Based on home prices, median income and mortgage rates, these 10 cities have the most affordable home prices in the nation, according to the National Association of Home Builders and Wells Fargo.
Median home price: $102,000
Median income: $66,900
Affordability score: 95.8%
From its mainly manufacturing roots, the state's capital has greatly diversified, attracting employers in the health care, pharmaceutical and retail industries. Even tourism has become a big industry here, as sporting events like the famed Indianapolis 500 and the NCAA basketball championships draw crowds each year.
All of that has helped Indianapolis' population bring in a median income that is on par with the nation's as a whole. Housing, however, is much cheaper than the national average, making it a lot more affordable for local residents to buy.
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Helping to keep prices down is the fact that there is so much room to grow. "There's an ample amount of land available for housing development any time there's a rise in demand for housing," said Kyle Anderson, a professor of economics at the Kelley School of Business of Indiana University.
2. Dayton, Ohio
Median home price: $81,000
Median income: $63,300
Affordability score: 93.7%
Dayton is shrinking -- or at least its population is.
The metro area lost about 1% of it residents over the past 11 years as businesses, like NCR Corp., moved out of town and others cut staff.
While that hasn't necessarily been a good thing for the local economy, it has kept homes extremely affordable. Since there's such an ample supply on the market, home prices have come down significantly. The median home price in Dayton is currently $81,000, about half the national level, according to the National Association of Home Builders.
Luckily, the employment picture is improving, too. The unemployment rate fell 1.2 percentage points over the past year to 8.2%, close to the national rate.
3. Lakeland, Fla.
Median home price: $85,000
Median income: $54,500
Affordability score: 93.2%
Located on an interstate highway between Tampa and Orlando, Lakeland's residents are used to people just passing through. But those who decide to stay don't find it very difficult to afford a place.
While both home prices and incomes have been hit hard here over the past several years, the decline in home values has far surpassed falling wages, said Ken H. Johnson, professor of real estate at Florida International University.
Home prices have fallen 58% since the housing bubble burst, to a median of $85,000. Taxes are also low. With today's low interest rates, a family who buys a house at the median price and puts 20% down would have a monthly payment of under $400, including taxes.
Meanwhile, the jobs picture is improving. Long a pit stop for travelers, Lakeland has recently become a destination, thanks to the opening of the Legoland theme park in October.
Legoland now employs 1,000 people. And a water park just opened this month, which should create even more jobs. That should help to further improve the unemployment rate, which fell to 9.5% in March, down from 11.3% the year before.
4. Modesto, Calif.
Median home price: $127,000
Median income: $62,000
Affordability score: 92.5%
Modesto would make the perfect poster child for California's housing bust.
Construction and home prices both boomed prior to the 2006 peak, as buyers sought homes that were cheaper than those on the coast, according to Daren Blomquist, a spokesman for RealtyTrac.
"People bought there even though they worked far away, closer to the coast," he said. "They were willing to make that commute to get lower prices."
Much to those buyers' dismay, once the bubble burst the prices kept falling. Home prices in Modesto have sunk 67% from their 2005 peak to the current median of $127,000, almost $40,000 below the national level.
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Foreclosures still plague Modesto. The metro area had the second highest foreclosure rate in the nation during the first quarter of 2102, with foreclosure paperwork filed on one out of every 60 homes, according to Blomquist.
Meanwhile, the unemployment rate stood at a very high 17.4% in March, more than twice the national rate. Families with working members, however, can easily afford the beaten down home prices in the area.
5. Grand Rapids, Mich.
Median home price: $100,000
Median income: $60,300
Affordability score: 91.2%
As in many once-booming Midwestern cities, Grand Rapids was built up during an era of prosperity and high population growth. Now it's left with a large inventory of fine, old houses that are weighing on home prices.
In addition, several local non-profits are working to save area neighborhoods by renovating older homes and renting them out or reselling them, said Kara Wood, the city's director of economic development.
With population growth slowing over the past few decades -- the metro-area population grew at about half the national rate over the past 10 years -- there's more than enough homes to meet buyer demand.
Meanwhile, the city's economic base, which once relied heavily on the furniture-making industry, has become more diversified. Health care is now a driving force in the local economy, said Wood.
