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Brookfield Renewable Announces Strong First Quarter Results

All amounts in U.S. dollars unless otherwise indicated

BROOKFIELD, News, May 02, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Brookfield Renewable Partners L.P. (TSX: BEP.UN; NYSE: BEP) (“Brookfield Renewable”) today reported financial results for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

“We had a strong start to the year as we executed on key initiatives across our business, including delivering operational performance, investing in growth, and bolstering our liquidity position to over $2.3 billion,” said Sachin Shah, CEO of Brookfield Renewable. “Looking ahead, our investment strategy coupled with our ability to self-fund our business positions us well to deliver strong results to unitholders during all points in the economic cycle.”

Financial Results        
         
For the period ended March 31        
US$ millions (except per unit or otherwise noted) Three Months Ended
Unaudited   2019   2018
Total generation (GWh)        
- Actual generation   14,125   12,880
- Long-term average generation   13,761   12,852
Brookfield Renewable's share        
- Actual generation   7,246   6,694
- Long-term average generation   6,776   6,351
Funds From Operations (FFO)(1) $ 227 $ 193
Per Unit(1)(2) $ 0.73 $ 0.62
Net Income Attributable to Unitholders $ 43 $ 8
Per Unit(2) $ 0.14 $ 0.03

 (1) Non-IFRS measures. Refer to  “Cautionary Statement Regarding Use of Non-IFRS Measures”.
 (2) For the three months ended March 31, 2019, weighted average LP Units, Redeemable/Exchangeable partnership units and GP interest totaled 311.1 million (2018:312.7 million).

Brookfield Renewable reported Net Income of for the three months ended March 31, 2019 of $43 million or $0.14 per unit compared to net income of $8 million or $0.03 per unit for the same period in 2018. Funds from Operations was $227 million or $0.73 per unit for the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to $193 million or $0.62 per unit for the same period in 2018. This reflects growth of 18%. These strong results were supported by our execution on operating and growth initiatives.

Brookfield Renewable First Quarter Highlights

  • Generated FFO per unit of $0.73, an 18% increase over the prior year;
  • Agreed to invest approximately $630 million of capital (~$160 million net to BEP) across two transactions (one in Canada and one in India) at returns commensurate with our long-term targets;
  • Commissioned a 19 megawatt hydroelectric facility in Brazil, and advanced an additional 134 megawatts of hydro, wind, storage and rooftop solar construction projects globally;
  • Raised over $400 million of proceeds through asset sale initiatives and the issuance of preferred units, and ended the quarter with $2.3 billion of available liquidity;
  • Reduced our FFO payout ratio on an annualized basis to below 90%.

Investments

In March 2019, we, together with our institutional partners, agreed to invest C$750 million (C$188 million net to BEP) in 7% convertible securities of TransAlta Corporation, the largest power producer in Alberta, Canada. The investment will occur in two tranches; C$350 million was funded at initial closing on May 1st, and C$400 million will be funded in October 2020. The convertible securities provide us with the option to convert into an interest in TransAlta’s 813 megawatt portfolio of high quality hydroelectric assets in Alberta between 2025 and 2028, based on a multiple of 13 times the average annual EBITDA over the three years prior to conversion. As part of the transaction, we also agreed to increase our ownership of TransAlta’s common shares from approximately 5% today to over 9%. The TransAlta investment was the culmination of a multi-year dialogue and establishes a strategic relationship with the company to help advance its growth strategy as it transitions to a low carbon energy future. 

In India, we have been assessing opportunities over the last number of years but have generally remained patient as valuations remain high. Today, we are seeing compelling opportunities driven by capital constraints in the renewable power sector. We are pleased to announce that in April we entered into an agreement to acquire two wind farms totaling 210 megawatts in India for $70 million ($18 million net to BEP), bringing our total portfolio in that country to 510 megawatts. These assets are high quality, recently constructed with a track record of operating performance, and are fully contracted under a long-term, 25 year power purchase agreement with a credit-worthy utility.

