Bioceres Crop Solutions Corp. (NASDAQ:BIOX) Q2 2023 Earnings Call Transcript
Bioceres Crop Solutions Corp. (NASDAQ:BIOX) Q2 2023 Earnings Call Transcript February 9, 2023
Operator: Hello and welcome Bioceres Crop Solutions Fiscal Second Quarter 2023 Financial Results Conference Call. My name is Drew, and I'll be your operator today. I would now like to turn the call over to Paula Savanti, Head of Investor Relations. Please go ahead.
Paula Savanti: Thank you. Good morning and welcome to everybody. Thank you for joining. Presenting today during the call will be Federico Trucco, our Chief Executive Officer; and Enrique Lopez Lecube, our Chief Financial Officer. Both will be available for the Q&A session. Before we proceed, I would like to make the following Safe Harbor statements. Today's call will contain forward-looking statements and I refer you to the forward-looking statements section of today's earnings release and presentation as well as the recent filings with the SEC. We assume no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect new or changed circumstances. This conference call is being webcast and the webcast link is available at the Bioceres Crop Solutions Investor Relations website. At this time, I will turn the call over to our CEO, Federico Trucco. Thank you.
Federico Trucco: Thank you, Paula and good morning everyone and welcome to our second quarter earnings call. Please turn to slide three from the deck for a quick overview of these period's business and financial highlights. As we have anticipated during our prior earnings call, our growth momentum has been momentarily interrupted by unusually severe drought conditions in Argentina that extended throughout the entire planting window for summer crops. Although we are flat when compared to last year's revenue for the quarter, we are down by 7% year-over-year for the period on a pro forma basis after including Pro Farm's operations. This circumstantial decline interrupts a run of seven consecutive quarters of topline growth and profitability expansion, which we expect to resume in the second half of the fiscal year as weather conditions have turned more favorable in our key commercial regions.
On a less circumstantial and more permanent front, the severe drought conditions in Argentina have allowed us to put HB4 technology to the desk like never before. And the performance of HB4 wheat has been outstanding in all fronts. In environments yielding less than two tonnes per hectare, HB4 wheat was -- has outperformed commercial materials by an average yield improvement of 43%. HB4 soy contract despite unusually difficult planting conditions in Argentina, half of the current seed multiplication area was planted with new generation varieties, which will help us quickly rotate the existing portfolio and improve performance compared to the earlier materials. An important milestone on the HB4 soy front was the initiation of the multiplication program with farmers in Brazil, which we expect to give us enough seed for an initial 10,000 hectares in the upcoming season.
We have closed our previously announced acquisition of wheat breeding assets in Australia, where we expect to expand on the HB4 opportunity after Latin America. We'll discuss all these highlights in greater detail throughout the presentation, but let us first better magnify the severity of the drought experienced in Argentina and for that please turn to the next slide. The past drought in Argentina was of historical proportions due to two main factors; its length, extending throughout the winter and pass the entire summer crop planting window; and its reach affecting a very large part of the agriculturally productive area of the country. Wheat output was slashed by 50% compared to the prior year, and the planting of summer crops displaced by 20 to 30% outside of the optimal planting window with an irreversible decline in total crop area and unexpected production decline well above 20% compared to the year before.
Enrique will now describe, sort of, a financial implications of this drought, and then I will provide detailed information on HB4 performance, which obviously has experienced a unique year in terms of the severity of the weather event. Enrique?
Enrique Lopez Lecube: Thank you, Federico, and good morning to everyone on the call today. Federico indicated I'd like to dive further into our financial results and provide some insight on our expectations for the remainder of our 2023 fiscal year. As we have often mentioned in previous calls, geographical portfolio diversification are cornerstones to our long-term strategy, and once that drove decisions like investing into a new facility in Brazil, or even the merger with Pro Farm, both initiatives that we expect to deliver substantial revenue growth. Yes, Argentina remains an important and profitable end market to us. And, of course, the situation Federico just described presented a challenge for sales and profit of our baseline business in Argentina, as much as it offered a great opportunity to highlight the strong needs of technologies like HB4 in the context of challenging weather conditions.
Before diving into discussing our financial performance, we must note here that all numbers referenced in this presentation include Pro Farm figures, and all year-over-year comparisons are made against pro forma numbers, which include Pro Farm historical figures this for easier comparison. As you can see on slide 4, the first half of our fiscal year started strong with a 26% increase in revenues. This performance is a contrast of two quarters. You will recall that we reported a 71% increase in revenues in the first quarter, which was driven by an outstanding performance of our crop protection and crop nutrition segments. In part as a result of our commercial teams looking in early sales in anticipation of what already looked like a dry season.
