CNBCーBank of Japan Unveils Aggressive Monetary Policy
The Bank of Japan (BOJ) on Thursday embarked on an aggressive monetary policy to end years of deflation in the world's third largest economy, moving its target when setting policy to base money from the current overnight call rate.
The central bank concluded a two-day policy meeting, the first under new Governor Haruhiko Kuroda, with a statement that it would pursue quantitative easing as long as it needed to achieve its 2 percent inflation target.
The BOJ said it would double its holdings of long-term government bonds and exchange-traded funds and purchase Japanese government bonds (JGBs) off all maturities.
It also plans to bring forward the timing of open-ended asset purchases and said it was likely to buy 7 trillion yen in long-term JGBs a month.
Markets welcomed the BOJ's moves, with the benchmark Nikkei stock index reversing its losses to nudge into positive territory. The yen weakened to about 94.22 per dollar, having traded around 93.50 just before the decision.
Japanese shares have surged since mid-November and the Nikkei on Wednesday enjoyed its biggest one-day rise in two months on expectations for aggressive monetary easing.
Those expectations have also knocked the yen down about 16 percent against the dollar since mid-November, although the currency had risen in recent days on some caution as to whether Kuroda would be able to build a consensus among the nine members of the BOJ policy board for an unorthodox monetary policy.
Significantly then, the BOJ said its decisions were made unanimously.
Japan has suffered from persistent deflation and has slipped in and out of recession in recent years.
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, whose ruling Liberal Democratic Party returned to power following elections in December, has pledged to revive the Japanese economy and pushing for a much bolder monetary policy than the BOJ has pursued in the past is part of his plan.
Kuroda has pledged to do whatever it takes to achieve the 2 percent inflation