"On 30 July 2007, the Commission sent Rambus a statement of objections, setting out its preliminary view that Rambus may have infringed European Union competition law by abusing a dominant position in the market for DRAMs. In particular, the EC was concerned that Rambus had engaged in a so-called "patent ambush", intentionally concealing that it had patents and patent applications which were relevant to technology used in the JEDEC standard, and subsequently claiming royalties for those patents. Similar charges had been pursued by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in the United States. The FTC has closed its investigation following a series of U.S. Court rulings underlining that the allegations of Rambus’ wrongdoing were ill-founded. On June 12, 2009, the European Commission announced its intention to accept Rambus’ proposed commitments, subject to market testing as prescribed by EU law. On December 9, 2009, the EC concluded that the commitments in their final form, as modified by Rambus, are adequate to meet the competition concerns expressed in the statement of objections."