. Progressivism originated during the Age of Enlightenment in Europe out of the belief that Europe was demonstrating that societies could progress in civility from barbaric conditions to civilization through strengthening the basis of empirical knowledge as the foundation of society. Figures of the Enlightenment believed that progress had universal application to all societies and that these ideas would spread from Europe to across the world.
"Modernity" or "modernization" was a key form of the idea of progress as promoted by classical liberals in the 19th and 20th centuries, who called for the rapid modernization of the economy and society to remove the traditional hindrances to free markets and free movements of people. German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was influential in promoting the idea of progress in European philosophy by emphasizing a linear-progressive conception of history and rejecting cyclical conception of history. Karl Marx applied the Hegelian conception of linear-progressive history, the modernization of the economy through industrialization, and criticisms of the social class structure of industrial capitalist societies, to develop the ideology of communism. As industrialization grew, concerns over its effects grew beyond Marxist and other radical critiques and became mainstream.
Contemporary progressivism emerged as part of a response to the vast social changes brought by industrialization in the Western world in the late 19th century, particularly out of the view that progress was being stifled by vast economic inequality between the rich and the poor, unregulated laissez-faire capitalism with out-of-control monopolistic corporations, intense and often violent conflict between workers and capitalists, and lack of effort by governments to address these problems. Progressivism has influenced various political movements. Modern liberalism was influenced by liberal philosopher John Stuart Mill's conception of people being "progressive beings". British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli developed progressive conservatism under "One Nation" Toryism.
Progressive stances have evolved over time. In the late 19th century, there were progressives who accepted scientific racism on the grounds of it having a scientific basis; however, this was later discarded as a result of racism being demonstrated to not have a scientific basis. Stances towards imperialism were initially divided amongst progressives in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, particularly in the United States where some progressives supported American imperialism while others opposed it. In response to World War I, progressive American President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points established the concept of national self-determination and criticized imperialist competition and colonial injustices; these views were supported by anti-imperialists in areas of the world that were resisting imperial rule.[
Blue, progressiveness can NEVER be a bane to my core beliefs because I know what it is and understand it very well, from its dialectic processes, modus operandi to its implementation through lies and deception and its proven results, which are negative and destructive. Look at Europe and all those who have embraced or practiced the evil concepts of George W.F. Hegel.
I am not a bit surprised that you are parroting the Hegelian concept, which you don't even understand, since ya had to plagiarize ya boring drivel by cutting and pasting ya "WIKI infomercial" from a wiki source. Educate yourself by reading the history, I don't mean the prog history you are so conversant with, and blindly enthralled with. This explains why ya kind are so gullible and so easily manipulated. This is America, and if ya so wedded to the Hegelian/Marxist philosophy please feel free to move to Europe or Cuba or Venezuela , so those of us who love the Republic and American exceptionalism, can continue to thrive in our pursuit of whatever progs abhor in a Republic and in America.
We are all equal in ONLY ONE regard, endowed with the freedom of choice! My choice is to live in America but your choice should NEVER include changing America into a Hegelian or Marxist utopia. If ya so excited about progressivism what are you still doing in Oregon? I my life here in America and had worked hard for it. You also can, but ya have to work for it instead of expecting or seeking a utopian handout.....hard work never kills, it is the American way!!!!!
Love it or leave it.
Re: "...Look at Europe and all those who have embraced or practiced the evil concepts of George W.F. Hegel.…….My choice is to live in America but your choice should NEVER include changing America into a Hegelian or Marxist utopia. If ya so excited about progressivism what are you still doing in Oregon? I my life here in America and had worked hard for it. You also can, but ya have to work for it instead of expecting or seeking a utopian handout.....hard work never kills, it is the American way!!!!! Love it or leave it."
DENMARK IS CONSIDERED THE HAPPIEST COUNTRY. YOU'LL NEVER GUESS WHY.
10/22/2013 | HuffPost
Last month, Denmark was crowned the happiest country in the world.
“The top countries generally rank higher in all six of the key factors identified in the World Happiness Report,” wrote University of British Columbia economics professor John Helliwell, one of the report's contributing authors. “Together, these six factors explain three quarters of differences in life evaluations across hundreds of countries and over the years.”
THE SIX FACTORS FOR A HAPPY NATION SPLIT EVENLY BETWEEN CONCERNS ON A GOVERNMENT- AND ON A HUMAN-SCALE. THE HAPPIEST COUNTRIES HAVE IN COMMON A LARGE GDP PER CAPITA, HEALTHY LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH AND A LACK OF CORRUPTION IN LEADERSHIP. But also essential were three things over which individual citizens have a bit more control over: A SENSE OF SOCIAL SUPPORT, FREEDOM TO MAKE LIFE CHOICES AND A CULTURE OF GENEROSITY.
