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BOUYGUES: Nine-month 2019 results

PRESS RELEASE – PARIS, 14/11/2019

NINE-MONTH 2019 RESULTS


IMPROVEMENT IN CURRENT OPERATING PROFIT, CURRENT OPERATING MARGIN AND NET PROFIT ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE GROUP
SOLID PERFORMANCE OF THE CONSTRUCTION BUSINESSES, WITH A YEAR-ON-YEAR INCREASE IN CURRENT OPERATING PROFIT
VERY GOOD COMMERCIAL AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE AT BOUYGUES TELECOM
OUTLOOK CONFIRMED

THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AT 30 SEPTEMBER 2019 ARE PRESENTED IN COMPARISON WITH THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AT 30 SEPTEMBER 2018 AND AT 31 DECEMBER 2018, RESTATED TO TAKE ACCOUNT OF THE APPLICATION FROM 1 JANUARY 2019 OF IFRS 16 ON LEASES. BECAUSE OF THE RECLASSIFICATION OF LEASE PAYMENTS AS AMORTIZATION EXPENSE AND INTEREST EXPENSE, AND THE NEW PRESENTATION OF LEASE EXPENSES IN THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, THE GROUP HAS ADOPTED NEW FINANCIAL INDICATORS TO CONTINUE TO REFLECT THE OPERATING NATURE OF LEASE EXPENSES (SEE GLOSSARY ON PAGE 13): “EBITDA AFTER LEASES”, “CURRENT OPERATING PROFIT AFTER LEASES” AND “OPERATING PROFIT AFTER LEASES”. “FREE CASH FLOW”, “FREE CASH FLOW AFTER WCR” AND “NET DEBT” HAVE ALSO BEEN REDEFINED.

KEY FIGURES (€ million) 9-month 2018
restated
9-month 2019 Change
Sales 25,219 27,601 +9%a
Current operating profit 858 1,118 +€260m
Current operating margin 3.4% 4.1% +0.7pts
Current operating profit after Leasesb 818 1,076 +€258m
Operating profit 1,056c 1,168d +€112m
Operating profit after Leasesb 1,016 1,126 +€110m
Net profit attributable to the Group 771 848 +€77m
       
Net surplus cash (+)/Net debt (-) at 30 September (5,465) (4,643) -€822m

(a) Up 5% like-for-like and at constant exchange rates
(b) See glossary on page 13 for new definitions
(c) Including non-current income of €214m at Bouygues Telecom and non-current charges of €16m at TF1
(d) Including non-current income of €60m at Bouygues Telecom and non-current charges of €10m at Bouygues Construction

IN LINE WITH FIRST-HALF 2019, THE GROUP IMPROVED ITS RESULTS AND ITS PROFITABILITY.

  • Sales in the first nine months of 2019 were €27.6 billion, up 9% year-on-year (up 5% like-for-like and at constant exchange rates).
  • Current operating profit was €1,118 million, a €260-million improvement over the first nine months of 2018, boosted by good performances in the three sectors of activity. Current operating margin rose by 0.7 points over the period to 4.1%.
  • Operating profit was €1,168 million, up €112 million year-on-year. Non-current income was €50 million in the first nine months of 2019, a decrease from €198 million in the first nine months of 2018, mainly at Bouygues Telecom.
  • Net profit attributable to the Group rose by €77 million year-on-year to €848 million.

THE CONSTRUCTION BUSINESSES DELIVERED A SOLID PERFORMANCE.

  • The backlog stood at the very high level of €32.5 billion at end-September 2019.
  • Current operating profit was €545 million, a €122-million increase versus the first nine months of 2018.
  • The current operating margin rose 0.4 points year-on-year.

BOUYGUES TELECOM CONTINUED TO POST A VERY GOOD COMMERCIAL AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE.

