Haruhiko Kuroda and Mario Draghi's unprecedented easing policies are bearing fruit in the world's currency market, sending the yen to an almost six-year low and the euro to its longest ever weekly losing streak.
In the U.S., where a report today is forecast by economists to show employers boosted payrolls in August, the strengthening economy is shifting the debate toward the timing of interest-rate increases by the Federal Reserve, a contrast which has pushed a gauge of the dollar to a 14-month high. The European Central Bank yesterday unexpectedly cut its main refinancing rate and signaled purchases of asset-backed securities, while the Bank of Japan maintained record stimulus.
More from Bloomberg.com: A Vaccine Mystery Hits Older Americans
"The policy divergence between Japan and the U.S." along with a decline in the euro has helped weaken the yen, said Daisuke Karakama, chief market economist at Mizuho Bank Ltd. in Tokyo. "I expect the yen to test 108 by the end of next month as the Fed normalizes policy."
The yen was little changed at 105.25 per dollar at 9:32 a.m. in London after sliding to 105.71, the weakest level since October 2008. Japan's currency was little changed today at 136.24 per euro.
More from Bloomberg.com: 'Worst Case' BP Ruling on Gulf Spill Means Billions More in Penalties
The euro was little changed at $1.2945 after dropping to $1.2920 yesterday, the lowest since July 2013. The currency has tumbled 1.5 percent this week. The euro's eight-week losing streak is the longest since the currency began trading in 1999.Pound, Franc
Strength in the greenback also saw the pound, Swiss franc and New Zealand dollar fall to their weakest levels in at least six months. The franc dropped to 93.36 centimes per dollar, the weakest since September 2013. Sterling depreciated to $1.6287 and the kiwi declined to 82.70 U.S. cents, the lowest since February. Turnover in the global foreign-exchange market is about $5.3 trillion a day.
More from Bloomberg.com: Andrew Madoff, Convicted Conman's Last Surviving Son, Dies at 48
The Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index, which tracks the U.S. currency against 10 developed-market peers, was little changed at 1,039.79 after climbing to 1,041.58, the highest since July 2013.
Economists say a U.S. report today will show employers boosted payrolls by 230,000 in August, the seventh month job creation has been above 200,000, according to a Bloomberg survey.
Fed Governor Jerome Powell said the U.S. labor market has "improved substantially" and that "significant parts" of the Federal Open Market Committee statement need to change.
There's a 45 percent chance the Fed will raise its benchmark interest-rate target to at least 0.5 percent by June 2015, according to futures data compiled by Bloomberg. Policy makers have kept the key rate near zero since December 2008. The Fed next meets on Sept. 16-17.Dollar Ascendancy
"The market is increasingly positioning for a change in Fed language and that will keep the dollar in the ascendancy," said Ray Attrill, global co-head of currency strategy at National Australia Bank Ltd. in Sydney. "The ECB's move overnight adds to that conviction."
Gross domestic product in the euro area stagnated in the second quarter, according to a Bloomberg survey before preliminary data is released today.
ECB President Draghi yesterday pledged to "significantly steer" the central bank's balance sheet back toward the 2.7 trillion euros of early 2012 from 2 trillion euros. He also announced a final round of interest-rate cuts and a plan to buy securitized debt and covered bonds. A bond-buying program was also discussed, he said.Stronger Dollar
A stronger dollar isn't particularly negative for Japan, BOJ Governor Kuroda said yesterday. Japanese policy makers maintained their pledge to increase the monetary base at an annual pace of 60 trillion yen ($570 billion) to 70 trillion yen.
The dollar has appreciated 1 percent this week, the best performer after the Aussie among 10 developed-nation currencies tracked by Bloomberg Correlation-Weighted Indexes. The euro fell 0.6 percent and the yen weakened 0.2 percent.
New Zealand's dollar fell for a second day after Finance Minister Bill English said lower dairy prices were a "downside risk" for the economy. The kiwi will probably continue to decline as the outlook for inflation eases pressure on policy makers to raise interest rates, English said today in an interview in Wellington.
New Zealand's currency dropped 0.2 percent to 82.87 U.S. cents after sliding 0.2 percent yesterday.
The won extended a weekly loss after Finance Minister Choi Kyung Hwan said the nation needs to consider taking "pre-emptive action," referring to the ECB's interest-rate cuts.
"It looks like Choi's comments sparked expectations for looser monetary policy within Korea," said Bak Jaesung, a currency trader at Woori Bank in Seoul.
The won dropped 0.5 percent to close at 1,024.25 per dollar in Seoul, increasing this week's decline to 1 percent.
To contact the editors responsible for this story: Paul Dobson at email@example.com Keith Jenkins, Todd White
More from Bloomberg.com
- Putin Seen Waging Ukraine Shadow War Until Veto Assured
- Secret Network Connects Harvard Money to Payday Loans
- Kids Slapped With 192-Pound Weight Tilt Qantas Plane Nose
- Budget, Tax & Economy