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Barnes & Noble Education Reports Third Quarter Fiscal Year 2022 Financial Results

·19 min read

Consolidated GAAP Net Loss Improved by $11.5 Million and Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA (Non-GAAP) Improved by $7.7 Million

BNC’s First Day® Complete and First Day® Inclusive Access Offerings Revenue Grew 64%

Retail Gross Comparable Store Sales Increased 8.4%

General Merchandise Retail Gross Comparable Store Sales Increased 59.1%

DSS Revenue Increased 31%

BASKING RIDGE, N.J., March 08, 2022--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Barnes & Noble Education, Inc. (NYSE: BNED), a leading solutions provider for the education industry, today reported sales and earnings for the third quarter of fiscal year 2022, which ended on January 29, 2022.

The Company’s fiscal 2022 third quarter results continued to be affected by the ongoing effects of COVID-19 and the Omicron variant which impacted students return to campus and on-campus activities. While the majority of the Company’s institutional partners brought students back to campus in early January, some chose to conduct classes remotely for the beginning of the semester, while other schools chose to delay their start dates, and some chose to both delay their start dates and begin the semester with remote learning.

Financial highlights for the Third Quarter 2022:

  • Consolidated third quarter GAAP sales of $402.8 million decreased 2.1%, as compared to the prior year period.

  • Consolidated third quarter GAAP gross profit of $87.0 million increased 23.2%, as compared to the prior year period.

  • Consolidated third quarter GAAP net loss of $(36.8) million, compared to a net loss of $(48.3) million in the prior year period.

  • Consolidated third quarter non-GAAP Adjusted Earnings of $(28.9) million, compared to $(25.6) million in the prior year period.

  • Consolidated third quarter non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA of $(13.1) million, compared to $(20.8) million in the prior year period.

  • Retail segment gross comparable store sales increased 8.4%. For comparable store sales reporting purposes, logo and emblematic general merchandise sales fulfilled by FLC and Fanatics are included on a gross basis. Please see more detailed definition in the third quarter Results table and Retail segment discussion below.

Operational highlights for the Third Quarter 2022:

  • 76 campus stores utilized BNC’s First Day® Complete courseware delivery program during the 2022 Spring Term, at institutions representing over 380,000* in total undergraduate enrollment; up from 14 campus stores and approximately 62,000* in total undergraduate enrollment in the 2021 Spring Term.

  • BNC’s First Day Complete and First Day® inclusive access offerings revenue increased 64%.

  • DSS revenue increased by 31% to $9.4 million.

  • Generated over 97,000 bartleby® gross subscribers during the quarter and over 285,000 bartleby gross subscribers year-to-date, representing year-over-year growth of 34%.

*As reported by National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)

"Our third quarter results were negatively impacted by COVID’s Omicron surge that coincided with our seasonally important Spring Rush period. In response to the Omicron surge, in early January a number of our institutional partners offered only virtual classes, while others chose to delay their start dates; and some chose a combination of both delaying classes and virtual only instruction," said Michael P. Huseby, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman, BNED. "Despite these challenges, we continued to execute and achieve growth in our key initiatives during the third quarter, including First Day and First Day Complete; scaling and improving our partnership with Fanatics Lids College and its impact on our general merchandise business; growing our direct to student digital business; and growing our new store footprint, including the exciting initial opening of the new Notre Dame Hammes Bookstore this coming week."

Mr. Huseby continued, "Given the efficacy of COVID vaccines, responsive protocols and evolving regulatory policies, we are projecting a more open operating environment, and we are therefore cautiously optimistic that COVID’s restrictive impacts on our business will continue to dissipate; including near-term opportunities to improve comparable annual performance such as upcoming NCAA sporting events and graduation celebrations, and longer-term as BNED continues to adapt and offer high-value solutions to all of its customers."