  • Bouygues Telecom gained 220,000 new mobile plan customers excluding MtoM, and 110,000 new FTTH customers in third-quarter 2019.
  • Sales rose by 13% (up 11% like-for-like and at constant exchange rates) versus the first nine months of 2018. Sales from services were up 7% over the period.
  • EBITDA after Leases showed sharp growth of 13% year-on-year. The EBITDA margin after Leases was 30.9%, a significant year-on-year increase of 1.6 points.

THE GROUP CONFIRMED ITS OUTLOOK:

  • In 2019, improvement in Group profitability and generation of €300 million of free cash flow1 at Bouygues Telecom.
  • Within two years, increase of Group free cash flow generation after WCR2F2 to €1 billion thanks to the contribution of the three sectors of activity.


 

DETAILED ANALYSIS BY SECTOR OF ACTIVITY

CONSTRUCTION BUSINESSES

The backlog in the construction businesses, down 4% versus end-September 2018, remained at the very high level of €32.5 billion at 30 September 2019.

In France, the backlog in the construction businesses at end-September 2019 decreased slightly by 2%3 to €14 billion. This reflects:

  • A 7%3 rise in the backlog at Colas to €3.3 billion at end-September 2019, driven by growth in the roads backlog in mainland France (up 8%).
     
  • A slight decrease of 2%3 in the backlog at Bouygues Construction to €8.5 billion at end-September 2019. This includes, in third-quarter 2019, a €199-million contract to extend the harbor of Port-la-Nouvelle in the south of France. In 2020, new calls for tender are expected as part of the Grand Paris Express rapid transit project.
     
  • An 11% decrease in the backlog at Bouygues Immobilier to €2.2 billion, reflecting the absence of commercial property order intakes in the first nine months 2019, and a decline in residential property reservations in a slightly contracting housing market.

Internationally, the backlog in the construction businesses was €18.5 billion at end-September 2019, stable year-on-year and down 7% at constant exchange rates, and restated for main acquisitions and disposals. Order intake in third-quarter 2019 included a €364-million contract at Bouygues Construction for the excavation of a 4‑km tunnel in Hong Kong, and a €75-million contract at Colas for the construction of a 1.1‑km taxiway at Los Angeles International Airport. Further significant contracts are expected in fourth-quarter 2019 and in 2020.
At end-September 2019, international business represented 61% of the backlog at Bouygues Construction and Colas, versus 59% at end-September 2018.

The construction businesses reported sales of €21,583 million in the first nine months of 2019, up 9% year-on-year and up 4% like-for-like and at constant exchange rates.

Current operating profit in the first nine months of 2019 was €545 million, versus €423 million in the first nine months of 2018 (up €122 million). This increase was driven by a positive contribution from Energies and Services (€51 million in the first nine months of 2019 versus a loss of €139 million in the first nine months of 2018), the return to breakeven at Colas Rail and the strong momentum of Colas’ roads activity in mainland France. Current operating profit at Bouygues Immobilier declined in the first nine months of 2019 due to higher cost of works in the residential segment following a peak in reservations in the market in 2017, and very low activity in the commercial segment.


 

TF1

The TF1 group’s audience share among key targets remained high, at 32.1% of women under 50 who are purchasing decision-makers, and 29.1% of individuals aged 25 to 49.

Sales in the first nine months of 2019 reached €1,615 million, up 2.5% from the first nine months of 2018. Like‑for‑like and at constant exchange rates sales remained stable over the period. Advertising revenue was €1,158 million, up 1% year-on-year.

Current operating profit in the first nine months of 2019 was €184 million, a year-on-year increase of €57 million. Current operating margin increased sharply over the period to 11.4%, up 3.4 points year-on-year. The improvement was mainly due to savings of €66 million in the cost of programs on the five free-to-air channels in the first nine months of 2019, due to the screening of the men’s Soccer World Cup in 2018.

BOUYGUES TELECOM

Bouygues Telecom reported strong growth in its commercial and financial results in the first nine months of 2019.

The company added 501,000 new mobile plan customers excluding MtoM in the first nine months of 2019, of which 220,000 were in the third quarter, for a total of 11.4 million mobile plan customers at end‑September 2019 excluding MtoM.