Operations

During the first quarter, we generated FFO of $227 million, up from $193 million in the prior year.

Our business continues to benefit from growing resource diversity, limited off-taker concentration risk, and the build-out of our development pipeline. During the quarter, overall generation exceeded long-term average by 7%. As we have stated for many years, we do not manage the business based on under- or over-performance of generation relative to the long-term average and do not factor this into our planning. Instead, our focus remains on diversifying the business which, over the long term, mitigates exposure to resource volatility, regional or market disruptions, and potential credit events. For example, given the breadth of our business, the recent events with PG&E will have no impact on our business (less than 0.1% of exposure). Furthermore, our single largest non-government third-party customer represents only 3% of generation, providing strong downside protection and safeguarding our cash flows. 

During the first quarter, our hydroelectric segment contributed $218 million to FFO. In North America, generation was above the long-term average, and we ended the quarter with above-average reservoir levels in Canada and PJM where we have significant seasonal storage flexibility. Additionally, we saw strong results in South America, supported by high prices for our energy and ancillary products. 

We continue to make progress on contracting initiatives for our hydroelectric portfolio, signing 15 contracts in the quarter for a total of approximately 2,300 gigawatt-hours per year. Our focus in Colombia and Brazil has been to lengthen the term of our power purchase contracts, as power price volatility in these markets provides an opportunity to stabilize future revenues while locking in upside as our contracts are generally at or below market.

Our wind and solar businesses contributed $67 million to FFO during the quarter, a 43% increase relative to the prior year as we benefitted from acquisitions and contributions from recently commissioned projects. We continue to generate stable revenues from these assets as we benefit from the diversification of our fleet and highly contracted cash flows with long duration power purchase agreements. Our storage facilities and other operations, which are not reliant on power prices but rather sell services to the grid contributed $7 million to FFO during the quarter. 

We commissioned a 19 megawatt hydroelectric facility in Brazil from our development pipeline during the quarter.  In addition, we continue to build out 134 megawatts of hydroelectric, wind, solar and storage projects that are currently under construction that are expected to contribute $13 million to FFO once commissioned. We are also advancing our global hydro, wind, solar and distributed generation development pipeline, including 636 megawatts of construction-ready and advanced stage projects through final permitting and securing a route-to-market. We are also assessing 220 megawatts of repowering projects in New York, California and Hawaii, all markets where renewables play a critical role in providing low cost, clean energy.

Balance Sheet and Liquidity

Our balance sheet remains strong with $2.3 billion of available liquidity at quarter-end. We have no material debt maturities over the next four years and our overall debt duration is 10 years. We remain well protected from foreign exchange volatility due to our hedging program. Accordingly, an overall 10% move in the currencies of markets we operate in would have an overall 4% impact to our FFO.

During the quarter we raised $400 million through asset sales and the issuance of preferred units. We completed the sale an additional 25% interest in a portfolio of Canadian hydroelectric assets. We also advanced the sales of our non-core portfolios in South Africa, Thailand and Malaysia that, once closed, will generate an additional $90 million of total liquidity net to BEP. 

Distribution Declaration

The next quarterly distribution in the amount of $0.515 per LP Unit, is payable on June 28, 2019 to unitholders of record as at the close of business on May 31, 2019. Brookfield Renewable targets a sustainable distribution with increases targeted on average at 5% to 9% annually.

The quarterly dividends on Brookfield Renewable’s preferred shares and preferred LP units have also been declared.

Distribution Currency Option

The quarterly distributions payable on the Partnership’s LP Units are declared in U.S. dollars. Unitholders resident in the United States will receive payment in U.S. dollars and unitholders resident in Canada will receive the Canadian dollar equivalent unless they request otherwise. The Canadian dollar equivalent of the quarterly distribution will be based on the Bank of Canada daily average exchange rate on the record date or, if the record date falls on a weekend or holiday, on the Bank of Canada daily average exchange rate of the preceding business day.

