U.S. Markets closed

Bluerock Residential Growth REIT Announces Third Quarter 2019 Results

- Total Revenues Grew 11.8% to $53.5 Million -

- Same Store Revenue Grew 4.3% YoY -

NEW YORK, Nov. 5, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Bluerock Residential Growth REIT, Inc. (NYSE American: BRG) ("the Company"), an owner of highly amenitized multi-family apartment communities, announced today its financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2019.

(PRNewsfoto/Bluerock Residential Growth REI)

Highlights 

  • Total revenues grew 11.8% to $53.5 million for the quarter from $47.9 million in the prior year period.
  • Net income attributable to common stockholders for the third quarter of 2019 was $0.75 per diluted share, as compared to net loss attributable to common stockholders of ($0.44) per diluted share in the prior year period. 
  • Property Net Operating Income ("NOI") grew 15.9% to $28.0 million from $24.2 million in the prior year period.
  • Same store revenue and same store NOI increased 4.3% and 4.3% respectively, as compared to the prior year period.
  • Core funds from operations attributable to common stockholders and unit holders ("CFFO") was $5.8 million, compared to $6.4 million in the prior year period.  CFFO per diluted share is $0.19 for the quarter as compared to $0.21 in third quarter 2018. The change year over year was due in part to the timing of reinvestment of capital from asset dispositions in the quarter as part of the Company's recycling into higher growth assets. The Company is reaffirming its 2019 CFFO per share guidance range.
  • Completed the sale of seven assets during the quarter, totaling approximately $369 million at an economic cap rate of 4.7%.
  • Invested in two multifamily communities totaling 965 units for a total purchase price of $193.1 million.  The two new acquisitions are projected to yield a year one economic cap rate of 4.9% and grow to north of 6.0%.  The Company maintains a robust pipeline and is actively working on closing additional investments by year end.
  • Invested $9.9 million in new preferred investments in two unrelated third-party operating multifamily communities totaling 304 units in Austin, Texas.
  • Paid quarterly common stock dividend of $0.1625, an 86% payout on a CFFO basis.
  • Consolidated real estate investments, at cost, increased approximately $22.1 million to $1.8 billion, from year end. 
  • Completed 263 value-add unit upgrades during the quarter producing a 22.7% ROI through increased monthly rental rates. 

"We produced strong operating results in the third quarter in-line with our expectations, with property NOI up 15.9% and same store NOI that increased 4.3%," said Ramin Kamfar, Company Chairman and CEO. "These results reflect the successful execution of our strategy which includes creating value through our unit upgrade program and operational improvements. During the quarter, we completed multiple asset sales and recycled the proceeds into attractive assets with a stronger long-term growth profile and immediate value-add renovation opportunities.  As we look ahead, we remain optimistic as we continue to realize the embedded growth opportunities within our portfolio, along with identifying attractive investments to expand our portfolio of highly amenitized communities in targeted growth markets."


Financial Results

Net income attributable to common stockholders for the third quarter of 2019 was $17.2 million, or $0.75 per diluted share, compared to a net loss attributable to common stockholders of ($10.3) million, or ($0.44) per diluted share, in the prior year period.  Net income attributable to common stockholders included non-cash expenses of $17.5 million, or $0.77 per share in the third quarter of 2019 compared to non-cash expense of $14.2 million or $0.60 per share for the prior year period.  Net income attributable to common stockholders for the third quarter of 2019 was positively impacted by the gain on sale of real estate investments of $1.56 per diluted share.

CFFO for the third quarter of 2019 was $5.8 million, or $0.19 per diluted share, compared to $6.4 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, in the prior year period.  CFFO was primarily driven by growth in property NOI of $3.8 million and interest income of $0.4 million arising from investment activity. This was primarily offset by a year-over-year rise in interest expense of $1.5 million and preferred stock dividends of $2.8 million. Timing of acquisitions and dispositions, together with the requirement to place the sale proceeds in escrow to effectuate 1031 exchanges which limited the Company's ability to paydown its credit facilities, accounted for the majority of the year-over-year per share decrease.

