Cincinnati Financial Reports First-Quarter 2014 Results

PR Newswire

CINCINNATI, April 24, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Cincinnati Financial Corporation (CINF) today reported:

  • First-quarter 2014 net income of $91 million, or 55 cents per share, compared with $154 million, or 94 cents per share, in the first quarter of 2013.
  • $77 million, or 46 cents per share operating income*, compared with $128 million, or 78 cents per share, in the 2013 first quarter.
  • Lower first-quarter 2014 net income reflects the after-tax impact of two primary items: $1 million property casualty underwriting loss that includes $57 million of natural catastrophe losses with a 34 cent per-share impact, compared with the first-quarter 2013's $51 million of underwriting profit and catastrophe impact of $7 million or 4 cents per share; plus a $12 million decrease from net realized investment gains.
  • $37.73 book value per share at March 31, 2014, up 1 percent from December 31, 2013.
  • 2.6 percent value creation ratio for the first three months of 2014, compared with 7.0 percent for the same period of 2013.

 

Financial Highlights

 


(In millions except per share data)

Three months ended March 31,


2014


2013


% Change

Revenue Highlights







   Earned premiums


$

1,027



$

931



10


   Investment income, pretax


135



128



5


   Total revenues


1,189



1,103



8


Income Statement Data







   Net income


$

91



$

154



(41)


   Net realized investment gains and losses


14



26



(46)


   Operating income*


$

77



$

128



(40)


Per Share Data (diluted)







   Net income


$

0.55



$

0.94



(41)


   Net realized investment gains and losses


0.09



0.16



(44)


   Operating income*


$

0.46



$

0.78



(41)









   Book value


$

37.73



$

35.41



7


   Cash dividend declared


$

0.44



$

0.4075



8


   Weighted average shares outstanding


165.0



164.9



0




*   

The Definitions of Non-GAAP Information and Reconciliation to Comparable GAAP Measures defines and reconciles measures presented in this release that are not based on U. S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.

**   

Forward-looking statements and related assumptions are subject to the risks outlined in the company's safe harbor statement.

Insurance Operations First-Quarter Highlights

  • 100.3 percent first-quarter 2014 property casualty combined ratio, increased from 91.2 percent for first-quarter 2013.
  • 7 percent increase in first-quarter net written premiums, reflecting higher pricing and planned growth from strategic initiatives.
  • $123 million first-quarter 2014 property casualty new business written premiums, down $12 million. Agencies appointed since the beginning of 2013 contributed $5 million or 4 percent to total first-quarter new business written premiums.
  • 6 cents per share contribution from life insurance operating income to first-quarter results, down 2 cents from 2013.

Investment and Balance Sheet Highlights

  • 5 percent or $7 million rise in first-quarter 2014 pretax investment income, with higher stock portfolio dividends in addition to slightly higher interest income.
  • 1 percent three-month rise in fair value of invested assets plus cash at March 31, 2014, including a 1 percent increase for both the equity portfolio and the bond portfolio.
  • $1.591 billion parent company cash and marketable securities at March 31, 2014, up 4 percent from year-end 2013.

Investment Income Leads Profitability 
Steven J. Johnston, president and chief executive officer, commented: "Steady income from our investment portfolio offset a modest first-quarter underwriting loss as we helped policyholders recover from widespread severe winter weather. Pretax investment income rose 5 percent driven primarily by higher dividend income from our equity portfolio.  Consolidated net operating income was $77 million or $.46 per share compared with $128 million or $.78 per share in last year's first quarter, which was marked by unusually calm weather.

"Our first-quarter 2014 combined ratio of 100.3 percent included 8.9 percentage points of natural catastrophe losses, an increase of 3.5 points over our five-year first-quarter average. That 8.9 point effect was primarily from $76 million in pretax losses from extreme cold weather during the first week of January, and was with the estimated range previously announced. Losses caused by weather, but not part of a named catastrophe event for the industry, contributed 6.3 points to the first-quarter ratio this year compared with 2.7 points a year ago, partially masking ongoing profitability improvements from pricing precision initiatives, loss cost containment and expense management."

