U.S. Markets open in 4 hrs 22 mins

Apple Watch 4's PPG and ECG Health Sensors 2019: Physical, Manufacturer Process, Cost Analysis

DUBLIN, Sept. 4, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- The "Apple Watch 4's PPG and ECG Health Sensors" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.

Research and Markets Logo

The medical wearable market is forecasted to become worth an impressive $32B by 2024

The publisher sees a convergence of needs, where healthcare costs must fall, IT telecommunication is being deployed and patients want to be involved in monitoring their health. This convergence accelerates the demand for medical-grade wearables. The Apple Watch series 4 targets these needs as the first mass-produced consumer accessory receiving FDA approval for its ElectroCardioGram (ECG).

The two main health sensors in the Apple Watch series 4 are an enhanced PhotoPlethysmoGram (PPG) and, for the first time in an Apple watch, an ECG.

The PPG is the core of the continuous heartbeat sensor. A new, more compact, the design reduces the surface area by 30%, while the number of components decreases from 14 to six. This enhances heartbeat measures. OSRAM supplies the watch's green LEDs, and you can discover other component suppliers in the report.

The ECG electrically measures very small currents using three electrodes. Two wrist electrodes are integrated on the back side of the watch. The third electrode is in the digital crown. The signals are captured and amplified by Analog Devices circuits.

This report constitutes a thorough analysis of the Apple Watch 4's health sensors and the back optical window. The electronic components are standard and can be readily found in the market. However, their integration and the optical window are unique to Apple. Apple has fully redesigned its watch to integrate more efficient health sensors. The report studies exactly how the sensors are integrated.

This report also analyzes the complete health sensor system, including a full analysis of the infrared, LED from Epistar, green LEDs from OSRAM and the photodiodes from OSRAM for the PPG. For the ECG sensor, the integrated circuits and the three electrodes are also studied in the report. Moreover, the back window's specific lenses, optical system, and electrodes are analyzed.

Additionally, the report includes a physical and technical comparison with the PPG components present in the first Apple watches.

Key Topics Covered:

1. Overview/Introduction

  • Executive Summary
  • Reverse Costing Methodology

2. Company Profile

  • Apple
  • Apple Watch 4
  • OSRAM
  • Analog Devices

3. Physical Analysis

  • Summary of the Physical Analysis
  • Apple Watch 4 Teardown
  • ECG Module Assembly
  • Module views
  • Electrodes
  • ECG Analog Front End
  • IC die view and dimensions
  • IC delayering and main blocks
  • IC die process, cross-section
  • IC die process characteristic
  • PPM Module Assembly
  • Module views and cross-sections
  • PPG IR LED
  • Die overview and dimensions
  • Die process and cross-section and process characteristics
  • PPG Green LED
  • PPG Photodiode
  • Die view and dimensions, process and cross-section
  • Die process characteristic
  • Comparison of PPG Function between Apple Watch 3 and 4

4. Manufacturer Process

  • Analog Front End Component
  • IR and Green LED
  • Photodiodes
  • Sapphire Window

5. Cost Analysis

  • Yield Hypothesis
  • ECG Sensor IC
  • Sensor Component Cost
  • PPG IR LED Component Cost
  • PPG Green LED Component cost
  • PPG Photodiode Component cost
  • Sapphire Window Cost

For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/i9hnus

Research and Markets also offers Custom Research services providing focused, comprehensive and tailored research.

Media Contact:

Research and Markets
Laura Wood, Senior Manager
press@researchandmarkets.com

For E.S.T Office Hours Call +1-917-300-0470
For U.S./CAN Toll Free Call +1-800-526-8630
For GMT Office Hours Call +353-1-416-8900

U.S. Fax: 646-607-1907
Fax (outside U.S.): +353-1-481-1716

Cision

View original content:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/apple-watch-4s-ppg-and-ecg-health-sensors-2019-physical-manufacturer-process-cost-analysis-300911621.html