BANGKOK (AP) -- Uncertainty over whether Washington will work out a spending and taxation deal that is crucial to keeping the U.S. economic recovery on track caused world stock markets to stall Monday.
Economists have said the U.S. risks slipping into recession if hundreds of billions of dollars in expiring tax cuts and automatic spending reductions take effect on Jan. 1 — the so called "fiscal cliff." Congress and the White House must find a compromise to prevent a big hit to the world's biggest economy.
President Barack Obama, fresh from a re-election victory, and House Speaker John Boehner have spoken of compromise but appear to be taking a firm stances on some issues, including whether to raise taxes for the wealthiest Americans.
"Despite comments from the US administration and Congressional leaders of a willingness to compromise, markets remain unconvinced," analysts at Credit Agricole CIB in Hong Kong said in a market commentary.
European stocks were lower in early trading. Britain's FTSE 100 fell marginally to 5,768.72. Germany's DAX was nearly unchanged at 7,163.87. France's CAC-40 lost 0.2 percent at 3,415.77. Markets in the U.S. were closed for a federal holiday.
Earlier in Asia, Japan's Nikkei 225 index fell 0.9 percent to close at 8,676.44. Growth figures showed the economy contracted an annualized 3.5 percent rate for the quarter ending September. Most economists forecast a further decline in economic activity for the October-December quarter, which would officially put the world's No. 3 economy in recession, according to the common definition of two consecutive quarters of contraction.
South Korea's Kospi fell 0.2 percent to 1,900.87 and Australia's S&P/ASX 200 lost 0.3 percent to 4,448.00. Benchmarks in Singapore, Taiwan and Indonesia fell. The Philippines and New Zealand rose.
Hong Kong and mainland Chinese stock markets rose following comments over the weekend by Chinese Cabinet officials that the country's economic slowdown has ended, although the economy is not ready to stage a recovery, and that exporters still face tough conditions.
Hong Kong's Hang Seng added 0.2 percent to 21,430.30. The Shanghai Composite Index gained 0.5 percent to 2,079.27 and the smaller Shenzhen Composite Index added 0.5 percent to 832.38.
Jackson Wong, vice president at Tanrich Securities in Hong Kong, cautioned against too much optimism regarding China's economy amid disappointing Chinese loan growth figures.
Lending in October stood at 505.2 billion yuan ($80.3 billion), dropping 81.6 billion yuan from a year earlier, the People's Bank of China said Monday, according to Xinhua news agency. The figure decreased from the 623.2 billion yuan of new yuan loans registered in September.
"Expect light trading this week unless major news comes out," Wong said.
Among individual stocks, Suzuki Motor Corp. enjoyed a 4.5 percent jump. The company reported a 30.9 percent rise in April-September consolidated net profit, which was reported Friday.
Australia's QBE Insurance Group, which said it expects losses from Superstorm Sandy in the U.S. to be up to $450 million, tumbled 8.3 percent.
Benchmark oil for December delivery was down 22 cents to $85.85 in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. The contract rose 98 cents to finish at $86.07 per barrel on the Nymex on Friday.
In currencies, the euro rose to $1.2717 from $1.2713 late Friday in New York. The dollar strengthened to 79.50 yen from 79.45 yen.
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