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APR vs. APY: Why You Need to Understand the Difference

Doug Whiteman
APR vs. APY: Why You Need to Understand the Difference

Whether you’re signing up for a credit card, opening a new bank account or looking for a loan, it’s important to understand the three letters that will appear next to your interest rate.

APR means annual percentage rate, and APY means annual percentage yield. They're not the same thing. And trust us, this APR and APY business isn't TMI either.

You can count on a bank or lender to emphasize whichever of the two will seem more enticing to you. Here's why understanding the difference between APR and APY is so important.

First, a quick lesson on compound interest

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Compound interest is a powerful force. It makes your savings — or a debt — grow more quickly by applying interest to the interest already earned or charged.

Let's say you earned 5% interest last year on $100. Your account would have grown to $105. Through compound interest, you'd earn 5% on $105 the following year, rather than on the original $100.

Interest can be compounded — that is, calculated and added to a savings or debt balance — on an annual, quarterly (every three months), monthly or daily basis.

When interest is compounded more frequently, it can result in a mountain of debt, versus manageable debt. Or, your savings can grow much more quickly.

What that means for APR and APY

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The difference between APR and APY is that APR doesn’t take compound interest into account, but APY does.

APR is the annual or yearly rate of interest, without compound interest factored in. APY builds the compounding into the rate.

A savings vehicle or loan might have an APR of 5% but an APY of 5.09% if the interest is compounded quarterly, or an APY of 5.11% if the compounding is done monthly.

Banks tend to compound the interest on savings accounts on a monthly or daily basis. Mortgage interest is often compounded monthly.

Know: Is it APR -- or APY?

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A mortgage lender who's trying to get you to bite on a home loan will make the interest rate sound as low as possible — which means you're more likely to be presented with an APR instead of the APY. Always ask what the APY is.

Meanwhile, when a bank wants your deposit, you can expect to hear the savings APY upfront, because it will be higher and sound better than the APR.

As you look at loans or today's best savings rates, make sure you’re comparing APY to APY, or APR to APR, and consider the frequency of compounding.

All the compounding stuff we've thrown at you may have your head pounding by this point. So just remember: When interest is compounded more often, you'll earn — or pay — more.