Not everyone, but the US State Department was definitely sending emails in 1981.
Note: master debating points of historical fact with criminally stupid right wing cranks explains Johnson' s ® Baby Oil.
Every single SoS from Alexander Haig (1981) thru John Kerry (2013-current) has utilized a private email server in direct violation of security protocols. Significantly, former SoS's Powell and Rice have admitted this.
The GW Bush Administration...conveniently...lost over 4 million emails that would have shown direct complicity between the various efforts of Republican-appointed US attorneys to pursue charges of corruption against elected Democrats.
Hillary Clinton's problem is purely ethical and amounts to an arrogant rejection of legal & government oversight protocols: she physically housed her private server on her private land in order to avoid gov't oversight (FOIA) and then possibly deleted some emails.
That said, there are two reasons why Clinton and her aides won’t be prosecuted for lying to Congress, and both are precedent: James Clapper and Scott Bloch.
Clapper obviously lied to Congress under direct testimony (he refused to be sworn in and no rebuttal witnesses, so he can't be prosecuted)
Former fed prosecutor Bloch (R-wiped his hard drive) not only perjured himself under direct Congressional inquiry but the DOJ and federal courts have essentially asserted that lying to Congress is not a crime.
1) You don't even know what "peak oil" means, lol. (It refers to the economic feasibility of rates of extraction of crude.)
-One thing to keep in mind is that crude is not usable. For example, 1 barrel of crude=42 US gallons; post-refinement yield (avg) = 19.5 gallons of (87 octane) gasoline OR 9 gallons of fuel oil OR 4 gallons of jet fuel OR (approx) 11 gallons of other products, including lubricants, kerosene, asphalt, and petrochemical feedstocks to make plastics. (Post-refinement adds up to more than 42 gallons due to something called "refinery gain" - the processing and chemical changes increase the volume; however, usually about half of crude is removed during distillation/refinement due to impurities)
2) "Rystad Energy estimates recoverable oil in the US from existing fields, discoveries and yet undiscovered areas amounts to 264bn barrels. The figure surpasses Saudi Arabia's 212bn and Russia's 256bn in reserves."
[via 2PCX metrics]
2a) Competent and ethically responsible geologists, economists and forecasters use 1P where:
-1P: Proved reserves, conservative estimate of existing fields
-2P: Proved+Probable, most likely estimate of existing fields
-2PC: Most likely estimate for existing fields and discoveries
-2PCX: Most likely estimate for existing, discovered, and as yet undiscovered fields
3) Shale-type oil crude is both ridiculously destructive and expensive: conservative cost/benefit estimates indicate a solid floor price of $80/barrel for economic feasibility, to say nothing of transforming the environment into some kind of post-apocalyptic hellscape where global warming won't matter because the air will have become too toxic to breathe, the land too toxic to farm, with water so toxic we all become Flint, MI.
Ei incumbit probatio qui dicit, non qui negat. (the burden of proof is on the one who declares, not on one who denies), is the principle that one is considered innocent unless proven guilty.
I felt like you do but with 100x the moral justification about Bush being a war criminal. You really want to go there?
pilodialcyst the immature pretend dragon (not sung)
Do you think you're a patriot. I think you would have voted to stay in the Empire, back in the day.
Translated: I imagine X. I also imagine Y. Pilodialcyst is immature!
The requirement is that the vice-presidential candidate be as fat or fatter than Trump?
Smaller fingers and worse hair.
"Yet another case of a good guy with a gun stopping a bad guy with a gun, but the media has ignored it.
The liberal media undoubtedly cherry-picks the stories that they choose to report on, even when the events contained within are 99% identical."
You yourself are cherry-picking as per some attempt to justify the right wingnut policy of all guns, all the time, and I can prove it: 291 children under the age of 11 either died or were injured as result of gunshot wounds this year (2016) Congrats.
Want to see 2015 numbers?
"What is one surefire way to get your mass shooting story ignored by the mainstream media-entertainment complex? Have a good guy with a gun prevent the situation from turning any further tragic."
