U.S. markets open in 7 hours 14 minutes
  • S&P Futures

    4,117.25
    -7.25 (-0.18%)
     
  • Dow Futures

    32,705.00
    -32.00 (-0.10%)
     
  • Nasdaq Futures

    12,991.75
    -39.75 (-0.31%)
     
  • Russell 2000 Futures

    1,910.50
    -4.10 (-0.21%)
     
  • Crude Oil

    89.75
    -0.75 (-0.83%)
     
  • Gold

    1,805.20
    -7.10 (-0.39%)
     
  • Silver

    20.38
    -0.10 (-0.50%)
     
  • EUR/USD

    1.0212
    -0.0005 (-0.05%)
     
  • 10-Yr Bond

    2.7970
    0.0000 (0.00%)
     
  • Vix

    21.77
    +0.48 (+2.25%)
     
  • GBP/USD

    1.2070
    -0.0006 (-0.05%)
     
  • USD/JPY

    135.0400
    -0.0760 (-0.06%)
     
  • BTC-USD

    22,894.78
    -922.93 (-3.87%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    531.67
    -25.68 (-4.61%)
     
  • FTSE 100

    7,488.15
    +5.78 (+0.08%)
     
  • Nikkei 225

    27,810.23
    -189.73 (-0.68%)
     

39 States That Don't Tax Social Security

·21 min read

When you’re saving for retirement and making your plans to actually retire, you have many factors to consider. One of the most critical factors is figuring out whether you can afford to retire in your ideal location.

Calculating how much retirement income you’ll receive from your assets, pensions, and Social Security isn’t difficult. But researching how your income gets taxed in each state isn’t easy unless you do in-depth research or hire a tax advisor knowledgeable in the laws of all 50 states. Even more important — not all 50 states tax Social Security benefits at all. And picking a high tax state to retire in could end up being a costly retirement mistake.

Your local certified public accountants and other tax advisors typically specialize in preparing state tax returns for their area. They may not know the detailed rules of the state you plan to retire in across the country. The below list highlights the states in which you can avoid paying state tax on Social Security benefits.

6 Ways to Supplement Social Security in 2022


This doesn’t mean everyone will pay taxes on their Social Security benefits in the unlisted state. Some people may not be required to pay state taxes on Social Security benefits depending on their particular income level or situation, so don’t give up if you don’t see your dream retirement location listed. It just may mean you need to talk with a professional about how to make your retirement savings go further.

And because income taxes on Social Security benefits aren’t the only major state-specific consideration, the list also highlights some other taxes you may want to be aware of.

Alabama

Alabama has a state income tax, but it doesn’t include Social Security benefits in its taxable income calculations. That means you won’t have to pay taxes on your Social Security benefits.

Even if you move to Alabama a bit before retirement, you won’t have to worry too much. The state’s income tax is a marginal income tax structure, much like the federal income tax. The lowest rate is 2% and the highest rate is 5%, though this does not include income taxes imposed at the local level.

Alabama’s state sales tax rate is 4% but localities can add hefty sales taxes that result in a total rate of over 9% in many cases. Property taxes in the state are some of the lowest in the nation, though.

Alaska

Alaska, also known as the Last Frontier, doesn’t have a state income tax. This can provide significant tax savings and means Alaska won’t tax your Social Security benefits.

The state doesn’t have a state sales tax, either. Localities may charge sales taxes, but these average a little less than 2%. Property taxes in Alaska are around average for the nation.

Alaska residents may also get a check from the state once per year from the state’s permanent fund dividend. If you love the cold, nature, and don’t mind living in a less-populated state that’s a bit out of the way, Alaska may be worth considering.

Arizona

Tucson Arizona
Tucson Arizona

Arizona’s state income tax system exempts any federally taxable Social Security benefits you may have. This means your Social Security benefits are tax-free in Arizona.

If you move to Arizona before you retire or you want to earn extra cash in retirement, you should know that the state’s income tax rates range from 2.59% to 4.5%. It is a marginal income tax system.

Sales tax on the state level is 5.6% and localities usually add a little less than 3% to that. The property taxes are relatively low compared to the rest of the nation.

Not to mention: The state’s mostly warm and dry climate may be a good fit for many retirees.

Arkansas

Arkansas bridge
Arkansas bridge

Arkansas doesn’t tax your Social Security benefits because they aren’t included in this state’s taxable income calculations.

