In the couple of examples I've seen, the submitter stated that there were suspension failures without a collision to explain damage, and detailed the damage, etc.
How is that fraudulent? He even stated the vin was not actual and he was making the submission to alert agency of a pattern of failures.
Might not be "proper" use of the system, but was it to "done to trick someone for the purpose of getting something valuable" ?
If the incidents never happened and were totally fabricated, and photoshopped, and he benefited financially, then there may be a problem. I have no idea if he was short TSLA, but I've seen the photos, and they appear genuine.