And he has no evidence that you didn't beat your wife, either.
That's the way our country and our legal system works. If there is evidence of a crime, then charges can be brought, and that case can tried. No case is ever charged simply ir there is no evidence that a crime was not committed.
The are a collection of reasons:
1. Those states are among the best if you want to create and run a business. Those states are the best for creating businesses and creating wealthy business owners, so that's whee the richest Americans live.
2. A number of those states have no income tax to tax either wealthy or poorer citizens.
3. Those states are among the 10 or 20 states with the highest average incomes, so even the poorest in most of those states make more than the average citizen in Mississippi or West Virginia.
4. State with an income tax base their taxes on the federal income tax return. The higher your federal tax is, the higher will be your state tax.
5. Almost all of these states have minimum wages that are higher than the federal minimum wage now.
And, I suspect that representatives in Washington from these states have already been pushing to do most all of the things that would address the income inequality issues, nationwide, including:
1. Raise the national minimum wage.
2. Invest in repairs and improvements in our national infrastructure - roads, bridges, power and communications networks, transportation networks, and more. (lots of middle class jobs).
3. Increase taxes on the wealthiest among us to pay for the above, and to balance the national budget. Our companies are floating in cash, but they don't really need it, or use it, to hire anyone, or to raise any wages. Our billionaires have more money than they know what to do with, but they are not spending it on people who need good jobs.
These changes would return us to the situation that we had in the 1950's and 1960's, when income equality was not a problem. How long will it take before we decide to do what we need to do to fix this problem?
It's never be clear to be whether Israel even wanted to keep it's nukes a secret. Letting their neighbors know that they had a few nuclear weapons has certainly helped to keep their neighbors from trying another invasion.
In reality, Obamacare is only in a "death spiral" in the red states that have worked hard to make sure that Obamacare fails. There are many fewer problems in the states that have created their own exchanges, and that have worked to assure that their citizens can get health insurance.
Insurance rates are rising in the red states where there are no exchanges, and where Medicaid money has been refused. This keeps millions still uninsured, and requires that those millions of uninsured people get their heath care in hospitals that are entirely funded by those with insurance. So insurance rates for people who do have insurance must go up. Insurance rates are flattening or going down for people with insurance in states that have worked to be sure that all are insured.
In addition, because there are millions who have no access to Medicaid in those red states, they are huge drains on the hospitals that must treat them. And that is why there are hospitals going bankrupt in those states.
And you are right about King V Burwell. If the Supreme Court says that those states without their own exchange can not get any federal Medicaid subsidies, then that will certainly put the nails in the red states that have chosen to not insure their own citizens. But, again, the states with their own exchanges will not be affected. Their citizens will remain insured,a nd their health care costs will continue to remain lower for all.
Sometimes it's hard when you watch people commit suicide and there is just no way to stop them.
Note: a lot of what I posted is from a paper by Prof. Steve Easterbrook, who has devoted a lot of time to the study of software climate models and their problems, and levels of correctness.
I couldn't find the particular paper that you reference. My searches for "mathematical issue with climate model" brought up lots of papers with title like, "A Mathematical Framework for Stochastic Climate Models", but nothing containing what you report.
Thee now exist maybe 20 or 30 different climate models, all implemented as computer simulators. The purpose of all these models is to explain how the physics of planet earth works. And they all work - they do exactly what their authors want and need. They provide descriptions of how the earth functions under different initial conditions and inputs., which can be compared with measured results of what the earth is actually doing.
Even the first models created more than a century ago which describe how w the earth would react to an increase in CO2 in the atmosphere were correct n some ways. Those old models said that the polar regions would heat faster than equatorial regions for example. They were right about that.
The 25 or so models are all being updated and corrected as work progresses and predictions don't quite match what is actually observed. For example many models have underestimated how quickly polar ice would melt. They also underestimated how quickly sea levels would rise. And many models over estimated the rate that the surface of the planet would warm - but underestimated the rate that deep ocean waters would rise.