For the not-yet-retired, Arkansas state income tax rates range from 2% to 6.6%. The tax is structured as a marginal income tax.

Arkansas does charge a state sales tax of 6.5% with localities adding almost another 3% on average. Property taxes in the state are below average nationally.

California

San Francisco bridge
San Francisco bridge

Although California has plenty of state-level taxes, you don't pay state income taxes on your Social Security benefits. As a pre-retiree, your marginal income tax will range from 1% to 13.3% depending on your income. Localities may impose additional income taxes as well.

California state sales tax is 7.25% with localities adding a little more than 1.5% on top of the state rate. Property taxes are below average on a national basis.

Although California has quite a few taxes, many people love living there. Some areas of the state have fantastic weather, but housing prices can be very high.

Delaware

Beach in Delaware
Beach in Delaware

Delaware’s state income tax system excludes federally taxable Social Security benefits. As a result, you don’t have to pay state income tax on Social Security benefits in this state.

The state’s income tax uses marginal income tax rates that range from 0% to 6.6% based on your income. Localities may also charge their own income taxes.

Delaware doesn’t charge any state or local sales taxes. The property taxes charged are some of the lowest in the nation too.

District of Columbia

Washington DC
Washington DC

The District of Columbia, more commonly referred to as Washington, D.C., does have an income tax. That said, it doesn’t include Social Security benefits in its taxable income so you won’t pay on your benefits at the Washington, D.C. level.

For those who aren’t retired, the marginal income tax rates range from 4% to 8.95%.

Washington, D.C.’s sales tax is 6% with no local add-ons. Their property taxes are some of the lowest across the country.

There’s plenty of things to do in the District to keep retirees busy, including the Smithsonian museums, which you can visit for free.

Florida

People watching sunset
People watching sunset

Florida is another state that doesn’t have its own income tax, so your Social Security benefits won’t be taxed there.

The state does have a 6% sales tax with localities adding a little more than 1% to the rate on average. Property taxes are about average compared to the rest of the nation.

This state’s warm climate and low tax burden have attracted retirees, but hurricane season can be disrupting for residents.

Georgia

Atlanta skyline
Atlanta skyline

You won’t pay state income taxes on Social Security benefits in Georgia because it exempts federally taxable Social Security income.

Georgia’s regular state income tax uses marginal income tax rates. These rates vary from 1% to 5.75%.

Sales tax in Georgia is 4% on the state level. Local entities usually add more than 3% to this. Property taxes are about average when compared to the country as a whole.

Hawaii

Hawaii
Hawaii

Hawaii doesn’t include Social Security benefits as taxable income on the state level. That means you won’t pay taxes on your Social Security benefits in the Aloha state.

If you’re bringing income outside of your Social Security benefits, you should know Hawaii has many marginal income tax rates that start as low as 1.4% and go as high as 11%.

Hawaii’s state sales tax is relatively low at 4%. Localities only add less than .5% to this on average. Property taxes in the state are the lowest in the nation.

As a retiree, you can explore the beautiful islands and their beaches while enjoying the warm weather. Unfortunately, housing prices may make moving to Hawaii cost-prohibitive.

Idaho

Field in Idaho
Field in Idaho

Idaho’s tax calculations exempt federally taxed Social Security income, which results in no state income taxes needing to be paid on your Social Security benefits. But for other income, the marginal tax rates used in Idaho’s state income tax start at 1.13% and go as high as 6.93%.

Idaho’s state sales tax is 6% with local areas adding virtually nothing to this rate. Property taxes are below average nationally.

6 Genius Hacks All Costco Shoppers Should Know


Illinois

Chicago
Chicago

Illinois doesn’t tax Social Security benefit income, and the regular Illinois’s state tax is straightforward at a flat 4.95% on all taxable income.

The state’s sales tax rate is 6.25%, plus local governments have their own sales tax rates that increase the overall rate by a little less than 3%. Property taxes are also almost the highest in the country.

Indiana

Indiana skyline
Indiana skyline

Indiana does have a state income tax system but it does not include Social Security benefits as taxable income.

If you’re planning to earn money in retirement, you’ll be glad to hear that Indiana has only a flat 3.23% tax on taxable income. Localities may add their own local income taxes, as well.

State sales tax is 7% across the state with virtually no locally added sales taxes. Property taxes are a little below the national average.

Indiana’s four seasons and relatively low housing costs could attract potential retirees to the state.

