Raise savings at the bottom. Cut compensation at the top.
You might consider America's vast wealth inequality, vividly illustrated in this viral video, to be offensive, infuriating, or irrelevant. But it is not terribly mysterious.
Rich people have more money. More money tends to mean bigger properties, more savings, and better access to capital markets. As a result, the top 1% of the country controls about 40 and 50 percent of the stock wealth. What's more, the very very richest people tend to be lawyers,
doctors, and executives, especially in finance, with equity in their
firms and companies. And that right there is the overwhelming source of high wealth (as opposed to high income) at the tippy top: they own all the stocks/bonds, real estate, and
business equity. That's why the share of total household wealth, which has fallen at the bottom thanks to the housing bust, has exploded at the top.
The two easiest ways to think about reducing wealth inequality are (a) building up the bottom and (b) cutting down the top. From the bottom, if we found ways to make poor and middle class families save more, they could invest that money in assets that got more valuable over time, and this would increase their wealth. From the top, we could just find ways to cap income and compensation.
If you find income-capping sort of a goofy idea, perhaps you're not a member of our trans-oceanic readership.
Europe in on a rampage against sky-scraping compensation packages. First, the EU capped banker bonuses at twice their salary. Second, Switzerland voted to put historic restrictions on corporate pay. Two-thirds of a national referendum (in one of the finance capitals of the world!) voted to give shareholders the right to slash their executives' compensation and banned "golden parachutes" for outgoing executives. The new crime for paying a CEO too much money? As much as three years in jail or six years' salary in penalties.
When Switzerland puts its foot down on rich bankers, you know something's wrong.
Maybe they're right. We just don't know yet. But it's notable that one of the richest countries in the world -- with the highest GDP per capita of any country with more than 7 million people -- is standing athwart this canyon of inequality saying "stop."
Maybe it's only a matter of time. The wealth inequality gap has been built by some factors we do control -- like governments' implicit and explicit subsidies of global finance -- and some factors we don't control, like globalization and technology making capital owners richer while they make unskilled workers replaceable. Both sides have numbers. The 1% has money. The 99% has people. Before the top-heavy returns of globalized capitalism get too out of hand, maybe we should think about some good solutions to wealth inequality before popular resentment leads to bad ones.
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