If you are currently a shareholder in Bouygues SA (EPA:EN), or considering investing in the stock, you need to examine how the business generates cash, and how it is reinvested. What is left after investment, determines the value of the stock since this cash flow technically belongs to investors of the company. I’ve analysed below, the health and outlook of EN’s cash flow, which will help you understand the stock from a cash standpoint. Cash is an important concept to grasp as an investor, as it directly impacts the value of your shares and the future growth potential of your portfolio.
What is free cash flow?
Free cash flow (FCF) is the amount of cash Bouygues has left after it pays off its expenses, including its net capital expenditures, which is what the company needs to spend each year to maintain or grow its business operations.
There are two methods I will use to evaluate the quality of Bouygues’s FCF: firstly, I will measure its FCF yield relative to the market index yield; secondly, I will examine whether its operating cash flow will continue to grow into the future, which will give us a sense of sustainability.
Free Cash Flow = Operating Cash Flows – Net Capital Expenditure
Free Cash Flow Yield = Free Cash Flow / Enterprise Value
where Enterprise Value = Market Capitalisation + Net Debt
The business reinvests all its cash profits as well as borrows more money, to maintain and grow the company. This leads to a negative FCF, as well as negative FCF yield, in which case is not a very useful measure.
What’s the cash flow outlook for Bouygues?
Can Bouygues improve its operating cash production in the future? Let’s take a quick look at the cash flow trend Bouygues is expected to deliver over time. In the next few years, the company is expected to grow its cash from operations at a double-digit rate of 11%, ramping up from its current levels of €2.8b to €3.1b in three years’ time. Furthermore, breaking down growth into a year on year basis, EN is able to increase its growth rate each year, from -6.6% in the upcoming year, to 7.0% by the end of the third year. The overall future outlook seems buoyant if EN can maintain its levels of capital expenditure as well.
Now you know to keep cash flows in mind, You should continue to research Bouygues to get a better picture of the company by looking at:
- Valuation: What is EN worth today? Is the stock undervalued, even when its growth outlook is factored into its intrinsic value? The intrinsic value infographic in our free research report helps visualize whether EN is currently mispriced by the market.
- Management Team: An experienced management team on the helm increases our confidence in the business – take a look at who sits on Bouygues’s board and the CEO’s back ground.
- Other High-Performing Stocks: If you believe you should cushion your portfolio with something less risky, scroll through our free list of these great stocks here.
To help readers see past the short term volatility of the financial market, we aim to bring you a long-term focused research analysis purely driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis does not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements.
The author is an independent contributor and at the time of publication had no position in the stocks mentioned. For errors that warrant correction please contact the editor at firstname.lastname@example.org.