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15 Biggest Steel Companies In The World

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Ty Haqqi
·9 min read
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In this article we are going to list the 15 biggest steel companies in the world. Click to skip ahead and jump to the 5 biggest steel companies in the world. Without steel, much of our infrastructure currently would not exist. It is by far the most important engineering and construction material, and if you have any doubts as to its importance, you can ask the 19 largest construction companies in the world. While the steel industry itself has enabled millions of jobs on a global scale, it is actually its indirect contribution to the global economy which is even more important, since it is a raw material in many industries around the world.

Steel is an alloy of carbon and iron, where less than 2% of the total makeup is of carbon, 1% is manganese and has trace amounts of oxygen, silicon, sulphur and phosphorous. Wherever you look, you will find some sort of application of steel; from construction to cars to electronic products to refrigerators, washing machines, surgical instruments and even cargo ships, which is why it is essential to the 15 biggest shipping companies in the world too. Of course, this list is by no means exhaustive and there are tons more applications pertaining to steel in the world. It is said that for every $1 that the steel industry generates, $2.5 are generated indirectly which is why it has a significant impact on the global economy.

15 largest steel companies in the world
15 largest steel companies in the world

bogdanhoda/Shutterstock.com

Even though steel is required by more or less every single country in their construction sectors as well as other sectors, the production isn't quite as evenly spread as you might have thought. In fact, just 15 countries are responsible for more than 89% of the total steel production, with China topping the list with absolute dominance. China produced approximately 1,000 million metric tons while second placed Japan was only able to manage 100 million metric tons, showing the strength of China in this sector.

Technology has impacted most industries and the steel industry is no exception. Recently, the biggest iron ore producer in Europe, LKAB< has announced that it will invest $46 billion over the next two decades, to create an emissions free iron process which could is major news for the steel industry, and will increase pressure on other companies to follow these steps in a world which is increasingly, and rightfully so, environmentally conscious. After all, the steel industry is responsible for approximately 7% of all greenhouse gas emissions, which are among the biggest contributors to climate change, but response in the industry has been slow as convenient replacements have continued eluding the industry. In the last few years however, solutions have been forthcoming and it looks like the steel industry is poised for a massive change in the coming years.

The Covid-19 pandemic which is still currently raging across the world even after a year, has tanked the global economy and it will take years to recover from the effect, and that's when we don't even know when this pandemic will subside. As other industries such as construction, shipping and manufacturing had to stop production due to lockdowns, the demand for steel fell as well while inventories increased, especially in China, where the virus originated and which is also the biggest exporter of steel globally as well.

The biggest steel companies in the world are ranked based on their production of steel in 2019, since some of these companies engage in production of other products as well. There are only a few companies which are listed in the United States with companies such as Commercial Metals Company (NYSE:CMC) and Steel Dynamics (NASDAQ:STLD) However, we have also mentioned other information where relevant for these companies including their market cap, revenues, assets and profits. These companies are crucial to the well being of our economy, and let's take a more detailed look at these companies, starting with number 15:

15. Hyundai Steel

Total market cap of the company (in billions of dollars): 2.3

Total revenue of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 17

Total assets of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 27.9

Total profits of the company in 2019 (in millions of dollars): -179.4

Total steel production of the company in 2019 (in million of tonnes): 21.6

Hyundai Steel is headquartered in Seoul and Incheon, and is also a member of the Hyundai Motor Group, which is among the top 20 automobile companies in the world.

Andrey Armyagov/Shutterstock.com

14. Nucor Corporation (NYSE:NUE)

Total market cap of the company (in billions of dollars): 15.8

Total revenue of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 22.1

Total assets of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 17.9

Total profits of the company in 2019 (in millions of dollars): 784.8

Total steel production of the company in 2019 (in million of tonnes): 23.1

The only United States company in our list is Nucor Corporation, which is headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina. It is also the biggest scrap recycler in North America.