"There is now a rising worldwide demand that policy be more closely aligned with what really matters to people as they themselves characterize their well-being," economist Jeffrey Sachs said in a statement at the time of the report's release.
But why Denmark over any of the other wealthy, democratic countries with small, educated populations? And can the qualities that make this Nordic country the happiest around apply to other cultures across the globe? Here are a few things Danes do well that any of us can lobby for:
DENMARK SUPPORTS PARENTS
While American women scrape by with an average maternal leave of 10.3 weeks, Danish families receive a total of 52 weeks of parental leave. Mothers are able to take 18 weeks and fathers receive their own dedicated 2 weeks at up to 100 percent salary. The rest of the paid time off is up to the family to use as they see fit.
But the support doesn't stop at the end of this time. Danish children have access to free or low-cost child care. And early childhood education is associated with health and well-being throughout life for its recipients -- as well as for mothers. What's more, this frees up young mothers to return to the work force if they'd like to. The result? In Denmark, 79 percent of mothers return to their previous level of employment, compared to 59 percent of American women. These resources mean that women contribute 34 to 38 percent of income in Danish households with children, compared to American women, who contribute 28 percent of income.
HEALTH CARE IS A CIVIL RIGHT -- AND A SOURCE OF SOCIAL SUPPORT
Danish citizens expect and receive health care as a basic right. But what's more, they know how to effectively use their health systems. Danish people are in touch with their primary care physician an average of nearly seven times per year, according to a 2012 survey of family medicine in the country. And that means they have a single advocate who helps them navigate more complicated care.
"This gatekeeping system essentially is designed to support the principle that treatment ought to take place at the lowest effective care level along with the idea of continuity of care provided by a family doctor," wrote the authors of the family medicine survey.
By contrast, Americans seek medical care an average of fewer than four times per year and they don't just visit their general practitioner -- this figure includes emergency room visits, where many uninsured Americans must access doctors. This diversity of resources means that many Americans don't have continuity of care -- not a single medical professional advocating for them and putting together a comprehensive medical history.
GENDER EQUALITY IS PRIORITIZED
It isn't just parents who can expect balanced gender norms. Denmark regularly ranks among the top 10 countries in a World Economic Forum's yearly report that measures gender equality. While no country in the world has yet achieved gender parity, Denmark and other Nordic countries are coming close. That is in no small part because of the strong presence of women in leadership positions. Reported the World Economic Forum:
The Nordic countries were also early starters in providing women with the right to vote (Sweden in 1919, Norway in 1913, Iceland and Denmark in 1915, Finland in 1906). In Denmark, Sweden and Norway, political parties introduced voluntary gender quotas in the 1970s, resulting in high numbers of female political representatives over the years. In Denmark, in fact, this quota has since been abandoned as no further stimulus is required.
Indeed, the country currently has its first female prime minister, Helle Thorning-Schmidt (although she has been leader of the Social Democrat party since 2005). Its blockbuster hit television show, Borgen, features a female prime minister (pictured above) as well -- a complicated, strong female character that stands in contrast to America's enduring obsession with male anti-heroes.
But government leadership merely exemplifies greater gender balance throughout the culture. As Katie J.M. Baker puts it in her exploration of gender politics in the Scandinavian country: "Unlike in America, where bestsellers goad already overworked and underpaid women to Lean In even further, the assumption in Denmark is that feminism is a collective goal, not an individual pursuit."
BIKING IS THE NORM
In Denmark's most populated and largest city, Copenhagen, bikes account for 50 percent of its residents' trips to school or work. Half. Half of commuting happens on a bike in Copenhagen and that doesn't just improve fitness levels and reduce carbon emissions, it also contributes to the wealth of the city, reported Forbes:
Researchers found that for every kilometer traveled by bike instead of by car, taxpayers saved 7.8 cents (DKK 0.45) in avoided air pollution, accidents, congestion, noise and wear and tear on infrastructure. Cyclists in Copenhagen cover an estimated 1.2 million kilometers each day –- saving the city a little over $34 million each year.
What's more, just 30 minutes of daily biking adds an average of one to two years to the life expectancy of Copenhagen's cyclists.
DANISH CULTURE PUTS A POSITIVE SPIN ON ITS HARSH ENVIRONMENT
Here's how Danish people turn lemons into spiced mulled wine: Ever heard of the concept of hygge? While some would define it as cultivated coziness, hygge is often considered the major weapon in combatting the dreary darkness that befalls the Nordic country over the winter. In a place where the sun shines fewer than seven hours during the height of the winter solstice -- a level of darkness that can (and does) stir depression and sad feelings -- the concept of a cozy scene, full of love and indulgence, can help to mitigate some of the season's worst psychological effects.