While we anticipated drought conditions, the severity was beyond anyone's expectations, particularly in the most productive growing regions of Argentina. Our 7% decline in second quarter revenues reflected the slowdown in volumes as farmers minimize their investments due to a lack of rains in the planting season. An estimated $20 million to $25 million of potential sales were lost because of the weather during the quarter. Approximately, half of this total represents a permanent loss from products that would have been used in summer crops planting activities, such as seed treatment packs and fertilizers. Also, as I just pointed out, a portion of second quarter plant sales were realized in the first quarter of our fiscal year 2023 in anticipation of challenging weather conditions.
On slide 5, we can see the segments most affected in the quarter and also the value of our diversification strategy that helped mitigate the revenue loss. Despite weather conditions during soybean planting being amongst the worst of the last two decades in Argentina, we recorded our first HB4 soybean revenues, and this supported the 7% growth in Seed & Integrated Products segment. HB4 sales were partially offset by the decrease in seed treatment packs. Importantly, during the second quarter, we launched the HB4 soy program with growers in Brazil, which we expect to ramp up significantly in the coming two seasons, helping us further diversify weather risk through geographic expansion. Crop Protection revenues declined by 5%, a thrive weather led to less pest pressure and decreased demand for fungicides, insecticides and adjuvants in Argentina.
This product lines continued to deliver growth in other regions of Latin America. But the main contribution to partially offsetting the drop in Argentina was done by Pro Farm product sales in the US through increased adoption of our biological seed production products. Again, in terms of geographic diversification, it is comforting to see how all of this is playing out. Crop Nutrition saw the largest sales decline at 16%. mostly driven by lower microbeaded fertilizers sales in Argentina. Our farmers were reluctant to invest heavily on fertilizing crops that were planted beyond the optimal planting window and thus, less likely subject to lower yields. I would like to point out that improved rainfall during the month of January, we stored some soil moisture with generates expectations of an end to the drought.
Normalization of rainfall would foster the use of crop protection products. But more importantly could trigger a meaningful increase in winter crops acreage if farmers intend to recover profitability loss from soybeans and corn through newly planted wheat and barley. Both these dynamics, the resuming crop protection sales and higher winter crops acreage would allow us to recover a portion of sales lost to drought in Argentina, and provide a favorable scenario for the rollout of HB4 wheat, putting us on track for our annual sales plans. Please turn to slide 6. For the first half of the year, we delivered a 5% increase in gross profit, which was driven by first quarter performance mostly. In the second quarter though, gross profit was down 28% due to a combination of price and product mix effects.
Product mix played a role this quarter as sales contribution of higher margin products such as adjuvants and seed treatment packs sell relative to others. Both products are highly seasonal in the second quarter and were impacted by dry weather. In addition, there was some margin contraction across the portfolio in Argentina, particularly in the case of fertilizers, as the pricing strategy was adjusted to accommodate for the drought conditions, and mostly aimed at maintaining market share through customer proximity. For the full year, as rainfall in Argentina normalizes, we do expect our margins for sales in the country to trend back to normal and get us back on track with our annual goals. Please now refer to slide 7. Adjusted EBITDA for the second quarter was affected by the negative impact on sales and margins in Argentina.
The corresponding decrease in gross profit was partially offset by lower operating expenses when excluding non-cash considerations and one-timers such as D&A transaction expenses and share-based incentives. This reduction was driven by good performance in the execution of cost synergies derived from the merger with Pro Farm. As we grow Pro Farm revenues and complete the integration process, we continue to believe we are on path for this acquisition to be adjusted EBITDA neutral for the full year. We saw good progress toward this goal in the quarter. Importantly, despite a tough second quarter adjusted EBITDA for the first half of the fiscal year 2023 reached almost $35 million, which represents a 13% improvement compared with the first half of the previous fiscal year on a pro forma basis.
Finally, let's please look at the summary of our financial position shown on slide 8. Our higher debt position and the corresponding higher interest expenses are mainly explained by the execution of the agreements in connection to the merger with Pro Farm. The increase in short-term debt is explained in full by high working capital position from incorporating Pro Farm as well as progress in launching HB4. We remain at a very healthy run rate of interest expenses with an annualized average cost of debt of approximately 7%. Our cash position increased with a $50 million upfront payment from the Syngenta agreement and stood at roughly $87 million, leading to a net financial debt of $170 million on December 31st, 2022. Our net debt-to-adjusted EBITDA ratio was 3.13 times.
