U.S. Markets close in 3 hrs 11 mins

Acadian Timber Corp. Reports Strong Year-End Results and Dividend Increase


Investors, analysts and other interested parties can access Acadian Timber Corp.’s 2018 Fourth Quarter Results via conference call or webcast on Thursday February 14, 2019 at 1:00PM ET, please dial 1-866-795-3013 toll free in North America (Canada and the USA), or for overseas calls, please dial 1-409-937-8907 at approximately 12:50PM ET. For those unable to participate, a taped rebroadcast will be available until midnight March 15, 2019. To access this rebroadcast, please dial 1-855-859-2056 or 1-404-537-3406 Conference ID #3965316.
 

All figures in Canadian dollars unless otherwise noted

VANCOUVER, British Columbia, Feb. 13, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Acadian Timber Corp. (“Acadian” or the “Company”) (ADN.TO) today reported financial and operating results1 for the year ended December 31, 2018.

“Acadian posted another year of strong performance. Well-balanced regional supply demand fundamentals in both softwood and hardwood segments continue to support attractive stable log pricing across all key markets,” commented Mark Bishop, Chief Executive Officer of Acadian.

Acadian generated solid results for the year-ended December 31, 2018. The Company’s Adjusted EBITDA1 totaled $22.1 million in 2018, compared to $23.3 million during 2017. The strong demand and pricing Acadian experienced in the first half of 2018 carried through to year end reflecting the favorable attributes of Northeast regional log markets. As a result, log sales from our freehold operations were strong throughout the period, with volumes and pricing up year-over-year, the benefits of which were offset by lower ancillary revenues from providing timber services and a lower amount of gains on land sales relative to the prior year. 

Acadian declared dividends to its shareholders of $1.1225 per share during the year, representing a Payout Ratio1 of 106% which is above our long-term target of 95%.  We anticipate that over the long-term we will revert to a Payout Ratio consistent with our target level and in the near term, Acadian’s strong cash position supports a Payout Ratio in excess of our target.

1 This news release makes reference to Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, Free Cash Flow and Payout Ratio which are key performance measures in evaluating Acadian’s operations and are important in enhancing investors’ understanding of Acadian’s operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin are used to evaluate operational performance. Free Cash Flow is used to evaluate Acadian’s ability to generate sustainable cash flows from our operations while Payout Ratio is used to evaluate Acadian’s ability to fund its distribution using Free Cash Flow. Acadian’s management defines Adjusted EBITDA as earnings before interest, taxes, fair value adjustments, recovery of or impairment of land and roads, realized gain/loss on sale of roads and other fixed assets, unrealized exchange gain/loss on debt, depreciation and amortization and Adjusted EBITDA margin as Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of its total revenue. Free Cash Flow is defined as Adjusted EBITDA less interest paid, current income tax expense, and capital expenditures plus net proceeds from the sale of fixed assets (selling price less gains or losses included in Adjusted EBITDA). Payout Ratio is defined as dividends declared divided by Free Cash Flow. As these performance measures do not have standardized meanings prescribed by International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”), they may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. As a result, we have provided in this news release reconciliations of net income, as determined in accordance with IFRS, to Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin and Free Cash Flow.

Review of Operations

Financial and Operating Highlights

  Three Months Ended Year Ended
(CAD thousands, except per share information)   December 31,
2018

  December 31,
2017
  December 31,
2018

  December 31,
2017
 
Sales volume (000s m3)     323.7     297.6     1,307     1,252.0  
Net sales1   $   24,167   $   25,805   $   99,848   $   95,383  
Net income     16,441     12,348     26,264     30,819  
Adjusted EBITDA     4,631     6,005     22,142     23,344  
Adjusted EBITDA margin1     19 %   23 %   22 %   24 %
Free Cash Flow     3,525     4,756     17,771     19,480  
Dividends declared     4,715     4,601     18,769     18,404  
Payout Ratio     134 %   97 %   106 %   94 %
Per share – basic and diluted          
Net income   $   0.98   $   0.74   $   1.57   $   1.84  
Free Cash Flow     0.20     0.28     1.06     1.16  
Dividends declared     0.2825     0.275     1.1225     1.10  

1. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation as a result of adoption of IFRS 15, Revenue From Contracts with Customers, on January 1, 2018

Acadian generated net sales of $99.8 million in 2018, a year-over-year increase of $4.4 million as the Company benefited from a 3% increase in log sales volumes due to strong demand and favourable operating conditions. Acadian’s weighted average log selling price increased 2% reflecting strong markets for all products, the benefits of which were partially offset by changes in the sales mix. While log sales from our freehold operations were strong, ancillary revenues from providing timber services and gains on land sales were lower in 2018 versus 2017. 