Steady Growth 
"We're pleased with the progress of our growth initiatives and the premium increases reported by each of our property casualty segments. Consolidated first-quarter net written premiums grew 7 percent, driven primarily by higher pricing. Commercial lines pricing continued to rise on average at a mid-single-digit rate, though lower in that range than in the fourth quarter of 2013. Personal lines average increases also remained at mid-single-digit rates, while excess and surplus lines average pricing increases continued at high-single-digit rates.

"We are disciplined in our risk selection and pricing. Agents and underwriters work closely together to set the right price considering each account's modeled rate and other risk attributes. To maintain the quality of our overall book and to help policyholders prevent losses, we'll continue the property inspection program we began last year. In 2014, we plan to inspect nearly 130,000 new and renewal accounts.

"While our independent agency force and marketing territories continue to expand, the main driver for premium growth will come from the excellent relationships we develop with our agencies. As we gradually expand our agency force, we carefully balance our goals for long-term growth with the franchise value that our agents appreciate.

"We continue to provide our agents with tools to communicate the value of Cincinnati policies to the people and businesses in their communities. In the first quarter of 2014, we delivered a comprehensive personal lines sales proposal system to our agents and completed the deployment of CinciPak™, our package program for small business policies, to agents using our commercial policy processing system e-CLAS."

Staying the Course 
"We manage our business to create long-term value for shareholders, policyholders, agents and associates. Natural variability in any one quarter's results is part of our insurance business and does not sway our confidence.

"Thanks in part to an increase in net unrealized gains in our equity and fixed-income portfolios, book value per share grew $0.52 to $37.73 for the quarter. The board of directors expressed confidence in our financial strength by again raising the indicated cash dividend in January. Our value creation ratio, which considers those dividends as well as growth in book value, was 2.6 percent for the first quarter. We look forward to adding to our value creation as the year progresses."

Insurance Operations Highlights

 

Consolidated Property Casualty Insurance Operations

 

(In millions)


Three months ended March 31,



2014


2013


% Change

Earned premiums


$

979



$

889



10


Fee revenues


1





nm


   Total revenues


980



889



10









Loss and loss expenses


676



524



29


Underwriting expenses


305



287



6


   Underwriting (loss) profit


$

(1)



$

78



nm









Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change

     Loss and loss expenses


69.1

%


59.0

%


10.1


     Underwriting expenses


31.2



32.2



(1.0)


           Combined ratio


100.3

%


91.2

%


9.1















% Change

Agency renewal written premiums


$

956



$

845



13


Agency new business written premiums


123



135



(9)


Other written premiums


(42)



(10)



(320)


   Net written premiums


$

1,037



$

970



7









Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change

     Current accident year before catastrophe losses


62.3

%


58.1

%


4.2


     Current accident year catastrophe losses


9.9



2.0



7.9


     Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


(2.1)



(0.3)



(1.8)


     Prior accident years catastrophe losses


(1.0)



(0.8)



(0.2)


           Loss and loss expense ratio


69.1

%


59.0

%


10.1









Current accident year combined ratio before catastrophe losses


93.5

%


90.3

%


3.2









  • $67 million or 7 percent increase in first-quarter 2014 property casualty net written premiums. Growth reflected the effects of initiatives for premium growth and higher pricing.
  • $12 million or 9 percent decrease in first-quarter new business premiums written by agencies, reflecting our disciplined pricing and the effects of our underwriting profitability initiatives that offset positive contributions from new agency appointments and other growth initiatives.
  • 1,450 agency relationships in 1,836 reporting locations marketing property casualty insurance products at March 31, 2014, compared with 1,439 agency relationships in 1,811 reporting locations at year-end 2013. Twenty-seven new agency appointments were made during the first three months of 2014.
  • 9.1 percentage-point first-quarter 2014 combined ratio increase, reflecting a 7.7-point increase in losses from weather-related natural catastrophes.
  • 3.6 percentage-point first-quarter 2014 increase in the ratio for noncatastrophe weather-related losses.
  • 1.7 percentage-point increase, to 62.3 percent, for the three-month 2014 ratio of accident year losses and loss expenses before catastrophes compared with the 12-month accident year 2013 ratio of 60.6 percent, largely due to higher noncatastrophe weather-related losses.
  • 3.1 percentage-point first-quarter 2014 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development of $29 million, compared with 1.1 points or $10 million for first-quarter 2013.
  • 1.0 percentage-point improvement in the first-quarter underwriting expense ratio, largely due to higher earned premiums and ongoing expense management  efforts.   