Registered unitholders resident in Canada who wish to receive a U.S. dollar distribution and registered unitholders resident in the United States wishing to receive the Canadian dollar distribution equivalent should contact Brookfield Renewable’s transfer agent, Computershare Trust Company of Canada, in writing at 100 University Avenue, 8th Floor, Toronto, Ontario M5J 2Y1 or by phone at 1-800-564-6253. Beneficial unitholders (i.e., those holding their units in street name with their brokerage) should contact the broker with whom their units are held.

Distribution Reinvestment Plan

Brookfield Renewable maintains a Distribution Reinvestment Plan (“DRIP”) which allows holders of its LP Units who are resident in Canada to acquire additional LP Units by reinvesting all or a portion of their cash distributions without paying commissions. Information on the DRIP, including details on how to enroll, is available on our website at https://bep.brookfield.com/stock-and-distribution/distributions/drip.

Additional information on Brookfield Renewable’s distributions and preferred share dividends can be found on our website at https://bep.brookfield.com.

Brookfield Renewable Partners

Brookfield Renewable Partners operates one of the world’s largest publicly traded, pure-play renewable power platforms. Our portfolio consists of hydroelectric, wind, solar and storage facilities in North America, South America, Europe and Asia, and totals over 17,000 megawatts of installed capacity and an 8,000 megawatt development pipeline. Brookfield Renewable is listed on the New York and Toronto stock exchanges. Further information is available at https://bep.brookfield.com. Important information may be disseminated exclusively via the website; investors should consult the site to access this information.

Brookfield Renewable is the flagship listed renewable power company of Brookfield Asset Management, a leading global alternative asset manager with over $365 billion of assets under management.

Please note that Brookfield Renewable’s previous audited annual and unaudited quarterly reports filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and securities regulators in Canada, are available on our website at https://bep.brookfield.com, on SEC’s website at www.sec.gov and on SEDAR’s website at www.sedar.com. Hard copies of the annual and quarterly reports can be obtained free of charge upon request.

Contact information:  
Media: Investors:
Claire Holland Divya Biyani
Vice President - Communications Director – Investor Relations
(416) 369-8236 (416) 369-2616
claire.holland@brookfield.com divya.biyani@brookfield.com

Quarterly Earnings Call Details

Investors, analysts and other interested parties can access Brookfield Renewable’s 2019 First Quarter Results as well as the Letter to Unitholders and Supplemental Information on Brookfield Renewable’s website at https://bep.brookfield.com.

The conference call can be accessed via webcast on May 2, 2019 at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time at https://edge.media-server.com/m6/p/hz56brma or via teleconference at 1-866-688-9430 toll free in North America. If dialing from outside Canada or the U.S., please dial 1-409-216-0817 at approximately 8:50 a.m. Eastern Time. When prompted, enter the conference ID, 3444318. A recording of the teleconference can be accessed through May 9, 2019 at 1-855-859-2056, or from outside Canada and the U.S. please call 1-404-537-3406. When prompted, enter the conference ID, 3444318.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-looking Statements