 

Total Portfolio Performance

$ In thousands, except average rental
rates

3Q19


3Q18


Variance


YTD19


YTD18


Variance


Total Revenues (1)

$ 53,547


$ 47,877


11.8%


$157,449


$ 134,705


16.9%


Property Operating Expenses

$ 19,377


$ 17,971


7.8%


$ 56,847


$   50,504


12.6%


NOI

$ 28,045


$ 24,204


15.9%


$ 82,728


$   67,669


22.3%


Operating Margin

59.1%


57.4%


170

bps

59.3%


57.3%


200

bps

Occupancy Percentage

94.1%


94.5%


(40)

bps

93.9%


94.0%


(10)

bps

Average Rental Rate

$    1,313


$    1,253


4.8%


$    1,308


$     1,239


5.6%


(1) Including interest income from related parties









 

For the third quarter of 2019, property revenues increased by 11.8% compared to the same prior year period primarily attributable to the increased size of the portfolio.  Total portfolio NOI was $28.0 million, an increase of $3.8 million, or 15.9%, compared to the same period in the prior year. 

Property NOI margins were 59.1% of revenue for the quarter, an increase of 170 basis points compared to 57.4% of revenue in the prior year quarter.  Property operating expenses were up primarily due to the increased size of the portfolio.

Same Store Portfolio Performance

$ In thousands, except average rental
rates

 

3Q19


3Q18


Variance


YTD19


YTD18


Variance


Revenues

$   35,301


$   33,832


4.3%


$   94,849


$   89,792


5.6%


Property Operating Expenses

$   14,544


$   13,931


4.4%


$   38,188


$   37,497


1.8%


NOI

$   20,757


$   19,901


4.3%


$   56,661


$   52,295


8.3%


Operating Margin

58.8%


58.8%


0

bps

59.7%


58.2%


150

bps

Occupancy Percentage

94.1%


94.7%


(60)

bps

94.3%


94.2%


10

bps

Average Rental Rate

$     1,336


$     1,271


5.1%


$     1,315


$     1,245


5.6%


 

The Company's same store portfolio for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 included 25 properties.  For the third quarter of 2019, same store NOI was $20.8 million, an increase of $0.9 million, or 4.3%, compared to the prior year period. Same store property revenues increased by 4.3% compared to the same prior year period, primarily attributable to a 5.1% increase in average rental rates partially offset by average occupancy decreasing 60 basis points to 94.1%.  Same store expenses increased $0.6 million primarily due to higher real estate taxes and insurance premiums, and increases in turnover, repairs and maintenance, and payroll costs. 

Renovation Activity

The Company completed 263 value-add unit upgrades during the third quarter producing a 22.7% ROI through increased monthly rental rates. 

Since inception within the existing portfolio, the Company has completed 2,434 value-add unit upgrades at an average cost of $5,123 per unit and achieved an average monthly rental rate increase of $108 per unit, equating to a 25.2% ROI on all unit upgrades leased as of September 30, 2019.  The Company has identified approximately 4,307 remaining units within the existing portfolio for value-add upgrades with similar projected economics to the completed renovations. The Company has completed 768 unit renovations year to date and continues to expect to complete between 900 and 1,200 in 2019.  


Portfolio Activity


During the third quarter, the Company completed investments totaling $203 million.  These investments include the following:

  • On July 24, 2019, acquired a 100% interest in a 645-unit apartment community located in Scottsdale, Arizona, known as Denim.  The total purchase price was approximately $141.3 million, funded in part by a $91.6 million mortgage loan secured by the Denim property.
  • On July 31, 2019, acquired a 100% interest in a 320-unit apartment community located in Las Vegas, Nevada, known as The Sanctuary.  The total purchase price was approximately $51.8 million, funded in part by a $33.7 million mortgage loan secured by the Sanctuary property.
  • On September 17 and September 25, 2019, made preferred equity investments totaling $9.9 million into two Austin, Texas operating assets with 304-units called Mira Vista and Thornton Flats.

During the third quarter, the Company completed the following dispositions:

  • On July 15, and August 29, 2019, closed on the portfolio sale of its investments in Sorrel, Sovereign, Preston View, Leigh House, and ARIUM Palms for approximately $273.7 million
  • On September 20, 2019, closed on the portfolio sale of its investments in Marquis at Crown Ridge and Marquis at Stone Oak for approximately $95.0 million

Balance Sheet


During the third quarter, the Company raised gross proceeds of approximately $61.5 million through the issuance of 61,491 shares of Series B preferred stock with associated warrants at $1,000 per unit.