 

Commercial Lines Insurance Operations

 

(In millions)


Three months ended March 31,



2014


2013


% Change

Earned premiums


$

692



$

631



10


Fee revenues


1





nm


   Total revenues


693



631



10









Loss and loss expenses


469



365



28


Underwriting expenses


222



208



7


   Underwriting profit


$

2



$

58



(97)









Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change

     Loss and loss expenses


67.9

%


57.8

%


10.1


     Underwriting expenses


32.0



33.0



(1.0)


           Combined ratio


99.9

%


90.8

%


9.1















% Change

Agency renewal written premiums


$

713



$

631



13


Agency new business written premiums


90



97



(7)


Other written premiums


(32)





nm


   Net written premiums


$

771



$

728



6









Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change

     Current accident year before catastrophe losses


59.4

%


58.6

%


0.8


     Current accident year catastrophe losses


8.9



1.1



7.8


     Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


0.0



(1.2)



1.2


     Prior accident years catastrophe losses


(0.4)



(0.7)



0.3


           Loss and loss expense ratio


67.9

%


57.8

%


10.1









Current accident year combined ratio before catastrophe losses


91.4

%


91.6

%


(0.2)









  • $43 million or 6 percent increase in first-quarter 2014 commercial lines net written premiums, primarily due to premium growth initiatives and higher pricing.
  • $82 million or 13 percent rise in first-quarter renewal written premiums included commercial lines renewal pricing changes, increasing on average near the low end of the mid-single-digit range, in addition to rising insured exposures.
  • $7 million or 7 percent decrease in first-quarter new business written by agencies, driven by a $6 million decrease for our workers' compensation line of business.
  • $32 million reduction in net written premium growth from other written premiums, reflecting a small decrease in premiums ceded to reinsurers that was offset by a less favorable adjustment, compared with the first quarter of 2013, for estimated direct written premiums of policies in effect but not yet processed.
  • 9.1 percentage-point rise in first-quarter 2014 combined ratio, primarily due to a 8.1-point increase in losses from weather-related natural catastrophes.
  • 3.0 percentage-point first-quarter 2014 increase in the ratio for noncatastrophe weather-related losses.
  • 0.4 percentage-point first-quarter 2014 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development of $3 million, compared with 1.9 points or $12 million for first-quarter 2013.

 

Personal Lines Insurance Operations

 

(In millions)


Three months ended March 31,



2014


2013


% Change

Earned premiums


$

254



$

231



10









Loss and loss expenses


188



141



33


Underwriting expenses


73



70



4


   Underwriting (loss) profit


$

(7)



$

20



nm









Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change

     Loss and loss expenses


74.1

%


61.3

%


12.8


     Underwriting expenses


28.9



30.3



(1.4)


           Combined ratio


103.0

%


91.6

%


11.4















% Change

Agency renewal written premiums


$

218



$

195



12


Agency new business written premiums


21



28



(25)


Other written premiums


(8)



(8)



0


   Net written premiums


$

231



$

215



7









Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change

     Current accident year before catastrophe losses


67.8

%


54.7

%


13.1


     Current accident year catastrophe losses


13.3



4.8



8.5


     Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


(4.5)



3.1



(7.6)


     Prior accident years catastrophe losses


(2.5)



(1.3)



(1.2)


