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Applied Optoelectronics Reports Fourth Quarter and Year 2018 Results

SUGAR LAND, Texas, Feb. 21, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Applied Optoelectronics, Inc. (AAOI), a leading provider of fiber-optic access network products for the internet datacenter, cable broadband, telecom and fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) markets, today announced financial results for its fourth quarter and year ended Dec. 31, 2018.

“In the fourth quarter, customer demand was consistent with our expectations, and we delivered revenue and earnings within our guidance range,” said Dr. Thompson Lin, Applied Optoelectronics Inc. founder and CEO. “While 2018 had its challenges for the overall optics market and for AOI, we made good progress on diversifying our customer base and expanding our technology leadership in advanced optics. We secured 26 new design wins, of which 12 were with new customers, including a new large U.S.-based datacenter customer that we secured in the fourth quarter. We also maintained all of our top customers and continue to be in a good position to grow our business with them. Continuing the pace of our technical achievements, we made significant progress in our 200G and 400G development efforts, including the sample release of our silicon photonics-based 400G optical module. We also recently shipped evaluation samples of several products for use in 5G mobile networks and we are looking forward to working with our telecom customers to successfully complete these qualifications.”

Lin continued, "In examining the market dynamics for 2019, we see that some inventory build-up has occurred in the datacenter supply chain as customers transitioned to 100G. Additionally, we see some conservatism in capital expenditures by datacenter customers in China. We believe these factors will affect our visibility and demand in the short-term and is reflected in our first quarter guidance. While it is still early in the year, we believe market trends may begin to improve in the second half of 2019. With the technologies we have developed and plan to bring to market, we believe we are in a strong competitive position to address customer needs as demand improves.”

Fourth Quarter 2018 Financial Summary

  • GAAP revenue was $58.0 million, compared with $79.9 million in the fourth quarter 2017 and $56.4 million in the third quarter of 2018. Non-GAAP revenue was $58.9 million.
     
  • GAAP gross margin was 18.2%, compared with 40.3% in the fourth quarter 2017 and 31.1% in the third quarter of 2018. Non-GAAP gross margin was 24.7%, compared with 41.0% in the fourth quarter 2017 and 34.0% in the third quarter of 2018. 
     
  • GAAP net loss was $8.6 million, or $0.43 per basic share, compared with net income of $5.7 million, or $0.28 per diluted share in the fourth quarter 2017, and net loss of $3.7 million, or $0.19 per basic share in the third quarter of 2018.
     
  • Non-GAAP net loss was $0.5 million, or $0.02 per basic share, compared with non-GAAP net income of $17.9 million, or $0.89 per diluted share in the fourth quarter 2017, and non-GAAP net income of $2.7 million, or $0.14 per diluted share in the third quarter of 2018.

Year 2018 Financial Summary

  • GAAP revenue was $267.5 million, compared with $382.3 million in 2017, and non-GAAP revenue was $268.4 million.
     
  • GAAP gross margin was 32.8%, compared with 43.5% in 2017. Non-GAAP gross margin was 35.5%, compared with 43.7% in 2017.
     
  • GAAP net loss was $2.1 million, or $0.11 per basic share, compared with net income of $74.0 million, or $3.67 per diluted share in 2017. Non-GAAP net income was $20.8 million, or $1.04 per diluted share, compared with non-GAAP net income of $93.0 million, or $4.62 per diluted share in 2017.
     
  • On December 31, 2018, cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash totaled $58.0 million, compared with the December 31, 2017 balance of $84.0 million.

A reconciliation between all GAAP and non-GAAP information referenced above is contained in the tables below. Please also refer to “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below for a description of these non-GAAP financial measures.

First Quarter 2019 Business Outlook (+)

For the first quarter of 2019, the company currently expects:

  • Revenue in the range of $50 million to $55 million.
  • Non-GAAP gross margin in the range of 26.5% to 28.5%.
  • Non-GAAP net loss in the range of $3.7 million to $5.8 million, and non-GAAP loss per share in the range of $0.18 to $0.29 using approximately 19.9 million shares.