Costs of $78.6 million in 2018 increased 6% from $74.3 million in the prior year primarily due to a 3% increase in log sales volumes. In addition, variable log harvest costs per m3 increased 2% due to longer average haul distances and higher fuel costs, the impacts of which were partially offset by changes in the sales mix.

Acadian generated Adjusted EBITDA of $22.1 million during 2018 compared to $23.3 million in the prior year while the Adjusted EBITDA margin of 22% for 2018 decreased from 24% in 2017.

Net income for the year ended December 31, 2018 totaled $26.3 million, or $1.57 per share, compared to $30.8 million, or $1.84 per share, in 2017. The decrease in 2018 is primarily the result of an unrealized foreign exchange loss on the revaluation of U.S. dollar-denominated long-term debt compared to an unrealized gain in the prior year, partially offset by a favourable fair value revaluation of timber assets.
 

Segment Performance

New Brunswick Timberlands

The table below summarizes operating and financial results for New Brunswick Timberlands.

  Three Months Ended December 31, 2018
  Three Months Ended December 31, 2017
 
  Harvest Sales Sales   Results
  Harvest Sales Sales   Results  
  (000s m3) (000s m3) Mix   ($000s)   (000s m3) (000s m3) Mix   ($000s)  
Softwood 110.7 94.2 37 % $   5,242   103.2 97.1 50 % $   5,371  
Hardwood 103.1 102.4 41 %   7,881   68.8 66.9 34 %   5,111  
Biomass 56.4 56.4 22 %   1,743   31.6 31.6 16 %   549  
Freehold net sales 270.2 253.0 100 %   14,866   203.6 195.6 100 %   11,031  
Timber services and
  other sales1
        3,741           7,272  
Net sales1       $ 18,607         $ 18,303  
Adjusted EBITDA       $   4,057         $   4,463  
Adjusted EBITDA margin1       22 %         24 %


  Year Ended December 31, 2018
  Year Ended December 31, 2017
 
  Harvest Sales Sales   Results
  Harvest Sales Sales   Results  
  (000s m3) (000s m3) Mix   ($000s)   (000s m3) (000s m3) Mix   ($000s)  
Softwood 416.0 403.3 41 % $ 22,474   379.3 378.2 41 % $ 20,932  
Hardwood 369.3 364.1 37 %   27,977   345.6 356.9 39 %   27,295  
Biomass 218.7 218.7 22 %   6,545   186.4 186.4 20 %   3,160  
Freehold net sales 1,004.0 986.1 100 %   56,996   911.3 921.5 100 % $ 51,387  
Timber services and
  other sales1
        17,768           20,275  
Net sales1       $ 74,764         $ 71,662  
Adjusted EBITDA       $ 16,569         $ 18,073  
Adjusted EBITDA margin1       22 %         25 %

1. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation as a result of adoption of IFRS 15, Revenue From Contracts with Customers, on January 1, 2018

Year ended December 31, 2018:

Net sales for our New Brunswick Timberlands for the year ended December 31, 2018 totalled $74.8 million, compared to $71.7 million in 2017. The increase reflects a 4% improvement in log sales volumes due to strong demand and favourable harvest conditions. The weighted average log selling price during 2018 remained in-line with the prior year as price increases for all products were offset by a change in the sales mix.    

Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2018 was $16.6 million compared to $18.1 million in 2017. The decrease was driven by higher variable log harvest costs per m3, attributable to longer average haul distances and higher fuel costs, and timing of timber services, the impact of which was partially offset by the increase in log sales volumes. As a result, the Adjusted EBITDA margin was 22% for 2018 compared to 25% in the prior year.

Maine Timberlands

The table below summarizes operating and financial results for Maine Timberlands.