           Loss and loss expense ratio


74.1

%


61.3

%


12.8









Current accident year combined ratio before catastrophe losses


96.7

%


85.0

%


11.7









  • $16 million or 7 percent increase in first-quarter 2014 personal lines net written premiums, largely due to higher renewal written premiums that reflect rate increases.
  • $7 million or 25 percent decrease in first-quarter new business written by agencies, declining as expected due to underwriting actions such as expanded use of higher deductibles, age of roof limitations and more precise pricing.
  • 11.4 percentage-point rise in first-quarter 2014 combined ratio, largely reflecting a 7.3-point increase in losses from weather-related natural catastrophes.
  • 5.2 percentage-point first-quarter 2014 increase in the ratio for noncatastrophe weather-related losses.
  • 7.0 percentage-point first-quarter 2014 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development of $17 million, compared with an unfavorable 1.8 points or $4 million for first-quarter 2013.

 

Excess and Surplus Lines Insurance Operations

 

(In millions)


Three months ended March 31,



2014


2013


% Change

Earned premiums


$

33



$

27



22









Loss and loss expenses


19



18



6


Underwriting expenses


10



9



11


   Underwriting profit


$

4



$



nm









Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change

     Loss and loss expenses


56.6

%


65.2

%


(8.6)


     Underwriting expenses


30.3



32.8



(2.5)


           Combined ratio


86.9

%


98.0

%


(11.1)















% Change

Agency renewal written premiums


$

25



$

19



32


Agency new business written premiums


12



10



20


Other written premiums


(2)



(2)



0


   Net written premiums


$

35



$

27



30









Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change

     Current accident year before catastrophe losses


80.6

%


73.6

%


7.0


     Current accident year catastrophe losses


3.0



0.1



2.9


     Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


(27.1)



(8.8)



(18.3)


     Prior accident years catastrophe losses


0.1



0.3



(0.2)


           Loss and loss expense ratio


56.6

%


65.2

%


(8.6)









Current accident year combined ratio before catastrophe losses


110.9

%


106.4

%


4.5









  • $8 million or 30 percent growth in first-quarter 2014 excess and surplus lines net written premiums, with growth driven by renewal written premiums. Average renewal pricing increased in the high-single-digit range.
  • 11.1 percentage-point combined ratio improvement for the first-quarter of 2014, primarily due to more favorable prior accident year reserve development.
  • 3.4 percentage-point first-quarter 2014 increase in the ratio for noncatastrophe weather-related losses.

 

Life Insurance Operations

 

(In millions)


Three months ended March 31,


2014


2013


% Change

Term life insurance


$

32



$

29



10


Universal life insurance


8



5



60


Other life insurance, annuity, and disability income products


8



8



0


    Earned premiums


48



42



14


Investment income, net of expenses


35



35



0


Other income


2



1



100


Total revenues, excluding realized investment gains and losses


85



78



9


Contract holders' benefits


56



44



27


Operating expenses incurred


15



13



15


    Total benefits and expenses


71



57



25


Net income before income tax and realized investment gains and losses


14



21



(33)


Income tax


5



7



(29)


Net income before realized investment gains and losses


$

9



$

14



(36)









  • $6 million or 14 percent increase in three-month 2014 earned premiums, including a 10 percent increase for term life insurance, our largest life insurance product line.
  • $2 million decline to $9 million in three-month 2014 fixed annuity deposits received. Cincinnati Life does not offer variable or indexed products.
  • $5 million decrease in three-month 2014 profit, due in part to less favorable mortality experience.
  • $34 million or 4 percent three-month 2014 increase to $867 million in GAAP shareholders' equity for The Cincinnati Life Insurance Company, reflecting an increase in fair value of the fixed-maturity portfolio due to a slight decrease in interest rates.

