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Arlington Asset Investment Corp. Reports First Quarter 2019 Financial Results

ARLINGTON, Va., May 1, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Arlington Asset Investment Corp. (AI) (the "Company" or "Arlington") today reported net income available to common shareholders of $17.3 million, or $0.52 per diluted common share, and non-GAAP core operating income of $10.5 million, or $0.32 per diluted common share, for the quarter ended March 31, 2019.  A reconciliation of non-GAAP core operating income to GAAP net income (loss) before income taxes appears at the end of this press release.

First Quarter 2019 Financial Highlights

  • $0.52 per diluted common share of GAAP net income
  • $0.32 per diluted common share of non-GAAP core operating income
  • $8.70 per common share of book value
  • $0.375 per common share dividend
  • Completed a common stock offering for proceeds of $48.8 million, net of underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses
  • Completed a preferred stock offering for proceeds of $28.9 million, net of underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses
  • Commenced operations of plan to elect to be taxed as a real estate investment trust ("REIT")

"With lower market volatility and solid portfolio performance during the first quarter, the Company delivered a 16.8% annualized economic return, measured as the change in book value per common share plus the quarterly dividend per common share," said J. Rock Tonkel, Jr., the Company's President and Chief Executive Officer.  "During the first quarter, the Company successfully raised $78 million in equity capital that it expects will be accretive to earnings.  The Company was able to deploy the capital in a favorable investment environment at attractive returns while also improving the Company's operating leverage by lowering its ratio of general and administrative expenses to investable capital by approximately 70 basis points."  

Other First Quarter Highlights

As of March 31, 2019, the Company's agency MBS investment portfolio totaled $5,118 million in fair value, consisting of $4,192 million of specified agency MBS and $926 million of net long to-be-announced ("TBA") agency MBS.  As of March 31, 2019, the Company's $5,118 million agency MBS investment portfolio was comprised of the following:

  • $230 million of 4.0% coupon 20-year agency MBS
  • $214 million of 3.5% coupon 30-year agency MBS
  • $3,356 million of 4.0% coupon 30-year agency MBS
  • $1,318 million of 4.5% coupon 30-year agency MBS

As of March 31, 2019, the Company's $4,192 million specified agency MBS portfolio had a weighted average amortized cost basis of $104.40 and a weighted average market price of $104.59.  The Company's fixed-rate agency MBS are comprised of securities backed by specified pools of mortgage loans selected for their lower propensity for prepayment.  Weighted average pay-up premiums on the Company's agency MBS portfolio, which represent the estimated price premium of agency MBS backed by specified pools over a generic TBA agency MBS, were approximately 1.2 percentage points as of March 31, 2019, compared to three-fifths of a percentage point as of December 31, 2018. 

As of March 31, 2019, the Company had $3,964 million of repurchase agreements outstanding with a weighted average rate of 2.73% and remaining weighted average maturity of 21 days secured by an aggregate of $4,198 million of agency MBS at fair value, which includes $323 million at sale price of unsettled agency MBS sale commitments which is included in the line item "sold securities receivable" in the Company's financial statements.  The Company's "at risk" short-term recourse financing to investable capital ratio was 11.0 to 1 as of March 31, 2019 compared to 10.6 to 1 as of December 31, 2018.  The Company's "at risk" short-term recourse financing to investable capital is measured as the ratio of the sum of the Company's repurchase agreement financing, net payable or receivable for unsettled securities and net contractual price of TBA commitments less cash and cash equivalents compared to the Company's investable capital measured as the sum of the Company's shareholders' equity and long-term unsecured debt.

