Why stocks and bonds could duke it out all summer

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Seth Chin fights against Juddy Temara during the "Hedge Fund Fight Nite" charity event in Hong Kong
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Seth Chin fights against Juddy Temara during the "Hedge Fund Fight Nite" charity event in Hong Kong

Stocks and bonds could duke it out all summer, with both markets wooing buyers even as they flash different messages about the economy.

The stock market's daily drift to new highs and the low yields in the bond market are setting up an environment of complacency that some traders fear is setting up for turbulence.

But as much as some strategists look for an end to the low volatility at some point, they also say it could continue for a while and the summer doldrums may not turn into a summer slugfest without a real catalyst. They also point out that low rates are a positive for stocks, with low yields more favorable for corporate borrowing.

Read More Fed's Rosengren: No rate hike until goals achieved

"Does one have to be right, or can they both be right?" said George Goncalves, head of interest rate strategy at Nomura (Tokyo Stock Exchange: 8604.T-JP). "I don't know if it's even a battle. If it was a battle, it's like slow motion punches that miss each other."

The S&P 500 (^GSPC) Monday rose 1 point to a new high of 1951, and the Dow rose 18 to a new high of 16,943. The U.S. 10-year yield was higher, meanwhile, at 2.61 percent.

Key to the next major moves will be the Federal Reserve and whether it sends any new message when it meets next week that traders can use to build on their outlook for rate hikes. The economic data is also important for what it says about the economy's pace of growth, widely expected to improve after a negative first quarter.

Watch retail sales

The big data this week is retail sales on Thursday, and there is also wholesale trade for April at 10 a.m. ET Tuesday. The NFIB small business survey is at 8:30 a.m., and the JOLTS survey on job openings and layoffs is released at 10 a.m.

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"If retail sales come in on the weaker side, then the Fed will have to acknowledge that growth will not be 3 percent, it could come in with a 2 percent handle," Goncalves said.

U.S. yields are being pushed lower along with yields on European bonds, which have fallen as investors react to moves by the European Central Bank to stimulate lending and battle low inflation.

The yield on the Spanish 10-year fell below the U.S. 10-year yield and was at 2.58 percent Monday afternoon, and the spread between the German bund and the 10-year widened.

"I think it makes all the sense in the world that one would naturally say I'll take the U.S. bonds at 2.61 percent," said John Stoltzfus, chief market strategist at Oppenheimer Asset Management.

Read More Why the next market milestone could come this week

Stoltzfus says he likes stocks at this point, and the S&P may make his target of 2014 before the end of the year.

"I think stocks are a better value. I think the knee jerk reaction has always been back to bonds," he said, adding he thinks the rally in the small cap names is sending a positive message for the overall stock market.

He also sees the economy improving, and the stock market is responding in turn.

"I don't think it's contrived. I think it's recognition of the fact with things in as much transition as they are right now," said Stoltzfus. "You have the effect of (Fed) tapering stateside. You have (ECB President Mario) Draghi going to charge banks on the amount they deposit with the ECB overnight...It creates an environment that creates dislocations and dislocations are often times counterintuitive to what one might expect."

Many traders are pointing to the low level of the VIX, at 11.15 Monday, just above its 52 week low of 10.73.

"This is a VIX waiting for a catalyst to bring back some volatility. It's got to come up. It's going to be volatile relative to 11.5 but we don't think anything will derail the upward projection of the market which we believe is based on an improving economy," he said.

"We think this is a positive juncture, and if anything the fact that people are still worried, makes it more comfortable," Stoltzfus said.

Maximum underweight

Morgan Stanley (MS) strategists, in a global strategy note, said the simultaneous rallies in risk and risk-free assets will be resolved in a sell -off of global government bonds. They moved to maximum underweight government bonds, noting the U.S. expansion looks to be "increasingly 'normal,' making the YTD (year-to-date) rally in UST (Treasurys) hard to justify."

Read More Rate hike depends on 'tight' economy: Fed's Powell

The strategists recommended remaining positive on risk assets. "Global equity and credit markets offer limited upside over the next six months based on strong 12-month performance and increasingly full valuation. However, we do expect further moderate gains in our baseline view as cyclical bull markets remain intact," they wrote.

Goncalves said if the economy proves weaker, the message of the bond market will prove correct and stocks could sell off. Stocks could have a similar reaction if rates rise too quickly.

"We're in a holding pattern. We've had a lot of information to digest in the last week, and I think people are thinking about what's in store for summer. Are we going to see some fireworks or just trade sideways?" He said there's a case for quiet trading while investors watch the economy and wait for a catalyst. "It could be a sleepy summer," he said.

As traders watch for ripples in the equity market, which has been defying naysayers, Bespoke issued a note on seasonality which would suggest the middle of June could be ripe for a stock market selloff.

Read MoreUS growth to pick up: NABE

It pointed out that the S&P has now seen 10 new highs in 11 trading days, during what is usually a negative time for stocks historically. Bespoke analyzed the two week time frame from June 9 to June 23, a post earnings period leading up the final week of the second quarter.

Over the last 10 years, the S&P has had an average decline of 0.75 percent in that period and has been positive just 30 percent of the time. In that time frame, just two of the 10 major S&P sectors averaged gains - utilities and energy. The worst performers were financials and consumer discretionary stocks.

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What to Watch

Earnings are expected from HD Supply holdings (HDS)and Burlington Stores (BURL) before the opening bell. Ulta Salon (ULTA), United Natural Foods (UNFI), and Oxford Industries (OXM) report after the close.

GM holds its shareholders meeting at 8:45 a.m.

-By CNBC's Patti Domm

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