Iowa

Iowa cornfield
Iowa cornfield

Iowa’s state income tax system doesn’t use Social Security in its taxable income calculations so you won’t have to pay taxes on your benefit.

Iowa uses a marginal income tax system with rates ranging from .33% to 8.53%. Localities have income taxes, too.

Iowa has a 6% sales tax rate. Localities usually add a little less than 1% to this overall. Property taxes are in the top 25% of the country.

Kentucky

Horses in field
Horses in field

Kentucky’s state income tax system doesn’t factor in Social Security benefits in its taxable income calculations. The result is no taxes on your Social Security.

Kentucky has a flat 5% income tax on taxable income. The state’s localities may also have a local income tax you may have to pay.

Kentucky’s sales tax rate is 6% and localities don’t normally add anything to this. Its property taxes are a little bit below average compared to the rest of the states.

Louisiana

Louisiana bayou
Louisiana bayou

Louisiana doesn’t tax your Social Security because those benefits aren’t considered taxable income in the state. The state’s regular income tax system has three marginal tax rates. The lowest is 2% and the highest is 6%.

Louisiana has a 4.45% state sales tax rate but localities often increase this by a little more than 5%. The property taxes in the state are some of the lowest nationwide.

Maine

Lighthouse on water
Lighthouse on water

Maine’s state income tax doesn’t consider Social Security benefit income as taxable, so you won’t pay Maine income taxes on these funds.

The state’s marginal income tax structure starts at 5.8% and can be as high as 7.15% depending on your income.

Maine’s state sales tax rate is a flat 5.5% with no extra sales tax option for localities. The property taxes charged are above average, though.

The state’s natural beauty may attract nature-loving retirees, but you’ll need to be ready for long and harsh winters.

Maryland

Chesapeake Bay Bridge
Chesapeake Bay Bridge

Maryland’s state income tax doesn’t include Social Security benefits. For other income, the state has eight marginal tax brackets starting as low as 2% and increasing to 5.75%. Localities in the state have local income taxes on top of these rates.

Maryland’s sales tax is 6% throughout the state with no local add-ons. Property taxes are slightly above average.

Massachusetts

Harbor
Harbor

Massachusetts’s state income tax system doesn’t tax Social Security due to rules that exclude federally taxable Social Security benefit income.

The regular income tax system imposes a flat-rate 5% tax on all taxable income.

Massachusetts’s sales tax rate doesn’t usually have localities adding their own taxes. The state sales tax rate is a flat 6.25%. Property taxes are above average as well.

3 credit cards that will let you hit pause on interest until nearly 2024


Michigan

Kayaking on Lake Michigan
Kayaking on Lake Michigan

Michigan residents don’t pay state tax on their Social Security benefits because it isn’t part of the state’s taxable income calculations.

This state also imposes a flat rate of 4.25% on all taxable income. Localities may require paying additional income taxes.

Localities don’t usually increase Michigan’s 6% sales tax rate, buy their property taxes are above average.

Mississippi

Tree lined road
Tree lined road

If you plan to live in Mississippi for retirement, your Social Security benefits aren’t considered taxable income for the state’s tax calculations.

Mississippi’s marginal income tax structure starts at 0% and maxes out at 5%.

Mississippi has one of the highest state sales tax rates at 7%, but localities add almost nothing to it. Their property taxes are well below average too.

Overall the state offers one of the lowest costs of living in the U.S.

Nevada

Reno Nevada
Reno Nevada

There is no state income tax in Nevada, and this includes there being no state income tax on Social Security benefits.

Nevada has a 6.85% sales tax rate, and localities add roughly an extra 1.5% to that. Property taxes are below average compared to the nation though.

Retirees looking for adventure can head to the Las Vegas area where there is a lot of dining and entertainment to enjoy, even if you’re not into gambling.

New Hampshire

Adirondack chairs in New Hampshire
Adirondack chairs in New Hampshire

New Hampshire’s state income tax system doesn’t require paying on Social Security benefits as they aren’t part of the state’s taxable income calculations. In fact, you’ll pay only state income tax on dividend and interest income at a flat 5% tax rate.

New Hampshire has no state sales tax or local sales taxes. But the state has some of the most expensive property taxes.

New Jersey

Welcome to New Jersey sign
Welcome to New Jersey sign

New Jersey residents may have to pay a lot of taxes, but state tax on Social Security benefits isn’t one of them. Social Security benefit income isn’t included in New Jersey’s taxable income calculations.