And there are plenty of good-paying jobs. Spectrum Health, which runs several hospitals in the area, employs more than 16,000 local residents, plus 1,500 physicians.
6. Buffalo, N.Y.
Median home price: $94,000
Median income: $66,100
Affordability score: 91.2%
A world away from the Big Apple -- one of the most expensive housing markets in the nation -- Buffalo is the most affordable major metro area to buy a home in the state of New York.
Part of the reason is that demand for housing is very low. The area's population has shrunk by about 5% since 1990 as its Rust-Belt manufacturers either closed shop or laid off workers.
As a result, demand for housing is very low -- and home prices reflect that. The median home price in Buffalo was only $94,000 for homes sold during the first three months of 2012, according to the NAHB. That's far below the national median of $162,000.
Fortunately for home buyers, incomes aren't as depressed. The median income here is at just about the national level, making it very affordable to buy a home.
7. Ogden, Utah
Median home price: $166,000
Median income: $71,500
Affordability score: 91.1%
Ogden's population has been rapidly expanding, thanks to the large families of Mormons that reside here, according to Jaren Pope, an economics professor at Brigham Young University.
Pro-business policies have attracted many private employers, such as FJ Management, an oil services company, Convergys, a business consultancy, and Autoliv, an automotive safety systems company, all of which are based in Ogden. And there's also the IRS, which runs a big facility with 5,000 workers.
A high growth rate, in both the population and the economy, isn't usually a recipe for affordable home prices. Indeed, home prices in Ogden slightly exceed the national median.
However, Utah's pro-business policies also extend to real estate developers. And, as a result, home building can be done much more economically.
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The biggest problem in Ogden is finding land to build on since the town runs up against the Wasatch Mountains, said Pope.
Still, with the median home price at $166,000 and incomes high here, Ogden is one of the most affordable of all western markets.
8. Syracuse, N.Y.
Median home price: $106,000
Median income: $66,600
Affordability score: 90.6%
Syracuse University, with its 20,000 students and 1,500 faculty members, helps keep the area's economy humming. Teachers, nurses and bank clerks far outnumber factory workers these days, according to the non-profit Syracuse Economic Development Corporation.
That has helped push the area's median income to a level that is slightly higher than the national average.
All of those jobs are not doing much to attract new residents, however. In fact, the metro area has seen less than a 2% increase in population since 2000, compared with nearly 10% nationally. As a result, there's very little competition for housing.
Those factors combined make buying a home in Syracuse very affordable. The current median home price of $106,000 is only 60% higher than the annual median income of a typical family.
9. Akron, Ohio
Median home price: $96,000
Median income: $66,500
Affordability score: 90.6%
In the 20th century, Akron's economy grew in lockstep with the auto industry.
"It was the big rubber capital," said University of Cincinnati professor of finance and real estate Shaun Bond. Tens of thousands of local area residents went to work each day in the plants of Firestone, Goodyear, Goodrich and other tire manufacturers.
With factory jobs harder to come by, the Akron metro area has become a slow growth zone. The population has only increased by less than 7% since 1990, a period when the U.S. population soared by about 26%. Even favorite son LeBron James split town for fancy Miami.
And home prices are depressed, down 22% from their 2007 peak, according to NAHB. With family income just above the national median and such beaten down prices, most families can easily afford to buy a place.
Median home price: $110,000
Median income: $71,300
Affordability score: 90.2%
Name-brand employers offering nice salaries, combined with reasonable home prices make Cincinnati one of the most affordable places to live in the country.
Big retailers Kroger and Macy's and consumer goods giant Procter & Gamble all have headquarters here.
"With all the Fortune 500 companies located here there are quite a lot of high-salaried individuals," said Shaun Bond, a professor of finance and real estate at the University of Cincinnati. "And the Midwest housing market has always been more affordable; there are fewer constraints on growth."
With median income at more than $71,000 a year, workers earn about 10% more than the national median. Meanwhile, median home prices have never exceeded $148,000, according to NAHB.
"We don't have the kind of volatility in income or home prices that cities with more concentrated industries have," said Bond.
Most affordable U.S. cities to buy a home.