(+) Please refer to the note below on forward-looking statements and the risks involved with such statements as well as the note on non-GAAP financial measures.

Conference Call Information

The company will host a conference call and webcast for analysts and investors on Feb. 21, 2019 to discuss its fourth quarter and year 2018 results and outlook for its first quarter of 2019 at 4:30 p.m. Eastern time / 3:30 p.m. Central time. Open to the public, investors may access the call by dialing (412) 717-9586. A live audio webcast of the conference call along with supplemental financial information will also be accessible on the company's website at investors.ao-inc.com. Following the webcast, an archived version will be available on the website for one year. A telephonic replay of the call will be available one hour after the call and will run for five business days and may be accessed by dialing (412) 317-0088 and entering passcode 10127316.

Forward-Looking Information

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements reflect the views of management at the time such statements are made. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, as well as assumptions and current expectations, which could cause the company's actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include but are not limited to: reduction in the size or quantity of customer orders; change in demand for the company's products due to industry conditions; changes in manufacturing operations; volatility in manufacturing costs; delays in shipments of products; disruptions in the supply chain; change in the rate of design wins or the rate of customer acceptance of new products; the company's reliance on a small number of customers for a substantial portion of its revenues; potential pricing pressure; a decline in demand for our customers' products or their rate of deployment of their products; general conditions in the internet datacenter, CATV, FTTH or Telecom markets; changes in the world economy (particularly in the United States and China); the negative effects of seasonality; and other risks and uncertainties described more fully in the company's documents filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission. More information about these and other risks that may impact the company's business are set forth in the "Risk Factors" section of the company's quarterly and annual reports on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as "believe," "may," "estimate," "continue," "anticipate," "intend," "should," "could," "would," "target," "seek," "aim," "believe," "predicts," "think," "objectives," "optimistic," "new," "goal," "strategy," "potential," "is likely," "will," "expect," "plan" "project," "permit" or by other similar expressions that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes. You should not rely on forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. All forward-looking statements in this press release are based upon information available to us as of the date hereof, and qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements for any reason after the date of this press release to conform these statements to actual results or to changes in the company's expectations.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We provide non-GAAP revenue, non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP net income (loss), and non-GAAP earnings per share to eliminate the impact of items that we do not consider indicative of our overall operating performance. To arrive at our non-GAAP revenue, we exclude non-recurring adjustments to revenue, if any.  To arrive at our non-GAAP gross margin, we exclude stock-based compensation expense, expenses associated with discontinued products, and non-recurring expenses, if any, from our GAAP gross margin. To arrive at our non-GAAP net income (loss), we exclude all amortization of intangible assets, stock-based compensation expense, non-recurring expenses, unrealized foreign exchange gain (loss), losses from the disposal of idle assets, if any, non-recurring tax expenses (benefits), and expenses associated with discontinued products, if any, from our GAAP net income (loss).  Included in our non-recurring adjustments to revenue in Q4 2018 and CY2018 is a non-recurring customer credit.  Included in our non-recurring expenses in Q4 2018 and FY2018 are certain consulting and legal fees, depreciation expenses associated with certain idle equipment, and employee severance expenses.  Non-cash expenses associated with discontinued products in Q4 2018 and CY2018 include depreciation on certain equipment undergoing reconfiguration.  Other expenses associated with discontinued products in Q4 2018 and CY2018 include inventory obsolescence charges associated with materials used in the manufacture of these discontinued products.

Our non-GAAP earnings per share is calculated by dividing our non-GAAP net income by the fully diluted share count. We believe that our non-GAAP measures are useful to investors in evaluating our operating performance for the following reasons:

  • We believe that elimination of items such as stock-based compensation expense and non-recurring revenue and expenses are appropriate because treatment of these items may vary for reasons unrelated to our overall operating performance;
  • We believe that elimination of expenses associated with discontinued products, including depreciation and inventory obsolescence is appropriate because these expenses are not indicative of our ongoing operations;
  • We believe that non-GAAP measures provide better comparability with our past financial performance, period-to-period results and with our peer companies, many of which also use similar non-GAAP financial measures; and
  • We anticipate that investors and securities analysts will utilize non-GAAP measures to evaluate our overall operating performance.

