The used REMIX fuel is then reprocessed and recycled again, after low-enriched uranium top up?
The bit above came from my last post, notice how it says the recycled fuel needs topping up with low enriched Uranium top up?
Just where do you reckon thast top up fuel will come from?
The reason why GLE are so keen on Paducah, is that it will supply two fuels not one, one will be the U238 for future fuel in fast breeder reactors like PRISM of the ESBWR, but there are also other technologies owned by other companies that are also fast breeder that could also use the U238 to make Plutonium for their reactors, the second fuel that GLE will get from Paducah, is the Natural Uranium in the form of UF6, it won't be sold in the market like the DoE say, that is BS in my opinion, in fact I know it is, I believe it will be leased to GLE or whoever the reload fuel is destined for? they will use this recovered Uranium from the Tails at Paducah as top up fuel for the recycling of the UNF in much the same way as the Russians are doing.
This is what the TVEL fuel rods will be fuelled with initially IMHO and then US recycled UNF after a while when Wilmington is finished.
Russia’s REMIX fuel will enable closed fuel cycle
7 June 2016
Russia's Siberian Chemical Combine (SCC) has fabricated experimental fuel rods with REMIX fuel at its chemical metallurgical plant, the company said. The REMIX (regenerated mixture) fuel was developed by the VG Khlopin Radium Institute in St Petersburg for Techsnadexport (Tenex), the nuclear materials trading arm of state nuclear corporation Rosatom.
REMIX fuel is produced directly from a non-separated mix of recycled uranium and plutonium from reprocessing used fuel, with a low-enriched uranium (LEU, up to 17% U-235) make-up comprising about 20% of the mix. This gives fuel initially with about 1% Pu-239 and 4% U-235 which can sustain burn-up of 50 GWd/t over four years. The used REMIX fuel is then reprocessed and recycled again, after low-enriched uranium top up. The wastes (fission products and minor actinides) are vitrified, as today from reprocessing for MOX, and stored for geological disposal. REMIX-fuel can be repeatedly recycled with 100% core load in current VVER-1000 reactors, and correspondingly reprocessed many times - up to five times according to Tenex, so that with less than three fuel loads in circulation a reactor could run for 60 years using the same fuel, with LEU recharge and waste removal on each cycle.
The SCC's chemical metallurgical plant has installed contact butt welding machines to make the fuel rods. The machines ensure required radiation safety level for the working personnel and plant's infrastructure. "During the acceptance tests, the fuel rods were checked for leak-tightness. Also, non-destructive examination of the weld, position of the fuel column and components inside a fuel rod, as well as destructive testing for helium content inside the fuel rods, were carried out, an SCC's statement said. Evgeny Lachkanov, head of a project at SCC
This is connected to my last post, this is what GE said, I reckon GNF will use Russian recycled fuel to start with and then use their own recycled fuel when they have their own facility up and running at Wilmington which is based on the Silex system.
Global Nuclear Fuel and TVEL Sign Agreement to Fuel U.S. Pressurized Water Reactors
WILMINGTON, NC—May 24, 2016—Global Nuclear Fuel-Americas (GNF-A) and TVEL Fuel Company today announced an agreement to work together toward the licensing, marketing and fabrication of fuel for U.S. customers operating Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs). Under the agreement, GNF-A and TVEL will form a strategic alliance with the purpose of introducing lead use assemblies (LUAs) of the Russian TVS-K fuel design in the U.S. and seeking licensing approval from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission to supply the fuel in reload quantities.
Within the alliance, GNF-A will provide U.S.-based project management, licensing, quality assurance and engineering services while TVEL will provide TVS-K design expertise, engineering support and initial fabrication of lead use assemblies. Subsequent LUAs are planned to be produced at GNF-A’s Wilmington N.C. facility.
“U.S. Pressurized Water Reactor operators are looking for additional competition and choice,” said Lance Hall, Executive Vice President, Nuclear Fuels and Services, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy (GEH). “We are in discussion with several customers regarding lead use assemblies and how this alliance will bring increased choice to the industry.”