 

Investment and Balance Sheet Highlights

 

Investment Operations

 

(In millions)


Three months ended March 31,


2014


2013


% Change

Total investment income, net of expenses, pretax


$

135



$

128



5


Investment interest credited to contract holders


(21)



(21)



0


Realized investment gains and losses summary:







   Realized investment gains and losses


24



42



(43)


   Change in fair value of securities with embedded derivatives


(1)



1



nm


   Other-than-temporary impairment charges


(1)



(2)



50


       Total realized investment gains and losses


22



41



(46)


Investment operations profit


$

136



$

148



(8)









(In millions)


Three months ended March 31,


2014


2013


% Change

Investment income:







   Interest


$

104



$

102



2


   Dividends


32



27



19


   Other


1



1



0


   Less investment expenses


(2)



(2)



0


      Total investment income, net of expenses, pretax


135



128



5


      Less income taxes


(32)



(31)



(3)


      Total investment income, net of expenses, after-tax


$

103



$

97



6









      Effective tax rate


24.0

%


24.3

%










Average invested assets plus cash and cash equivalents


$

13,571



$

12,361




      Average yield pretax


3.98

%


4.14

%



      Average yield after-tax


3.04



3.14











Effective fixed-maturity tax rate


27.1

%


27.0

%



Average fixed-maturity at amortized cost


$

8,624



$

8,273




Average fixed-maturity yield pretax


4.82

%


4.93

%



Average fixed-maturity yield after-tax


3.52



3.60











  • 5 percent rise in first-quarter 2014 pretax investment income, including 19 percent growth in equity portfolio dividends and 2 percent growth in interest income.
  • $117 million or 5 percent first-quarter 2014 net increase in pretax unrealized investment portfolio gains, including a $29 million increase for the equity portfolio. $20 million of pretax net realized gains were from investment portfolio security sales or called bonds during the first quarter of 2014, including $18 million from the equity portfolio.

 

(In millions except share data)


At March 31,


At December 31,


2014


2013

Balance sheet data:





   Invested assets


$

13,678



$

13,564


   Total assets


17,942



17,662


   Short-term debt


104



104


   Long-term debt


790



790


   Shareholders' equity


6,168



6,070


   Book value per share


37.73



37.21


   Debt-to-total-capital ratio


12.7

%


12.8

%

  • $14.199 billion in consolidated cash and invested assets at March 31, 2014, up 1 percent from $13.997 billion at year-end 2013.
  • $9.180 billion bond portfolio at March 31, 2014, with an average rating of A2/A. Fair value increased $59 million or 1 percent during the first quarter of 2014.
  • $4.426 billion equity portfolio was 32.4 percent of invested assets, including $1.881 billion in pretax net unrealized gains at March 31, 2014. $51 million or 1 percent first-quarter 2014 growth in fair value.
  • $4.308 billion of statutory surplus for the property casualty insurance group at March 31, 2014, down $18 million from $4.326 billion at year-end 2013, after declaring $100 million in dividends to the parent company. The ratio of net written premiums to property casualty statutory surplus for the 12 months ended March 31, 2014, was 0.9-to-1, unchanged from year-end 2013.
  • Value creation ratio of 2.6 percent for first three months of 2014 included 1.3 percent from net income before net realized investment gains and 1.4 percent from investment portfolio realized gains and changes in unrealized gains.

For additional information or to register for our conference call webcast, please visit cinfin.com/investors.

Cincinnati Financial Corporation offers business, home and auto insurance, our main business, through The Cincinnati Insurance Company and its two standard market property casualty companies. The same local independent insurance agencies that market those policies may offer products of our other subsidiaries, including life and disability income insurance, fixed annuities and surplus lines property and casualty insurance. For additional information about the company, please visit cinfin.com.

Mailing Address:                       

Street Address:

P.O. Box 145496                             

6200 South Gilmore Road

Cincinnati, Ohio 45250-5496                

Fairfield, Ohio 45014-5141

Safe Harbor Statement 
This is our "Safe Harbor" statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Our business is subject to certain risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested by the forward-looking statements in this report. Some of those risks and uncertainties are discussed in our 2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 1A, Risk Factors, Page 31.

Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to:

  • Unusually high levels of catastrophe losses due to risk concentrations, changes in weather patterns, environmental events, terrorism incidents or other causes
  • Increased frequency and/or severity of claims or development of claims that are unforeseen at the time of policy issuance
  • Inadequate estimates or assumptions used for critical accounting estimates
  • Declines in overall stock market values negatively affecting the company's equity portfolio and book value
  • Events resulting in capital market or credit market uncertainty, followed by prolonged periods of economic instability or recession, that lead to:
    • Significant or prolonged decline in the value of a particular security or group of securities and impairment of the asset(s)
    • Significant decline in investment income due to reduced or eliminated dividend payouts from a particular security or group of securities
    • Significant rise in losses from surety and director and officer policies written for financial institutions or other insured entities
  • Prolonged low interest rate environment or other factors that limit the company's ability to generate growth in investment income or interest rate fluctuations that result in declining values of fixed-maturity investments, including declines in accounts in which we hold bank-owned life insurance contract assets
  • Recession or other economic conditions resulting in lower demand for insurance products or increased payment delinquencies
  • Difficulties with technology or data security breaches, including cyberattacks, that could negatively affect our ability to conduct business and our relationships with agents, policyholders and others
  • Disruption of the insurance market caused by technology innovations, such as driverless cars, that could decrease consumer demand for insurance products
  • Delays or performance inadequacies from ongoing development and implementation of underwriting and pricing methods, including telematics and other usage-based insurance methods, or technology projects and enhancements expected to increase our pricing accuracy, underwriting profit and competitiveness
  • Increased competition that could result in a significant reduction in the company's premium volume
  • Changing consumer insurance-buying habits and consolidation of independent insurance agencies that could alter our competitive advantages
  • Inability to obtain adequate reinsurance on acceptable terms, amount of reinsurance purchased, financial strength of reinsurers and the potential for nonpayment or delay in payment by reinsurers
  • Inability to defer policy acquisition costs for any business segment if pricing and loss trends would lead management to conclude that segment could not achieve sustainable profitability
  • Events or conditions that could weaken or harm the company's relationships with its independent agencies and hamper opportunities to add new agencies, resulting in limitations on the company's opportunities for growth, such as:
    • Downgrades of the company's financial strength ratings
    • Concerns that doing business with the company is too difficult
    • Perceptions that the company's level of service, particularly claims service, is no longer a distinguishing characteristic in the marketplace
    • Inability or unwillingness to nimbly develop and introduce coverage product updates and innovations that our competitors offer and consumers expect to find in the marketplace
  • Actions of insurance departments, state attorneys general or other regulatory agencies, including a change to a federal system of regulation from a state-based system, that:
    • Impose new obligations on us that increase our expenses or change the assumptions underlying our critical accounting estimates
    • Place the insurance industry under greater regulatory scrutiny or result in new statutes, rules and regulations
    • Restrict our ability to exit or reduce writings of unprofitable coverages or lines of business
    • Add assessments for guaranty funds, other insurance related assessments or mandatory reinsurance arrangements; or that impair our ability to recover such assessments through future surcharges or other rate changes
    • Increase our provision for federal income taxes due to changes in tax law
    • Increase our other expenses
    • Limit our ability to set fair, adequate and reasonable rates
    • Place us at a disadvantage in the marketplace
    • Restrict our ability to execute our business model, including the way we compensate agents
  • Adverse outcomes from litigation or administrative proceedings
  • Events or actions, including unauthorized intentional circumvention of controls, that reduce the company's future ability to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  • Unforeseen departure of certain executive officers or other key employees due to retirement, health or other causes that could interrupt progress toward important strategic goals or diminish the effectiveness of certain longstanding relationships with insurance agents and others
  • Events, such as an epidemic, natural catastrophe or terrorism, that could hamper our ability to assemble our workforce at our headquarters location

Further, the company's insurance businesses are subject to the effects of changing social, economic and regulatory environments. Public and regulatory initiatives have included efforts to adversely influence and restrict premium rates, restrict the ability to cancel policies, impose underwriting standards and expand overall regulation. The company also is subject to public and regulatory initiatives that can affect the market value for its common stock, such as measures affecting corporate financial reporting and governance. The ultimate changes and eventual effects, if any, of these initiatives are uncertain.

