GS and Cowen for that matter, a lemming of GS, are two WS institutions that manipulate with a license to steel on WS. They have the power to control the sentimwent of the masses and utiize that as leverage to buy in at a lower price or vice versa and sell when an ugrade is made. They are the wolves of WS and the SEC is their pawn. You just have to play their game of chess as they rule the board. VRTX is not a darling of WS to boot. A lot of white collars on WS were stained in the earlier reign of Boger.