  Three Months Ended December 31, 2018
  Three Months Ended December 31, 2017
 
  Harvest Sales Sales   Results
  Harvest Sales Sales   Results  
  (000s m3) (000s m3) Mix   ($000s)   (000s m3) (000s m3) Mix   ($000s)  
Softwood 46.4 46.0 65 % $   3,571   47.0 46.8 46 % $ 3,752  
Hardwood 19.9 22.3 32 %   1,831   44.5 49.7 49 %   3,620  
Biomass 2.4 2.4 3 %   4   5.5 5.5 5 %   9  
Freehold net sales 68.7 70.7 100 %   5,406   97.0 102.0 100 %   7,381  
Other sales         154           121  
Net sales       $   5,560         $ 7,502  
Adjusted EBITDA       $   892         $ 2,135  
Adjusted EBITDA margin       16 %         28 %


    Year Ended December 31, 2018
  Year Ended December 31, 2017
 
  Harvest Sales Sales   Results
  Harvest Sales Sales   Results  
  (000s m3) (000s m3) Mix   ($000s)   (000s m3) (000s m3) Mix   ($000s)  
Softwood 213.4 213.1 66 % $ 17,274   161.4 160.8 49 % $ 12,250  
Hardwood 88.0 89.4 28 %   7,100   144.5 145.1 44 %   10,855  
Biomass 18.4 18.4 6 %   29   24.6 24.6 7 %   38  
Freehold net sales 319.8 320.9 100 %   24,403   330.5 330.5 100 %   23,143  
Other sales         681           578  
Net sales       $   25,084         $ 23,721  
Adjusted EBITDA       $     6,839         $   6,751  
Adjusted EBITDA margin         27 %         28 %


Year ended December 31, 2018:

Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2018 totaled $25.1 million compared to $23.7 million during the prior year. The current year results reflect a 6% increase in the weighted average log selling price due to strong demand for softwood sawlogs and hardwood pulpwood compared to the prior year. This benefit was partially offset by a 1% decrease in log sales volumes as hardwood harvest activities were adjusted to reflect our commitment to manage Maine Timberlands’ annual harvest volumes to sustainable levels. 

Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2018 was $6.8 million, in-line with 2017. While net sales were higher and variable log harvest cost per m3 were down year-over-year due to changes in the sale mix, these positive effects were offset by lower gains on sale of higher and better use (“HBU”) land of $1.5 million compared to the prior year. The Adjusted EBITDA margin for 2018 decreased slightly to 27% from 28% in the prior year.

Adoption of IFRS 15, Revenue from contracts with customers

IFRS 15 supersedes previous revenue standards (IAS 18, Revenue) and related interpretations and it applies to all revenue arising from contracts with customers. On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted IFRS 15 using the full retrospective approach. The adoption of this standard on January 1, 2018 resulted in a change in presentation from net to gross for timber services, which does not impact the Company’s operating earnings or net income. As a result of this change in presentation, net sales for the year ended December 31, 2017 increased by $17.6 million, respectively, with a corresponding increase in operating costs and expenses. Net sales are net of discounts and rebates to customers, if any. Revenue is recognized when control passes to the customer, which is generally when timber is delivered to the customer and actual quantities delivered are determined. Sales are governed primarily by contractual terms with customers and in some cases by standard industry terms. Pursuant to the Crown Lands Services Agreement, Acadian provides harvesting, transportation and other services to Crown licensees and sub-licensees. Acadian receives payment for these services which are recognized in revenue upon delivery of the timber and when actual quantities delivered are determined.

Market Outlook

The following contains forward-looking information about Acadian Timber Corp.’s market outlook for the remainder of 2019. Reference should be made to the the section entitled “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-looking Statements” section of this news release. For a description of material factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements in the following, please see the Risk Factors section of our management’s discussion and analysis of Acadian’s most recent Annual Report and Annual Information Form available on our website at www.acadiantimber.com or filed with SEDAR at www.sedar.com.

Acadian’s key markets include softwood sawtimber, hardwood sawtimber and hardwood pulpwood. Northeast North American softwood dimension sawmills represent over one third of Acadian’s end-use market and are the primary market for our softwood sawtimber. Our mixed softwood and hardwood resource, combined with diversified end use markets, underpin Acadian’s ‘best in class’ long-term performance. Well-balanced regional supply demand fundamentals continue to support attractive stable log pricing across all key markets.    

The case for continued steady recovery in U.S. housing starts over the medium-term remains highly compelling.  Demographics support continued solid growth in household formation, home inventories are extremely low, and on average U.S. housing stock is beyond its prime. However, tight construction labour markets and restrictive building regulations have combined with near-term concerns of rising interest rates and fallout from U.S. international trade policy to drive what most forecasters believe will be a short lived slowdown in construction activity.

