U.S. Markets closed

3 Things You Can Do Right Now to Make Retirement Easier

Selena Maranjian, The Motley Fool

It's reasonable to worry about retirement. After all, you'll probably be living with less income than you enjoy today, and you can't know how much certain future expenses will cost you. Health care, for example, takes hundreds of thousands of dollars out of many retirees' pockets over the course of their lives.

Fortunately, there are some things you can do to strengthen your financial future and make your retirement easier and more enjoyable. Here are three actions to consider.

Two hikers standing at a vista with their arms outstretched above their heads

Image source: Getty Images.

No. 1: Pay off debt

Lots of people are entering retirement with debt, which can make retirement more stressful. Indeed, close to half of baby boomers aged 65 to 69 in 2015 were still carrying a mortgage, per a report from Fannie Mae's Economic & Strategic Research Group. That's bad enough, but many retirees are also carrying credit card debt, and that can be much more pernicious thanks to steep interest rates. (The recent average annual interest rate for credit cards was close to 18%!) A 2018 survey by the Transamerica Center for Retirement Studies found that 45% of retirees had non-mortgage debt, with a median value of $4,000. If you're being charged 18% annually on $4,000, that amounts to around $720 -- a meaningful sum for retirement.

Many people in and out of retirement owe much more than $4,000 to credit card companies, and plenty of them carry mortgages, too. To best position yourself for retirement, don't be one of those people. Aim to pay off all high-interest rate debt as soon as you can. (And by the way, you can do it -- many people have paid off massive debt loads.) And see if you can pay off your mortgage, too, before retiring. A surprisingly powerful strategy that can lop years off your loan is to simply make extra payments regularly.

No. 2: Start -- or beef up -- your saving and investing

If you've been putting off saving and investing for retirement, you're short-changing your financial future. By starting now, and being serious about it, you can make your retirement far easier (especially if retirement is still quite far away). If you have been saving and investing, there's a good chance that you've not been doing so sufficiently.

For many people, the best path to a sound retirement is through stocks. The long-term average annual return for the stock market has been close to 10% over long periods, though you can't know how it will perform over the specific period in which you invest.

The table below uses a somewhat more conservative expected average annual growth rate of 8%, showing how much you might amass over various periods:

Growing at 8% for

$5,000 Invested Annually

$10,000 Invested Annually

$15,000 Invested Annually

10 years

$78,227

$156,455

$234,682

15 years

$146,621

$293,243

$439,864

20 years

$247,115

$494,229

$741,344

25 years

$394,772

$789,544

$1.2 million

30 years

$611,729

$1.2 million

$1.8 million

35 years

$930,511

$1.9 million

$2.8 million

40 years

$1.4 million

$2.8 million

$4.2 million

Data source: Calculations by author.

See how sufficient those numbers look as retirement funds and think about how much you're socking away each year. There's a good chance you'll be well served by upping your annual savings and investing more effectively. Those closer to retirement with insufficient coffers should aim to sock away even more each year. Finding more money to save and invest is easier said than done, but with a little thinking, creativity, and determination, you may be surprised at how much additional money you can save or earn.

No. 3: Read up on retirement

Finally, be sure that you read up on retirement and learn about various aspects of it, lest you end up making some costly mistakes. For example:

  • Social Security: If you don't know much about Social Security, you might start collecting your benefits too soon or too late, leaving money on the table. You also don't want to assume that Social Security will be enough to support you.
  • Medicare: If you don't sign up for Medicare on time, you could end up being charged higher monthly premiums for the rest of your life. (Yikes!)
  • Inflation: If you don't factor inflation into your retirement planning, you can end up with income that doesn't go as far as you thought it would.
  • Longevity: Give some thought to how long you're likely to live, because your retirement savings will need to be sufficient. Know that one out of every three 65-year-olds today will live past age 90, while one in seven will live past age 95, according to the Social Security Administration. If you retire at 65 and live to 95, your retirement will be 30 years long!
  • Tax-advantaged retirement accounts: It's smart to make the most of tax-advantaged retirement accounts such as 401(k)s and IRAs. They offer tax savings up front or tax-free withdrawals in the future.

The more you know, the better decisions you can make about retirement, and the more comfortable and low-stress your retirement is likely to be. The learning isn't all boring, either -- it can help you maximize that all-important income in your post-work years.


The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

This article was originally published on Fool.com