Third Quarter 2022 and Year to Date Results

Results for the 13 and 39 weeks of fiscal 2022 and fiscal 2021 are as follows:

$ in millions

Selected Data (unaudited)

13 Weeks
Q3 2022

13 Weeks
Q3 2021

39 Weeks
Fiscal 2022

39 Weeks
Fiscal 2021

Total Sales

$

402.8

$

411.6

$

1,270.6

$

1,211.1

Net Loss

$

(36.8

)

$

(48.3

)

$

(58.6

)

$

(87.4

)

Non-GAAP(1)

Adjusted EBITDA

$

(13.1

)

$

(20.8

)

$

1.4

$

(34.3

)

Adjusted Earnings

$

(28.9

)

$

(25.6

)

$

(44.0

)

$

(56.2

)

Additional Information

Retail Gross Comparable Store Sales Variances (2)

$

30.9

$

(88.5

)

$

186.9

$

(397.7

)

(1) These non-GAAP financial measures have been reconciled in the attached schedules to the most directly comparable GAAP measure as required under SEC rules regarding the use of non-GAAP financial measures.

(2) Retail Gross Comparable Store Sales includes sales from physical and virtual stores that have been open for an entire fiscal year period and does not include sales from closed stores for all periods presented. In-store and online logo and emblematic general merchandise sales fulfilled by FLC and Fanatics, respectively, and are recognized on a net commission revenue basis, as compared to the recognition of logo and emblematic sales on a gross basis in the prior year period. For Retail Gross Comparable Store Sales purposes, sales for logo and emblematic general merchandise fulfilled by FLC, Fanatics and digital agency sales are included on a gross basis.

The Company has three reportable segments: Retail, Wholesale and Digital Student Solutions ("DSS"). Unallocated shared-service costs, which include various corporate level expenses and other governance functions, continue to be presented as Corporate Services. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Retail Segment Results

Retail sales decreased by $12.9 million, or 3.3%, as compared to the prior year period due to lower course material sales and lower logo and emblematic net revenue, as logo and emblematic sales are now reflected on a net revenue commission basis compared to a gross revenue basis in the prior year period.

On a gross comparable sales basis, where logo and emblematic sales fulfilled by FLC and Fanatics are included on a gross basis, Retail segment gross comparable store sales increased 8.4%, consisting of a 4.0% decline in course material sales, offset by a 59.1% increase in general merchandise sales.

The course material sales decline was partially mitigated by the growth of our First Day Complete and First Day by course inclusive access offerings, with their revenue growing 64% to $76.1 million during the quarter. As the Spring term extends to April and May, rental income related to First Day Complete and First Day rental course materials are recognized over the term and therefore a portion of the revenue is deferred into the Company’s fiscal fourth quarter.

Consistent with prior years and further exacerbated by some delayed start dates, the Spring Rush period extended beyond the quarter into the fourth quarter. Factoring in the fiscal month of February into the third quarter, which includes rental deferred revenue for our First Day programs, Retail gross comparable store sales increased by approximately 18.8%.

The Retail non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA loss for the quarter improved by $6.8 million to $(15.4) million, as compared to $(22.2) million in the prior year period. The non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA loss improved on higher gross margins benefitting from greater general merchandise sales and improved margin rates and lower markdowns, partially offset by higher selling and administrative expenses, which increased primarily as a result of the store re-openings that had temporarily closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the prior year.

Wholesale Segment Results

Wholesale third quarter sales of $37.0 million decreased $2.4 million, or 6.1%, as compared to the prior year period. The decrease is primarily due to COVID-19 related supply constraints of used textbooks resulting from the lack of on campus textbook buyback opportunities during the prior fiscal year and lower customer demand, partially offset by lower returns and allowances.

Wholesale non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter declined to $4.2 million, as compared to $6.3 million in the prior year, declining on the lower sales.

DSS Segment Results

DSS third quarter sales of $9.4 million increased $2.2 million, or 30.9%, as compared to the prior year period.

DSS non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA was $1.5 million for the quarter, as compared to $1.0 million in the prior year period.