Recent consensus forecasts anticipate average year-over-year growth in U.S. housing starts for 2019 and 2020 of about 1% and 3%, respectively. Importantly, most forecasters expect the proportion of single family starts, the largest lumber consuming segment of U.S. housing starts, to improve modestly through 2019 and 2020. Additionally, home repair and remodeling, the single largest driver of North American lumber consumption, is also projected to grow modestly over the next two years. North American sawtimber demand is therefore expected to post modest year-over-year growth even under more conservative forecasts.

Average Q4 2018 quarterly benchmark Eastern Spruce-Pine-Fir and Southern Yellow Pine lumber prices declined 30% and 11%, respectively, from the prior quarter. The continued slide in pricing from the prior quarter was driven by weaker than expected home sales and building activity through the quarter. Despite the robust U.S. economy, buyer apprehension remains high due to risk of Federal Reserve interest rate increases and the potential for slowing global economic growth. Forecasters anticipate that extensive announced market downtime which has been extended into the first quarter of 2019, principally in the high log cost region of the interior of British Columbia, coupled with ongoing steady demand growth, will support continued strong lumber pricing through 2019, albeit below the levels achieved in 2018. Considering capacity and log supply constraints exhibited in Western Canada during late 2018 and early 2019, we anticipate continued attractive market dynamics to support stable softwood sawtimber pricing in Acadian’s regional markets.
  
Given the current state of U.S. trade relations there is no expectation of any meaningful discussions toward a softwood lumber agreement with Canada during 2019. Further, we anticipate no material change in 2019 to the current duty rates for Canadian lumber producers. Average consensus forecast lumber prices for 2019 would indicate that a significant proportion of those duties will continue to be passed on to U.S. consumers. We remain steadfast in our view that an eventual negotiated settlement will include an exemption for all Canadian Maritime producers including those in New Brunswick.

Hardwood sawtimber markets, typically oriented to millwork and higher value specialty markets, remain well balanced with a continued positive outlook for the foreseeable future. While there has been modest price erosion in the latest quarter, the outlook for global pulp markets remains positive, particularly in the containerboard and tissue segments. Hardwood pulpwood demand in Acadian’s operating region remains stable, with well balanced supply conditions continuing to support historically strong pricing. Softwood pulpwood markets, Acadian’s smallest product segment by volume and margin, have seen some modest recovery and the recently announced re-start of a pulp mill in Maine during 2019 is expected to be a catalyst for further recovery in softwood pulpwood demand and pricing through the second half of 2019. In New Brunswick, biomass markets continue to be supported by export demand which is expected to remain strong throughout 2019. While the biomass market in Maine remains weak, efforts to tap into biomass export markets continue to progress.

Quarterly Dividend

Acadian is pleased to announce a dividend of $0.29 per share, payable on April 15, 2019 to shareholders of record on March 31, 2019.

* * * * * * * * *

Acadian Timber Corp. is a leading supplier of primary forest products in Eastern Canada and the Northeastern U.S. With a total of 2.4 million acres of land under management, Acadian is the third largest timberland operator in New Brunswick and Maine.

Acadian owns and manages approximately 1.1 million acres of freehold timberlands in New Brunswick and Maine, and provides timber services relating to approximately 1.3 million acres of Crown licensed timberlands in New Brunswick. Acadian's products include softwood and hardwood sawlogs, pulpwood and biomass by-products, sold to approximately 90 regional customers.

Acadian’s business strategy is to maximize cash flows from its existing timberland assets while growing our business by acquiring assets on a value basis and utilizing our operations-oriented approach to drive improved performance.

Acadian’s shares are listed for trading on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol ADN.

For further information, please visit our website at www.acadiantimber.com or contact:
Jon Syrnyk
Investor Relations
Tel:  604-661-9622
Email: jsyrnyk@acadiantimber.com

* * * * * * * * *

 