FTTH continued to grow, with 286,000 new customers added in the first nine months of 2019, of which 110,000 were in the third quarter. The FTTH penetration rate reached 22% at end-September 2019 versus 13% a year earlier. The company had 855,000 FTTH customers and a total of 3.8 million fixed customers at 30 September 2019.

Bouygues Telecom reported sales of €4,426 million in the first nine months of 2019, up 13% year-on-year and up 11% like-for-like and at constant exchange rates. In line with first-half 2019, sales from services rose 7% in third-quarter 2019 to reach €3,396 million for the first nine months of 2019. This increase reflected growth in both the mobile and fixed customer base, with a mobile ABPU that has been stable at €19.9 for the last two years, and a €1.1 year-on-year increase in fixed ABPU to €26.6 in third-quarter 2019.

EBITDA after Leases showed a sharp €122-million increase year-on-year reaching €1,050 million in the first nine months of 2019. The EBITDA margin after Leases was 30.9%, up 1.6 points versus the first nine months of 2018.

Current operating profit was €405 million in the first nine months of 2019, up €74 million year-on-year.

Operating profit in the first nine months of 2019 decreased €80 million year-on-year to €465 million due to lower capital gains on the sale of mobile sites (€58 million in the first nine months of 2019 versus €127 million in the first nine months of 2018) and non-current income of €110 million booked in third-quarter 2018 related to the cancellation of fees paid for the use of 1800 MHz frequencies prior to 2018.

Gross capex in the first nine months of 2019 was €734 million, down €186 million year-on-year.

Free cash flow reached €205 million in the first nine months 2019, a year-on-year increase of €27 million.

These very good results reflect Bouygues Telecom’s differentiation strategy, based on the quality of its mobile and fixed networks and customer experience. For the second year in a row, Bouygues Telecom was recognized by the French telecoms regulator Arcep4 as the leading mobile operator in rural areas in France and second on average nationwide. Bouygues Telecom’s goal is to increase the number of its mobile sites from over 21,000 at the end of 2018 to over 28,000 in 2023 and, in the fixed segment, to have 12 million FTTH premises marketed by the end of 2019.

Bouygues Telecom’s growth momentum is likely to continue, due to the following three major growth drivers:

  • Increased market share in the mobile segment in the less dense area as a result of network sharing and the gradual strengthening of its local distribution network, notably through the opening of around 50 stores;
  • Access to a growing source of potential customers in the fixed segment through the ramp-up of fiber roll-out. Bouygues Telecom had 10.2 million FTTH premises marketed at end-September 2019, up 3.9 million year-on-year. Its network covers 85 French departments and more than 3,090 municipalities;
  • In BtoB, a market share increase in the mobile and fixed segments, boosted by the acquisitions of SME specialists Keyyo and Nerim.

ALSTOM

At the Alstom general meeting on 10 July 2019, Alstom’s shareholders approved a dividend of €5.50 per share. As a result, the Bouygues group received a dividend of €341 million on 17 July 2019.

On 12 September 2019, Bouygues announced the successful sale of 29,150,000 Alstom shares, representing 13% of the share capital, at the price of €37 per share (i.e. a total amount of €1,079 million), through an accelerated book-building reserved for institutional investors. Following this sale, Bouygues retains a 14.7% stake in Alstom.

As announced on 6 November, Alstom’s contribution to the Group’s net profit was €238 million in the first nine months of 2019, versus a contribution of €230 million in the first nine months of 2018. The contribution in the first nine months of 2019 included a net capital gain of €172 million on the sale of the 13% of the share capital in Alstom.


 

FINANCIAL SITUATION

Net debt at end-September 2019 was €4.6 billion, compared to €5.5 billion at end-September 2018 and €3.6 billion at end-December 2018.

In the first 9 months 2019, the Group free cash flow generation before WCR improved by €167 million (€647 million excluding Alstom’s dividend versus €480 million in the first 9 months 2018) while the WCR has increased by around €400 million. The improvement in Colas and Bouygues Immobilier’s WCR did not offset the deterioration in operating WCR at Bouygues Construction, which is linked to progress on major projects.