GAAP net interest income was $7.9 million for the first quarter of 2019 compared to $10.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2018, including the amortization of the Company's net premium on its agency MBS of $5.9 million for the first quarter of 2019 compared to $7.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.  The Company's weighted average yield on its agency MBS was 3.36% for the first quarter of 2019 compared to 3.30% for the fourth quarter of 2018, and the actual weighted-average constant prepayment rate ("CPR") for the Company's agency MBS was 7.55% for the first quarter of 2019 compared to 8.25% for the fourth quarter of 2018.  The Company's weighted average cost of repurchase agreement funding was 2.68% during the first quarter of 2019 compared to 2.43% during the fourth quarter of 2018.

The Company enters into various hedging transactions to mitigate the interest rate sensitivity of its cost of borrowing and the value of its agency MBS portfolio including interest rate swap agreements, U.S. Treasury note futures, put and call options on 10-year U.S. Treasury note futures, and options on agency MBS.  Under GAAP, the Company has not designated these transactions as hedging instruments for financial reporting purposes and therefore all gains and losses on its hedging instruments are recorded as net investment gains and losses in the Company's financial statements. 

Under the terms of the Company's interest rate swap agreements, the Company pays semiannual interest payments based on a fixed rate and receives quarterly variable interest payments based upon the prevailing three-month London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") on the date of reset.  As of March 31, 2019, the Company had $2,850 million in notional amount of interest rate swap agreements with a weighted average pay fixed rate of 2.11% and a remaining weighted average maturity of 5.7 years.  The Company's weighted average net receive rate of its interest rate swap agreements was 0.59% during the first quarter of 2019 compared to 0.33% during the fourth quarter of 2018.  

In addition to interest rate swap agreements, the Company held $215 million in equivalent notional amount of short positions in 10-year U.S. Treasury note futures as of March 31, 2019 that were purchased during the first quarter of 2019 when the 10-year U.S. Treasury rate was 2.64%.  As of March 31, 2019, the total notional amount of the Company's interest rate hedges consisting of interest rate swaps and U.S. Treasury note futures was 63% of the Company's outstanding repurchase agreement funding and net TBA purchase commitments with a net duration gap of negative 0.2 years.

The Company reported TBA dollar roll income of $1.4 million for the first quarter of 2019 compared to $2.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.  The implied weighted-average net interest spread of the Company's TBA dollar rolls was 1.05% for the first quarter of 2019 compared to 1.66% for the fourth quarter of 2018.  TBA dollar roll income is considered the economic equivalent of investing in agency MBS financed with a repurchase agreement and is calculated as the price discount of a forward-settling purchase of a TBA agency MBS relative to the "spot" sale of the same security.  Under GAAP, the Company accounts for its TBA commitments as derivative instruments and recognizes income from TBA dollar rolls as a component of net investment gains and losses in the Company's financial statements. 

Economic net interest income was $14.1 million for the first quarter of 2019 compared to $15.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.  Economic net interest income is comprised of net interest income determined in accordance with GAAP, TBA dollar roll income and net interest income or expense from interest rate swaps.  Economic net interest income is a non-GAAP financial measure that is described later in this press release. 

Excluding TBA dollar roll income, the Company had net investment gains on our investment portfolio of $76.6 million for the first quarter of 2019. On its related interest rate hedging instruments, the Company had net investment losses of $69.0 million, excluding interest rate swap net interest income. This results in a net investment gain on our hedged investment portfolio of $7.6 million, or $0.23 per diluted common share, for the first quarter of 2019. 

On December 27, 2018, the Company's Board of Directors approved a plan for the Company to elect to be taxed and to operate in a manner that will allow the Company to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with the Company's taxable year ending December 31, 2019.  As a REIT, the Company can utilize its net operating loss ("NOL") and net capital loss ("NCL") carryforwards to reduce its taxable income and therefore its REIT distribution requirements.  As of March 31, 2019, the Company estimated its NOL carryforward at $14.5 million that expires in 2028 and its NCL carryforward at $433.3 million that begins to expire in 2019.  In addition, the Company had an alternative minimum tax ("AMT") credit carryforward of $9.1 million as of March 31, 2019 that does not expire.  The AMT credit carryforward can be realized as either a cash refund or as an offset to future regular tax liabilities or a combination of both.  The Company's estimated loss and tax credit carryforwards as of March 31, 2019 are subject to potential adjustments up to the time of filing the Company's income tax returns. 