This news release contains forward-looking statements and information within the meaning of Canadian provincial securities laws and “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended, Section 21E of the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, “safe harbor” provisions of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and in any applicable Canadian securities regulations. The words “will”, “intend”, “should”, “could”, “target”, “growth”, “expect”, “believe”, “plan”, derivatives thereof and other expressions which are predictions of or indicate future events, trends or prospects and which do not relate to historical matters identify the above mentioned and other forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this news release include statements regarding the quality of Brookfield Renewable’s and its subsidiaries’ businesses and our expectations regarding future cash flows and distribution growth. They include statements regarding our expected liquidity, the expected closing of the sales of our non-core portfolios in South Africa, Thailand and Malaysia, the expected closing of the second tranche of our investment in TransAlta, the expected increase in our ownership of TransAlta common shares, the expected closing of our acquisition of certain wind farms in India, the expected proceeds from opportunistically recycling capital, as well as the benefits from acquisitions and Brookfield Renewable’s global scale and resource diversity. They also include statements regarding the strengthening of its trading and commercial capabilities, statements regarding the progress towards completion of development projects, and the expected contribution of development projects to future generation capacity and cash flows. Although Brookfield Renewable believes that these forward-looking statements and information are based upon reasonable assumptions and expectations, you should not place undue reliance on them, or any other forward-looking statements or information in this news release. The future performance and prospects of Brookfield Renewable are subject to a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties. Factors that could cause actual results of Brookfield Renewable to differ materially from those contemplated or implied by the statements in this news release include economic conditions in the jurisdictions in which we operate; our ability to sell products and services under contract or into merchant energy markets; weather conditions and other factors which may impact generation levels at our facilities; our ability to grow within our current markets or expand into new markets; our ability to complete development and capital projects on time and on budget; our inability to finance our operations or fund future acquisitions due to the status of the capital markets; the ability to effectively source, complete and integrate new acquisitions and to realize the benefits of such acquisitions; health, safety, security or environmental incidents; changes to government regulations; regulatory risks relating to the power markets in which we operate, including relating to the regulation of our assets, licensing and litigation; risks relating to our internal control environment; our lack of control over all of our operations; contract counterparties not fulfilling their obligations; and other risks associated with the construction, development and operation of power generating facilities.

We caution that the foregoing list of important factors that may affect future results is not exhaustive. The forward-looking statements represent our views as of the date of this news release and should not be relied upon as representing our views as of any subsequent date. While we anticipate that subsequent events and developments may cause our views to change, we disclaim any obligation to update the forward-looking statements, other than as required by applicable law. For further information on these known and unknown risks, please see “Risk Factors” included in our Form 20-F.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Use of Non-IFRS Measures

This news release contains references to Adjusted EBITDA, FFO and FFO per Unit which are not generally accepted accounting measures under IFRS and therefore may differ from definitions of Adjusted EBITDA, FFO and FFO per Unit used by other entities. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA, FFO and FFO per Unit are useful supplemental measures that may assist investors in assessing the financial performance and the cash anticipated to be generated by our operating portfolio. None of Adjusted EBITDA, FFO or FFO per Unit should be considered as the sole measure of our performance and should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, analysis of our financial statements prepared in accordance with IFRS. For a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA, FFO and FFO per Unit to the most directly comparable IFRS measure, please see “– Reconciliation of non-IFRS measures” below and “PART 4 – Financial Performance Review on Proportionate Information – Reconciliation of non-IFRS measures” included in our Management’s Discussion and Analysis for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

References to Brookfield Renewable are to Brookfield Renewable Partners L.P. together with its subsidiary and operating entities unless the context reflects otherwise.

_________________________________________________

BROOKFIELD RENEWABLE PARTNERS L.P.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
         
UNAUDITED        
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31  
(MILLIONS, EXCEPT AS NOTED) 2019   2018  
Revenues $ 825   $ 793  
Other income   8     9  
Direct operating costs   (254 )   (256 )
Management service costs   (21 )   (21 )
Interest expense – borrowings   (173 )   (180 )
Share of earnings from        
equity-accounted investments   32     -  
Foreign exchange and   (18 )   8  
unrealized financial instruments (loss) gain        
Depreciation   (200 )   (213 )
Other   (2 )   (44 )
Income tax expense        
Current   (24 )   (7 )
Deferred   (20 )   (9 )
    (44 )   (16 )
Net income $ 153   $ 80  
Net income attributable to:        
Non-controlling interests        
Participating non-controlling interests - in        
operating subsidiaries $ 94   $ 56  
General partnership interest in a holding        
subsidiary held by Brookfield   -     -  
Participating non-controlling interests - in a        
holding subsidiary - Redeemable/        
Exchangeable units held by Brookfield   18     3  
Preferred equity   6     7  
Preferred limited partners' equity   10     9  
Limited partners' equity   25     5  
  $ 153   $ 80  
Basic and diluted earnings per LP Unit $ 0.14   $ 0.03  