After all, both strong social connections and many of the indulgent foods associated with hygge -- such as chocolate, coffee and wine -- are mood boosters.
DANES FEEL A RESPONSIBILITY TO ONE ANOTHER
Danes don't prioritize social security and safety simply so they can receive benefits; there's a real sense of collective responsibility and belonging. And this civic duty -- combined with the economic security and work-life balance to support it -- results in a high rate of volunteerism. According to a government exploration of Danish "responsibility":
Denmark is a society where citizens participate and contribute to making society work. More than 40 percent of all Danes do voluntary work in cultural and sports associations, NGOs, social organisations, political organisations, etc. There is a wealth of associations: in 2006, there were 101,000 Danish organisations -- worth noting in a population of just 5.5 million.
The economic value of this unpaid work is DKK 35.3 billion. Combined with the value growth from the non-profit sector, public subsidies and membership fees, the total economic impact of the sector represents 9.6 percent of the Danish GDP.
But that sense of stewardship isn't just extra-governmental: Danes also take pride in their involvement with the democratic process. During the last election in September 2011, for example, 87.7 percent of the country voted. It's not surprising, given these statistics, that the University of Zurich and the Social Science Research Center Berlin have given Denmark the very highest rating for democracy among 30 established democracies.
Sentiment: Strong Buy
They are not progressive if they lose sight of individual freedom, which is the hallmark of any great nation and the U.S. Constitution. The simple fact that the left does not recognize the rights of the unborn children is proof of their upside down view of the Constitution. If the result of their logic ends with the murder of the innocent and the loss of so many choices, then it is proof their philosophy is immoral and inferior.
Wow! So this is Progress. God as the most prolific abortionist and a new tag line for the Libroids. "if you don't want your baby, you don't need to keep it. Period."
Government forcing her to have a baby she doesn't want. Really? Well, if she/he didn't want the baby, maybe they shouldn't have gotten freakin pregnant in the first place! And don't talk to me about babies with medical conditions - different topic entirely.
How disjointed your thinking. Republicans are not against prenatal care. And republicans are for safety nets for the truly disadvantaged, but we do sorta scratch our heads when people without the economic means to care for children continue to have children. Their choice of course, but what level of a life style should government provide those folks?
Re: "...The simple fact that the left does not recognize the rights of the unborn children is proof of their upside down view of the Constitution. If the result of their logic ends with the murder of the innocent and the loss of so many choices, then it is proof their philosophy is immoral and inferior."
blindcricket, the instances of abortion which are by far the most common are those called spontaneous abortions. We now know, for instance, that almost all those cases of woman who thought they were pregnant but then ended up just "missing a period" were actually very early spontaneous abortions. I am sure you agree we have to credit God for those wonderful biological processes that lead to the miracles of conception, pregnancy and birth, but then we must assign the same credit for the biological processes that lead to spontaneous abortions. God does move in mystery ways, after all. Still, that would make God the most prolific abortionist around.
Sentiment: Strong Buy
Blue, one thing I question about progressives (liberals) is their value system. It is difficult to understand how they can vote for and continue to support a person who will blatantly lie to the people in order to further an agenda. This is especially so when the people oppose this agenda. It seems to conservatives, that not only do progressives believe that "the end justifies the means" but that they encourage it. This lack of integrity is especially harmful to a democratic society and could easily lead to totalitarianism. Another thought is why did a so-called progressive like Karl Marx prove to be such a failure? This clash of philosophies is a very complex issue and I believe not easily resolved to anybody's satisfaction. There does not seem to be any middle ground. Just a couple of thoughts from my viewpoint.
Dickw - be honest, the statement you made about Obama and 2nd term election applies 100% to Bush too. The other statements can be made about Repubs as well. Look at Bush and the Patriot Act, and then Obama no better by keeping it - down the same road as you wrote. I do not support what is going on with the W.H. or how the President is running the country, I'm stuck once again, in a different yet similar place, as I was under Bush. We need a third party, and the two we are stuck with won't allow it. Funny, when I talk to my friends who are mostly Repubs, we pretty much agree on most things, except for that I do support having a universal healthcare system - and yes, ACA is definitely NOT it, and I find it disgusting how the Dems brush the 5% who are affected to the side as minor inconveniences. Let's see who is put up for the next Presidential elections, because if it Cruz I will scream. Put up a middle of the road guy with budget ideas that work and not fantasy land stuff like last time and you'll get my vote.