 
FINANCIAL CALENDAR
·20 February 2020: Full-year 2019 results (7.30am CET)
 

The financial statements have been subject to a limited review by the statutory auditors and the corresponding report has been issued.
You can find the full financial statements and notes to the financial statements on www.bouygues.com

ABOUT BOUYGUES

Bouygues is a diversified services group with a strong corporate culture whose businesses are organised around three sectors of activity: Construction, with Bouygues Construction (building & civil works and energies & services), Bouygues Immobilier (property development) and Colas (roads); Telecoms, with Bouygues Telecom, and Media, with TF1.

INVESTORS AND ANALYSTS CONTACT:

INVESTORS@bouygues.com • Tel.: +33 (0)1 44 20 10 79

PRESS CONTACT:

presse@bouygues.com • Tel.: +33 (0)1 44 20 12 01

BOUYGUES SA • 32 avenue Hoche • 75378 Paris CEDEX 08 • www.bouygues.com    


 

NINE-MONTH 2019 BUSINESS ACTIVITY

BACKLOG
AT THE CONSTRUCTION BUSINESSES
(€ million)
End-September  
2018 2019 Change
Bouygues Construction 22,518 21,160 -6%
Bouygues Immobilier 2,567 2,245 -13%
Colas 8,688 9,084 +5%
Total 33,773 32,489 -4%


BOUYGUES CONSTRUCTION
ORDER INTAKE
(€ million)
9-month  
2018 2019 Change
France 4,365 3,550 -19%
International 5,816 4,512 -22%
Total 10,181 8,062 -21%


BOUYGUES IMMOBILIER
RESERVATIONS
(€ million)
9-month  
2018 2019 Change
Residential property 1,527 1,408 -8%
Commercial property 218 44 -80%
Total 1,745 1,452 -17%


COLAS
BACKLOG
(€ million)
End-September  
2018 2019 Change
Mainland France 3,395 3,292 -3%
International and French overseas territories 5,293 5,792 +9%
Total 8,688 9,084 +5%


TF1
AUDIENCE SHAREa
End-September  
2018 2019 Change
Total 32.4% 32.1% -0.3 pts

(a) Source: Médiamétrie – women under 50 who are purchasing decision-makers


BOUYGUES TELECOM
CUSTOMER BASE (‘000)
 
End-Dec 2018 End-Sept 2019 Change
Mobile customer base excl. MtoM 11,414 11,831 +417
Mobile plan base excl. MtoM 10,890 11,391 +501
Total mobile customers 16,351 17,505 +1,154
Total fixed customers 3,676 3,831 +155


 

NINE-MONTH 2019 FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE

     
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT (€ million) 9-month 2018 restated 9-month 2019 Change
Sales 25,219 27,601 +9%a
Current operating profit 858 1,118 +€260m
Current operating profit after Leasesb 818 1,076 +€258m
Other operating income and expenses 198 50 -€148m
Operating profit 1,056c 1,168d +€112m
Operating profit after Leasesb 1,016 1,126 +€110m
Cost of net debt (163) (162) +€1m
Interest expense on lease obligations (40) (42) -€2m
Other financial income and expenses 26 19 -€7m
Income tax (265) (325) -€60m
Share of net profit of joint ventures and associates 252 286 +€34m
o/w Alstom 230 238 +€8m
Net profit from continuing operations 866 944 +€78m
Net profit attributable to non-controlling interests (95) (96) -€1m
Net profit attributable to the Group 771 848 +€77m

(a) Up 5% like-for-like and at constant exchange rates
(b) See glossary for new definitions