Other

Selling and administrative expenses for Corporate Services, which includes unallocated shared-service costs, such as various corporate level expenses and other governance functions, were $5.2 million for the quarter, compared to $6.5 million in the prior year period, primarily due to lower incentive plan compensation expense.

Intercompany gross margin eliminations of $1.8 million for the quarter were reflected in non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA, compared to eliminations of $0.5 million impacting non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA in the prior year period.

Outlook

While the COVID-19 virus and its variants have had a greater than expected impact on the Company’s business in fiscal year 2022, based on its current views that include an improved outlook for on campus events and activities during the Spring, the Company continues to expect to generate positive non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA in fiscal year 2022. While the Company currently believes that non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA will significantly improve in fiscal year 2023, the Company now expects non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA for fiscal year 2023 to be lower than pre-COVID levels, as the direct and ancillary impacts of the pandemic, including wholesale supply issues and inflationary pressures, are expected to continue. The Company expects to be in a position to provide additional insight on its fiscal year 2023 outlook when it reports year-end earnings in June.

Conference Call

A conference call with Barnes & Noble Education, Inc. senior management will be webcast at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time on Tuesday, March 8, 2022 and can be accessed at the Barnes & Noble Education corporate website at investor.bned.com or www.bned.com.

Barnes & Noble Education expects to report fiscal 2022 fourth quarter results in late June 2022.

ABOUT BARNES & NOBLE EDUCATION, INC.

Barnes & Noble Education, Inc. (NYSE: BNED) is a leading solutions provider for the education industry, driving affordability, access and achievement at hundreds of academic institutions nationwide and ensuring millions of students are equipped for success in the classroom and beyond. Through its family of brands, BNED offers campus retail services and academic solutions, a digital direct-to-student learning ecosystem, wholesale capabilities and more. BNED is a company serving all who work to elevate their lives through education, supporting students, faculty and institutions as they make tomorrow a better, more inclusive and smarter world. For more information, visit www.bned.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains certain "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and information relating to us and our business that are based on the beliefs of our management as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to our management. When used in this communication, the words "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "plan," "will," "forecasts," "projections," and similar expressions, as they relate to us or our management, identify forward-looking statements. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make, including any statements made in regards to our response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the future events and trends discussed in this press release may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. Such statements reflect our current views with respect to future events, the outcome of which is subject to certain risks, including, among others: risks associated with public health crises, epidemics, and pandemics, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, including the duration, spread, severity, and any recurrences thereof, and the impact such public health crises have on the overall demand for BNED products and services, our operations, the operations of our suppliers and other business partners, and the effectiveness of our response to these risks; general competitive conditions, including actions our competitors and content providers may take to grow their businesses; a decline in college enrollment or decreased funding available for students; decisions by colleges and universities to outsource their physical and/or online bookstore operations or change the operation of their bookstores; implementation of our digital strategy may not result in the expected growth in our digital sales and/or profitability; risk that digital sales growth does not exceed the rate of investment spend; the performance of our online, digital and other initiatives, integration of and deployment of, additional products and services including new digital channels, and enhancements to higher education digital products, and the inability to achieve the expected cost savings; the risk of price reduction or change in format of course materials by publishers, which could negatively impact revenues and margin; the general economic environment and consumer spending patterns; decreased consumer demand for our products, low growth or declining sales; the strategic objectives, successful integration, anticipated synergies, and/or other expected potential benefits of various acquisitions may not be fully realized or may take longer than expected; the integration of the operations of various acquisitions into our own may also increase the risk of our internal controls being found ineffective; changes to purchase or rental terms, payment terms, return policies, the discount or margin on products or other terms with our suppliers; our ability to successfully implement our strategic initiatives including our ability to identify, compete for and execute upon additional acquisitions and strategic investments; risks associated with operation or performance of MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC’s point-of-sales systems that are sold to college bookstore customers; technological changes; risks associated with counterfeit and piracy of digital and print materials; our international operations could result in additional risks; our ability to attract and retain employees; risks associated with data privacy, information security and intellectual property; trends and challenges to our business and in the locations in which we have stores; non-renewal of managed bookstore, physical and/or online store contracts and higher-than-anticipated store closings; disruptions to our information technology systems, infrastructure and data due to computer malware, viruses, hacking and phishing attacks, resulting in harm to our business and results of operations; disruption of or interference with third party web service providers and our own proprietary technology; work stoppages or increases in labor costs; possible increases in shipping rates or interruptions in shipping service; product shortages, including decreases in the used textbook inventory supply associated with the implementation of publishers’ digital offerings and direct to student textbook consignment rental programs, as well as the risks associated with the impacts that public health crises may have on the ability of our suppliers to manufacture or source products, particularly from outside of the United States; changes in domestic and international laws or regulations, including U.S. tax reform, changes in tax rates, laws and regulations, as well as related guidance; enactment of laws or changes in enforcement practices which may restrict or prohibit our use of texts, emails, interest based online advertising, recurring billing or similar marketing and sales activities; the amount of our indebtedness and ability to comply with covenants applicable to any future debt financing; our ability to satisfy future capital and liquidity requirements; our ability to access the credit and capital markets at the times and in the amounts needed and on acceptable terms; adverse results from litigation, governmental investigations, tax-related proceedings, or audits; changes in accounting standards; and the other risks and uncertainties detailed in the section titled "Risk Factors" in Part I - Item 1A in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended May 1, 2021. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results or outcomes may vary materially from those described as anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended or planned. Subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements in this paragraph. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise after the date of this press release.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