* * *

 

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and Statements of Income (unaudited)

 

(Dollars in millions)

March 31,

December 31,


2014

2013

Assets





   Investments


$

13,678



$

13,564


   Cash and cash equivalents


521



433


   Premiums receivable


1,396



1,346


   Reinsurance recoverable


546



547


   Other assets


1,801



1,772


      Total assets


$

17,942



$

17,662







Liabilities





   Insurance reserves


$

6,810



$

6,701


   Unearned premiums


2,035



1,976


   Deferred income tax


721



673


   Long-term debt and capital lease obligations


834



835


   Other liabilities


1,374



1,407


      Total liabilities


11,774



11,592







Shareholders' Equity





   Common stock and paid-in capital


1,588



1,588


   Retained earnings


4,287



4,268


   Accumulated other comprehensive income


1,578



1,504


   Treasury stock


(1,285)



(1,290)


      Total shareholders' equity


6,168



6,070


      Total liabilities and shareholders' equity


$

17,942



$

17,662







(Dollars in millions except per share data)


Three months ended March 31,


2014

2013

Revenues





   Earned premiums


$

1,027



$

931


   Investment income, net of expenses


135



128


   Realized investment gains and losses, net


22



41


   Other revenues


5



3


      Total revenues


1,189



1,103







Benefits and Expenses





   Insurance losses and policyholder benefits


732



568


   Underwriting, acquisition and insurance expenses


320



300


   Interest expense


14



13


   Other operating expenses


4



5


      Total benefits and expenses


1,070



886







Income Before Income Taxes


119



217







Provision for Income Taxes


28



63







Net Income


$

91



$

154







Per Common Share:





   Net income—basic


$

0.56



$

0.95


   Net income—diluted


0.55



0.94


 

Definitions of Non-GAAP Information and Reconciliation to Comparable GAAP Measures

(See attached tables for 2014 reconciliations; prior-period reconciliations available at cinfin.com/investors.)

Cincinnati Financial Corporation prepares its public financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). Statutory data is prepared in accordance with statutory accounting rules as defined by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners' (NAIC) Accounting Practices and Procedures Manual, and therefore is not reconciled to GAAP data.

Management uses certain non-GAAP and non-statutory financial measures to evaluate its primary business areas – property casualty insurance, life insurance and investments. Management uses these measures when analyzing both GAAP and non-GAAP measures to improve its understanding of trends in the underlying business and to help avoid incorrect or misleading assumptions and conclusions about the success or failure of company strategies. Management adjustments to GAAP measures generally: apply to non-recurring events that are unrelated to business performance and distort short-term results; involve values that fluctuate based on events outside of management's control; or relate to accounting refinements that affect comparability between periods, creating a need to analyze data on the same basis.