Distributions to Shareholders

The Company's Board of Directors approved a distribution to common shareholders of $0.375 per share for the first quarter of 2019.  The distribution was paid on April 30, 2019 to shareholders of record as of March 29, 2019.  The Company's Board of Directors also approved a distribution to its Series B preferred shareholders of $0.4375 per share for the first quarter of 2019.  The distribution was paid on April 1, 2019 to shareholders of record as of February 27, 2019.

The tax characterization of the Company's distributions to shareholders is determined and reported to shareholders on Form 1099-DIV after the end of the calendar year. 

Commencing with its taxable year ending December 31, 2019, the Company intends to elect and operate in a manner that will allow it to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes.  As a REIT, distributions to shareholders will generally be taxable as ordinary income that are not eligible to be taxed as qualified dividends.  However, a portion of such distributions may be designated as long-term capital gain dividends to the extent that such portion is attributable to the Company's sale of capital assets held for more than one year.  Non-corporate taxpayers may deduct up to 20% of dividends received from a REIT that are not designated as capital gain dividends or qualified dividend income, subject to certain limitations.  Distributions in excess of the Company's current and accumulated earnings and profits will be treated as a tax-free return of capital to the extent of each shareholder's tax basis in the Company's stock and as capital gain thereafter.

Conference Call

The Company will hold a conference call for investors at 9:00 A.M. Eastern Time on Thursday, May 2, 2019 to discuss the Company's first quarter 2019 results.

Investors may listen to the earnings call via the internet at: http://www.arlingtonasset.com/index.php?s=19. Replays of the earnings call will be available for 60 days via webcast at the Internet address provided above, beginning two hours after the call ends.

Additional Information

The Company will make available additional quarterly information for the benefit of its shareholders through a supplemental presentation that will be available at the Company's website, www.arlingtonasset.com.  The presentation will be available on the Webcasts and Presentations section located under the Updates & Events tab of the Company's website.

About the Company

Arlington Asset Investment Corp. (AI) currently invests primarily in mortgage-related and other assets and intends to qualify to be taxed as a REIT commencing with its taxable year ending December 31, 2019.  The Company is headquartered in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area.  For more information, please visit www.arlingtonasset.com.

Statements concerning interest rates, portfolio allocation, financing costs, portfolio hedging, prepayments, dividends, book value, utilization of loss carryforwards, any change in long-term tax structures (including any REIT election), use of equity raise proceeds and any other guidance on present or future periods constitute forward-looking statements that are subject to a number of factors, risks and uncertainties that might cause actual results to differ materially from stated expectations or current circumstances.  These factors include, but are not limited to, changes in interest rates, increased costs of borrowing, decreased interest spreads, changes in political and monetary policies, changes in default rates, changes in prepayment rates and other assumptions underlying our estimates related to our projections of future core earnings, changes in the Company's returns, changes in the use of the Company's tax benefits, the Company's ability to qualify and maintain qualification as a REIT, changes in the agency MBS asset yield, changes in the Company's monetization of net operating loss carryforwards, changes in the Company's ability to generate cash earnings and dividends, preservation and utilization of the Company's net operating loss and net capital loss carryforwards, impacts of changes to and changes by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, actions taken by the U.S. Federal Reserve, the Federal Housing Finance Agency and the U.S. Treasury, availability of opportunities that meet or exceed the Company's risk adjusted return expectations, ability and willingness to make future dividends, ability to generate sufficient cash through retained earnings to satisfy capital needs, and general economic, political, regulatory and market conditions.  These and other material risks are described in the Company's most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and any other documents filed by the Company with the SEC from time to time, which are available from the Company and from the SEC, and you should read and understand these risks when evaluating any forward-looking statement. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made. New risks and uncertainties arise over time, and it is not possible to predict those events or how they may affect the Company.  Except as required by law, the Company is not obligated to, and does not intend to, update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Financial data to follow