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information and Statements

This News Release contains forward-looking information and statements within the meaning of applicable Canadian securities laws that involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of Acadian Timber Corp. and its subsidiaries (collectively, “Acadian”), or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. When used in this News Release, such forward-looking statements may contain such words as “may,” “will,” “intend,” “should,” “suggest,” “expect,” “believe,” “outlook,” “forecast,” “predict,” “remain,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “potential,” “continue,” “plan,” “could,” “might,” “project,” “targeting” or the negative of these terms or other similar terminology. Forward-looking information in this News Release includes, without limitation, statements made in the section entitled “Market Outlook” and other statements regarding management’s beliefs, intentions, results, performance, goals, achievements, future events, plans and objectives, business strategy, growth strategy and prospects, access to capital, liquidity and trading volumes, dividends, taxes, capital expenditures, projected costs, market trends and similar statements concerning anticipated future events, results, achievements, circumstances, performance or expectations that are not historical facts. These statements, which reflect management’s current expectations regarding future events and operating performance, are based on information currently available to management and speak only as of the date of this News Release. All forward-looking statements in this News Release are qualified by these cautionary statements. Forward-looking statements involve significant risks and uncertainties, should not be read as guarantees of future performance or results, should not be unduly relied upon, and will not necessarily be accurate indications of whether or not such results will be achieved. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: general economic and market conditions; changes in U.S. housing starts; product demand; concentration of customers; commodity pricing; interest rate and foreign currency fluctuations; seasonality; weather and natural conditions; regulatory, trade or environmental policy changes; changes in Canadian income tax law; economic situation of key customers; Brookfield’s ability to source and secure potential investment opportunities; the availability of potential acquisitions that suit Acadian’s growth profile; and other risks and factors discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” in each of the Annual Information Form dated March 28, 2018 and the Management Information Circular dated March 28, 2018, and other filings of Acadian made with securities regulatory authorities, which are available on SEDAR at www.sedar.com. Forward-looking information is based on various material factors or assumptions, which are based on information currently available to Acadian. Material factors or assumptions that were applied in drawing a conclusion or making an estimate set out in the forward-looking information may include, but are not limited to: forecasts in the housing market; anticipated financial performance; anticipated market conditions; business prospects; the economic situation of key customers; strategies; regulatory developments; exchange rates; the sufficiency of budgeted capital expenditures in carrying out planned activities; the availability and cost of labour and services; and the ability to obtain financing on acceptable terms. Readers are cautioned that the preceding list of material factors or assumptions is not exhaustive. Although the forward-looking statements contained in this News Release are based upon what management believes are reasonable assumptions, Acadian cannot assure readers that actual results will be consistent with these forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements in this News Release are made as of the date of this News Release, and should not be relied upon as representing Acadian’s views as of any date subsequent to the date of this News Release. Acadian assumes no obligation to update or revise these forward-looking statements to reflect new information, events, circumstances or otherwise, except as may be required by applicable law.


Acadian Timber Corp.
Consolidated Statements of Net Income
(unaudited)

  Three Months Ended Year Ended
(CAD thousands, except per share data) December 31, 2018 December 31, 20171 December 31, 2018 December 31, 20171
         
Net sales $   24,167   $   25,805   $   99,848   $   95,383  
Operating costs and expenses        
   Cost of sales   16,802     18,199     68,164     64,594  
   Selling, administration and other   2,629     1,956     9,741     9,123  
   Reforestation   142     120     595     614  
   Depreciation and amortization   73     80     303     313  
    19,646     20,355     78,803     74,644  
Operating earnings   4,521     5,450     21,045     20,739  
Interest expense, net   (1,004 )   (706 )   (3,901 )   (2,895 )
Other items        
   Fair value adjustments and other   26,206     8,307     28,294     9,327  
   Unrealized exchange (loss) / gain on long-term debt   (5,118 )   (753 )   (7,489 )   6,301  
   Gain on sale of timberlands   56     475     906     2,292  
   Loss on disposal of roads and other fixed assets   (19 )       (112 )    
Earnings before income taxes   24,642     12,773     38,743     35,764  
Current income tax expense   (490 )   (565 )   (2,334 )   (1,381 )
Deferred income tax (expense) / recovery   (7,711 )   140     (10,145 )   (3,564 )
Net income $   16,441   $   12,348   $   26,264   $   30,819  
Net income per share – basic and diluted $   0.98   $   0.74   $   1.57   $   1.84  

1. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation as a result of adoption of IFRS 15, Revenue From Contracts with Customers, on January 1, 2018


Acadian Timber Corp.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(unaudited)

  Three Months Ended Year Ended
(CAD thousands) December 31, 2018 December 31, 2017 December 31, 2018 December 31, 2017
         
Net income $   16,441   $   12,348   $   26,264   $   30,819  
Other comprehensive income / (loss)        
Items that may be reclassified subsequently to net income:        
  Deferred tax recovery   1,459     3,322       1,459     3,322  
  Loss on revaluation of land and roads   (5,064 )   (673 )     (5,064 )   (673 )
Unrealized foreign currency translation gain / (loss)   7,781     321       11,007     (8,830 )
    4,176     2,970       7,402     (6,181 )
Comprehensive income $   20,617   $   15,318   $  33,666   $   24,638  


