But damage to the climate is not the end of coal's costs. In 2011, a group of researchers from around the country attempted to calculate that number. They examined the full cost of coal's "lifecycle" in the United States—that is, the costs of everything that mining coal, transporting it, burning it for electricity, and disposing it does to the world. The researchers included economists from Accenture, doctors and public health researchers from Harvard University, and ecologists from universities throughout West Virginia.
They looked at everything: the damage to the climate, to people's health, and to the plants and animals around the mines. In the end, they estimated that the sum total of coal's externalities amounted to between 9.42 cents and 26.89 cents per kilowatt-hour. Their best guess put it at 17.84 cents. The United States' dependence on coal cost the public "a third to over one-half of a trillion dollars annually," they wrote.
More than one record was broken in June. Scarily, it was the hottest month on record as global temperatures continue to rise thanks to climate change. More happily, United States solar power plants in June smashed the record for generating carbon-free electricity from the sun, another sign that renewable energy is increasingly becoming competitive with fossil fuels.
That’s nearly 36 percent more power than was generated in June 2014. The power surge matches a building boom in photovoltaic power plants, which deploy tens of thousands of solar panels like those found on residential rooftops. Over the past year, the nation’s photovoltaic power plant capacity jumped 47.5 percent.
The news comes on the heels of a report from the International Energy Agency that found that renewable energy is starting to rival coal and other fossil fuels.
"This report clearly demonstrates that the cost of renewable technologies – in particular solar photovoltaic – have declined significantly over the past five years, and that these technologies are no longer cost outliers," stated the IEA.
The U.S. only produces about 1 percent of its electricity from solar, but certain states now obtain a significant amount of energy from the sun. More than half of the nation’s electricity from solar power plants, for instance, is produced in California. At certain times in June, solar generated 50 percent of the electricity flowing into the state’s power grid, according to state officials.
I completely rest my case.
'In two days, we stopped nine times at seven locations to draw hydrogen from four working pumps, never experiencing range anxiety. Over 400 miles we averaged 56 miles per kilogram of hydrogen, or 57 MPGe, costing us roughly $0.25 per mile—nearly four times the cost of driving a Toyota Camry hybrid. However, the pioneering Mirai owners will fuel their cars for free using access cards or codes provided by Toyota for three years; perhaps by then Toyota, Shell, and L.A.’s air-quality boosters will have completed their hydrogen-infrastructure upgrades.
No champagne was consumed toasting the Mirai’s maiden voyage. Instead, we held a cup under the rear of the car to collect water exiting the fuel cell. Three who sipped that Kool-Aid found no hint of chicory, sultry overtone, or oaky aftertaste. Just flat, flavorless water, as Mother Nature intended'
'Pumps at the University of California’s National Fuel Cell Research Center in Irvine and at the Orange County Sanitation District in Fountain Valley were also down, awaiting investment funds. That didn’t curb Birdsall’s enthusiasm for the latter facility’s technology. Instead of using the more common method of producing hydrogen through steam reformation of methane, Fountain Valley employs a fuel cell itself to process sewage into heat, electricity, and hydrogen fuel.
Our last stop was at a Chevron station in Harbor City, so named because of its proximity to L.A.’s bustling port. The station dispenses not only hydrogen but also gasoline, diesel, and a wealth of jerky snacks and sugary beverages, thus making it the most normal-looking station on our tour.'
'Pumps at the South Coast Air Quality Management District headquarters in Diamond Bar meter hydrogen cooled to -40 degrees F with sufficient accuracy that they can charge credit-card holders $13.99 per kilogram ($6.35/pound). We need 0.664 kilogram (1.46 pounds) of hydrogen to fill the tanks, for a total cost of $9.29.
I take it by your obfuscating offtrack BS you are confirming:
1. Taxpayers are the real insurers of nuclear reactors in the US.
2. No permanent waste facility for spent nuclear exists in the US, even as waste has been piling up outside nuclear reactors for decades.
3. A nun broke in to a nuclear storage facility by cutting through a standard chain link fence.
4. No money exists to decomission nuclear power plants, even though many are past their designed age.
Yawn. The entire country could be powered by solar and wind and you know it. It is a matter of storage.
All taxpayers, citizens, human creatures, and all other living things should know: nuclear power plants are not liable for accidents they have, their liability is carved out. It has to be, no private insurer could possibly insure against catastrophic accidents at a nuclear power plant, or even with its waste.
So as a tax paying American, YOU get to pay clean up and insurance costs after nuclear accidents. Fun.