As of September 30, 2019, the Company had $42.8 million of unrestricted cash on its balance sheet, approximately $78.5 million available among its revolving credit facilities, and $1.3 billion of debt outstanding.

Dividend Details

The Board of Directors authorized, and the Company declared, a quarterly dividend for the third quarter of 2019 equal to a quarterly rate of $0.1625 per share on its Class A common stock, payable to the stockholders of record as of September 25, 2019, which was paid in cash on October 4, 2019. A portion of each dividend may constitute a return of capital for tax purposes. There is no assurance that the Company will continue to declare dividends or at this rate.

The Board of Directors authorized, and the Company declared a quarterly cash dividend on its 8.250% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock for the third quarter of 2019, in the amount of $0.515625 per share. In addition, the Company declared a quarterly cash dividend on its 7.625% Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock for the third quarter of 2019, in the amount of $0.4765625 per share. Further, the Company declared a quarterly cash dividend on its 7.125% Series D Cumulative Preferred Stock for the third quarter of 2019, in the amount of $0.4453125 per share.  The dividends were payable to the stockholders of record on September 25, 2019 and were paid on October 4, 2019.

On October 14, 2019, the Board of Directors authorized, and the Company declared, a monthly dividend of $5.00 per share of Series B preferred stock, payable to the stockholders of record as of October 25, 2019, which was paid in cash on November 5, 2019.  On October 31, 2019, the Board of Directors authorized, and the Company declared, a monthly dividend of $5.00 per share, each prorated on the basis of the actual number of days in the applicable dividend period during which each such share was outstanding.  Such prorated dividends will be payable in cash on each of (i) December 5, 2019 (to holders of record on November 25, 2019), and (ii) January 3, 2020 (to holders of record on December 24, 2019).

2019 Guidance

The Company is reaffirming its prior guidance.  Based on the Company's current outlook and market conditions, the Company anticipates 2019 CFFO in the range of $0.81 to $0.84 per share.  For additional guidance details, please see page 31 of Company's Third Quarter 2019 Earnings Supplement available under Investors on the Company's website (www.bluerockresidential.com).  

Conference Call

All interested parties can listen to the live conference call at 11:00 AM ET on Tuesday, November 5, 2019 by dialing +1 (866) 843-0890 within the U.S., or +1 (412) 317-6597, and requesting the "Bluerock Residential Conference." 

For those who are not available to listen to the live call, the conference call will be available for replay on the Company's website two hours after the call concludes, and will remain available until December 5, 2019 at http://services.choruscall.com/links/brg191105.html, as well as by dialing +1 (877) 344-7529 in the U.S., or +1 (412) 317-0088 internationally, and requesting conference number 10135863.

The full text of this Earnings Release and additional Supplemental Information is available in the Investors section on the Company's website at http://www.bluerockresidential.com.

About Bluerock Residential Growth REIT, Inc.

Bluerock Residential Growth REIT, Inc. (NYSE American: BRG) is a real estate investment trust that focuses on developing and acquiring a diversified portfolio of institutional-quality highly amenitized live/work/play apartment communities in demographically attractive knowledge economy growth markets to appeal to the renter by choice. The Company's objective is to generate value through off-market/relationship-based transactions and, at the asset level, through value add improvements to properties and operations.  The Company is included in the Russell 2000 and Russell 3000 Indexes. BRG has elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust (REIT) for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

For more information, please visit the Company's website at www.bluerockresidential.com.

