Update, April 30, 2019: Today, Land Rover celebrates the 71st anniversary of the Series 1's debut at the 1948 Amsterdam Motor Show. The brand also confirmed that the 2020 Defender will be built in Nitra, Slovakia, alongside the Discovery it shares its platform with. And Land Rover has logged more than 750,000 miles of testing with Defender prototypes, giving us a few more details ahead of the long-awaited off-roader's debut later this year:
This story was originally published on October 12, 2018 and will be continually updated with new info as it becomes available.
New Defender arrives in 2019, will come to the US
Land Rover has announced that the Defender will debut in 2019 and hit dealers in 2020. It'll be the first Defender sold in the US since 1997.
A new patent application from Jaguar Land Rover shows a central tire inflation system that could be destined for the new Defender. The patent application shows a very detailed system that interacts with various modules in the vehicle and adjusts tire pressures based on drive mode. The usual functions of a central tire inflation system are displayed, but JLR takes it a step further by integrating features such as a “Puncture Assist Mode.”
The system appears to offer tire inflation for various environments and circumstances. The base tire pressure is set to 29 PSI and is adjusted based on the option selected. The example for the standard on road mode is set to 33 PSI in the front, 36 PSI in the rear. These pressures are very similar to what is listed on the placard for the current Land Rover Discovery, which uses the same platform that will underpin the Defender.
Going further into the various modes, we see that there is also a “High Load Mode” which pumps the tires up to 40 PSI or more, presumably to handle extra weight. As expected, there are various examples of off-road modes which take the pressures down to a range between 20 and 26 PSI depending on mode. There is also a “Recovery Mode” which takes the pressures all the way down to 17 PSI, useful for maximizing the contact patch in extremely loose sand or gravel.
The integration of the system would allow it to work with ABS and stability control, allowing those systems to tailor their intervention to altered tire pressures and different driving scenarios. In one example, the application states that the stability control module could communicate with the tire inflation module in order to prevent a situation where the vehicle would experience excessive oversteer or understeer.
Multiple profiles show that the vehicle has been assigned project code L663 and project name "Darwin," and that the upcoming Defender rides on the D7U platform. This platform is aluminum intensive and is currently used in the Range Rover Sport and Discovery.
Multiple project descriptions show the L663 Defender listed alongside the L462 Discovery, so it is very likely that the Defender and Discovery will share some amount of components and technology. Since it will use the Discovery platform, it's not surprising to find out that the new Defender will be produced at the recently-opened Jaguar Land Rover factory in Nitra, Slovakia. The Land Rover Discovery started production there not long ago, and LinkedIn professional profiles of on-site employees show that they are setting up tooling for the Defender in the same location. Other profiles show that training for project “Darwin” started in Nitra earlier this year.
Further research shows that the Defender will come in two wheelbase lengths, retaining the 90 and 110 designations used in the past. It is unknown whether these will correspond to exact wheelbase measurements. The numbers were rounded on past models; the old Land Rover 90 actually had a wheelbase of 93 inches.
As noted by Motor Authority, the Defender will also get a plug-in hybrid variant with components developed by Tata Technologies. According to research on LinkedIn, a Lear plant in Morocco is currently tooling up to build the high-voltage wiring for the Defender.
Perhaps the oddest description found for the upcoming Defender comes from a German roof supplier which lists the development of a panoramaaufstelldach for the vehicle. The direct translation of that word is camper roof. That means it is possible that the Defender will be available with a lift out roof similar to what is found on some European spec vans.
New Instruments and Tech
Inside, the Defender is slated to feature a brand new instrument panel, the first one built in-house by Jaguar Land Rover. This instrument panel is being co-developed with a unit intended for the next-generation Jaguar XJ. Alongside this new panel, the Defender will employ a gesture recognition camera that is being developed by Aptiv and will likely offer features similar to the latest iDrive system in the BMW 7-Series.
The Defender gets more new exterior cameras as well. Up front, the car is listed to receive the new Bosch Generation 3 front facing camera, which will interface with a next-generation advanced driver assistance system that is listed as being the first “service based control system” from JLR.
When asked about these details, a representative from Land Rover provided the following statement:
Much as I'd love to unlock the keys to the kingdom, as you probably already assumed, we aren't able to comment on much of the specifics of the program for the next generation Defender.
I can confirm that the program is progressing well and, as you may have seen, has reached an exciting stage of its development with the first camouflaged prototypes hitting the streets recently. More news will be subject to a future announcement.
More details are likely to pop up as the vehicle gets closer to introduction, but the currently available information shows it to be a very technologically advanced vehicle that will also offer some classic overlanding features. It should give the Mercedes G-Class a run for its money.
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