Oh yeah, and there is still no permanent repository for the waste. Its still just sitting around outside every nuclear power plant in makeshift storage. Waiting to leak, spill, or worse.
A nun cut through some chain link fence a couple of years ago to get in to a nuclear power plant or a waste facility. No problem.
You, as a taxpayer, will get to pick up those pieces when the person cutting through the fence isn't a Catholic nun.
the nuclear data is BS--it doesn't include the cost of waste disposal or decommissioning---total BS
Technology will not be beating rig counts for much longer. While production in aggregate has remained stable, it will begin to significantly decline soon. There just aren't many richer sections of shale to target, or they would have set up there in the first place.
one thing i have heard is that although the number of active shale wells in the US has been cut in half, the amount of production from them has remained constant. this will not be the case moving forward. these shale wells will drop off in production soon, necessitating imports, lower supply, higher prices,.....
The all in price for energy is expensive,
But the price for the power alone is not. The issue is with surcharges to carry large amounts of redundant baseload power that is getting phased out as storage, like this project, is coming on line.
Sorry to say long,
Ballard may be involved in ene.field with Baxi in some small measure in the Netherlands. But Panasonic took the business away from Ballard last year. Just prior to the last round of deployments, the final deployment before full scale commercialization in 2016. Baxi will be working now just with Panasonic. I followed this for a long time, thinking Ballard would be in when millions of German households began installing these units. I pumped and pom-pomed this to death. But Baxi looked to Panasonic when they picked a commercial partner, not Ballard. Was there a technology issue? Was Ballard too expensive? Who knows. Ballard never, ever, mentioned anything about it on any of their calls, so it may be that they knew that they wouldn't be able to compete with Panasonic when Baxi serialized. Also, just a third or so of those 1,000 units are H2 PEM.
Ballard may still be doing something with Dantherm in the Netherlands, but that is it.
Totally false Blue and you definitely know it is false. Are you saying wind energy is high priced? Wind and solar are cheaper than c.o.a.l. with none of the extraneous impacts.
This project is just harvesting already cheaper energy that would otherwise go to waste.
Take deep breath Blue, its a comin'.
Germany has become home to the world’s largest renewable hydrogen fuel system. The country has been investing quite heavily in renewable energy over the past few years, hoping to break away from fossil-fuels as well as its reliance on nuclear energy. A greater focus on hydrogen fuel and fuel cell technology has come with increased investments in clean power, and now the country has a new facility that is able to produce significant amounts of hydrogen.
The facility is located in Mainz, where the municipal utility has teamed with several organizations, including Linde and Siemens, to build the facility and its production technologies. Backed by approximately $17 million in research funding, the facility has now begun operation. It makes use of excess electrical power generated by nearby wind farms, using this energy to produce hydrogen fuel. This hydrogen is then transportation to fueling stations and to other facilities that will be using the fuel. The facility is estimated to produce enough hydrogen to power 2,000 fuel cell vehicles.
using 'volcanic' geothermal loosely, as all the island are volcanic--i don't think the geothermal needs to be run off a volcano, standard geothermal installations work and the islands volcanic network does enhance the geothermal attributes regardless of whether there is a volcano on any specific island--
i think in Hawaii's case with the abundance of wind and solar that although they describe geothermal as 'baseload' power, they do so only because it is not sun or weather dependant, operating 24/7, not because it will provide the bulk of power generation--
wind and solar, along with storage of various types, will provide the vast majority of Hawaii's power
geothermal, from the volcanoes, is a big part of it because it can serve as 24/7 baseload
Some 50 percent of the electricity generated in Hawaii is bought by the US military. The Department of Energy has a mandate from the Obama administration to use more green energy, and Governor Ige and HECO are finding the admirals and generals enthusiastic partners in their plans for 100 percent renewables. In fact, the Navy, the Army, and the Marines all hope to generate up to a gigawatt of electricity themselves on bases throughout the United States. The Navy’s self-imposed deadline for doing so is only 18 months away.
what makes you think that? they have said they are looking at 50 mil for the year, there haven't been any updates and we are nearly through the Q3 with no announcements
maybe protonex comes on in Q4 and they have that, but we all paid for that
it will take until 2017 before ballard reaches 100 mil in rev, maybe with the help of yet another dilutive acquisition
....all the European bus deliveries are pushed to 2016...
now talking about 1 not 2 China deals by EOY
telecom the latest thing about to go commercial that is not going commercial
50 mil rev 2015