 

ARLINGTON ASSET INVESTMENT CORP.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)




March 31, 2019



December 31, 2018


ASSETS









Cash and cash equivalents


$

37,547



$

26,713


Interest receivable



14,128




13,349


Sold securities receivable



341,798





Mortgage-backed securities, at fair value









Agency



4,192,327




3,982,106


Private-label



28




24


Derivative assets, at fair value



15,248




438


Deposits



53,446




61,052


Other assets



18,636




15,768


   Total assets


$

4,673,158



$

4,099,450


LIABILITIES AND EQUITY









Liabilities:









Repurchase agreements


$

3,964,127



$

3,721,629


Interest payable



5,063




4,646


Accrued compensation and benefits



1,420




3,732


Dividend payable



14,190




11,736


Derivative liabilities, at fair value



2,346




6,959


Purchased securities payable



251,144





Other liabilities



4,297




2,200


Long-term unsecured debt



74,160




74,104


Total liabilities



4,316,747




3,825,006


Equity:









Preferred stock (liquidation preference of $38,816 and $8,765, respectively)



37,170




8,245


Common stock



366




305


Additional paid-in capital



2,047,398




1,997,876


Accumulated deficit



(1,728,523)




(1,731,982)


Total equity



356,411




274,444


Total liabilities and equity


$

4,673,158



$

4,099,450


Book value per common share (1)


$

8.70



$

8.71


Common shares outstanding (in thousands) (2)



36,520




30,516











(1) Book value per common share is calculated as total equity less the preferred stock liquidation preference divided by common shares outstanding.











(2) Represents common shares outstanding plus vested restricted stock units convertible into common stock less unvested restricted common stock.













 

ARLINGTON ASSET INVESTMENT CORP.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)




Three Months Ended




March 31,

2019



December 31,

2018



September 30,

2018



June 30,

2018


Interest income

















Agency mortgage-backed securities


$

33,570



$

36,914



$

32,679



$

29,940


Private-label mortgage-backed securities



1




4




2




10


Other



261




256




183




105


Total interest income



33,832




37,174




32,864




30,055


Interest expense

















Short-term secured debt



24,643




25,286




21,265




17,936


Long-term unsecured debt



1,272




1,264




1,261




1,257


Total interest expense



25,915




26,550




22,526




19,193


Net interest income



7,917




10,624




10,338




10,862


Investment advisory fee income



250











Investment income (loss), net

















Gain (loss) on trading investments, net



69,168




32,591




(37,878)




(20,892)


(Loss) gain from derivative instruments, net



(55,205)




(101,483)




35,620




16,052


Other, net



(160)




(18)




1




324


Total investment income (loss), net



13,803




(68,910)




(2,257)




(4,516)


General and administrative expenses

















Compensation and benefits



3,116




395




2,833




2,061


Other general and administrative expenses



1,260




1,263




1,121




1,400


Total general and administrative expenses



4,376




1,658




3,954




3,461


Income (loss) before income taxes



17,594




(59,944)




4,127




2,885


Income tax (benefit) provision






(33,639)




9,628




6,493


Net income (loss)



17,594




(26,305)




(5,501)




(3,608)


Dividend on preferred stock



(278)




(153)




(151)




(149)


Net income (loss) available (attributable) to common stock

$

17,316



$

(26,458)



$

(5,652)



$

(3,757)


Basic earnings (loss) per common share


$

0.52



$

(0.87)



$

(0.19)



$

(0.13)


Diluted earnings (loss) per common share


$

0.52



$

(0.87)



$

(0.19)



$

(0.13)


Weighted average common shares outstanding (in

   thousands)

















 Basic



33,053




30,392




29,382




28,210


 Diluted



33,139




30,392




29,382




28,210


Non-GAAP Core Operating Income

In addition to the Company's results of operations determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles as consistently applied in the United States ("GAAP"), the Company also reports "non-GAAP core operating income."  The Company defines core operating income as "economic net interest income" and investment advisory fee income less "core general and administrative expenses."