And although our target is to keep our leverage ratio below returns, we are comfortable as the current metric is fully explained by a temporary drop in this quarter's EBITDA. More importantly, we have a strong cash position and our working capital is well above our short-term debt obligations. After quarter close, we completed a $26.6 million public offering of corporate bonds in the Argentine market to support our local business in the country. These bonds mature in February 2025 and February 2026, and pay annual rates of 1.5% and 3.9% correspondingly. All the proceeds will be used to pay down short-term debt, thus improving the composition of short and long-term financial debt. Let me wrap up by saying that although this quarter breaks a two year streak of uninterrupted growth due to an exogenous weather shock, we are confident in the underlying fundamentals of our business.
While weather may temporarily affect our quarterly results, from time-to-time, our long-term growth trajectory remains robust. With that, I will hand the floor over to Federico. Federico?
Federico Trucco: Thanks, Enrique. And please turn to the next slide so that we dive into the HB4 wheat results. When we talk about the HB4 targeted region as an area or as areas where yields are expected to be below the two tons per hectare mark, we may think of these as a limited opportunity in normal years, when average yields are often above the three tons per hectare level. Now, in a crop year, like the one we just experienced, over 30% or close to 2 million hectares nationwide, were below this threshold. So to be able to improve yields consistently in these fields by more than 40% as shown in multiple seasons, it's quite outstanding. We are not longer talking about field trials, or limited number of fields. These are results from hundreds of growers, thousands of hectors, and multiple seasons, indeed, very compelling.
But let's go slightly more scientific in our analysis and look at the isolated effect of the HB4 gene. As we turn to the next slide. What we did here in 20 different locations, or 34 locations, if we look at the past three years, was to ask farmers to compare twins, or what we call near isogenic lines that are varieties otherwise genetically identical except for the presence or absence of the HB4 gene. This is important because as you may well know by now, final performance of an HB4 varieties often compounded by its genetic background. So we talk about first generation materials, second generation materials, or even third generation materials, like we do in soil. Now, when we neutralize that background noise, what we see is that HB4 converted lines win in all environments, not just those with yields below two tonnes per hectare.
HB4 is the true yielding with wind rates above 80%, ratifying the broad hectare opportunities resulting from this technology. So, as we improve background genetics and reduce the yield gap of the first generation materials in environment with yields above four tonnes per hectare, we can expand the HB4 opportunity to the entire wheat production area and this is what we are showing in the next slide with that close to 15% yield improvement observed in the highest yielding environments during the last season when compared when comparing the data from last year, from first generation materials to what we observed with second generation materials in the current year. The good news is that, we should be able to cover up to one-third of next seasonal HB4 plantings with second generation materials, allowing us to replace first generation varieties, almost fully by fiscal year 2024 when we expect HB4 we do deliver between $15 million to $20 million in enterable EBITDA.
Now, this technology is too important for it to be limited to Latin America and our ambition is to bring HB4 Wheat to farmers everywhere in the world where wheat relevant and droughts are prevalent. And the next stop in this route for us is Australia. So in line with these, we have closed the previously announced deal with S&W Genetics, acquiring for our subsidiary Trigall Genetics 80% ownership of their wheat breeding program. This is shown in the next slide. Australia will not become an immediate opportunity for HB4 Wheat since we have to still do regulatory working country. We have been clear from a food and feed perspective, but not yet from a production viewpoint. So that is expected to be done in the next two years, while we consolidate the breeding efforts locally and start developing the adapted HB4 lines.
We believe that HB4 in Australia will become meaningful in about five years. And that is beyond sort of our peak penetration in Latin America. So, a good way to follow up on what we are currently doing in Argentina, Brazil, and the rest of the region. Finally, to close the earnings call, I'd like to provide a brief update on HB4 soy. HB4 soy see multiplication hectares were kept steady, despite very challenging planting conditions. As we commented earlier in the presentation, importantly, half of the multiplication area was planted with the newest varieties, nine new third generation materials that will allow us to quickly rotate the portfolio and improve performance for these crops. And inventory projections are on track to meet what we expect to fiscal '24 and meet the guidance that we provided for fiscal '25.
As Enrique indicated, we are delighted to see HB4 advancing in Brazil with initial multiplications being done with farmers from using two varieties derived from the TMG program and hope hopefully, target about 10,000 hectares in the upcoming season. So with these, I think we can now open up the floor for Q&A. So, operator.
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