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3 ways to shrink your student loan debt during Biden's longer payments freeze

3 ways to shrink your student loan debt during Biden's longer payments freeze
3 ways to shrink your student loan debt during Biden's longer payments freeze

Americans who were worried about federal student loan payments resuming in October can stop sweating, because President Joe Biden's administration has extended the freeze on payments and interest for an additional four months.

That means the roughly 42 million federal student loan borrowers are off the hook until Jan. 30, 2022. But Biden's Department of Education warns that this is the "final extension" of a pause on student debt that's been in place since March 2020.

If you’ve got student loans and your finances have held up pretty well during the pandemic, you should take advantage of these last months of the moratorium to clear out as much of that debt as you can.

Here are a few ways you can try to reduce your student loan debt before payments restart.

Make payments, even though you don't have to

Man counting money, economy concept, allocation of money
Efetova Anna / Shutterstock

While it might be tempting to remain "on break" from your student loans until February, continuing to make your regular payments — and even paying more than your usual minimum — is a smart idea, if you can afford it.

Since the interest rates on federal student loans are frozen at 0%, any payments you make now will go entirely toward the principal of your loan.

That means you might be able to take a decent chunk out of your loan balance. When student loan debt was frozen last year, the typical balance was between $20,000 and $24,999, according to Federal Reserve data.

Resuming your payments early is probably out of the question if you're dealing with other debts, like if you ran up your credit cards during a period of unemployment last year. You may want to use this time to tame those debts with the help of a lower-interest debt consolidation loan.

Seek a new repayment plan

Woman renter holding paper bills using calculator to determine affordable student loan payment.
fizkes / Shutterstock

You could clear out your student loan debt faster by switching up your current payment plan, particularly if your income got cut by the pandemic and still hasn't come back.

The government offers income-driven repayment plans that allow borrowers to make more affordable payments, based on what they earn. After you make 20 or 25 years of regular payments under an income-driven plan, your remaining debt will be forgiven.

That might be your best shot at having some of your student loans canceled. President Biden campaigned on wiping out $10,000 in student debt per borrower, and leading Democrats are pressing him to go to $50,000 — but there are questions now over whether Biden has the authority to forgive massive student debt.

One simple money-saving step with a federal student loan is to enroll in autopay, because signing up for automatic deposits will qualify you for a 0.25% interest rate reduction when payments resume.

Refinance private loans

Man on laptop
Vadym Pastukh / Shutterstock

If your student loans are from a private lender and not the federal government, the longer payments pause doesn't apply to you. But you can attack your student debt over the next few months by refinancing your loan, because interest rates on refi student loans from private lenders have been at historically low levels.

Whether you qualify for refinance will largely depend on your credit score and your current income. If you’re not sure about your score, it's easy today to check your credit score for free online.

Even if you’ve lost your job due to the pandemic, you may be eligible for a refi if you can show investment income or income from a side gig, or find a co-signer to back your application. To get the best rate on a refinance student loan, you'll need to shop around and compare quotes from multiple lenders.

Just remember that refinancing is not an option if you’ve got a federal student loan, and replacing a federal loan with a private one will make you ineligible for any further loan relief measures from the government.

This article provides information only and should not be construed as advice. It is provided without warranty of any kind.