(c) Including non-current charges of €16m at TF1 corresponding to amortization of audiovisual rights remeasured as part of the acquisition of Newen Studios and non-current income of €214m at Bouygues Telecom (essentially non-current income of €127m related to the capital gain on the sale of sites and non-current income of €110m related to the cancellation of fees paid for the use of 1800 MHz frequencies prior to 2018 and non-current charges of €28m related to network sharing)
(d) Including non-current charges of €10m at Bouygues Construction related to restructuring costs and non-current income of €60m at Bouygues Telecom essentially related to the capital gain on the sale of sites

     
CALCULATION OF EBITDA AFTER LEASESa (€ million) 9-month 2018 restated 9-month 2019 Change
Current operating profit after Leasesa 818 1,076 +€258m
Net depreciation and amortization expense on property, plant and equipment and intangible assets 1,244 1,284 +€40m
Charges to provisions and impairment losses,
net of reversals due to utilization
112 165 +€53m
Reversals of unutilized provisions and impairment losses and other (252) (173) +€79m
EBITDA after Leasesa 1,922 2,352 +€430m

(a) See glossary for new definitions


 

           
SALES BY SECTOR OF ACTIVITY (€ million) 9-month 2018 restated 9-month 2019 Change Forex effect Scope effect lfl &
constant fx
Construction businessesa 19,736 21,583 9.4% -1.2% -4.0% 4.2%
o/w Bouygues Construction 8,589 9,899 15.3% -1.5% -10.3% 3.5%
o/w Bouygues Immobilier 1,716 1,610 -6.2% 0.1% 0.0% -6.1%
o/w Colas 9,602 10,182 6.0% -1.1% 1.1% 5.9%
TF1 1,576 1,615 2.5% 0.0% -2.4% 0.1%
Bouygues Telecom 3,934 4,426 12.5% 0.0% -1.0% 11.5%
Bouygues SA and other 118 145 nm - - nm
Intra-Group eliminationsb (316) (276) nm - - nm
Group sales 25,219 27,601 9.4% -0.9% -3.4% 5.1%
o/w France 15,646 16,043 2.5% 0.0% 2.8% 5.3%
o/w international 9,573 11,558 20.7% -2.5% -13.5% 4.7%

(a) Total of the sales contributions (after eliminations within the construction businesses)
(b) Including intra-Group eliminations of the construction businesses

     
CONTRIBUTION TO GROUP EBITDA AFTER LEASES
BY SECTOR OF ACTIVITY
(€ million)
9-month 2018 restated 9-month 2019 Change
Construction businesses 716 980 +€264m
o/w Bouygues Construction 222 395 +€173m
o/w Bouygues Immobilier 85 32 -€53m
o/w Colas 409 553 +€144m
TF1 299 328 +€29m
Bouygues Telecom 928 1,050 +€122m
Bouygues SA and other (21) (6) +€15m
Group EBITDA after Leases 1,922 2,352 +€430m
 

 
   
CONTRIBUTION TO GROUP CURRENT OPERATING PROFIT BY SECTOR OF ACTIVITY (€ million) 9-month 2018 restated 9-month 2019 Change
Construction businesses 423 545 +€122m
o/w Bouygues Construction 146 280 +€134m
o/w Bouygues Immobilier 113 42 -€71m
o/w Colas 164 223 +€59m
TF1 127 184 +€57m
Bouygues Telecom 331 405 +€74m
Bouygues SA and other (23) (16) +€7m
Group current operating profit 858 1,118 +€260m


 

     
CONTRIBUTION TO GROUP CURRENT OPERATING PROFIT AFTER LEASESa BY SECTOR OF ACTIVITY (€ million) 9-month 2018 restated 9-month 2019 Change
Construction businesses 407 525 +€118m
o/w Bouygues Construction 139 272 +€133m
o/w Bouygues Immobilier 112 41 -€71m
o/w Colas 156 212 +€56m
TF1 124 181 +€57m
Bouygues Telecom 311 387 +€76m
Bouygues SA and other (24) (17) +€7m
Group current operating profit after Leasesa 818 1,076 +€258m
(a) See glossary for new definitions

 

 
   
