BRCA-deficient solid tumors results! Available at AACR website!
Results: 38 patients were treated. The MTD is sapacitabine 50 mg bid/seliciclib 1200 mg bid. DLTs were reversible transaminase elevations and neutropenia. The most frequent adverse events (all cycles, regardless of causality) included, fatigue, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, anemia, neutropenia, pyrexia, AST elevation, alkaline phosphatase elevation, creatinine elevation, hyperglycemia, hypophosphatemia, cough, and alopecia, the majority mild to moderate in intensity. Skin biopsies showed a 2.3-fold increase in γ-H2AX staining post-sapacitabine (n=16; p=0.007) and a further 0.58-fold increase post-seliciclib (n=12; p=0.069). Four confirmed PRs occurred in patients with pancreatic, breast (2 pts) and ovarian cancer, all BRCA mutation carriers, lasting 21, 78+, 36+ and 42+ weeks, respectively. SD as best response ≥= 12 weeks was observed in 8 additional patients, including two BRCA mutation carriers with ovarian and breast cancer, lasting 64 and 21 weeks, respectively. Conclusions: Sequential sapacitabine and seliciclib is safe with preliminary antitumor activity. BRCA mutation carrier status may be a potential biomarker for response across multiple tumor types. An alternative schedule with concomitant administration of sapacitabine and seliciclib is currently under evaluation.
Novel Drug Combination Showed Antitumor Activity in Patients With Incurable BRCA-deficient Cancers
- Patients received sapacitabine and seliciclib as sequential treatments.
- Several patients with BRCA mutations achieved disease response or experienced prolonged stable disease.
- BRCA mutation carrier status may be a potential biomarker for response.
WASHINGTON, D.C. — When given sequentially, two orally available experimental drugs — sapacitabine and seliciclib — worked together to elicit antitumor effects in patients with incurable BRCA-deficient cancers, according to phase I data presented at the AACR Annual Meeting 2013, held in Washington, D.C., April 6-10. There are no drugs yet approved specifically for this patient population.
“Since we began to enroll predominantly patients who carried a BRCA mutation in the study, we have seen several responses among those patients, as well as instances of prolonged stable disease lasting more than a year,” said Geoffrey Shapiro, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of medicine at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School in Boston, Mass.
Shapiro and colleagues initially designed the phase I study to exploit preclinical results that suggested that sapacitabine and seliciclib worked together synergistically. Sapacitabine is an oral nucleoside analogue that induces single-strand damage to DNA. If the damaged DNA is not repaired, it ultimately results in cell death. Repair of sapacitabine-induced DNA damage requires BRCA proteins, suggesting that BRCA-deficient cancers may be particularly sensitive.
Seliciclib inhibits cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs); CDK inhibition has been shown to augment cancer cell death induced by drugs like sapacitabine by multiple mechanisms, in part by suppressing DNA repair pathways.