We have three reportable segments: Retail, Wholesale and DSS as follows:

  • The Retail Segment operates 1,441 college, university, and K-12 school bookstores, comprised of 799 physical bookstores and 642 virtual bookstores. Our bookstores typically operate under agreements with the college, university, or K-12 schools to be the official bookstore and the exclusive seller of course materials and supplies, including physical and digital products. The majority of the physical campus bookstores have school-branded e-commerce sites which we operate and which offer students access to affordable course materials and affinity products, including emblematic apparel and gifts. The Retail Segment also offers inclusive access programs, in which course materials, including e-content, are offered at a reduced price through a course materials fee, and delivered to students on or before the first day of class. Additionally, the Retail Segment offers a suite of digital content and services to colleges and universities, including a variety of open educational resource-based courseware.

  • The Wholesale Segment is comprised of our wholesale textbook business and is one of the largest textbook wholesalers in the country. The Wholesale Segment centrally sources, sells, and distributes new and used textbooks to approximately 3,100 physical bookstores (including our Retail Segment's 799 physical bookstores) and sources and distributes new and used textbooks to our 642 virtual bookstores. Additionally, the Wholesale Segment sells hardware and a software suite of applications that provides inventory management and point-of-sale solutions to approximately 400 college bookstores.

  • The Digital Student Solutions ("DSS") Segment includes direct-to-student products and services to assist students to study more effectively and improve academic performance. The DSS Segment is comprised of the operations of Student Brands, LLC, a leading direct-to-student subscription-based writing services business, and bartleby®, a direct-to-student subscription-based offering providing textbook solutions, expert questions and answers, writing and tutoring.

Corporate Services represents unallocated shared-service costs which include corporate level expenses and other governance functions, including executive functions, such as accounting, legal, treasury, information technology, and human resources.

