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ArQule Inc. Message Board

  • carylindsay1443 May 16, 2012 7:16 PM Flag

    ASSO Abstracts Info Out Tonight

    Appears the ASCO data is positive for ARQL--tomorrow's trading should be interesting.

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    • #4545

      Safety and efficacy of MET inhibitor tivantinib (ARQ 197) combined with sorafenib in patients (pts) with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) from a phase I study

      Tivantinib is an oral, selective MET inhibitor. In several tumor models, tivantinib plus sorafenib exhibited synergistic antitumor activity vs single-agent activity. This phase I dose-escalation study assessed the safety of tivantinib plus sorafenib in pts with advanced solid tumors. Methods: Endpoints were safety, the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of tivantinib plus sorafenib, and antitumor activity. Previously, dose escalation established the RP2D as tivantinib 360 mg twice daily (BID) plus sorafenib 400 mg BID. Extension cohorts enrolled ≤ 20 pts each with RCC or other tumors. Patients were treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      Results: 20 pts (mean age, 60 yr) including 16 clear cell, 3 papillary, and 1 clear cell/chromophobe RCC pts received treatment at the RP2D (n = 19) or tivantinib 360 mg BID plus sorafenib 200 mg BID (n = 1). 4 pts are still on study. 16 pts (13 with clear cell RCC) received ≥ 1 previous systemic therapy (median, 2; range, 0-4) including VEGF (14 pts) and/or mTOR (5 pts) inhibitors. The most common (≥ 25%) adverse events were rash (65%), diarrhea (45%), alopecia (40%), hypophosphatemia (35%), and fatigue, stomatitis, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome, and pruritus (25% each).

      Best response was partial response (PR) in 3 pts (all clear cell RCC pts) and stable disease (SD) in 15 pts (11 clear cell, 3 papillary, and 1 clear cell/chromophobe RCC pts). 7 pts with SD had ≥ 10% tumor size reduction. The overall response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR; PR + SD) were 15% and 90%, respectively. Median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 12.7 mo (95% CI, 7.1-14.5 mo). In 14 pts previously treated with a VEGF inhibitor, best response was 2 PR and 10 SD, the ORR and DCR were 14% and 86%, respectively, and mPFS was 12.7 mo (95% CI, 5.3-NR mo).

      Conclusions: Oral combination therapy with tivantinib plus sorafenib was well tolerated and exhibited preliminary anticancer activity in pts with RCC, including pts pretreated with VEGF inhibitors.

    • Abstract:4006

      Background: Tivantinib (T) is a selective, oral inhibitor of c-Met, the tyrosine kinase receptor for hepatocyte growth factor involved in tumor cell migration, invasion, proliferation and angiogenesis. T has shown promising results in HCC in phase 1 studies as monotherapy and in combination with sorafenib. Methods: This multi-center RCT, enrolled pts with unresectable HCC, 1 failed systemic therapy, ECOG PS <2. Child-Pugh B-C were excluded. Pts were randomized 2:1 to oral T {360 mg bid (A), 240 mg bid (B)} or placebo (P), stratifying by PS and vascular invasion (VI). Treatment continued until disease progression (PD) or unacceptable toxicity. RECIST 1.1 response was evaluated by CT / MRI every 6 weeks. Crossover to open-label T was allowed after PD. Primary endpoint was time to tumor progression (TTP) in the intent-to-treat (ITT) population by central radiology review. Other endpoints included disease control rate (DCR), PFS, OS, efficacy in Met+ (Met ≥ 2+ in >50% of tumor at immunohistochemistry) pts, safety.

      Results: Characteristics of the 107 enrolled HCC pts (A= 38, B= 33, P= 36) in T/P: 58/28 male; median age 70/68; PS 0 41/21; VI 22/13; Met+ 22/15; Met- 27/13. Dose A was reduced to B in all pts due to G≥3 neutropenia (NEUT) rate. Major TTP, DCR and PFS benefits were obtained in Met+ pts, with preliminary OS trend favoring T (HR=0.47) and no detrimental effect in Met- pts. DCR (95% CI) in T/P was 44 (31-56) / 31(16-48)% for ITT and 50 (28-72) / 20 (4-48)% in Met+ pts. Most common AEs in T were asthenia (26.8%), NEUT (25.4%), low appetite (25.4%); most common drug-related AEs were NEUT (25.4%), anemia (15.5%). Most frequent drug-related serious AE was neutropenic sepsis (4.2%). Efficacy was similar in A / B with less frequent NEUT in B (21.1% / 6.1%). Final OS, PK, biomarker data will be presented.

      Conclusions: Compared to P, T significantly benefited second-line HCC pts, especially if Met+, with manageable safety profile at 240 mg BID.

      Median: T arm P arm HR Log-rank p value
      TTP (mos)
      ITT 1.6 1.4 0.64 0.04
      Met + 2.9 1.5 0.43 0.03

      PFS (mos)
      ITT 1.7 1.5 0.67 0.06
      Met + 2.4 1.5 0.45 0.02

    • carylindsay1443 May 16, 2012 7:17 PM Flag

      OOPS--meant ASCO

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