Yes, the existing models still don't get the rates of change quite right, but the predictions that the earth is warming, that CO2 is the primary cause, that polar ice is melting, and that the oceans are warming and rising, are all still correct. And the models are being quickly changes to make them better reflect the actual physics of the planet, and to produce more accurate rates of change.
It all depends on what state you live in. The literacy rate is the worst in the states with the worst schools. At the top of the list is Mississippi, and other follow closely: Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, South Carolina, Alaska, west Virginia, and more. At the other end of the scale are state with good schools: Massachusetts, Washington, Vermont, and Minnesota. Fix the schools and then people learn to read.
I'll let you decide if this is a red state - blue state dichotomy.
Everyone, whether they pay any income tax or not, pays taxes to support the federal government when they buy gasoline, airline tickets, tobacco, alcohol, firearms and ammo, a telephone (land line or cell), You' have to be a monk living in a cave not to pay any federal tax.
" Is there a mathematical issue with current models?"
Is there a mathematical issue with current models? If there is, what is it? If you can't identify any mathematical issue, then why even ask the question? Use your time to ask about issues that you can show actually exist.
And amoulits1 already pointed out the error in your assumption about volcanic activity (volcanic ask cools; it doesn't warm)
Texas and California share a problem that may push people away if it continues much longer. Both states have suffered from droughts - sever in many cases - for a few year. Texas' reservoirs are now at just about 2/3 full, now when their summer dry season begins. Companies that need water are not interested in moving to a place with a long term drought. And most people won"t be very interested in moving to a place where they have little water to drink, or wash their car.
And the forecast is for drought condition to intensify in both some of Texas and most all of California this summer.
And not just China, either. The US is also abandoning coal as well. It's just that we are doing it in a different way. We are not abandoning coal through any government leadership, as is being done in China. Instead each and every US power company is also in the process of abandoning coal on their own. Coal is just too expensive, and too hard to be used cleanly, so every power company is looking for cleaner and cheaper alternatives. Our coal use is now dropping, and that decrease will not stop. For the first time in two decades, U.S. coal production fell below one billion short tons to 984.8 million short tons in 2013 from 1,016.5 million short tons in 2012 (3.1% lower than 2012). Just like with gasoline, it's still a slow decrease now, but the decrease in the use of both coal and oil will accelerate over the next years. Both coal and oil will be abandoned over the next couple of decades, not completely, but in large measure we will all be using alternatives in 10 or 20 years.
What problem do you see as a possibility if anyone could intercept a data feed from an airplane containing cockpit voice, and aircraft flight and technical data? Anyone can already view some of that information for every plane in the air over the internet. Clearly there would be some issues for any sort of remote control of a plane, but TAD simply suggested a continuous data stream FROM the plane.
Once upon a time there was a big village along a great river, that the villagers called Ludditium. Every spring that river would flood, bringing water and nourishment to the village's fields. The Luddites were all very happy to see the floods come each year, just before it was time to plant the crops for the new year.
But one year the river did not rise. It did not flood. Their fields were not watered or nourished for he new year. The villagers wondered what had happened. Did the sun not decide not to raise he river? The rising of the river was always a "natural" event. Was not the lack of flood this year also a "natural" event? There are no flood waters, and certainty nothing that the villagers could do could change that.
But one young brave decided to look and see what might have caused the river to receded and not flood. He walked for many weeks along the river, well beyond anywhere that the villagers had traveled before. Just when he as almost ready t give up, the brave reached a deep canyon through which the river ran. And in the canyon, he saw a huge wall with many men working to build it even higher. He saw that those men had stopped the river, and it as they who had stopped the floods that his peoepl needed for their fields.
When the brave returned home, he told the Luddites what he has seen. But they could not believe his story. How could any man stop the great river? How could any man build such a big wail? Of course, no man could do that. It must, after all, be just a natural cycle that we can never understand, with no human involvement.