Nucor Corporation (NYSE:NUE)
Nucor Corporation (NYSE:NUE)

Pixabay/Public Domain

13. Valin Steel Group

Total market cap of the company (in billions of dollars): 3.5

Total revenue of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 14.5

Total assets of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 12.2

Total profits of the company in 2019 (in millions of dollars): 613.8

Total steel production of the company in 2019 (in million of tonnes): 24.3

Valin Steel may be the first company in our list but it definitely will not be the last. The company was founded in 1997 and ArcelorMittal used to have a 10% stake in it, which was transferred to the Chinese government a few year ago.

Pixabay/Public Domain

12. JFE

Total market cap of the company (in billions of dollars): 3.9

Total revenue of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 34.9

Total assets of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 45.4

Total profits of the company in 2019 (in millions of dollars): 1,500

Total steel production of the company in 2019 (in million of tonnes): 27.4

One of only two Japanese companies in our list is JFE and was created in 2002 after the merger of two major steel companies. The company is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange.

Pixabay/Public Domain

11. Shandong Iron and Steel Group

Total market cap of the company (in billions of dollars): N/A

Total revenue of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 11

Total assets of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 8.8

Total profits of the company in 2019 (in millions of dollars): -324.5

Total steel production of the company in 2019 (in million of tonnes): 27.6

Shandong Iron and Steel Group is 12 years old having been founded in 2008 and is controlled by the government of Shandong. It came into existence through the merger of two state owned steel companies.

Pixabay/Public Domain

10. Shougang

Total market cap of the company (in billions of dollars): 2.2

Total revenue of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 10.1

Total assets of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 20

Total profits of the company in 2019 (in millions of dollars): 168.7

Total steel production of the company in 2019 (in million of tonnes): 29.3

The Chinese company just turned a hundred years old last year, and is headquartered in Beijing. The company also has operations in Southern Peru.

Pixabay/Public Domain

9. Tata Steel

Total market cap of the company (in billions of dollars): 4.5

Total revenue of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 21.1

Total assets of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 34.4

Total profits of the company in 2019 (in millions of dollars): 772.7

Total steel production of the company in 2019 (in million of tonnes): 30.2

Tata Steel is the steel making subsidiary of one of the biggest companies in India in Tata Group. It is headquartered in Kolkota, West Bengal and was established 113 years ago in 1907. It has consistently been ranked among the biggest steel companies in the world. The company has more than 32,000 employees.

Pixabay/Public Domain

8. Jianlong Steel

Total steel production of the company in 2019 (in million of tonnes): 21.6

Jianlong Steel is the biggest steel company in Tangshan and is also the largest privately owned company in Tangshan as well. The company was founded 20 years ago in 2000 and is a subsidiary of the Beijing Jianlong Group.

Pixabay/Public Domain

7. Ansteel Group

Total market cap of the company (in billions of dollars): N/A

Total revenue of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 31.4

Total assets of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 47.4

Total profits of the company in 2019 (in millions of dollars): -208.9

Total steel production of the company in 2019 (in million of tonnes): 39.2

Ansteel Group is a state owned Chinese company and one of the oldest companies in our list having been founded 104 years in 1916. The company is headquartered in Anshan.

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Nestor Rizhniak/Shutterstock.com

6. Jiangsu Shagang

Total market cap of the company (in billions of dollars): N/A

Total revenue of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 36.5

Total assets of the company in 2019 (in billions of dollars): 41.5

Total profits of the company in 2019 (in millions of dollars): 717.6

Total steel production of the company in 2019 (in million of tonnes): 41.1

We mentioned earlier that China is by far the biggest producer of steel which is why the country has the most entries by far in the list of biggest steel companies in the world, with Jiangsu taking sixth place. The company was established 45 years ago and was founded in 1975.

Please continue to see the 5 biggest steel companies in the world.

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Disclosure: No position. 15 biggest steel companies in the world is originally published at Insider Monkey.