Barabara Surk of the Associated Press reports that the dam, which is located east of Aleppo, "now controls water and electricity supplies to much of Syria, including government-held areas" large swaths of rebel-held land.
"This is a massive blow for the regime because this dam is strategically important for energy and for agriculture," Mataz Suheil of the British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights told The Guardian . "It would be a massive blow for Syria’s economy and Syria’s future if this area were to be turned into a front for the clashes."
The offensive near the capital has forced Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to move tanks from the southwest suburbs to just east of the city center in Jobar, which is located near the base of Assad's core forces and key to holding the eastern districts of the city.
The rebels in the south seem to be benefiting from a recent influx of weapons sent from Jordan to the Free Syrian Army.
Meanwhile Iran and Hezbollah are building militias in Syria to protect supply routes into Lebanon in case rebels topple the regime of Bashar al-Assad, Karen DeYoung and Joby W arrick of The Washington Post report.
A senior Arab official told the Post that the strategy is twofold: “One is to support Assad to the hilt, the other is to set the stage for major mischief if he collapses."
The primary worry on all sides is that Syria will fragment along religious and tribal lines, leading to a free-for-all once Assad's regime collapses.
“ Syria is basically disintegrating as a nation ,” Paul Salem, director of the Beirut-based Middle East Center of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, told The Post. “It’s going to be very hard to put Syria the nation back together ... We’re looking at a place which is sort of a zone, an area called Syria, with different powers.”
At the same time Israel has indicated that it may follow up a strike on Syria earlier this month with further strikes if it suspects that Syria is transporting a dvanced air defense systems, ballistic missiles, sophisticated shore-to-sea missiles or chemical weapons to Hezbollah in Lebanon.
An Israeli official told The Washington Post that advanced antiaircraft systems in the hands of Hezbollah would threaten Israel’s reconnaissance flights over Lebanon and Israeli airspace when the Iran-backed guerrilla group is already a huge threat.
From The Post:
According to Israeli assessments, Hezbollah has amassed about 60,000 rockets and missiles since a 2006 war with Israel ... Hezbollah’s arsenal can reach anywhere in Israel, the officials say.
The events and reports over the weekend indicate a volatile new phase of the war that threatens the entire region as radical rebel groups govern large territories and Israel proactively protects its northern border while Assad continues to leverage his air superiority to remain in power.
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