Forward Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements are based upon the Company's present expectations, but these statements are not guaranteed to occur.  Furthermore, the Company disclaims any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, of new information, data or methods, future events or other changes. Investors should not place undue reliance upon forward-looking statements. For further discussion of the factors that could affect outcomes, please refer to the risk factors set forth in Item 1A of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed by the Company with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on February 27, 2019, and subsequent filings by the Company with the SEC. We claim the safe harbor protection for forward looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

Portfolio Summary 


The following is a summary of our operating real estate and mezzanine/preferred investments as of September 30, 2019:

Consolidated Operating
Properties


Location


Number
of Units


Year Built/
Renovated (1)


Ownership
Interest


Average

Rent (2)


%
Occupied
(3)

ARIUM Glenridge


Atlanta, GA


480


1990


90%


$     1,256


91.7%

ARIUM Grandewood


Orlando, FL


306


2005


100%


1,430


94.1%

ARIUM Hunter's Creek


Orlando, FL


532


1999


100%


1,424


93.0%

ARIUM Metrowest


Orlando, FL


510


2001


100%


1,414


93.9%

ARIUM Westside


Atlanta, GA


336


2008


90%


1,543


96.4%

Ashford Belmar


Lakewood, CO


512


   1988/1993


85%


1,650


90.6%

Ashton Reserve


Charlotte, NC


473


2015


100%


1,124


93.0%

Citrus Tower


Orlando, FL


336


2006


97%


1,325


92.6%

Denim


Scottsdale, AZ


645


1979


100%


1,155


98.0%

Element


Las Vegas, NV


200


1995


100%


1,250


97.5%

Enders Place at Baldwin Park


Orlando, FL


220


2003


92%


1,807


96.4%

Gulfshore Apartment Homes


Naples, FL


368


2016


100%


1,313


86.4%

James on South First


Austin, TX


250


2016


90%


1,313


93.2%

Marquis at The Cascades


Tyler, TX


582


2009


90%


1,233


93.3%

Marquis at TPC


San Antonio, TX


139


2008


90%


1,519


91.4%

Outlook at Greystone


Birmingham, AL


300


2007


100%


998


94.3%

Park & Kingston


Charlotte, NC


168


2015


100%


1,326


94.6%

Pine Lakes Preserve


Port St. Lucie, FL


320


2003


100%


1,318


92.5%

Plantation Park


Lake Jackson, TX


238


2016


80%


1,369


89.1%

Providence Trail


Mount Juliet, TN


334


2007


100%


1,240


97.3%

Roswell City Walk


Roswell, GA


320


2015


98%


1,563


94.1%

Sands Parc


Daytona Beach, FL


264


2017


100%


1,379


97.0%

The Brodie


Austin, TX


324


2001


93%


1,310


97.8%

The Links at Plum Creek


Castle Rock, CO


264


2000


88%


1,445


95.5%

The Mills


Greenville, SC


304


2013


100%


1,060


92.1%

The Preserve at Henderson Beach


Destin, FL


340


2009


100%


1,474


95.6%

The Reserve at Palmer Ranch


Sarasota, FL


320


2016


100%


1,321


92.2%

The Sanctuary


Las Vegas, NV


320


1988


100%


1,039


91.9%

Veranda at Centerfield


Houston, TX


400


1999


93%


956


96.0%

Villages at Cypress Creek


Houston, TX


384


2001


80%


1,146


92.2%

Wesley Village


Charlotte, NC


301


2010


100%


1,381


94.7%

Consolidated Operating Properties Subtotal/Average


10,790






$     1,317

(4)

93.8%














Mezzanine/Preferred
Investments


Location


Actual/
Planned Number of Units






Pro
Forma Average Rent




Alexan CityCentre


Houston, TX


340






$    1,666

(2)



Alexan Southside Place


Houston, TX


270






1,689

(2)



Arlo


Charlotte, NC


286






1,507




Cade Boca Raton


Boca Raton, FL


90






2,549




Domain at The One Forty


Garland, TX


299






1,469




Flagler Village


Fort Lauderdale, FL


385






2,352




Helios


Atlanta, GA


282






1,451

(2)



Mira Vista


Austin, TX


200






984

(2)



North Creek Apartments


Leander, TX


259






1,358




Novel Perimeter


Atlanta, GA


320






1,749




Riverside Apartments


Austin, TX


222






1,408




The Park at Chapel Hill


Chapel Hill, NC


          *






              *




Thornton Flats


Austin, TX


104






1,577

(2)



Vickers Historic Roswell


Roswell, GA


79






3,176




Wayforth at Concord


Concord, NC


150






1,707




Whetstone Apartments


Durham, NC


204






1,316

(2)



Mezzanine and Preferred Investments Subtotal/Average


3,490






$    1,698

(5)

















