Conclusions. Stepwise increasing levels of nonfasting cholesterol and nonfasting triglycerides were similarly associated with stepwise increasing risk of myocardial infarction, with nonfasting triglycerides being the best predictor in women and nonfasting cholesterol the best predictor in men. Even more surprisingly, only increasing levels of nonfasting triglycerides were associated with total mortality, whereas increasing cholesterol levels were not.
Abstract. Langsted A, Freiberg JJ, Tybjærg-Hansen A, Schnohr P, Jensen GB, Nordestgaard BG (Herlev Hospital, Herlev; University of Copenhagen; Bispebjerg Hospital; and Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark). Nonfasting cholesterol and triglycerides and association with risk of myocardial infarction and total mortality: the Copenhagen City Heart Study with 31 years of follow-up. J Intern Med 2011; 270: 65–75.