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AZZ Inc (NYSE:AZZ): Can It Deliver A Superior ROE To The Industry?

Amar Chadha

AZZ Inc (NYSE:AZZ) generated a below-average return on equity of 9.73% in the past 12 months, while its industry returned 12.79%. Though AZZ’s recent performance is underwhelming, it is useful to understand what ROE is made up of and how it should be interpreted. Knowing these components can change your views on AZZ’s below-average returns. Metrics such as financial leverage can impact the level of ROE which in turn can affect the sustainability of AZZ’s returns. Let me show you what I mean by this. Check out our latest analysis for AZZ

Peeling the layers of ROE – trisecting a company’s profitability

Return on Equity (ROE) is a measure of AZZ’s profit relative to its shareholders’ equity. It essentially shows how much the company can generate in earnings given the amount of equity it has raised. Generally speaking, a higher ROE is preferred; however, there are other factors we must also consider before making any conclusions.

Return on Equity = Net Profit ÷ Shareholders Equity

Returns are usually compared to costs to measure the efficiency of capital. AZZ’s cost of equity is 11.09%. Since AZZ’s return does not cover its cost, with a difference of -1.35%, this means its current use of equity is not efficient and not sustainable. Very simply, AZZ pays more for its capital than what it generates in return. ROE can be broken down into three different ratios: net profit margin, asset turnover, and financial leverage. This is called the Dupont Formula:

Dupont Formula

ROE = profit margin × asset turnover × financial leverage

ROE = (annual net profit ÷ sales) × (sales ÷ assets) × (assets ÷ shareholders’ equity)

ROE = annual net profit ÷ shareholders’ equity

NYSE:AZZ Last Perf Jan 4th 18

Essentially, profit margin shows how much money the company makes after paying for all its expenses. The other component, asset turnover, illustrates how much revenue AZZ can make from its asset base. The most interesting ratio, and reflective of sustainability of its ROE, is financial leverage. Since financial leverage can artificially inflate ROE, we need to look at how much debt AZZ currently has. At 55.35%, AZZ’s debt-to-equity ratio appears sensible and indicates its ROE is generated from its capacity to increase profit without a large debt burden.

NYSE:AZZ Historical Debt Jan 4th 18

What this means for you:

Are you a shareholder? AZZ’s ROE is underwhelming relative to the industry average, and its returns were also not strong enough to cover its own cost of equity. Since its existing ROE is not fuelled by unsustainable debt, investors shouldn’t give up as AZZ still has capacity to improve shareholder returns by borrowing to invest in new projects in the future. If you’re looking for new ideas for high-returning stocks, you should take a look at our free platform to see the list of stocks with Return on Equity over 20%.

Are you a potential investor? If you are considering investing in AZZ, basing your decision on ROE alone is certainly not sufficient. I recommend you do additional fundamental analysis by looking through our most recent infographic report on AZZ to help you make a more informed investment decision.


To help readers see pass the short term volatility of the financial market, we aim to bring you a long-term focused research analysis purely driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis does not factor in the latest price sensitive company announcements.

The author is an independent contributor and at the time of publication had no position in the stocks mentioned.