Portfolio Properties Total/Average


14,280






$    1,407

(6)



 

(1) Represents date of last significant renovation or year built if there were no renovations.  (2) Represents the average effective monthly rent per occupied unit for the three months ended September 30, 2019.
(3) Percent occupied is calculated as (i) the number of units occupied as of September 30, 2019, divided by (ii) total number of units, expressed as a percentage.
(4) The average effective monthly rent including sold properties was $1,313 for the three months ended September 30, 2019.
(5) The average effective monthly rent including sold properties was $1,693 for the three months ended September 30, 2019.
(6) The average effective monthly rent including sold properties was $1,397 for the three months ended September 30, 2019.
* The development is in the planning phase, project specifications are in process.

Consolidated Statement of Operations
For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018
(Unaudited and dollars in thousands except for share and per share data)




Three Months Ended



Nine Months Ended




September 30,



September 30,




2019



2018



2019



2018


Revenues

















Rental and other property revenues


$

47,422



$

42,175



$

139,575



$

118,173


Interest income from related parties



6,125




5,702




17,874




16,532


Total revenues



53,547




47,877




157,449




134,705


Expenses

















Property operating



19,377




17,971




56,847




50,504


Property management fees



1,256




1,141




3,707




3,208


General and administrative



6,259




4,732




16,933




13,929


Acquisition and pursuit costs



217




7




346




78


Weather-related losses, net



57




13




347




181


Depreciation and amortization



17,643




15,384




51,097




45,844


Total expenses



44,809




39,248




129,277




113,744


Operating income



8,738




8,629




28,172




20,961


Other income (expense)

















Preferred returns on unconsolidated real estate joint ventures



2,316




2,789




7,097




7,877


Gain on sale of real estate investments



48,680







48,680





Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate investments









679





Loss on extinguishment of debt and debt modification costs



(6,924)




(1,624)




(6,924)




(2,277)


Interest expense, net



(14,635)




(12,905)




(45,826)




(36,063)


Total other income (expense)



29,437




(11,740)




3,706




(30,463)


Net income (loss)



38,175




(3,111)




31,878




(9,502)


Preferred stock dividends



(11,887)




(9,105)




(33,291)




(25,995)


Preferred stock accretion



(2,717)




(1,631)




(6,920)




(4,141)


Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

















Operating Partnership units



6,191




(3,157)




(1,747)




(8,841)


Partially owned properties



220




(356)




(662)




(824)


Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests



6,411




(3,513)




(2,409)




(9,665)


Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders


$

17,160



$

(10,334)



$

(5,924)



$

(29,973)



















Net income (loss) per common share - Basic


$

0.76



$

(0.44)



$

(0.29)



$

(1.28)



















Net income (loss) per common share – Diluted


$

0.75



$

(0.44)



$

(0.29)



$

(1.28)



















Weighted average basic common shares outstanding



22,320,710




23,742,129




22,622,040




23,893,957


Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding



22,669,188




23,742,129




22,622,040




23,893,957




 

Consolidated Balance Sheets
Third Quarter 2019
(Unaudited and dollars in thousands except for share and per share amounts)



September 30,
2019



December 31,
2018


ASSETS









Net Real Estate Investments









Land


$

231,380



$

200,385


Buildings and improvements



1,534,126




1,546,244


Furniture, fixtures and equipment



59,031




55,050


Construction in progress



260




989


Total Gross Real Estate Investments



1,824,797




1,802,668


Accumulated depreciation



(125,247)




(108,911)


Total Net Real Estate Investments



1,699,550




1,693,757


Cash and cash equivalents



42,806




24,775


Restricted cash



42,524




27,469


Notes and accrued interest receivable from related parties



180,261




164,084


Due from affiliates



3,777




2,854


Accounts receivable, prepaids and other assets



13,410




14,395


Preferred equity investments and investments in unconsolidated real estate joint ventures



105,399




89,033


In-place lease intangible assets, net



2,756




1,768


Total Assets


$

2,090,483



$

2,018,135











LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE PREFERRED STOCK AND EQUITY