A reconciliation of our GAAP net income (loss) and GAAP earnings per share for Q4 2018 to our non-GAAP net income (loss) and earnings per share is provided below, together with corresponding reconciliations for the three month period ended December 31, 2017 and the twelve month periods ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2018.

Non-GAAP measures should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss), earnings per share, or any other measure of financial performance calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. Our non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other organizations because other organizations may not calculate such other non-GAAP measures in the same manner. We have not reconciled the non-GAAP measures included in our guidance to the appropriate GAAP financial measures because the GAAP measures are not accessible on a forward-looking basis. GAAP measures that impact our non-GAAP financial measures may include stock-based compensation expense, non-recurring expenses, amortization of intangible assets, unrealized exchange loss (gain), asset impairment charges, and loss (gain) from disposal of idle assets. These GAAP measures cannot be reasonably predicted and may directly impact our non-GAAP gross margin, our non-GAAP net income and our non-GAAP fully-diluted earnings per share, although changes with respect to certain of these measures may offset other changes. In addition, certain of these measures are out of our control. Accordingly, a reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measure guidance to the corresponding GAAP measures is not available without unreasonable effort.

About Applied Optoelectronics

Applied Optoelectronics Inc. (AOI) is a leading developer and manufacturer of advanced optical products, including components, modules and equipment. AOI's products are the building blocks for broadband fiber access networks around the world, where they are used in the internet datacenter, CATV broadband, telecom and FTTH markets. AOI supplies optical networking lasers, components and equipment to tier-1 customers in all four of these markets. In addition to its corporate headquarters, wafer fab and advanced engineering and production facilities in Sugar Land, TX, AOI has engineering and manufacturing facilities in Taipei, Taiwan and Ningbo, China. For additional information, visit www.ao-inc.com.

Investor Relations Contacts:

The Blueshirt Group, Investor Relations
Maria Riley & Chelsea Lish
+1-415-217-7722                   
ir@ao-inc.com


Applied Optoelectronics, Inc.
Preliminary Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
  December 31, 2018 December 31, 2017
     
ASSETS    
CURRENT ASSETS    
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash $   58,004 $   83,984
Accounts Receivable, Net 30,534 59,850
Inventories 93,256 75,768
Prepaid Income Tax 1,188 1,394
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets 11,293 8,665
Total Current Assets   194,275   229,661
     
Property, Plant And Equipment, Net 234,211 197,943
Land Use Rights, Net 5,814 804
Intangible Assets, Net 3,977 4,007
Deferred Income Tax Assets 21,714 12,801
Other Assets 6,849 7,732
TOTAL ASSETS $   466,840 $   452,948
     
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY    
     
CURRENT LIABILITIES    
Accounts Payable $   29,910 $   43,624
Accrued Expenses 19,291 19,103
Accrued Income Tax - 7,422
Bank Acceptance Payable 4,628 -
Bank Loan-Short Term 15,458 -
Current Portion of Long Term Debt 8,131 559
Total Current Liabilities   77,418   70,708
     
Notes Payable and Long Term Debt 60,328 48,964
TOTAL LIABILITIES   137,746   119,672
     
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY    
Total Preferred Stock - -
Common Stock 20 19
Additional Paid-in Capital 292,480 285,376
Cumulative Translation Adjustment 602 9,743
Retained Earnings 35,992 38,138
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY   329,094   333,276
     
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY $   466,840 $   452,948
     


Applied Optoelectronics, Inc.
Preliminary Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
  Three Months Ended
December 31,
  Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
Revenue 2018 2017   2018 2017
 Datacenter $   41,659 $   62,001   $   200,236 $   306,712
 CATV 12,652 14,326   51,699 60,756
 Telecom 2,760 3,177   13,159 12,899
 FTTH 320 85   818 490
 Other 627 266   1,553 1,472
Total Revenue 58,018 79,855   267,465 382,329
           