Economic Net Interest Income

Economic net interest income, a non-GAAP financial measure, represents the interest income earned net of interest expense incurred from all of our interest bearing financial instruments as well as the agency MBS which underlie, and are implicitly financed through, our TBA dollar roll transactions.  Economic net interest income is comprised of the following:

  • net interest income determined in accordance with GAAP;
  • TBA agency MBS dollar roll income, which is calculated as the price discount of a forward-settling purchase of a TBA agency MBS relative to the "spot" sale of the same security, earned ratably over the period beginning on the settlement date of the sale and ending on the settlement date of the forward-settling purchase; and
  • net interest income earned or expense incurred from interest rate swap agreements.

In the Company's consolidated statements of comprehensive income prepared in accordance with GAAP, TBA agency MBS dollar roll income and the net interest income earned or expense incurred from interest rate swap agreements are reported as a component of the overall periodic change in the fair value of derivative instruments within the line item "gain (loss) from derivative instruments, net" of the "investment gain (loss), net" section. We believe that economic net interest income assists investors in understanding and evaluating the financial performance of the Company's long-term-focused, net interest spread-based investment strategy, prior to the deduction of core general and administrative expenses. 

Core General and Administrative Expenses

Core general and administrative expenses are non-interest expenses reported within the line item "total general and administrative expenses" of the consolidated statements of comprehensive income less stock-based compensation expense. 

Non-GAAP Core Operating Income Results

The following table presents the Company's computation of economic net interest income and core operating income for the last four fiscal quarters (unaudited, amounts in thousands, except per share amounts):


Three Months Ended



March 31,

2019



December 31,

2018



September 30,

2018



June 30,

2018


GAAP net interest income

$

7,917



$

10,624



$

10,338



$

10,862


TBA dollar roll income


1,420




2,940




4,604




6,742


Interest rate swap net interest income


4,747




2,304




2,295




2,483


Economic net interest income


14,084




15,868




17,237




20,087


Investment advisory fee income


250











Core general and administrative expenses


(3,603)




(2,324)




(3,202)




(3,162)


Preferred stock dividend


(278)




(153)




(151)




(149)


Non-GAAP core operating income

$

10,453



$

13,391



$

13,884



$

16,776


















Non-GAAP core operating income per

   diluted common share

$

0.32



$

0.44



$

0.47



$

0.59


Weighted average diluted common

   shares outstanding


33,139




30,437




29,718




28,463


The following table provides a reconciliation of GAAP pre-tax net income (loss) to non-GAAP core operating income for the last four fiscal quarters (unaudited, amounts in thousands):


Three Months Ended



March 31,

2019



December 31,

2018



September 30,

2018



June 30,

2018


GAAP income (loss) before income taxes

$

17,594



$

(59,944)



$

4,127



$

2,885


Add (less):
















Total investment (gain) loss, net


(13,803)




68,910




2,257




4,516


Stock-based compensation expense


773




(666)




752




299


Preferred stock dividend


(278)




(153)




(151)




(149)


Add back:
















