0082] Anatabine and Inflammation
 Without being bound by this explanation, data presented in Examples below indicate that anatabine reduces transcription mediated by nuclear factor KB (NF.kappa.B). NF.kappa.B is a transcription factor which operates in cells involved in inflammatory and immune reactions. As documented in Table IA, NF.kappa.B-mediated transcription is associated with numerous disorders, including those with an inflammatory component, an aberrant immune response, and/or inappropriate cell proliferation. Isolated forms of a compound of Formula I or IA (e.g., anatabine or S-(-)-anatabine) or salts thereof are useful for treating disorders comprising an "NF.kappa.B-mediated inflammatory component," i.e. inflammation characterized by, caused by, resulting from, or affected by NF.kappa.B-mediated transcription.
 NF.kappa.B-mediated transcription is implicated in an enormous variety of maladies. Based on anatabine's surprising efficacy in interfering with or interrupting this pivotal inflammatory-related activity, a compound of Formula I or IA (e.g., anatabine or S-(-)-anatabine) can be expected to have a wide range of therapeutic utilities. Unless otherwise clear from context, the term "anatabine" as used herein refers collectively to anatabine, either as a racemic mixture or an enantiomer, and pharmaceutically acceptable or food-grade salts of either of them.
 In some embodiments, an isolated form a compound of Formula I or IA (e.g., anatabine or S-(-)-anatabine) or a salt thereof can be administered to reduce the risk of developing a disorder comprising an NF.kappa.B-mediated inflammatory component (i.e., prophylactically). One can readily identify individuals with an increased risk or family history of a disorder. Other recognized indices of elevated risk of certain disorders can be determined by standard clinical tests or medical history.
 In some embodiments, the disorder is an immune or autoimmune di
is is a nutraceutical and dietary supplement, so they don’t need clinical trials for FDA approval, but they do need growing acceptance in the medical community and those clinical results that get publicized and turn into gossip on the golf course or at the senior center and that make doctors say, “hey, you should try this for your chronic inflammation.” STSI shareholders need that to build pretty consistently, but the reason for the optimism is that IF this interest can build and they can effectively market it to pretty much everyone over 40 as a core “vitamin” kind of supplement, the market is stupendously, ridiculously, absurdly large — almost everyone has either some sort of inflammation complaint as they age, or some fear of Alzheimer’s, so there could easily be millions of customers willing to pony up the $100 for a two month supply and keep taking it for years if the efficacy is backed by medical studies.
Which is why I’ve been willing to speculate on the options a bit. And also why I won’t miss a mortgage payment if the news turns out to be more fizzle-y or, God forbid, genuinely negative. It is, at the very least, a fun stock to watch — and I know many of you have traded this one in the past, or tried their products, so feel free to jump in with your comments below. I’ll be keeping an eye out for the preliminary Roskamp results, which might be interesting, and you can bet that if more positive news comes out we’ll see this trumpeted more and more by Patrick Cox… just remember that if the results of the study are “meh,” the stock has a long way to fall.
NukeJohn, had posted stsi patent application I think. Alot of disorders will be covered under this patent. We should see alot of big pharma's trying to sign on as a partner with star. All I can say s this stuff works on inflammation. I still feel there will be a hostile take over offer if we get these patents. I'm just glad there is more than 1 big pharma out there. I don't see it going cheap.
0088] In some embodiments, the disorder is diabetes, either type I diabetes or type II diabetes. In other embodiments the disorder is a gastrointestinal inflammatory disorder, such as an inflammatory bowel disease. Examples of inflammatory bowel disease include, but are not limited to, Crohn's disease, Barrett's syndrome, ileitis, irritable bowel syndrome, irritable colon syndrome, ulcerative colitis, pseudomembranous colitis, hemorrhagic colitis, hemolytic-uremic syndrome colitis, collagenous colitis, ischemic colitis, radiation colitis, drug and chemically induced colitis, diversion colitis, colitis in conditions such as chronic granulomatous disease, celiac disease, celiac sprue, food allergies, gastritis, infectious gastritis, enterocolitis (e.g., Helicobacter pylori-infected chronic active gastritis), and pouchitis.
 In other embodiments the disorder is graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), lupus nephritis, Addison's disease, Myasthenia gravis, vasculitis (e.g., Wegener's granulomatosis), autoimmune hepatitis, osteoporosis, and some types of infertility.
 In some embodiments, the disorder is vascular inflammatory disease, associated vascular pathologies, atherosclerosis, angiopathy, inflammation-induced atherosclerotic or thromboembolic macroangiopathy, coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, cardiovascular circulatory disease such as ischemia/reperfusion, peripheral vascular disease, restenosis following angioplasty, inflammatory aortic aneurysm, vasculitis, stroke, spinal cord injury, congestive heart failure, hemorrhagic shock, ischemic heart disease/reperfusion injury, vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage, vasospasm following cerebrovascular accident, pleuritis, pericarditis, inflammation-induced myocarditis, or a cardiovascular complication of diabetes.
 In some embodiments, the disorder is brain swelling or a neurodegenerative disease such as multiple scl
0092] In some embodiments, the disorder is an anemia. In other embodiments the disorder is an ulcer-related disease, such as peptic ulcer disease, acute pancreatitis, or aphthous ulcer. In other embodiments the disorder is related to an age-related disease, such as atherosclerosis, fibrosis, and osteoporosis, or a disorder associated with pre-maturity, such as retinopathy, chronic lung disease, arthritis, and digestive problems.