BROOKFIELD RENEWABLE PARTNERS L.P.        
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION        
         
UNAUDITED   Mar 31   Dec 31
(MILLIONS)   2019   2018
Assets        
Cash and cash equivalents $ 177 $ 173
Trade receivables and other financial assets   1,068   992
Equity-accounted investments   1,601   1,569
Property, plant and equipment, at fair value   29,252   29,025
Goodwill   847   828
Deferred income tax and other assets   1,536   1,516
Total Assets $ 34,481 $ 34,103
Liabilities        
Corporate borrowings $ 1,668 $ 2,334
Non-recourse borrowings   8,425   8,384
Accounts payable and other finacial liabilities   1,157   772
Deferred income tax liabilities   4,219   4,140
Other liabilities   1,414   1,267
Equity        
Non-controlling interests        
Participating non-controlling interests - in operating   8,456   8,129
General partnership interest in a holding subsidiary held by Brookfield   66   66
Participating non-controlling interests - in a holding subsidiary        
 - Redeemable/Exchangeable units held by Brookfield   3,221   3,252
Preferred equity   580   568
Preferred limited partners' equity   833   707
Limited partners' equity   4,442   4,484
Total Equity   17,598   17,206
Total Liabilities and Equity $ 34,481 $ 34,103


BROOKFIELD RENEWABLE PARTNERS L.P.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
         
UNAUDITED        
THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31  
(MILLIONS)   2019     2018  
Operating activities        
Net income $ 153   $ 80  
Adjustments for the following non-cash items:        
Depreciation   200     213  
Foreign exchange and        
unrealized financial instrument loss   20     7  
Share of earnings from        
equity-accounted investments   (32 )   -  
Deferred income tax expense   20     9  
Other non-cash items   17     -  
Net change in working capital   (11 )   (9 )
    367     300  
Financing activities        
Net corporate borrowings   (341 )   7  
Net subsidiary borrowings   5     (451 )
Capital contributions from participating non-controlling        
interests - in operating subsidiaries   247     4  
Issuance of preferred limited partnership units   126     196  
Repurchase of LP Units   (1 )   -  
Distributions paid:        
To participating non-controlling interests - in operating        
subsidiaries   (134 )   (176 )
To preferred shareholders   (6 )   (7 )
To preferred limited partners' unitholders   (9 )   (8 )
To unitholders of Brookfield Renewable or BRELP   (171 )   (160 )
    (284 )   (595 )
Investing activities        
Acquisitions net of cash and        
cash equivalents in acquired entity   -     (12 )
Investment in property, plant and equipment   (29 )   (52 )
Disposal of securities   5     38  
Restricted cash and other   (55 )   (78 )
    (79 )   (104 )
Foreign exchange gain on cash   -     4  
Cash and cash equivalents        
Increase (decrease)   4     (395 )
Balance, beginning of period   173     799  
Balance, end of period $ 177   $ 404  


PROPORTIONATE RESULTS FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31

The following chart reflects the generation and summary financial figures on a proportionate basis for the three months ended March 31:

  (GWh) (MILLIONS)
  Actual Generation LTA Generation Revenues Adjusted EBITDA FFO Net Income (Loss)
  2019 2018 2019 2018   2019   2018   2019     2018     2019     2018     2019     2018  
Hydroelectric                                        
North America 3,849 3,765 3,300 3,439 $ 262 $ 261 $ 195   $ 191   $ 152   $ 146   $ 67   $ 67  
Brazil 1,090 1,038 980 957   65   69   49     51     40     41     17     1  
Colombia 765 768 844 844   62   53   38     31     26     21     20     12  
  5,704 5,571 5,124 5,240   389   383   282     273     218     208     104     80  
Wind                                        
North America 850 645 960 697   63   54   48     41     29     26     4     (6 )
Europe 274 165 308 155   28   17   20     11     17     8     11     (1 )
Brazil 106 103 151 118   7   8   5     5     2     3     (3 )   (1 )
Asia 39 32 38 34   2   2   1     1     1     -     (1 )   (1 )
  1,269 945 1,457 1,004   100   81   74     58     49     37     11     (9 )
Solar 199 115 195 107   38   18   32     16     18     10     9     (2 )
Storage & Other 74 63 - -   24   17   11     9     7     5     -     (12 )
Corporate - - - -   -   -   (4 )   (5 )   (65 )   (67 )   (81 )   (49 )
Total 7,246 6,694 6,776 6,351 $ 551 $ 499 $ 395   $ 351   $ 227   $ 193   $ 43   $ 8  