CONTRIBUTION TO GROUP OPERATING PROFIT BY SECTOR OF ACTIVITY (€ million) 9-month 2018 restated 9-month 2019 Change
Construction businesses 423 535 +€112m
o/w Bouygues Construction 146 270 +€124m
o/w Bouygues Immobilier 113 42 -€71m
o/w Colas 164 223 +€59m
TF1 111 184 +€73m
Bouygues Telecom 545 465 -€80m
Bouygues SA and other (23) (16) +€7m
Group operating profit 1,056a 1,168b +€112m

(a) Including non-current charges of €16m at TF1 corresponding to amortization of audiovisual rights remeasured as part of the acquisition of Newen Studios and non-current income of €214m at Bouygues Telecom (essentially non-current income of €127m related to the capital gain on the sale of sites and non-current income of €110m related to the cancellation of fees paid for the use of 1800 MHz frequencies prior to 2018 and non-current charges of €28m related to network sharing)
(b) Including non-current charges of €10m at Bouygues Construction related to restructuring costs and non-current income of €60m at Bouygues Telecom essentially related to the capital gain on the sale of sites

 

 
   
CONTRIBUTION TO GROUP OPERATING PROFIT AFTER LEASESa BY SECTOR OF ACTIVITY (€ million) 9-month 2018 restated 9-month 2019 Change
Construction businesses 407 515 +€108m
o/w Bouygues Construction 139 262 +€123m
o/w Bouygues Immobilier 112 41 -€71m
o/w Colas 156 212 +€56m
TF1 108 181 +€73m
Bouygues Telecom 525 447 -€78m
Bouygues SA and other (24) (17) +€7m
Operating profit after Leasesa 1,016b 1,126c +€110m

(a) See glossary for new definitions
(b) Including non-current charges of €16m at TF1 corresponding to amortization of audiovisual rights remeasured as part of the acquisition of Newen Studios and non-current income of €214m at Bouygues Telecom (essentially non-current income of €127m related to the capital gain on the sale of sites and non-current income of €110m related to the cancellation of fees paid for the use of 1800 MHz frequencies prior to 2018 and non-current charges of €28m related to network sharing)
(c) Including non-current charges of €10m at Bouygues Construction related to restructuring costs and non-current income of €60m at Bouygues Telecom essentially related to the capital gain on the sale of sites

CONTRIBUTION TO NET PROFIT ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE GROUP BY SECTOR OF ACTIVITY (€ million) 9-month 2018 restated 9-month 2019 Change
Construction businesses 279 381 +€102m
o/w Bouygues Construction 110 226 +€116m
o/w Bouygues Immobilier 61 20 -€41m
o/w Colas 108 135 +€27m
TF1 36 52 +€16m
Bouygues Telecom 309 251 -€58m
Alstom 230 238 +€8m
Bouygues SA and other (83) (74) +€9m
Net profit attributable to the Group 771 848 +€77m


NET SURPLUS CASH (+)/NET DEBT (-)
BY BUSINESS SEGMENT
(€ million)
End-Dec 2018 restated End-Sept 2019 Change  
Bouygues Construction 3,119 2,196 -€923m  
Bouygues Immobilier (238) (633) -€395m  
Colas (475) (1,220) -€745m  
TF1 (28) (53) -€25m  
Bouygues Telecom (1,275) (1,689) -€414m  
Bouygues SA and other (4,715) (3,244) +€1,471m  
Net surplus cash (+)/Net debt (-) (3,612) (4,643) -€1,031m  
IFRS 16 lease obligations (1,644) (1,647) -€3m  
 

 
   
CONTRIBUTION TO NET CAPITAL EXPENDITURE BY SECTOR OF ACTIVITY (€ million) 9-month 2018 restated 9-month 2019 Change
Construction businesses 314 304 -€10m
o/w Bouygues Construction 97 149 +€52m
o/w Bouygues Immobilier 6 7 +€1m
o/w Colas 211 148 -€63m
TF1 129 161 +€32m
Bouygues Telecom 714 638 -€76m
Bouygues SA and other 6 2 -€4m
Net capital expenditure 1,163 1,105 -€58m


