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  • tla_usa tla_usa May 1, 2014 6:06 PM Flag

    via CDC --- Smallpox issue suggested: Two cattle herdsmen infected with a novel species of Orthopoxvirus -

    Two cattle herdsmen infected with a novel species of Orthopoxviru. "The discovery brings up the question of what other viruses might be circulating out there that are even more closely related to smallpox and cowpox," Vora says.

    via the CDC’s 63rd Annual Epidemic Intelligence Services (EIS) Conference today --
    --------------------------------------
    "We consider this family of viruses very important because smallpox could be used as a bioterrorism agent," says disease detective Neil Vora, who led the team that made the discovery.

    -The virus doesn't yet have a name, Vora says, because so little is known about it.-------Vora and his team quickly figured out they were dealing with a poxvirus. But it turned out to be one that had never been seen before.
    -----------------------------------------

    The EIS hosts an annual scientific conference for the national and international public health community-----EIS officers are on the public health frontlines, conducting epidemiologic investigations, research, and public health surveillance both nationally and internationally..)
    -

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    • Nice post TLA. My alerts are getting hit with the same story. Here's one from livescienceDOTcom:

      By Marc Lallanilla, Assistant Editor | May 02, 2014 02:21pm ET
      Smallpox, the disfiguring scourge that killed an estimated 300 million to 500 million people in the 20th century alone, has been eradicated worldwide, thanks to an aggressive vaccination campaign.

      But smallpox has relatives that are also deadly: The virus that causes smallpox is an orthopoxvirus, a family of viral agents that also cause cowpox, monkeypox, vaccinia and other diseases.

      And now, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has announced that a new orthopoxvirus has been discovered in two men from the nation of Georgia in western Asia. Though both men survived the disease, disease experts aren't taking any chances. [5 Most Likely Real-Life Contagions]

      A bioterrorism threat?
      Dr. Neil Vora, a "disease detective" with the CDC's Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS), flew to Georgia to investigate the unusual case. The men — both herdsmen who had daily contact with cows and other livestock — had painful blisters on their bodies, a fever and swollen lymph nodes.

      "We consider this family of viruses very important because smallpox could be used as a bioterrorism agent," Vora told NPR.

      The bioterrorism potential of poxviruses is real enough that the U.S. government last year began to build a smallpox medicine stockpile large enough to treat 2 million people, according to The New York Times.

      "With today’s patterns of global travel and trade, disease can spread nearly anywhere within 24 hours," EIS chief Dr. Diana Bensyl said in a CDC statement. "There's still a lot left to do to improve health security and respond more quickly to outbreaks."

      Making the leap from animals to humans
      Vora and other infectious disease experts believe the new poxvirus spread to the two men from cattle. Most of the orthopoxviruses typically infect animals, then jump to humans who have close contact with ani...

      • 1 Reply to nicehedges
      • Here is another article from guardianlvDOTcom:
        Three people have now been infected with a cousin of the infamous smallpox virus in the country of Georgia, which marks the crossroads between Western Asia and Eastern Europe. American scientists from the Center of Disease Control (CDC) detected this new virus in three people, including two herdsmen who somehow had been infected by their livestock. The virus currently has no name and belongs to a family of viruses called orthopoxvirus that includes cowpox and smallpox.

        Neil Vora, who led the CDC team, said in an NPR report that it is not known if this new virus could be transmitted from human to human, but it could be transmitted from animals to humans. “But how many people are getting sick? Are animals getting sick? We don’t know. We don’t know if it has caused any deaths,” Vora said.

        The two herdsmen, who were not vaccinated against smallpox, got sick last summer after making contact with sick cattle. The CDC team investigated and conducted tests, confirming that the men were infected with an unknown type of orthopoxvirus. Like smallpox, this new virus causes painful blisters on the arms and hands, swollen lymph nodes, high fever and physical weakness. The CDC team also interviewed 55 people who were in contact with the sick cattle or herdsmen. They found five of the nine interviewees had orthopoxvirus antibodies in their bloodstream and found a third person who contracted the disease in 2010, but was thought to have anthrax, according to the CDC report.

        People who are vaccinated with one type of orthopoxvirus will also be protected against other viruses in the family, according to Vora. The viruses include cowpox, monkeypox, smallpox and vaccinia. Since smallpox vaccinations stopped in Georgia in 1980, this cousin of the smallpox virus began to proliferate among rodents, which could infect livestock and people. Although the herdsmen have recovered, the relatives of the smallpox virus could be deadly to .....

    • Not sure why this is worthy of a post.

    • Be careful, drodball will accuse you of rooting for some sort of an outbreak. I'm sure he's typing such now. he isn't very smart when it comes to this stuff

 
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