 In other embodiments the disorder is preeclampsia, inflammation related to chemical or thermal trauma due to burns, acid, and alkali, chemical poisoning (MPTP/concavalin/chemical agent/pesticide poisoning), snake, spider, or other insect bites, adverse effects from drug therapy (including adverse effects from amphotericin B treatment), adverse effects from immunosuppressive therapy (e.g., interleukin-2 treatment), adverse effects from OKT3 treatment, adverse effects from GM-CSF treatment, adverse effects of cyclosporine treatment, and adverse effects of aminoglycoside treatment, stomatitis and mucositis due to immunosuppression, or exposure to ionizing radiation, such as solar ultraviolet exposure, nuclear power plant or bomb exposure, or radiation therapy exposure, such as for therapy for cancer.
 In some embodiments, the disorder is a periodontal disease, such as plaque-associated gingivitis; acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis; hormone-induced gingival inflammation; drug-influenced gingivitis; linear gingival erythema (LGE); gingivitis due to bacterial, viral, or fungal infection; gingivitis due to blood dyscrasias or mucocutaneous diseases (e.g., lichen planus, pemphigus vulgaris, and desquamative gingivitis); plaque-associated adult periodontitis; early-onset periodontitis; prepubertal periodontitis; juvenile periodontitis; rapidly progressive periodontitis; periodontitis associated with systemic diseases; necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis; refractory periodontitis; and peri-implantitis.
 In some embodiments, the disorder is a cancer, such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, adrenocortical carcinoma, AIDS-related lymphoma, anal cancer, appendix cancer, grade I (anaplastic) astrocytoma, grade II astrocytoma, grade III astrocytoma, grade IV astrocytoma, atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor of the central nervous system, basal cell carcinoma, bladder cancer, breast cancer, breast sarcoma, bronchial cancer, bronchoalveolar carcinoma, Burkitt lymphoma, cervical cancer, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, colon cancer, colorectal cancer, craniopharyngioma, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, endometrial cancer, endometrial uterine cancer, ependymoblastoma, ependymoma, esophageal cancer, esthesioneuroblastoma, Ewing's sarcoma, extracranial germ cell tumor, extragonadal germ cell tumor, extrahepatic bile duct cancer, fibrous histiocytoma, gallbladder cancer, gastric cancer, gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, gestational trophoblastic tumor, gestational trophoblastic tumor, glioma, hairy cell leukemia, head and neck cancer, heart cancer, hepatocellular cancer, Hilar cholangiocarcinoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, hypopharyngeal cancer, intraocular melanoma, islet cell tumor, Kaposi sarcoma, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, large-cell undifferentiated lung carcinoma, laryngeal cancer, lip cancer, lung adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, macroglobulinemia, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, medulloblastoma, medulloepithelioma, melanoma, Merkel cell carcinoma, mesothelioma, endocrine neoplasia, multiple myeloma, mycosis fungoides, myelodysplasia, myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms, myeloproliferative disorders, nasal cavity cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer, neuroblastoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, oral cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, osteosarcoma, ovarian clear cell carcinoma, ovarian epithelial cancer, ovarian germ cell tumor, pancreatic cancer, papillomatosis, paranasal sinus cancer, parathyroid cancer, penile cancer, pharyngeal cancer, pineal parenchymal tumor, pineoblastoma, pituitary tumor, plasma cell neoplasm, plasma cell neoplasm, pleuropulmonary blastoma, primary central nervous system lymphoma, prostate cancer, rectal cancer, renal cell cancer, respiratory tract cancer with chromosome 15 changes, retinoblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, salivary gland cancer, Sezary syndrome, small cell lung cancer, small intestine cancer, soft tissue sarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma, squamous non-small cell lung cancer, squamous neck cancer, supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor, supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor, testicular cancer, throat cancer, thymic carcinoma, thymoma, thyroid cancer, cancer of the renal pelvis, urethral cancer, uterine sarcoma, vaginal cancer, vulvar cancer, Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, or Wilms tumor.
 In some embodiments, the disorder is an upper respiratory tract infections (URI or URTI), such as tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, sinusitis, otitis media, and the common cold. Infections which can be treated include, but are not limited to, rhinitis (e.g., inflammation of the nasal mucosa); rhinosinusitis or sinusitis (e.g., inflammation of the nares and paranasal sinuses, including frontal, ethmoid, maxillary, and sphenoid sinuses); nasopharyngitis (rhinopharyngitis or the common cold; e.g., inflammation of the nares, pharynx, hypopharynx, uvula, and tonsils); pharyngitis (e.g., inflammation of the pharynx, hypopharynx, uvula, and tonsils); epiglottitis (supraglottitis; e.g., inflammation of the superior portion of the larynx and supraglottic area); laryngitis (e.g., inflammation of the larynx); laryngotracheitis (e.g., inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and subglottic area); and tracheitis (e.g., inflammation of the trachea and subglottic area). By reducing underlying inflammation, symptoms which can be treated include, but are not limited to, cough, sore throat, runny nose, nasal congestion, headache, low grade fever, facial pressure, and sneezing.