 

 

 
   
CONTRIBUTION TO GROUP FREE CASH FLOW BEFORE WCRa BY SECTOR OF ACTIVITY (€ million) 9-month 2018 restated 9-month 2019 Change
Construction businesses 247 400 +€153m
o/w Bouygues Construction 55 147 +€92m
o/w Bouygues Immobilier 43 (20) -€63m
o/w Colas 149 273 +€124m
TF1 94 117 +€23m
Bouygues Telecom 178 205 +€27m
Bouygues SA and other (39) 266b +€305m
Group Free Cash Flow before WCR 480 988 +€508m
Excluding €341m dividend from Alstom 480 647 +€167m

(a) See glossary on page 13 for new definition
(b) Including €341m dividend from Alstom


 

GLOSSARY

4G consumption: data consumed on 4G cellular networks, excluding Wi-Fi.

4G users: customers who have used the 4G network during the last three months (Arcep definition).

ABPU (Average Billing Per User):
- In the mobile segment, it is equal to the total of mobile sales billed to customers (B2C or B2B) divided by the
average number of customers over the period. It excludes MtoM SIM cards and free SIM cards.
- In the fixed segment, it is equal to the total of fixed sales billed to customers (excluding B2B) divided by the
average number of customers over the period.

B2B (business to business): when one business makes a commercial transaction with another.

Backlog (Bouygues Construction, Colas): the amount of work still to be done on projects for which a firm order has been taken, i.e. the contract has been signed and has taken effect (after notice to proceed has been issued and suspensory clauses have been lifted).

Backlog (Bouygues Immobilier): sales outstanding from notarized sales plus total sales from signed reservations that have still to be notarized.
Under IFRS 11, Bouygues Immobilier’s backlog does not include sales from reservations taken via companies accounted for by the equity method (co-promotion companies where there is joint control).

Construction businesses: Bouygues Construction, Bouygues Immobilier and Colas.

Current operating profit after Leases: current operating profit after taking account of the interest expense on lease obligations.

EBITDA after Leases: current operating profit after Leases (i.e. current operating profit after taking account of the interest expense on lease obligations), before (i) net depreciation and amortization expense on property, plant and equipment and intangible assets, (ii) net charges to provisions and impairment losses, and (iii) effects of acquisitions of control or losses of control. Those effects relate to the impact of remeasuring previously-held interests or retained interests.

EBITDA margin after Leases (Bouygues Telecom): EBITDA after Leases as a proportion of sales from services.

Free cash flow: net cash flow (determined after (i) cost of net debt, (ii) interest expense on lease obligations and (iii) income taxes paid), minus net capital expenditure and repayments of lease obligations.

Free cash flow after WCR: net cash flow (determined after (i) cost of net debt, (ii) interest expense on lease obligations and (iii) income taxes paid), minus net capital expenditure and repayments of lease obligations, and after changes in working capital requirements (WCR) related to operating activities.
A calculation of free cash flow by business segment is presented in Note 11 “Segment information” to the consolidated financial statements at 30 September 2019, available at bouygues.com.

Fixed churn: the total number of cancellations in a given month, divided by the total number of subscribers at the end of the previous month

FTTH (Fiber to the Home): optical fiber from the central office (where the operator’s transmission equipment is installed) all the way to homes or business premises (Arcep definition).

FTTH penetration rate: the FTTH share of the total fixed subscriber base (the number of FTTH customers divided by the total number of fixed customers)

FTTH premises secured: the horizontal deployed, being deployed or ordered up to the concentration point.

FTTH premises marketed: the connectable sockets, i.e. the horizontal and vertical deployed and connected via the concentration point.