Mortgages payable


$

1,254,600



$

1,206,136


Revolving credit facilities






82,209


Accounts payable



1,392




1,486


Other accrued liabilities



33,399




31,690


Due to affiliates



1,832




726


Distributions payable



12,948




12,073


Total Liabilities



1,304,171




1,334,320



8.250% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, liquidation preference $25.00 per share,
10,875,000 shares authorized; 5,721,460 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2019 and
December 31, 2018



140,143




139,545




6.000% Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock, liquidation preference $1,000 per share, 1,225,000 shares
authorized; 460,064 and 306,009 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2019 and December
31, 2018, respectively



412,761




272,842




7.625% Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, liquidation preference $25.00 per share, 4,000,000 shares authorized; 2,323,750 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018



56,715




56,485


Equity









Stockholders' Equity









Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 229,900,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding







7.125% Series D Cumulative Preferred Stock, liquidation preference $25.00 per share, 4,000,000 shares authorized; 2,850,602 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018



68,705




68,705


Common stock - Class A, $0.01 par value, 747,509,582 shares authorized; 22,382,060 and 23,322,211 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively



224




233


Common stock - Class C, $0.01 par value, 76,603 shares authorized; 76,603 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018



1




1


Additional paid-in-capital



299,507




307,938


Distributions in excess of cumulative earnings



(235,477)




(218,531)


Total Stockholders' Equity



132,960




158,346


Noncontrolling Interests









Operating Partnership units



21,259




27,613


    Partially owned properties



22,474




28,984


Total Noncontrolling Interests



43,733




56,597


Total Equity



176,693




214,943


TOTAL LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE PREFERRED STOCK AND EQUITY


$

2,090,483



$

2,018,135





Non-GAAP Financial Measures
The foregoing supplemental financial data includes certain non-GAAP financial measures that we believe are helpful in understanding our business and performance, as further described below. Our definition and calculation of these non-GAAP financial measures may differ from those of other REITs, and may, therefore, not be comparable.

Funds from Operations and Core Funds from Operations Attributable to Common Stockholders and Unit Holders

We believe that funds from operations ("FFO"), as defined by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT"), and core funds from operations ("CFFO) are important non-GAAP supplemental measures of operating performance for a REIT.

FFO attributable to common stockholders and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that is widely recognized as a measure of REIT operating performance. We consider FFO to be an appropriate supplemental measure of our operating performance as it is based on a net income analysis of property portfolio performance that excludes non cash items such as depreciation. The historical accounting convention used for real estate assets requires straight line depreciation of buildings and improvements, which implies that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. Since real estate values historically rise and fall with market conditions, presentations of operating results for a REIT, using historical accounting for depreciation, could be less informative. We define FFO, consistent with the NAREIT definition, as net income, computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding gains or losses on sales of depreciable real estate property, plus depreciation and amortization of real estate assets, plus impairment write downs of depreciable real estate, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. Adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures will be calculated to reflect FFO on the same basis.

CFFO makes certain adjustments to FFO, removing the effect of items that do not reflect ongoing property operations such as acquisition expenses, non-cash interest, unrealized gains or losses on derivatives, losses on extinguishment of debt and debt modification costs (includes prepayment penalties incurred and the write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs and fair market value adjustments of assumed debt), one-time weather-related costs, gains or losses on sales of non-depreciable real estate property, shareholder activism, stock compensation expense and preferred stock accretion. We believe that CFFO is helpful to investors as a supplemental performance measure because it excludes the effects of certain items which can create significant earnings volatility, but which do not directly relate to our core recurring property operations. As a result, we believe that CFFO can help facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and provides a more meaningful predictor of future earnings potential.

Our calculation of CFFO differs from the methodology used for calculating CFFO by certain other REITs and, accordingly, our CFFO may not be comparable to CFFO reported by other REITs. Our management utilizes FFO and CFFO as measures of our operating performance after adjustment for certain non-cash items, such as depreciation and amortization expenses, and acquisition and pursuit costs that are required by GAAP to be expensed but may not necessarily be indicative of current operating performance and that may not accurately compare our operating performance between periods. Furthermore, although FFO and CFFO and other supplemental performance measures are defined in various ways throughout the REIT industry, we also believe that FFO and CFFO may provide us and our stockholders with an additional useful measure to compare our financial performance to certain other REITs.