A better solution: Until all you disgusting homicidal wannabes formally acknowledge the "well regulated" part of the sanctified 2nd Amendment, TAKE ALL YOUR GUNS AWAY. PERIOD.
Until then, grow a bigger one; I believe there are pills and pumps for that.
Really?? 8 years of POTUS George W. Bush "real man/tough guy" dumbness? Hmm and who was it that got rid of Osama bin Laden???
Hmm well there's always St Reaganus of Alzheimer's, a B movie cowboy actor "man" so tough that he supported Islamic lunatics in the middle east and right wing nutjobs in central America because aarrghhh Soviet creepdom.
A "man" like Donald (J for Jerkwad) Trump, who couldn't find Yemen with a fleshlight and a map?? Please proceed.
"More "fun facts"...what is the population of either Scotland or N Ireland?"
Scotland: approx 5,373,000
N Ireland: approx 1,800,000
England: approx 53.000,000
"I lived and worked there and hated every second of it but I have to give them credit for their strong loyalty to their traditions."
"When you think about it, they are no different than any other member state (just look at the violence anytime they play futbol)."
Futbol is a spanish/portuguese term; actual "football" is more akin to what rugby players do; the North American version involves huge guys with pads and helmets running into each other.
"The EU is a failed experiment...not unlike our attempts to strip state's rights in favor of control from Washington."
The EU is a deeply flawed and mismanaged construct...but if you think the EU is comparable in any way/shape/form to the US Constitution you're even dumber than I imagine. Seceding from the UNITES STATES of AMERICA will no doubt enhance your freedom....but at what cost??
A noted economist once stated that "Economics is the only discipline in which two people can have completely opposite views and each can win a Nobel prize in that same discipline."
Economics has been an active matter of organized human social behavior since people began trading over 10,000 years ago; indeed, the creation of writing itself is often attributed to ancient accounting records.
via the online etymology database:
1530s, "household management," from Latin oeconomia (source of French économie, Spanish economia, German Ökonomie, etc.), from Greek oikonomia "household management, thrift," from oikonomos "manager, steward," from oikos "house, abode, dwelling" (cognate with Latin vicus "district," vicinus "near;" Old English wic "dwelling, village;" see villa) + nomos "managing," from nemein "manage" (see numismatic). Meaning "frugality, judicious use of resources" is from 1660s. The sense of "wealth and resources of a country" (short for political economy) is from 1650s.
What is the name of this "noted economist?"
I hope to see everyone at the Peter Luger's reception and party. Carcinogenic Carson can have Tuna and dry baked potato and some salad. Some red wine is good for the heart.
Aww, thanks so much for taking my health into consideration.
Will oxygen tanks be provided for brooklake?
Do you live there? If not stay out of it...
What the Brexit vote means for the US: Tighter financial conditions
While the US economy and the companies in the US stock market have limited exposure [hahaha] to the UK, they're all nevertheless affected by what's unfolding.
The first thing most economists are flagging right now is tighter financial conditions. Simply put, tighter financial conditions means that it is harder and more expensive for businesses and consumers to get money. That in turn leads to less borrowing, less investing, and ultimately less economic activity.
And these tighter financial conditions are appearing in the US.
"The sharp fall in stock prices in most economies and the widening of credit spreads represent a tightening of financial conditions," Wells Fargo's Jay Bryson said. "If financial conditions remain tight in coming weeks, economic activity in many economies could decelerate from already lackluster rates of growth."
On Friday, the S&P 500 (^GSPC) plunged 75 points or 3.6%. The Dow (^DJI) fell 610 points or 3.4%.
Expect the Fed to keep monetary policy loose for longer
This comes at a time when the Federal Reserve has been planning to actively tighten financial conditions through tighter monetary policy. Why would they want to do this? Because the economy has made great strides in the past seven years since the end of the financial crisis, which means the economy is actually at risk of overheating.
But with these new developments out of the UK — combined with other recent signs of slowdown — economists agree that tighter monetary policy — which the Fed has been rolling out with interest rate hikes — is likely to be put off for now.