Growth in sales like-for-like and at constant exchange rates:
- at constant exchange rates: change after translating foreign-currency sales for the current period at the
exchange rates for the comparative period;
- on a like-for-like basis: change in sales for the periods compared, adjusted as follows:

  • for acquisitions, by deducting from the current period those sales of the acquired entity that have no equivalent during the comparative period;
  • for divestments, by deducting from the comparative period those sales of the divested entity that have no equivalent during the current period.
  •  

Mobile churn: the total number of cancellations in a given month, divided by the total number of subscribers at the end of the previous month

MtoM: machine to machine communication. This refers to direct communication between machines or smart devices or between smart devices and people via an information system using mobile communications networks, generally without human intervention.

Net surplus cash/(net debt): the aggregate of cash and cash equivalents, overdrafts and short-term bank borrowings, non-current and current debt, and financial instruments. Net surplus cash/(net debt) does not include non-current and current lease obligations. A positive figure represents net surplus cash and a negative figure represents net debt. The main components of change in net debt are presented in Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements at 30 September 2019, available at bouygues.com.

Operating profit after Leases: operating profit after taking account of the interest expense on lease obligations.

Order intake (Bouygues Construction, Colas): a project is included under order intake when the contract has been signed and has taken effect (the notice to proceed has been issued and all suspensory clauses have been lifted) and the financing has been arranged. The amount recorded corresponds to the sales the project will generate.

PIN: Public-Initiative Network.

Reservations by value (Bouygues Immobilier): the € amount of the value of properties reserved over a given
period.
- Residential properties: the sum of the value of unit and block reservation contracts signed by customers and
approved by Bouygues Immobilier, minus registered cancellations.
- Commercial properties: these are registered as reservations on notarized sale.
For co-promotion companies:

  • if Bouygues Immobilier has exclusive control over the co-promotion company (full consolidation), 100% of amounts are included in reservations;
  • if joint control is exercised (the company is accounted for by the equity method), commercial activity is recorded according to the amount of the equity interest in the co-promotion company.


 

Sales from services (Bouygues Telecom) comprise:
- Sales billed to customers, which include:
-      In Mobile:

  • For B2C customers: sales from outgoing call charges (voice, texts and data), connection fees, and value-added services.
  • For B2B customers: sales from outgoing call charges (voice, texts and data), connection fees, and value-added services, plus sales from business services.
  • Machine-To-Machine (MtoM) sales.
  • Visitor roaming sales.
  • Sales generated with Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs).

-      In Fixed:

  • For B2C customers: sales from outgoing call charges, fixed broadband services, TV services (including Video on Demand and catch-up TV), and connection fees and equipment hire.
  • For B2B customers: sales from outgoing call charges, fixed broadband services, TV services (including Video on Demand and catch-up TV), and connection fees and equipment hire, plus sales from business services.
  • Sales from bulk sales to other fixed line operators.

- Sales from incoming Voice and Texts.
- Spreading of handset subsidies over the projected life of the customer account, required to comply with
IFRS 15.
- Capitalization of connection fee sales, which is then spread over the projected life of the customer account.

Other sales (Bouygues Telecom): difference between Bouygues Telecom’s total sales and sales from services.
It comprises:
- Sales from handsets, accessories and other
- Roaming sales
- Non-telecom services (construction of sites or installation of FTTH lines)
- Co-financing of advertising

Very-high-speed: subscriptions with peak downstream speeds higher or equal to 30 Mbit/s. Includes FTTH, FTTLA, 4G box and VDSL2 subscriptions (Arcep definition).




 

1 Free cash flow = Net cash flow (determined after (i) cost of net debt, (ii) interest expense on lease obligations and (iii) income taxes paid), minus net capital expenditure and repayments of lease obligations. It is calculated before changes in working capital requirements (WCR)



 

2 Free cash flow after WCR = Net cash flow (determined after (i) cost of net debt, (ii) interest expense on lease obligations and (iii) income taxes paid), minus net capital expenditure and repayments of lease obligations. It is calculated after changes in working capital requirements (WCR) related to operating activities and excluding 5G frequencies



 

3 At constant exchange rates excluding main acquisitions and disposals



 

4 Arcep survey of October 2018 and October 2019



 

 

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