For other income, the marginal tax rate structure starts at 1.4% and can be as high as 10.75% for extremely high-income individuals. Localities may add a local income tax too.

The New Jersey state sales tax is 6.625% and they also have the highest property taxes in the U.S.

New York

New York City skyline
New York City skyline

New York’s state income tax calculations exempt federally taxable Social Security benefit income. This results in no state income tax on your Social Security benefits.

Marginal income tax rates start at 4% and increase to 8.82% for the highest earners. Local income taxes are in addition to the state tax rates.

New York state sales tax is 4% but localities add about 4.5% to this on average. Property taxes in the state are also above the national average.

If you’re considering New York for retirement, remember there’s a lot more to it than New York City, and there are more affordable areas of the state you can live in.

North Carolina

Sunset at Wrightsville Beach
Sunset at Wrightsville Beach

Although you may have to pay state income tax on a side hustle or a part-time job in North Carolina, the state’s rules don’t include Social Security benefits in their taxable income calculations. For those other sources of income, North Carolina’s tax is a flat 5.25%.

The state of North Carolina charges a 4.75% sales tax and its localities have sales taxes of a little less than an additional 2.25%. Property taxes are just below average.

Ohio

Columbus Ohio
Columbus Ohio

Ohio excludes federally taxable Social Security benefit income from state income taxes.

If you move to Ohio before you retire, you’ll need to know that the state's marginal income tax rates start at 0% and go as high as 4.8%. Local income taxes may exist in this state, as well.

Ohio’s state sales tax rate is 5.75% with localities adding about 1.4% to this overall. Ohio residents pay some of the highest property taxes in the nation.

Oklahoma

Windmill
Windmill

Oklahoma doesn’t require you to pay state income tax on Social Security benefits. Outside of Social Security, the state has six marginal income tax rates. They start at .5% and reach as high as 5%.

Oklahoma’s state sales tax is 4.5% with localities tacking on about an extra 4.5%. Property taxes are roughly average compared to the country.

Oregon

Oregon coastline
Oregon coastline

Oregon doesn’t include Social Security benefits in the state’s income tax calculations making this income free from state tax. The state’s marginal income tax rates start at 5%. The top marginal tax rate is 9.9%.

Oregon and its localities do not charge sales taxes. Property taxes are about average for the nation.

This northwestern state is home to Portland, a city just an hour's drive away from both the ocean and the mountains. Those looking for a vibrant city close to these natural features may consider this as a potential place to retire.

Pennsylvania

Philadelphia skyline
Philadelphia skyline

Pennsylvania doesn’t include Social Security benefits in the calculations required for determining taxable income in the state’s income tax system.

Pennsylvania’s flat income tax rate is 3.07%, but local governments may have extra income taxes.

The state sales tax rate is 6% with localities adding around .34% on average. Property taxes are well above the national average.

South Carolina

Broad Street Charleston
Broad Street Charleston

South Carolina doesn’t require that you pay state income taxes on Social Security benefits. But South Carolina’s marginal tax rates range from 0% to 7% depending on your taxable income.

Sales tax rates for South Carolina are 6% on the state level and roughly 1.5% for localities. Property taxes are some of the lowest in the country.

The Palmetto State is far enough south to avoid harsh winters and has a lot to offer to retirees. The state’s beaches can be a great quick getaway and you can easily explore the mountains as well.

South Dakota

South Dakota
South Dakota

South Dakota doesn’t tax your Social Security benefits or any other income on the state level as it has no state income tax.

The state’s sales tax rate is also low at 4.5%, though localities usually add about 1.9% to it. On the flip side, South Dakota’s property taxes are above average.

Tennessee

Mountains in Tennessee
Mountains in Tennessee

Tennessee’s state income tax, which is only on interest and dividend income, is slowly being phased out. In addition, the current income tax doesn’t include Social Security benefits so you won’t have to worry about paying on those in retirement.

Plus, if you move to Tennessee early or do some work in retirement, you’ll be glad to know that the 2020 tax year is the last year the state’s current tax on interest and dividend income will exist at 1%. Starting in the 2021 tax year, there will be no state income tax on any income in Tennessee.

The state’s sales tax rate is 7% with local governments adding their own sales taxes of about 2.5%. Property taxes are below average.

