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A New Billionaire Emerges From Singapore Gaming Powerhouse Sea

Tom Metcalf and Yoolim Lee
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A New Billionaire Emerges From Singapore Gaming Powerhouse Sea

(Bloomberg) -- Free Fire is a world unto itself.

More than 40 million players log on each day to find weapons and battle it out till one character’s left standing. It’s Sea Ltd.’s marquee hit, a virtual landscape housing more people than the American population and the prime reason Chinese-born founder Forrest Li is climbing the real world’s wealth rankings.

The 41-year-old entrepreneur owns 13.8 percent of Singapore-based Sea, a stake now worth roughly $1 billion, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. Shares in Southeast Asia’s biggest gaming service surged 35 percent on Wednesday -- the most since its 2017 initial public offering -- after reporting a doubling in sales and robust growth at e-commerce unit Shopee. Free Fire played a mega role: with more than 350 million registered users from Brazil to Indonesia, it was the world’s fourth most-downloaded game on the Apple and Google app stores in 2018.

Even though last year’s net loss widened to $961 million, investors are betting that Sea’s costly expansion into e-commerce will complement its gaming arm and create a regional internet-services heavyweight in the mold of backer Tencent Holdings Ltd. Sea this week forecast 2019 annual adjusted revenue at gaming arm Garena and mobile shopping unit Shopee will double or more.

Read a profile of Sea CEO Forrest Li

Li, who is now a Singaporean citizen, joins Tim Sweeney in the e-gaming billionaire stakes. Sweeney created Fortnite, another last-character-standing Battle Royale sensation.

Neither has to look far for advice on how to manage their wealth. Tencent is a shareholder in both Sea and Fortnite-developer Epic Games Inc. and the Chinese gaming titan’s founder Pony Ma is worth $34.4 billion, according to Bloomberg wealth rankings.

Born and raised in the port city of Tianjin by state-company lifers, Li attended a Shanghai university in his teens, arriving in a metropolis teeming with urbanites who spoke an alien dialect. He spent most nights playing games at an internet cafe till dawn. Li adopted his English name after identifying with Tom Hank’s Oscar-winning portrayal of the fictional character Forrest Gump.

After graduation, he worked at Motorola Solutions Inc. and Corning Inc. in China. But he saw a limited future as a white-collar manager and enrolled in Stanford’s MBA program. It was when he attended his then-girlfriend’s graduation ceremony -- the same one where the late Steve Jobs gave his now-famous commencement speech -- that things clicked for him.

In an interview with Bloomberg in 2016, Li said he replayed the oration daily for months on YouTube before deciding to strike out on his own. “It gave me the courage to do what I am doing now,” he said at the time. Li founded his company, then known only as Garena, in Singapore in 2009, starting out as an online gaming service.

Since going public in October 2017, Sea has struggled to keep its footing amid widening losses. The company invested heavily to expand beyond games and into e-commerce, where it faces entrenched competition from the likes of Lazada, owned by Alibaba Group Holding Ltd., as well as a number of well-funded homegrown players.

Its U.S.-listed stock traded at $13 on average in 2018, below the IPO price of $15. It closed at $21.50 Thursday in New York, down 1.7 percent.

--With assistance from Yoojung Lee and Pei Yi Mak.

To contact the reporters on this story: Tom Metcalf in London at tmetcalf7@bloomberg.net;Yoolim Lee in Singapore at yoolim@bloomberg.net

To contact the editors responsible for this story: Pierre Paulden at ppaulden@bloomberg.net, ;Peter Elstrom at pelstrom@bloomberg.net, Peter Eichenbaum, Edwin Chan

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