“We are glad to have aligned with such a globally renowned company as GNF-A to promote our fuel,” said Oleg Grigoryev, Vice President, Commerce and International Cooperation, TVEL. “We feel confident this project will bring enhanced competition and choice in the U.S. Pressurized Water Reactor fuel market and help U.S. utilities meet their future objectives.”
I honestly feel for you people here who invested in this, I believe you have been dudded?
Russia will be the first to recycle the Used Nuclear Fuel followed closely by the US IMHO.
Russia’s TVEL seeks to sell fuel assemblies to US
Russia Fuel Company TVEL (part of state nuclear corporation Rosatom) hopes that first pilot assemblies of Russian TVS-Kvadrat fuel will be loaded into a reactor in the US in 2018, TVEL vice president for commerce and international cooperation Oleg Grigoriev told journalists at the International Forum ATOMEXPO 2016 in Moscow on 30 May.
Full-scale manufacturing is expected to begin in 2020. This follows an agreement announced on 24 May between TVEL and Global Nuclear Fuel Americas (GNF-A) to work together to introduce Russian-designed pressurised water reactor fuel into the USA.
They plan to introduce lead use assemblies (LUAs) of TVEL's TVS-K fuel design in the USA and to seek licensing approval from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission to supply the fuel in reload quantities. TVS-K is a 17x17-lattice PWR nuclear fuel assembly developed by TVEL for use in Westinghouse-designed 3- and 4-loop PWRs. It draws on TVEL's experience in the development, manufacture and operation of nuclear fuel for Russian-designed VVER-1000 reactors. Grigoriev told Atomexpo delegates that TVEL sees good prospects in the US market. "We hope that a share of commercial deliveries of TVS-Kvadrat will be more than 10% of the current US market volume for this type of fuel," he said.
GNF, a GE-led joint venture with Hitachi and Toshiba Corporation, operates primarily through GNF-A in Wilmington and Global Nuclear Fuel-Japan Co in Kurihama, Japan. Rosatom has since 1987 supplied the US with low-enriched uranium (LEU) that is then prepared for use in power plants. GNF hopes that US utilities would be able to use the TVS-K assemblies at about a third of the USA's 99 reactors.
What is really behind this?
Areva to spin off fuel business
22 June 2016
France's Areva is to spin off its nuclear-fuel operations this year, as New Co, to shield them from the financial difficulties facing the company's reactor business and to attract investors as Areva prepares to raise #$%$5bn ($5.6bn) by selling shares. The company said New Co would be created as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Areva SA during the second half of this year, combining the Areva Mines, Areva NC, Areva Projects and Areva Business Support companies and their respective subsidiaries. Part of Areva SA's debt would also be transferred to New Co. Meanwhile, Areva TA, Areva Renewable Energies and Areva NP will remain as subsidiaries of Areva SA "until the date of their sale". Areva will also sell nuclear measurement and instrumentation specialist Canberra.
New Co will target earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization of about 25% of sales and operating income of more than 10% by 2020, Areva said a statement. The combined business had an order backlog of #$%$33bn at the end of March, representing about eight years of revenue, Areva said. "New Co. has strong assets in terms of technology, backlog, skills and performance," Areva CEO Philippe Knoche said on a conference call with Bloomberg. "It will be very well placed for an expected rebound in demand, notably on international markets."
The Product coming out of Paducah from the tails, will already be at UF6, but Centrus don't enrich Uranium themselves as far as I know? They pay the Russians to do that, I don't think that will sit well with the powers to be in the US and I don't reckon ACP will be a goer? simply because of costs, who's going to pay for a plant like that?
Centrus certainly don't have the money.
And what makes you the genius DER.
GK said he was going to the non oncology area when he left, Novogen has a stable full of IP related to non oncology stuff, that already have links to the Feinstein institute. the Cancer stuff will be fine.
You are a total hyporcrite, you post BS on hotcopper all of the time, don't try and tell me where to get off you dimwit.
Obviously there is something afoot, what does Centrus have that would be of any value to Converdyn?