Total Cost of Goods Sold 47,481 47,701   179,692 216,049
           
Total Gross Profit 10,537 32,154   87,773 166,280
           
Operating Expenses:          
Research and Development 11,342 10,670   49,903 35,365
Sales and Marketing 1,920 2,090   9,141 8,702
General and Administrative 9,552 9,074   39,497 35,262
Total Operating Expenses 22,814 21,834   98,541 79,329
           
Operating Income (Loss) (12,277) 10,320   (10,768) 86,951
           
Other Income (Expense):          
Interest Income 59 55   282 221
Interest Expense (482) (66)   (1,106) (858)
Other Income 629 (20)   1,151 223
Foreign Exchange Gain (Loss) (135) (870)   663 (2,011)
Total Other Income (Expense): 71 (901)   990 (2,425)
           
Net Income (loss) before Income Taxes (12,206) 9,419   (9,778) 84,526
           
Income Tax Benefit (Expense) 3,638 (3,703)   7,632 (10,575)
           
Net Income (loss) (8,568) 5,716   (2,146) 73,951
           
 Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders
basic $   (0.43) $   0.29   $   (0.11) $   3.87
diluted $   (0.43) $   0.28   $   (0.11) $   3.67
           
 Weighted-average shares used to compute net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders
basic 19,793 19,406   19,647 19,097
diluted 19,793 20,160   19,647 20,139
           




Applied Optoelectronics, Inc.
Reconciliation of Statements of Operations under GAAP and Non-GAAP
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
  Three Months Ended
December 31,
Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
  2018 2017   2018 2017
GAAP revenue $   58,018 $   79,855   $   267,465 $   382,329
Non-recurring customer credit 891   -    891   - 
Non-GAAP revenue 58,909 79,855   268,356 382,329
           
GAAP total gross profit (a) $   10,537 $   32,154   $   87,773 $   166,280
Non-recurring customer credit 891   -    891   - 
Share-based compensation expense 202 124   795 461
Non-recurring expense 43 459   50 459
Expenses associated with discontinued products 2,852   -    5,767   - 
Non-GAAP total gross profit (a) 14,525 32,737   95,276 167,200
           
GAAP net income (loss) (8,568) 5,716   (2,146) 73,951
Non-recurring customer credit 891 0   891 0
Amortization of intangible assets 128 125   506 485
Share-based compensation expense 2,757 1,946   11,120 7,795
Non-recurring charges 1,180 1,398   2,485 2,166
Expenses associated with discontinued products 2,852   -    5,767   - 
Non-cash expenses associated with discontinued products 273   -    2,887   - 
Loss from disposal of idle assets 8   -    8 2
Unrealized exchange loss (gain) 7 741   (601) 948
Non-recurring tax benefit   -  8,016   (162) 7,696
Non-GAAP net income (loss) (472) 17,942   20,755 93,043
           
GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share $   (0.43) $   0.28   $   (0.11) $   3.67
Non-recurring customer credit   0.05   -      0.04   - 
Amortization of intangible assets   0.01   (0.00)     0.03   0.02
Share-based compensation expense   0.15   0.10     0.56   0.39
Non-recurring charges   0.06   0.07     0.12   0.11
Expenses associated with discontinued products   0.14   -      0.29   - 
Non-cash expenses associated with discontinued products   0.01   -      0.14   - 
Loss from disposal of idle assets   0.00   -      0.00   0.00
Unrealized exchange loss (gain)   (0.01)   0.04     (0.03)   0.05
Non-recurring tax benefit   0.01   0.40     0.00   0.38
Non-GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share $   (0.02) $   0.89   $   1.04 $   4.62
           
 Shares used to compute diluted loss per share  19,793 19,406   19,647 19,097
 Shares used to compute diluted earnings per share  19,793 20,160   20,027 20,139
           
(a) Provided for the purpose of calculating gross profit as a percentage of revenue (gross margin).