Neither FFO nor CFFO is equivalent to net income, including net income attributable to common stockholders, or cash generated from operating activities determined in accordance with GAAP. Furthermore, FFO and CFFO do not represent amounts available for management's discretionary use because of needed capital replacement or expansion, debt service obligations or other commitments or uncertainties. Neither FFO nor CFFO should be considered as an alternative to net income, including net income attributable to common stockholders, as an indicator of our operating performance or as an alternative to cash flow from operating activities as a measure of our liquidity.

We have acquired five operating properties and made six property investments through preferred equity interests or mezzanine loans, and sold seven operating properties subsequent to September 30, 2018.  Therefore, the results presented in the table below are not directly comparable and should not be considered an indication of our future operating performance.

The table below reconciles our calculations of FFO and CFFO to net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 


Three Months Ended



Nine Months Ended



September 30,



September 30,



2019



2018



2019



2018


Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

$

17,160



$

(10,334)



$

(5,924)



$

(29,973)


Add back: Net income (loss) attributable to Operating Partnership units


6,191




(3,157)




(1,747)




(8,841)


Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders and unit holders


23,351




(13,491)




(7,671)




(38,814)


Common stockholders and Operating Partnership units pro-rata share of:
















Real estate depreciation and amortization (1)


16,755




14,497




48,187




43,318


Gain on sale of real estate investments


(48,172)







(48,172)





FFO Attributable to Common Stockholders and Unit Holders


(8,066)




1,006




(7,656)




4,504


Common stockholders and Operating Partnership units pro-rata share of:
















Acquisition and pursuit costs


217




7




346




78


 Non-cash interest expense


787




915




2,348




2,977


Unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives


131




(225)




2,418




(225)


Loss on extinguishment of debt and debt modification costs


6,864




1,573




6,864




2,226


Weather-related losses, net


57




13




305




178


Non-real estate depreciation and amortization


157




77




327




216


Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate investments








(679)





Shareholder activism








393





Non-cash preferred returns on unconsolidated real estate joint ventures


(340)




(236)




(938)




(700)


Non-cash equity compensation


3,290




1,621




8,109




5,039


Preferred stock accretion


2,717




1,631




6,920




4,141


CFFO Attributable to Common Stockholders and Unit Holders

$

5,814



$

6,382



$

18,757



$

18,434


















Per Share and Unit Information:
















FFO Attributable to Common Stockholders and Unit Holders - diluted

$

(0.26)



$

0.03



$

(0.25)



$

0.15


CFFO Attributable to Common Stockholders and Unit Holders - diluted

$

0.19



$

0.21



$

0.61



$

0.60


















Weighted average common shares and units outstanding - diluted


30,847,869




30,994,530




30,734,110




30,896,740


 

 (1) The real estate depreciation and amortization amount includes our share of consolidated real estate-related depreciation and amortization of intangibles, less amounts attributable to noncontrolling interests – partially owned properties, and our similar estimated share of unconsolidated depreciation and amortization, which is included in earnings of our unconsolidated real estate joint venture investments. 

Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization for Real Estate ("EBITDAre")

NAREIT defines earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization for real estate ("EBITDAre") (September 2017 White Paper) as net income, computed in accordance with GAAP, before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization expense, and further adjusted for gains and losses from sales of depreciated operating properties, and impairment write-downs of depreciated operating properties. 

We consider EBITDAre to be an appropriate supplemental measure of our performance because it eliminates depreciation, income taxes, interest and non-recurring items, which permits investors to view income from operations unobscured by non-cash items such as depreciation, amortization, the cost of debt or non-recurring items.

Adjusted EBITDAre represents EBITDAre further adjusted for non-comparable items and it is not intended to be a measure of free cash flow for our management's discretionary use, as it does not consider certain cash requirements such as income tax payments, debt service requirements, capital expenditures and other fixed charges.

EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre are not recognized measurements under GAAP. Because not all companies use identical calculations, our presentation of EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Below is a reconciliation of net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders to EBITDAre (unaudited and dollars in thousands).