Acadian Timber Corp.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(unaudited)

As at
(CAD thousands)
December 31, 2018 December 31, 2017
Assets    
Current Assets    
   Cash and cash equivalents $     22,320 $     23,951
   Accounts receivable and other assets     7,230      11,007 
   Inventory     2,756     1,226
      32,306     36,184
Timber     367,901     330,879
Land, roads and other fixed assets     86,103     89,013
Intangible asset     6,140     6,140
  $     492,450 $     462,216
Liabilities and shareholders’ equity    
Current liabilities    
   Accounts payable and accrued liabilities $     7,963 $     12,342
   Current tax liabilities      647      134
   Dividends payable to shareholders     4,714     4,601
      13,324     17,077
Long-term debt     96,595     90,866
Deferred income tax liability     92,119     80,188
Shareholders’ equity     290,412     274,085
  $     492,450 $     462,216


Acadian Timber Corp.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(unaudited)

  Three Months Ended Year Ended
(CAD thousands) December 31, 2018 December 31, 2017 December 31, 2018 December 31, 2017
Cash and cash equivalents provided by / (used for):        
Operating activities        
Net income $   16,441   $ 12,348   $   26,264   $   30,819  
Adjustments to net income:        
   Deferred income tax expense / (recovery)   7,711     (140 )   10,145     3,564  
   Depreciation and amortization   73     80     303     313  
   Fair value adjustments and other   (26,206 )   (8,307 )   (28,294 )   (9,327 )
   Unrealized exchange loss / (gain) on long term debt   5,118     753     7,489     (6,301 )
   Gain on sale of timberlands   (56 )   (475 )   (906 )   (2,292 )
   Loss on disposal of roads and other fixed assets   19         112      
   Accretion of long-term debt   273         1,046      
Net change in non-cash working capital balances
and other
  2,604     3,609     44     4,743  
    5,977     7,868     16,203     21,519  
Financing activities        
Dividends paid to shareholders   (4,728 )    (4,601 )   (18,656 )   (17,986 )
Common shares repurchased from normal course issuer
bid
  (636 )       (636 )    
    (5,364 )   (4,601 )   (19,292 )   (17,986 )
Investing activities        
Additions to timber, land, roads and other fixed assets   (34 )   (100 )   (224 )   (943 )
Acquisition of Katahdin Timberlands LLC               (1,276 )
Proceeds from sale of timberlands   117     507     1,083     2,983  
Proceeds from sale of roads and other fixed assets   25         599      
    108     407     1,458     764  
Increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
   during the period
  721     3,674     (1,631 )   4,297  
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   21,599     20,277     23,951     19,654  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $   22,320   $   23,951   $   22,320   $   23,951  


Reconciliations to Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow

  Three Months Ended Year Ended
(CAD thousands) December 31, 2018 December 31, 2017 December 31, 2018 December 31, 2017
         
Net income $   16,441   $   12,348   $   26,264   $ 30,819  
                         
Add / (deduct):        
    Interest expense, net   1,004     706     3,901     2,895  
    Current income tax expense   490     565     2,334     1,381  
    Deferred income tax expense / (recovery)   7,711     (140 )   10,145     3,564  
    Depreciation and amortization   73     80     303     313  
    Fair value adjustments and other   (26,206 )   (8,307 )   (28,294 )   (9,327 )
    Unrealized exchange loss / (gain) on long-term debt   5,118     753     7,489     (6,301 )
Adjusted EBITDA $   4,631   $   6,005   $   22,142   $   23,344  
Add / (deduct):        
    Interest paid on debt, net   (687 )   (681 )   (2,701 )   (2,790 )
    Additions to timber, land, roads and other fixed assets   (34 )   (35 )   (224 )   (384 )
    Gain on sale of timberlands   (56 )   (475 )   (906 )   (2,292 )
    Proceeds from sale of timberlands   117     507     1,083     2,983  
    Proceeds from sale of roads and other fixed assets   25         599      
    Loss on disposal of roads and other fixed assets   19         112      
    Current income tax expense   (490 )   (565 )   (2,334 )   (1,381 )
Free Cash Flow $   3,525   $   4,756   $   17,771   $   19,480  
Dividends declared $   4,715   $   4,601   $   18,769   $   18,404  
Payout Ratio   134 %   97 %   106 %   94 %