There is only one thing that Centrus may have that may be of value to Converdyn going forward, it all has in my opinion links to what is happening at Global Laser Enrichment, they are working on recycling used nuclear fuel, GEH has indicated that it wants to reduce it's holding in GLE, I believe it is Hitachi that wants out to concentrate on it's core business PRISM, don't be suprised if they (GEH) get the UK contarct for PRISM to get rid of the Plutonium stockpile, anyway back to Converdyn, I reckon they will pick up part of what Hitachi may be putting up for sale, Converdyn has far better synergies to GLE than Hitachi ever had, I believe what Converdyn are after is the license agreements for the supply of nuclear fuel, that is, it wont be Russia supplying fuel for LWR's, it will be GNF using GLE recycled UNF in the future, it won't be for a while but it is happening behind the scenes.
The info below is just one reference to unf recycling, there are many others that are much later but this gives you an idea of how long it has been going on for,
google An Overview of GEH Nuclear Criticality Safety Fuel Cycle Activities Lon Paulson
Midostaurin the First Targeted Therapy to Improve Survival in AML: Potentially Practice-Changing
VBCC - February 2016, Vol 7, No 1 - Emerging Therapies
The multikinase inhibitor midostaurin is the first targeted therapy to improve overall survival (OS) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and the FLT3 mutation. Midostaurin plus standard chemotherapy improved survival compared with placebo plus chemotherapy as an upfront treatment for high-risk patients with AML and FLT3 mutations.
Patients and physicians have waited for new drugs for AML since the 1990s, so the results of the CALGB 10603/RATIFY trial were greeted with enthusiasm at ASH 2015. The study was an undertaking of the Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology.
It can't come fast enough, I was watching something on TV yesterday here in Oz, where the court has ruled that a six year old boy be given radiation and chemo to save his life, his parents didn't want that, they didn't want to see thier son suffer the horrific side effects from chemo and radiation treatment.
It must be hard for adults to suffer these side effects let alone kids.
The PRISM reactor is a sodium cooled non pressurised reactor, it will be used first in a process to help get rid of around 80% of used nuclear nuclear fuel, it will run on Plutonium for the first part until the UNF has all been treated and then maybe it will run on Thorium?
The recovered Uranium will be re-enriched using laser technology and the re-enriched fuel will be used in existing BWR's and PWR's. until the reach their useful lifespan.
Maybe you hit the nail on the head, maybe it is those contracts that are worth the money to another enriched Uranium supplier, one with a far better technology perhaps?
Buy at your own peril, recycling of used nuclear fuel is coming soon.
Have a real good look at what GE are doing?
Look at what the NEI and the NRC have been doing?
It's all there if you look hard enough.
I meant to add this in here
"GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy to enter market for pressurized water reactor services
GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy, which sells and provides services to boiling water reactors, will for the first time enter the market to provide refueling services to owners of pressurized water reactors made by competitors, the company said Monday.
Work that out for yourselves what that will mean the the enriched Uranium market a bit further down the track?
Search for this.
[House Hearing, 111 Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
ADVANCING TECHNOLOGY FOR NUCLEAR FUEL
RECYCLING: WHAT SHOULD OUR RESEARCH,
DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION
Tell me it isn't happening considering what GE have been doing lately?
I just know that you will ask why any competitor of GE's would even want them to load new fuel rods into their own reactor?
I believe the answer is that they will have to under contract, that's "IF" they want their used nuclear fuel taken away to be treated, it will be a condition of the contract that they accept back the treated Uranium.
The Silex process is ideal for this re enrichment as it can be done in camera (that means "in a closed room")
I believe the prototypes that the DoE were working on with the Silex process were related to shielding not the actual SILEX process itself, because as far as I know the SILEX process was perfected 80% at USEC and then taken back to Lucas Heights in Australia and taken to 100% proven after USEC pulled the pin?
The work going on at Wilmington is about treating the recycled Uranium from the used nuclear fuel in my opinion and the shielding component of that process is now at Wilmington also.