 




Three Months Ended


Nine Months Ended




September 30,


September 30,




2019


2018


2019


2018

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders


$

17,160



$

(10,334)



$

(5,924)



$

(29,973)



Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests



6,411




(3,513)




(2,409)




(9,665)



Preferred stock dividends



11,887




9,105




33,291




25,995



Preferred stock accretion



2,717




1,631




6,920




4,141



Interest expense, net



14,635




12,905




45,826




36,063



Depreciation and amortization



17,486




15,307




50,770




45,628



Gain on sale of real estate investments



(48,680)




-




(48,680)




-



Loss on extinguishment of debt and debt modification costs



6,924




1,624




6,924




2,277


   EBITDAre


$

28,540



$

26,725



$

86,718



$

74,466



Acquisition and pursuit costs



217




7




346




78



Non-real estate depreciation and amortization



157




77




327




216



Weather-related losses, net



57




13




347




181



Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate investments



-




-




(679)




-



Shareholder activism



-




-




393




-



Non-cash equity compensation



3,290




1,621




8,109




5,039



Non-cash preferred returns on unconsolidated real estate joint ventures



(340)




(236)




(938)




(700)


   Adjusted EBITDAre


$

31,921



$

28,207



$

94,623



$

79,280


 

Same Store Properties

Same store properties are conventional multifamily residential apartments which were owned and operational for the entire periods presented, including each comparative period.

Property Net Operating Income ("Property NOI")

We believe that net operating income, or NOI, is a useful measure of our operating performance. We define NOI as total rental and other property revenues less total property operating expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization and interest. Other REITs may use different methodologies for calculating NOI, and accordingly, our NOI may not be comparable to other REITs. We believe that this measure provides an operating perspective not immediately apparent from GAAP operating income or net income. We use NOI to evaluate our performance on a same store and non-same store basis; NOI measures the core operations of property performance by excluding corporate level expenses and other items not related to property operating performance and captures trends in rental housing and property operating expenses. However, NOI should only be used as a supplemental measure of our financial performance.

The following table reflects net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders together with a reconciliation to NOI and to same store and non-same store contributions to consolidated NOI, as computed in accordance with GAAP for the periods presented (unaudited and amounts in thousands):

 



Three Months Ended


Nine Months Ended



September 30, 


September 30, 



2019


2018


2019


2018

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

$

17,160



$

(10,334)



$

(5,924)



$

(29,973)



Add back: Net income (loss) attributable to Operating Partnership units


6,191




(3,157)




(1,747)




(8,841)


Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders and unit holders


23,351




(13,491)




(7,671)




(38,814)


Add common stockholders and Operating Partnership units pro-rata share of:

















Depreciation and amortization


16,755




14,497




48,187




43,318



Non-real estate depreciation and amortization


157




77




327




216



Non-cash interest expense


787




915




2,348




2,977



Unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives


131




(225)




2,418




(225)



Loss on extinguishment of debt and debt modification costs


6,864




1,573




6,864




2,226



Property management fees


1,193




1,077




3,511




3,033



Acquisition and pursuit costs


217




7




346




78



Corporate operating expenses


6,187




4,667




16,716




13,864



Weather-related losses, net


57




13




305




178



Preferred dividends


11,887




9,105




33,291




25,995



Preferred stock accretion


2,717




1,631




6,920




4,141


Less common stockholders and Operating Partnership units pro-rata share of:

















Preferred returns on unconsolidated real estate joint ventures


2,316




2,789




7,097




7,877



Interest income from related parties


6,125




5,702




17,874




16,532



Gain on sale of real estate investments


48,172







48,172






Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate investments








679





Pro-rata share of properties' income


13,690




11,355




39,740




32,578


Add:

















Noncontrolling interest pro-rata share of partially owned property
income


668




660




2,086




1,855


Total property income


14,358




12,015




41,826




34,433


Add:

















Interest expense


13,687




12,189




40,902




33,236


Net operating income


28,045




24,204




82,728




67,669


Less:

















Non-same store net operating income


7,288




4,303




26,067




15,374


Same store net operating income (1)

$

20,757



$

19,901



$

56,661



$

52,295


 

(1) Same store portfolio for the three months ended September 30, 2019 consists of 25 properties, which represent 8,379 units.  Same store portfolio for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 consists of 22 properties, which represent 7,613 units.

Cision

View original content to download multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/bluerock-residential-growth-reit-announces-third-quarter-2019-results-300951692.html