All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

BARNES & NOBLE EDUCATION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

13 weeks ended

39 weeks ended

January 29,
2022

January 30,
2021

January 29,
2022

January 30,
2021

Sales:

Product sales and other

$

377,713

$

373,502

$

1,182,812

$

1,118,544

Rental income

25,085

38,111

87,757

92,568

Total sales

402,798

411,613

1,270,569

1,211,112

Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense):

Product and other cost of sales (a)

297,693

315,607

924,924

933,847

Rental cost of sales

18,144

25,394

53,096

60,506

Total cost of sales

315,837

341,001

978,020

994,353

Gross profit

86,961

70,612

292,549

216,759

Selling and administrative expenses

101,460

92,708

295,597

254,723

Depreciation and amortization expense

12,179

13,307

36,755

40,563

Impairment loss (non-cash) (a)

6,411

27,630

6,411

27,630

Restructuring and other charges (a)

46

1,669

3,785

10,727

Operating loss

(33,135

)

(64,702

)

(49,999

)

(116,884

)

Interest expense, net

3,051

2,311

7,809

5,876

Loss before income taxes

(36,186

)

(67,013

)

(57,808

)

(122,760

)

Income tax expense (benefit)

615

(18,724

)

811

(35,334

)

Net loss

$

(36,801

)

$

(48,289

)

$

(58,619

)

$

(87,426

)

Loss per common share:

Basic

$

(0.71

)

$

(0.96

)

$

(1.13

)

$

(1.78

)

Diluted

$

(0.71

)

$

(0.96

)

$

(1.13

)

$

(1.78

)

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

Basic

52,003

50,082

51,714

49,099

Diluted

52,003

50,082

51,714

49,099

(a) For additional information, see the Notes in the Non-GAAP disclosure information of this Press Release.

13 weeks ended

39 weeks ended

January 29,
2022

January 30,
2021

January 29,
2022

January 30,
2021

Percentage of sales:

Sales:

Product sales and other

93.8 %

90.7 %

93.1 %

92.4 %

Rental income

6.2 %

9.3 %

6.9 %

7.6 %

Total sales

100.0 %

100.0 %

100.0 %

100.0 %

Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense):

Product and other cost of sales (a)

78.8 %

84.5 %

78.2 %

83.5 %

Rental cost of sales (a)

72.3 %

66.6 %

60.5 %

65.4 %

Total cost of sales

78.4 %

82.8 %

77.0 %

82.1 %

Gross profit

21.6 %

17.2 %

23.0 %

17.9 %

Selling and administrative expenses

25.2 %

22.5 %

23.3 %

21.0 %

Depreciation and amortization expense

3.0 %

3.2 %

2.9 %

3.3 %

Impairment loss (non-cash)

1.6 %

6.7 %

0.5 %

2.3 %

Restructuring and other charges

— %

0.4 %

0.3 %

0.9 %

Operating loss

(8.2) %

(15.6) %

(4.0) %

(9.6) %

Interest expense, net

0.8 %

0.6 %

0.6 %

0.5 %

Loss before income taxes

(9.0) %

(16.2) %

(4.6) %

(10.1) %

Income tax expense (benefit)

0.2 %

(4.5) %

0.1 %

(2.9) %

Net loss

(9.2) %

(11.7) %

(4.7) %

(7.2) %

(a) Represents the percentage these costs bear to the related sales, instead of total sales.

BARNES & NOBLE EDUCATION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

January 29,
2022

January 30,
2021

ASSETS

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

9,967

$

9,915

Receivables, net

250,187

227,174

Merchandise inventories, net

403,646

452,611

Textbook rental inventories

40,976

40,720

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

60,615

25,281

Total current assets

765,391

755,701

Property and equipment, net

93,752

87,405

Operating lease right-of-use assets

229,259

242,937

Intangible assets, net

133,975

155,536

Goodwill

4,700

4,700

Deferred tax assets, net

22,918

14,984

Other noncurrent assets

24,040

27,195

Total assets

$

1,274,035

$

1,288,458

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

359,743

$

318,795

Accrued liabilities

150,754

125,815

Current operating lease liabilities

100,773

105,624

Total current liabilities

611,270

550,234

Long-term operating lease liabilities

168,924

190,453

Other long-term liabilities

48,676

52,814

Long-term borrowings

200,400

150,800

Total liabilities

1,029,270

944,301

Commitments and contingencies