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North American Palladium Ltd. Message Board

  • nano_klumps nano_klumps Dec 12, 2007 12:35 PM Flag


    Why is this company so interested in PAL?

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    • Oil Refining... (Yes it is real baby :) ...

      Palladium and other PGM metals serve important functions in catalytic reactions that are used in various stages in the refining of petroleum.

      Distillation is the first step in the process, and alone can separate the heavy crude into its primary fractions of gasoline, jet fuel, diesel, heating oil, and fuel oil. Because the natural ratio of these fractions does not match the demands for the various fuels, additional steps are required to reform some of the products into products that are in demand. This is particularly true for high demand automobile gasoline.

      These additional processes are as follows:

      � Catalytic Reforming
      � Alkylation
      � Catalytic Cracking
      � Hydroprocessing

      Catalytic Reforming produces high octane gasoline for today�s automobiles. Gasoline and naphtha feedstocks are heated to 500 degrees Celsius and flow through a series of fixed-bed catalytic reactors. Because the reactions absorb heat additional heaters are installed between reactors to keep the reactants at the proper temperature. The catalysts are palladium or other platinum group metal on an alumina base. While catalysts are never consumed in chemical reactions, they can be fouled, making them less effective over time. The series of reactors used in Catalytic Reforming are therefore designed to allow the catalyst can be regenerated.

      Alkylation is another process for producing high octane gasoline. The reaction requires an acid catalyst of sulfuric acid or hydrofluoric acid at low temperatures (1-40 degrees Celsius) and low pressures (1-10 atmospheres). Neither palladium nor other platinum group metals are typically involved in this process.

      Catalytic Cracking takes long molecules and breaks them into much smaller molecules and in so doing, converts heavy distillate to compounds with lower boiling points (e.g., naphthas), which are fractionated. Cracking is typically conducted in a fluidized bed reactor with a regenerator to continuously reactivate the catalyst. Cracking catalysts are typically zeolites comprised of alumina and silica. Platinum group metals are typically not involved.

      Hydroprocessing includes both hydrocracking and hydrotreating techniques. Hydrotreating involves the addition of hydrogen atoms to molecules without actually breaking the molecule into smaller pieces and improves the quality of various products (e.g., by removing sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, metals, and waxes and by converting olefins to saturated compounds). Palladium, among a number of other catalysts, can be used. Hydrocracking breaks longer molecules into smaller ones. Hydrocracking is a more severe operation than hydrotreating, using higher temperature and longer contact time, resulting in significant reduction in feed molecular size. Typically, Hydrocracking reactors contain fixed, multiple catalyst beds. The catalyst pellets are shaped similarly to Hydrotreating catalysts, the active metals impregnated in the silica-alumina catalyst base are typically palladium, platinum, or nickel, depending on the catalyst licensor.

    • This is not a rocket science. Kaiser and some minority groups know the future. They know the exact gem of Palladium. It is too very much like a Apple Story. AAPL prices were at single digits and only the wise investor put his money into computers ... but silently ... This is the trick. Have you every heard a mentor suggest a small cap and then it transforms into 3 digits? No never .... Gems are hidden all the time ... History just repeats... Now we're most likely looking an early APPL history. It just repeats. Buy and hold !!!

    • George Kaiser.....

      George B Kaiser (Born 1942) is an American self-made billionaire businessman and chairman of BOK Financial Corporation. Born in 1942, he attended Tulsa public schools, and went on to earn a bachelor's degree and MBA from Harvard University. He briefly considered joining the U.S. Foreign Service, but instead returned to Tulsa in 1966 to work for his father. Kaiser took control of Kaiser-Francis Oil Company in 1969. In 1990, Kaiser bought the Bank of Oklahoma, N.A. from the FDIC, the government agency that guarantees the soundness of the nation's major savings institutions. Buying the Bank of Oklahoma landed Kaiser on the Forbes 400 wealthiest Americans. By the end of 1998, Kaiser's ownership interests in BOKF were worth 917 million dollars. With an estimated current net worth of around $11 billion, he is ranked by Forbes as the 26-richest person in America.

      From Wikipedia

    • They see great value in PAL properties.

      They have their people on the board.

      They have majority control now.

      They will take it private, expect to get a tender offer for your shares sometime next yr.

      ALL JMHO, of course.

      What do you think they will offer for your shares?

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