So, now, can the brave convince the villager that what he has seen is true? Can he convince them to find a way to restore the floods that they need? Or will the village naysayers simply make the village give up and abandon their village because they can't conceive of any way to either stop the river, or to restore the floods they need? Would the Luddites ever be able to restore the floods they need each year?
I wonder. Was he talking about people getting richer from the increase in value of the (single) house that they own and live in, or maybe the dozens or even hundreds of homes that some of our wealthiest own, and rent? If the latter were the case, i can easily see how that form of housing ownership could have contributed to a widening wealth gap.
Those maps showing nearly global warming show that it's real.
A basic understanding of the rules of nature show how it's a natural reaction to the current conditions.
And it's a cyclic event, at lest not until someone can show what the cycle is, and how it's powered, and no one has done that yet.
It's always hard to tell whether an specific local weather even is directly a result of global warming or not.
But, what is certainly due, in large part to global warming is last month's NOAA global Land & Ocean Temperature Percentiles map. That map shows the dark pink, and red of "Record Warmth" and "Much warmer than average" measurements across the entire globe, except for the eastern US and Canada and a small spot in the North Atlantic. Those wee the only spots on the globe where "Record Coldest" temperatures were measured in February. Those monthly maps have been mostly "much warmer" pink for quite a while now, and that is certainly due to the global warming that continues to happen. Temperatures continue to rise slowly, in spite of what happened in the eastern US this winter.
Frogs in a pot of slowly warming water on the stove...
How much of the snow in those ski areas is man-made, and how much is natural snowfall?
The headline, according to the Cal. Dept. of Water Resources says, "Despite recent snowfall, the Sierra Nevada snowpack, critical to California's water supply, is near a historic low for early March.", and also says that the snow pack is just 19% of what is normally expected.
It's clear that building more dams on rivers that are already dammed is not going to be much help. Check the real data. California's reservoirs are currently at about 46% capacity, and the California snow pack is right now at 19% of normal. That snow pack will have a hard time keeping the reservoirs even at the current 46% capacity as it melts over the next 3 or 4 months.
The problem is the amount of water in the existing reservoirs, not the number of reservoirs. The problem is entirely the amount of water that is now available to put in the reservoirs and use.
And this problem is not just California's problem. 85% of California's water is used for agriculture to produce food for the rest of us. It appears that they must cut their use of water in half, just because the water is not there. Cutting their water use in half must have a big impact on the amount of food they can grow for the whole nation. Discussion are even now in progress to build pipelines from places as far away as Wisconsin to pump water west
It's been just a few weeks since Republicans took full control of Congress, but it is safe to say they have no earthly idea of what they want to accomplish, or how to do it. They clearly show exactly what the problem is now in Washington.
The Democrats are strongly united against whatever the Republican try now, if only because their opposition is so weak, and disorganized. If the Republicans had any rational bi-partisan approaches to fix what ails us, the Democrats would fall apart and support them in many cases. Instead, they vote unanimously against every effort the Republicans make.
If the Republican had some well thought out plans, they would have a chance to take control of Congress and the White House for the next decade or more, but they don't have any such plans. If they could put together a plan that invests in our foundations, including jobs, R&D, health care, education, defense, and our national infrastructure, they would have a chance to fix many of our current problems, including the deficit and debt (Think of Dwight Eisenhower). With the right plan, they could also get support from Obama, who, in reality, is probably one of the the most conservative presidents we have had in a long time. But, instead, as long as the Republicans focus on ideological differences, rather than on building a strong nation, both within their party, and nationwide, they have little chance at success, either for the Republican party, or for the nation, sadly.
The oil is being shipped to east coast and west coats refineries by rain now - hence the recent big derailments and fires. Safer pipelines woudl replace the currently unsafe rail transportation.
There is absolutely no need for more refineries. The number of refineries in the US has been dripping for decades. That's partly due to consolidation, but also due the fact that the US is using less and less oil, and refined products every year. You don't build new factories for buggy whips, or gasoline when the demand is dropping at an accelerating pace.