“The Fed will likely delay the hiking cycle,” Bank of America Merrill Lynch’s Ethan Harris said.
No - actual petition signatories are more like 2,000,000... but in any case Thursday's vote is unlikely to be reconsidered. That would present an absolutely terrible precedent.
The total vote on Thursday's EU referendum was 51.9% to leave, 48.1% to remain, with over 30 million people voting (72% turnout). If the vote was like 50.5 to 49.5 there might be an argument for reconsideration.
Scotland voted by 62 percent to 38 percent to remain in the EU; N Ireland voted 56% to remain, 44% to leave. England voted strongly for Brexit, by 53.4% to 46.6%, as did Wales, with Leave getting 52.5% of the vote and Remain 47.5%.
Following the results of Thursday's UK, both Scotland and N Ireland are making noise about seeking independence from the UK. Good times.
Note: The Republic of Ireland is not an EU member.
WASHINGTON (AP) — The United Kingdom's stunning vote to leave the European Union was driven by much of the same sentiment that fueled Donald Trump's insurgent march toward the Republican presidential nod: a rejection of economic globalization and the elites who favor it by those who feel left behind.
Many economists warn that the British vote to leave the EU, dubbed "Brexit," could cripple that nation's economy — just as many say Trump's ideas would stifle U.S. growth or even trigger another recession.
Millions of voters have defied those concerns. The Brexit vote and Trump's widespread support reflect a sweeping rejection of expert opinion in advanced countries. Yet that rejection itself could raise the likelihood of further economic harm, some economists warn.
"At some level it is a cry of frustration but one that could end up hurting an already economically harmed part of the population," says Eswar Prasad, an economics professor at Cornell University and former official at the International Monetary Fund. "That is the remarkable irony here."
At first glance, the U.K. and U.S. economies look comparatively healthy. Both have low unemployment rates. Both have recovered from the Great Recession better than either continental Europe or Japan. Yet in both countries, those figures conceal underlying weaknesses.
David Blanchflower, an economics professor at Dartmouth University and a former policymaker at the Bank of England, says average weekly pay in the U.K., adjusted for inflation, remains 7 percent below its most recent peak, reached in 2008.
Stark regional differences are also evident in both countries. London has boomed in recent years along with its thriving financial sector, and home prices in the city have soared. By contrast, steel plants and coal mines have closed in Northern England and Wales.
A similar economic divergence is visible in the United States....
Blame the foreigners instead of the rulers!
Trump’s controversial immigration policies derives from white Christians, most of whom also believe their religion — and even their race — is now disproportionately discriminated against.
Its not that whites and/or Christians are being discriminated against, but rather that such classes are no longer conferred "preferred member" status as in past decades and centuries. The implicit assumption of white supremacy is merely a form of passive bigotry; same goes for Christianity and oh yes kids, patriarchy.
Bill O'Reilly nailed it when Obama's second-term win became official: the days of the white male hegemony are over. It's just not a "traditional" America any more.
I must disagree. We are talking about lunatics, a class defined by
a) religious fundamentalism
b) political fundamentalism
c) 2nd Amendment crazies
99% of the time that means right wing nuts. I don't know what you mean by 'recent mass murders' but if Congress would operate in favor of to its voting constituency instead of its donor/lobbying class, assault weapons would have been banned long ago.
Democrats and Independents are largely (corrupt) moderates; Republicans are mostly insane because 20-30 years of sucking Faux News and Rush Limbaugh rhetoric and a cowardly press.
If the US would simply stop assaulting Muslims on the other side of the world with bombs, bullets and drones and instead make a gift of food, medicine and and money, we might have a chance at peace.
I just emailed the Yahoo abuse channel (email@example.com) concerning your constant and repetitively stupid and inane spam. Whether this attempt to ban you will be successful I can't say; however, I can say that my previous attempts at banning posters from this message board have a 33% success rate (2 of 6) since my first complaint (2002).
This is not a threat; its already been done.