Altogether, Tennessee offers a relatively low cost of living plus the beauty of a varied terrain. It could be a good option for retirees looking to explore nature within their new state.

Texas

Houston Texas
Houston Texas

The great state of Texas doesn’t tax Social Security benefits because it doesn’t have a state income tax at all.

Texas has a 6.25% sales tax rate and the localities add approximately another 2% to that. The property taxes are among the nation’s highest though.

If you’re looking for a no-income tax state to set yourself up in preparation for retirement, few states offer the sheer size and diversity of communities and landscapes that Texas does.

Virginia

Virginia road sign
Virginia road sign

Virginia excludes federally taxable Social Security benefits from its state income tax calculations. This results in no state income tax owed on Social Security.

Virginia’s state tax system is a marginal tax rate system with rates ranging from 2% to 5.75%.

The state sales tax rate is 5.3%. Localities have sales tax rates of a little more than .25%. Property taxes are barely below the national average.

Washington

Mountain ridge
Mountain ridge

This northwestern state is another of the seven states that don’t have a state income tax. Your Social Security benefits won’t be taxed on the state level here because of this.

Washington does have a 6.5% state sales tax and localities add approximately another 2.75% to that. Property taxes in the state fall right around the country’s average.

The Olympic Peninsula, in particular, is an increasingly popular place for people to choose for retirement due to its mild winters and gorgeous environment.

West Virginia

Charleston West Virginia
Charleston West Virginia

Prior to the 2020 tax year, West Virginia did tax Social Security benefits yet recent modifications to the state's tax code are phasing this taxation out. In the 2020 tax year, 35% of Social Security benefits were exempt from state taxation. For the 2021 tax year, that exemption has risen to 65%.

Your Social Security benefits will be completely exempt from West Virginia state income tax for the 2022 tax year assuming you meet certain income levels. These exemptions apply to married couples filing jointly with an adjusted gross income below $100,000. For single filers, adjusted gross income needs to be below $50,000 to qualify.

West Virginia’s regular state income tax uses a marginal income tax system with rates varying from 3% to 6.5%.

The state sales tax rate is 6%. Sales taxes for localities add a little less than .5% to the state rate. West Virginia’s property taxes are one of the lowest in the country.

Although most people don’t consider West Virginia an ideal place to retire, it has some of the nation’s most affordable real estate.

Wisconsin

Autumn road
Autumn road

If you retire to Wisconsin, you won’t pay state income taxes on your Social Security benefits. When it comes to other income, the state’s marginal tax rates can be as low as 4% or as high as 7.65%.

Wisconsin has a 5% state sales tax rate. Localities add about .5% to that. The state’s property taxes are some of the nation’s highest.

Wyoming

Bison in Wyoming
Bison in Wyoming

Wyoming is the last state on this list that does not have a state income tax at all. That means your Social Security benefits won’t be taxed on the state level, and neither will any of your other income before or after retirement.

Wyoming’s state sales tax rate is only 4% with localities adding about 1.3% on top. Property taxes in the state are almost the lowest in the country.

Although Wyoming can be a wonderful summer destination for outdoors lovers, retirees should consider just how much winter they want to experience as they grow older. But if you plan to snowbird, Wyoming could be a good pick for you.

Bottom line

couple sitting at the beach watching the sunset
couple sitting at the beach watching the sunset

While you may have to pay tax to the federal government, 38 states and the District of Columbia do not tax Social Security benefits at the state level. West Virginia is now on the list for the 2022 tax year, yet with an asterisk as there are specific income requirements to qualify for the tax exemption. Although taxation of Social Security benefits is one factor you may want to consider when deciding where to retire, it may not be the most significant factor.

Supplement your social security income in retirement

Other state taxes — such as sales tax, property tax, and taxes on interest and dividends — could result in a much larger bill than any amount of Social Security that ends up being taxed. For this reason, you likely want to learn how to invest money in tax-advantaged retirement accounts and learn more about tax planning in general. Speaking with a financial advisor could help you with this process.

Finally, don’t make one of the common homeowner mistakes when picking a place to retire — only considering monetary factors. Although living on a fixed budget and reducing your tax liability may take some planning, don’t forget that you also want to enjoy your retirement years. You may be willing to pay taxes on Social Security benefits to live close to friends and family or to live in the community of your dreams.

More from FinanceBuzz:


This article 39 States That Don't Tax Social Security originally appeared on FinanceBuzz.