TBA dollar roll income


1,420




2,940




4,604




6,742


Interest rate swap net interest income


4,747




2,304




2,295




2,483


Non-GAAP core operating income

$

10,453



$

13,391



$

13,884



$

16,776


Non-GAAP core operating income is used by management to evaluate the financial performance of the Company's long-term investment strategy and core business activities over periods of time as well as assist with the determination of the appropriate level of periodic dividends to common stockholders.  The Company believes that non-GAAP core operating income assists investors in understanding and evaluating the financial performance of the Company's long-term investment strategy and core business activities over periods of time as well as its earnings capacity.  A limitation of utilizing this non-GAAP financial measure is that the effect of accounting for "non-core" events or transactions in accordance with GAAP does, in fact, reflect the financial results of our business and these effects should not be ignored when evaluating and analyzing our financial results.  For example, the economic cost or benefit of hedging instruments other than interest rate swap agreements, such as U.S. Treasury note futures or options on U.S. Treasury note futures, do not affect the computation of non-GAAP core operating income.  In addition, the Company's calculation of non-GAAP core operating income may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies.  Therefore, the Company believes that net income and comprehensive income determined in accordance with GAAP should be considered in conjunction with non-GAAP core operating income.  Furthermore, there may be differences between non-GAAP core operating income and taxable income determined in accordance with the Internal Revenue Code.  As a REIT, the Company will be required to distribute at least 90% of its REIT taxable income (subject to certain adjustments) to qualify as a REIT and all of its taxable income in order to not be subject to any U.S. Federal or state corporate income taxes.  Accordingly, non-GAAP core operating income may not equal the Company's distribution requirements as a REIT.

The following tables present information on the Company's investment and hedge portfolio as of March 31, 2019 (unaudited, dollars in thousands):

Agency MBS:



Fair Value


Specified agency MBS


$

4,192,327


Net long agency TBA position



925,797


Total


$

5,118,124


Specified Agency MBS:



Unpaid

Principal

Balance



Net

Unamortized

Purchase

Premiums



Amortized

Cost Basis



Net

Unrealized

Gain (Loss)



Fair Value



Market

Price



Coupon



Weighted

Average

Expected

Remaining

Life


20-year fixed rate:

































4.0%


$

221,558



$

7,027



$

228,585



$

1,184



$

229,769



$

103.71




4.00

%



3.7


30-year fixed rate:

































3.5%



209,323




6,708




216,031




(2,450)




213,581




102.03




3.50

%



7.3


4.0%



2,334,089




100,160




2,434,249




(3,687)




2,430,562




104.13




4.00

%



6.4


4.5%



1,243,502




62,550




1,306,052




12,349




1,318,401




106.02




4.50

%



5.7


5.5%



13







13




1




14




109.06




5.50

%



5.7


Total/weighted-average


$

4,008,485



$

176,445



$

4,184,930



$

7,397



$

4,192,327



$

104.59




4.13

%



6.1


Net Long Agency TBA Positions:



Notional Amount:
















Net Long (Short)

Position



Implied Cost

Basis



Implied

Fair Value



Net Carrying

Amount


3.5% 30-year MBS purchase commitments


$

25,000



$

25,094



$

25,348



$

254


3.5% 30-year MBS sale commitments



(25,000)




(25,332)




(25,348)




(16)


4.0% 30-year MBS purchase commitments



1,450,000




1,482,877




1,491,844




8,967


4.0% 30-year MBS sale commitments



(550,000)




(563,996)




(566,047)




(2,051)


Total TBA commitments, net


$

900,000



$

918,643



$

925,797



$

7,154


Interest Rate Swap Agreements:







Weighted-average:




Notional Amount



Fixed

Pay Rate



Variable

Receive Rate



Net Receive

(Pay) Rate



Remaining

Life (Years)


Years to maturity:





















Less than 3 years


$

1,175,000




1.59

%



2.70

%



1.11

%



1.4


3 to less than 7 years



100,000




1.77

%



2.63

%



0.86

%



3.4


7 to less than 10 years



1,550,000




2.51

%



2.64

%



0.13

%



8.7


10 or more years



25,000




2.96

%



2.63

%



(0.33)

%



29.0


Total / weighted-average


$

2,850,000




2.11

%



2.66

%



0.55

%



5.7


U.S. Treasury Note Futures:



Maturity Date


Notional Amount


10-year U.S. Treasury note futures


June 2019


$

215,000









Cision

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