The definition of groupthink is, "a psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people in which the desire for conformity in the group results in an incorrect decision-making outcome. Members try to minimize conflict and reach a consensus decision usually without evaluation of alternative viewpoints."
There may not be a better example of this than Wall Street's analysts.
Wall Street's Modus Operandi
Many Wall Street "professionals" have S&P 500 price targets going up, up, and away. Price targets continue to be raised as the markets rise and strategists chase price. If you look at Wall Street analysts' price targets history, rarely, if ever do they assume the markets will decline, even though we all know that the markets do indeed decline as well as rise.
Even in 2008 Wall Street kept earnings targets above the market reality as the black line in the chart below shows. To hide this fact and cover their tracks, they upped the amount of projections they provided, coming out with new now lowered price and earnings "forecasts" every two weeks in order to keep up with the rapid market (VTI - News) declines.
The chart below from FactSet shows Goldman Sachs's (GS - News) current S&P (^GSPC - News) price projections and their current expectation of a $2100 2015 price target based on earnings growth continuing, well, into perpetuity.
Conflicts of Interest
For thesestrategists it does not pay to go against the grain. It is much easier to keep their job beingwrong when everyone else is wrong, than it is to have an unbiased and uniqueview of the markets.
This is thedefinition of groupthink as Wall Street rewards conformity.
For us atETFguide.com, we are allowed the luxury of providing unbiased advice without conflictsof interest. This is why we know thatearnings have already peaked out and won't hit their 2013 or 2014 estimates (justas they never hit their 2011 or 2012 targets) as outlined in my recent article,"Ignore Earnings Estimates". For one, history just does not support many examples of earnings risingfor so long without at least a 20% pullback.
This howeveris only one of many reasons to not agree with Wall Street's groupthink of everrising stock markets.
In the July issue of the ETF Profit Strategy Newsletter I analyzed earnings growth going back to the 1800sand found that Goldman's stance of ever increasing earnings ispreposterous. Check out the followinggraph of actual earnings growth over time.
To see larger chart, click here.
If one thingis for sure, it is that earnings do not grow forever into perpetuity. There is indeed a business cycle that takesover as earnings instead are extremely cyclical.
Year overyear earnings have declined 37% of the time throughout history and have fallenmore than 20%, 10% of the time. Thisdirectly affected share prices as quarterly S&P prices (SPY - News) havedeclined year over year a similar 37% of the time and have been down more than20%, 7% of the year over quarters throughout market history.
A normalearnings decline of 20% could easily pull the market back to 1200.
Why else S&P 1200?
Over thehistory of the U.S. stock market, prices have gained about 5%/year excludingdividends. Dividends have added another3-5% on average resulting in the historical 8-10% expectation of equity marketreturns.
It is obviousthere are better times to be long term buyers and better times to be long termsellers.
When priceshave reached the upper end of the returns spectrum (like in the 20s and 60sshown in red in the chart), long term investors were better suited to takeprofits or move to safer assets such as Treasuries (TLT - News), as theequity markets (IWM - News) offered very low or even negative long termreturns.
Similarlywhen prices have reached the lower end of the long term average, such as in the30s, 40s, and 70s as shown in green in the snapshot below, prices(VTI - News) offered great opportunity. Generally, buying during these times awarded very attractive long termreturns, well above the historical 5% average (shown in blue).
At ETFguide.com we prefer biases based upon reality and to allow the data help us find our next trading opportunities. This is why back in May we warned how falling lumber prices would lead the homebuilder stocks (XHB - News) down.
That has already started to play out as the homebuilders (ITB - News) continue to lag the broader market and are now down over 5% since then. They may even have a lot further to fall based on a technical pattern I am following in our ETF Technical Forecast.
The ETF Profit Strategy Newsletter examines more reasons why S&P 1200 is an acceptable downside target using our four pronged approach of fundamentals, technicals, sentiment, and common sense. For a market that has gotten well ahead of itself, 1200 is a logical first stop on the way down.
Follow us on Twitter @ETFguide
More From ETFguide.com