  • Operating income: Operating income is calculated by excluding net realized investment gains and losses (defined as realized investment gains and losses after applicable federal and state income taxes) from net income. Management evaluates operating income to measure the success of pricing, rate and underwriting strategies. While realized investment gains (or losses) are integral to the company's insurance operations over the long term, the determination to realize investment gains or losses in any period may be subject to management's discretion and is independent of the insurance underwriting process. Also, under applicable GAAP accounting requirements, gains and losses can be recognized from certain changes in market values of securities without actual realization. Management believes that the level of realized investment gains or losses for any particular period, while it may be material, may not fully indicate the performance of ongoing underlying business operations in that period. 
    For these reasons, many investors and shareholders consider operating income to be one of the more meaningful measures for evaluating insurance company performance. Equity analysts who report on the insurance industry and the company generally focus on this metric in their analyses. The company presents operating income so that all investors have what management believes to be a useful supplement to GAAP information.
  • Value creation ratio: This is a measure of shareholder value creation that management believes captures the contribution of the company's insurance operations, the success of its investment strategy and the importance placed on paying cash dividends to shareholders. The value creation ratio measure is made up of two primary components: (1) rate of growth in book value per share plus (2) the ratio of dividends declared per share to beginning book value per share. Management believes this non-GAAP measure is a useful supplement to GAAP information, providing a meaningful measure of long-term progress in creating shareholder value. It is intended to be all-inclusive regarding changes in book value per share, and uses originally reported book value per share in cases where book value per share has been adjusted, such as adoption of Accounting Standards Updates with a cumulative effect of a change in accounting.
  • Statutory accounting rules: For public reporting, insurance companies prepare financial statements in accordance with GAAP. However, insurers also must calculate certain data according to statutory accounting rules as defined in the NAIC's Accounting Practices and Procedures Manual, which may be, and has been, modified by various state insurance departments. Statutory data is publicly available, and various organizations use it to calculate aggregate industry data, study industry trends and compare insurance companies.
  • Written premium: Under statutory accounting rules, property casualty written premium is the amount recorded for policies issued and recognized on an annualized basis at the effective date of the policy. Management analyzes trends in written premium to assess business efforts. Earned premium, used in both statutory and GAAP accounting, is calculated ratably over the policy term. The difference between written and earned premium is unearned premium.


Cincinnati Financial Corporation

 

Balance Sheet Reconciliation

 

(Dollars are per outstanding share)


Three months ended March 31,


2014


2013

Value creation ratio:





   End of period book value


$

37.73



$

35.41


   Less beginning of period book value


37.21



33.48


   Change in book value


0.52



1.93


   Dividend declared to shareholders


0.44



0.4075


   Total contribution to value creation ratio


$

0.96



$

2.3375







Contribution to value creation ratio:





From change in book value*


1.4

%


5.8

%

From dividends declared to shareholders**


1.2



1.2


Value creation ratio


2.6

%


7.0

%






*

Change in book value divided by the beginning of period book value

**

Dividend declared to shareholders divided by beginning of period book value

 

 Net Income Reconciliation


(In millions except per share data)


Three months ended March 31,



2014


2013

   Net income


$

91



$

154


   Net realized investment gains and losses


14



26


   Operating income


77



128


   Less catastrophe losses


(57)



(7)


   Operating income before catastrophe losses


$

134



$

135







Diluted per share data:





   Net income


$

0.55



$

0.94


   Net realized investment gains and losses


0.09



0.16


   Operating income


0.46



0.78


   Less catastrophe losses


(0.34)



(0.04)


   Operating income before catastrophe losses


$

0.80



$

0.82







 


Cincinnati Financial Corporation

 

Property Casualty Reconciliation














(In millions)

Three months ended March 31,


Consolidated

Commercial

Personal

E&S

Premiums:













   Written premiums


$

1,037




$

771




$

231




$

35



   Unearned premiums change


(58)




(79)




23




(2)



   Earned premiums


$

979




$

692




$

254




$

33
















Statutory ratios:













   Statutory combined ratio


98.1

%



96.4

%



104.6

%



87.0

%


   Contribution from catastrophe losses


8.9




8.5




10.8




3.1



   Statutory combined ratio excluding catastrophe losses


89.2

%



87.9

%



93.8

%



83.9

%















   Commission expense ratio


17.7

%



16.4

%



20.5

%



26.5

%


   Other expense ratio


11.3




12.1




10.0




3.9



   Statutory expense ratio


29.0

%



28.5

%



30.5

%



30.4

%















GAAP ratio:













   GAAP combined ratio


100.3

%



99.9

%



103.0

%



86.9

%


   Contribution from catastrophe losses


8.9




8.5




10.8




3.1



   Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


(2.1)




0.0




(4.5)




(27.1)



   GAAP combined ratio excluding catastrophe losses and prior













       years reserve development


93.5

%



91.4

%



96.7

%



110.9

%



Dollar amounts shown are rounded to millions; certain amounts may not add due to rounding.  Ratios are calculated based on dollar amounts in thousands.

 

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