Have a look at what GE are saying in their GE in the news, ask yourself why they have developed a robot that looks inside a reactor vessel to look for problems, see here-: GE's robotic inspector dives in nuclear containment vessels.
Normally when workers at the Edwin Irby Hatch Power Plant in Georgia want to inspect welds on the water-filled containment tank that houses the plant's nuclear fuel, they have stick pole-mounted inspection cameras in there while potentially exposing themselves to radiation. But now that the plant has acquired a swimming inspection-bot developed by GE and Hitachi, plant workers can check the vessel's integrity at any time while avoiding all that radiation.
Or why they have developed a Pipe surveying solution
Nuclear Engineering International
Nuclear plants have several types of buried pipes: safety-related system piping; non-safety-related piping that "carries radioactive fluid"; and non-safety-related piping that carries environmentally hazardous fluids such as diesel fuel oil.
Or why they developed this "GE Hitachi Nuclear reveals tool for nuclear power uncoupling"
GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy and Exelon Generation introduced a remotely-operated tool that allows workers to complete tasks at the bottom of nuclear reactors.
And ask yourself this very interesting question-: Which companies would want GE to be renewing their fuel rods in their reactors, why in the hell would they do that, why wouldn't they do that themselves.
I believe the answer is that they won't be able to simply because the nuclear fuel that will be added to the reactor will be much more radioactive, I believe it will require specially trained people and special equipment, I believe GE will be recycling used nuclear fuel, they will burn the plutonium in a PRISM reactor and they will re enrich the recycled Uranium to a higher degree to overcome the neutron absorbers (actinides) in the recovered Uranium.
There is more coming in my next post.
IAEA Nuclear Technology Review 2015
Date: 2 July 2015 Report by the Director General
In response to requests by Member States, the Secretariat produces a comprehensive Nuclear Technology Review each year.
Attached is this year’s report, which highlights notable developments in 2014.
• The Nuclear Technology Review 2015 covers the following select areas: power applications, atomic and nuclear data, accelerator and research reactor applications, nuclear techniques to improve animal health, medical radiation dosimetry, radiopharmaceuticals, isotopes in climate and hydrological studies, and understanding changes in the marine environment using nuclear
46. URENCO USA is the only operating uranium enrichment plant in the country. Three additional enrichment plants are planned. AREVA is planning to build a 3.3 million SWUs centrifuge plant at Eagle Rock in Idaho.
Global Laser Enrichment is planning a 6 million SWUs laser enrichment plant in Wilmington, North Carolina. Both plants are anticipated to start operations before 2020.
So it would seem as if GLE will have two new plants by 2020 one at Paducah for recovering natural grade Uranium and one at Wilmington to enrich Uranium, but I believe the enrichment will be for RepU and the tails Uranium will be added to that, if you look at the GE website and look for GE in the news, just about every thing in there seems to indicate that the new fuels going forward will be much more radioactive and will require specialized training of personnel and also some new specialized equipment for handling and inspection of reactors going forward.
GE are even offering their services to refuel competitors reactors, it begs the question who in the hell would want that,
Answer any company that wants their used nuclear fuel taken away, thats who and it will be in my opinion one of the conditions that they also agree to take back the recovered Uranium (RepU) back as new fuel for their reactors, but it will be much more radioactive.
So the Uranium that they recover from the Tails at Paducah looks like heading to Wilmington, but I reckon it will be used to top up the recovered Uranium (RepU) from used nuclear fuel somehow? go to the GE website and look at GE in the news, look at where GE have been spending their money, they are spending it on things that point to the fact that the fuels they will be using to reload LEU BWR's in the future will be much more radioactive and therefore will required specialized training and specialized equipment to do reactor inspection etc. they have also started to offer other companies the use of GE personnel to reload their reactors with new fuel, why in the hell would any other company want that? The answer I believe will be related to a contract to take their used nuclear fuel from their sites in exchange for a payment and a guarantee that they will take back the recovered Uranium as fuel for their reactors, like I said read the latest GE in the News, most of the things in their point towards a more radioactive fuel for LEU BWR's in the future in my opinion