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Do These 3 Checks Before Buying Hawaiian Electric Industries, Inc. (NYSE:HE) For Its Upcoming Dividend

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Hawaiian Electric Industries, Inc. (NYSE:HE) stock is about to trade ex-dividend in 4 days. The ex-dividend date occurs one day before the record date which is the day on which shareholders need to be on the company's books in order to receive a dividend. The ex-dividend date is important because any transaction on a stock needs to have been settled before the record date in order to be eligible for a dividend. Meaning, you will need to purchase Hawaiian Electric Industries' shares before the 19th of May to receive the dividend, which will be paid on the 10th of June.

The company's next dividend payment will be US$0.34 per share, and in the last 12 months, the company paid a total of US$1.36 per share. Looking at the last 12 months of distributions, Hawaiian Electric Industries has a trailing yield of approximately 3.1% on its current stock price of $44.5. Dividends are an important source of income to many shareholders, but the health of the business is crucial to maintaining those dividends. So we need to investigate whether Hawaiian Electric Industries can afford its dividend, and if the dividend could grow.

View our latest analysis for Hawaiian Electric Industries

If a company pays out more in dividends than it earned, then the dividend might become unsustainable - hardly an ideal situation. Hawaiian Electric Industries is paying out an acceptable 63% of its profit, a common payout level among most companies. Yet cash flow is typically more important than profit for assessing dividend sustainability, so we should always check if the company generated enough cash to afford its dividend. Over the past year it paid out 188% of its free cash flow as dividends, which is uncomfortably high. It's hard to consistently pay out more cash than you generate without either borrowing or using company cash, so we'd wonder how the company justifies this payout level.

While Hawaiian Electric Industries's dividends were covered by the company's reported profits, cash is somewhat more important, so it's not great to see that the company didn't generate enough cash to pay its dividend. Cash is king, as they say, and were Hawaiian Electric Industries to repeatedly pay dividends that aren't well covered by cashflow, we would consider this a warning sign.

Click here to see the company's payout ratio, plus analyst estimates of its future dividends.

historic-dividend
historic-dividend

Have Earnings And Dividends Been Growing?

Businesses with strong growth prospects usually make the best dividend payers, because it's easier to grow dividends when earnings per share are improving. If earnings fall far enough, the company could be forced to cut its dividend. This is why it's a relief to see Hawaiian Electric Industries earnings per share are up 6.9% per annum over the last five years. Earnings have been growing at a steady rate, but we're concerned dividend payments consumed most of the company's cash flow over the past year.

The main way most investors will assess a company's dividend prospects is by checking the historical rate of dividend growth. Hawaiian Electric Industries has delivered 0.9% dividend growth per year on average over the past 10 years.

The Bottom Line

Has Hawaiian Electric Industries got what it takes to maintain its dividend payments? Hawaiian Electric Industries is paying out a reasonable percentage of its income and an uncomfortably high 188% of its cash flow as dividends. At least earnings per share have been growing steadily. It's not the most attractive proposition from a dividend perspective, and we'd probably give this one a miss for now.

With that in mind though, if the poor dividend characteristics of Hawaiian Electric Industries don't faze you, it's worth being mindful of the risks involved with this business. Every company has risks, and we've spotted 1 warning sign for Hawaiian Electric Industries you should know about.

A common investment mistake is buying the first interesting stock you see. Here you can find a list of promising dividend stocks with a greater than 2% yield and an upcoming dividend.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.