RECONCILIATION OF NON-IFRS MEASURES

The following table reflects Adjusted EBITDA and FFO and provides a reconciliation to net income (loss) attributable to Unitholders for the three months ended March 31, 2019:

              Contribution      
  Attributable to Unitholders from   Attributable    
  Hydroelectric   Wind   Solar   Storage   Corporate   Total   equity   to non-   As per  
        and       accounted   controlling   IFRS  
($ MILLIONS)       Other       investments   interests   financial(1)  
Revenues 389   100   38   24   -   551   (91 ) 365   825  
Other income 2   2   1   -   2   7   (4 ) 5   8  
Direct operating costs (109 ) (28 ) (7 ) (13 ) (6 ) (163 ) 29   (120 ) (254 )
Share of Adjusted EBITDA from                  
equity accounted investments -   -   -   -   -   -   66   7   73  
Adjusted EBITDA 282   74   32   11   (4 ) 395   -   257    
Management service costs -   -   -   -   (21 ) (21 ) -   -   (21 )
Interest expense - borrowings (55 ) (24 ) (14 ) (4 ) (24 ) (121 ) 24   (76 ) (173 )
Current income taxes (9 ) (1 ) -   -   -   (10 ) 1   (15 ) (24 )
Distributions attributable to                  
Preferred limited partners equity -   -   -   -   (10 ) (10 ) -   -   (10 )
Preferred equity -   -   -   -   (6 ) (6 ) -   -   (6 )
Share of interest and cash taxes from                  
equity accounted investments -   -   -   -   -   -   (25 ) (4 ) (29 )
Share of FFO                  
attributable to non-controlling interests -   -   -   -   -   -   -   (162 ) (162 )
FFO 218   49   18   7   (65 ) 227   -   -    
Depreciation (82 ) (55 ) (13 ) (6 ) (1 ) (157 ) 33   (76 ) (200 )
Foreign exchange and                  
unrealized financial instrument loss 1   (2 ) -   (1 ) (16 ) (18 ) 1   (1 ) (18 )
Deferred income tax expense (18 ) 20   16   -   6   24   (35 ) (9 ) (20 )
Other (15 ) (1 ) (12 ) -   (5 ) (33 ) 13   18   (2 )
Share of earnings from                  
equity accounted investments -   -   -   -   -   -   (12 ) -   (12 )
Net loss attributable to                  
non-controlling interests -   -   -   -   -   -   -   68   68  
Net income (loss) attributable to Unitholders(2) 104   11   9   -   (81 ) 43   -   -   43  

 (1) Share of earnings from equity-accounted investments of $32 million is comprised of amounts found on the share of Adjusted EBITDA, share of interest and cash taxes and share of earnings lines. Net income attributable to participating non-controlling interests – in operating subsidiaries of $94 million is comprised of amounts found on Share of FFO attributable to non-controlling interests and Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests.
 (2) Net income (loss) attributable to Unitholders includes net income (loss) attributable to GP interest, Redeemable/Exchangeable partnership units and LP Units. Total net income (loss) includes amounts attributable to Unitholders, non-controlling interests, preferred limited partners equity and preferred equity.

The following table reflects Adjusted EBITDA and FFO and provides a reconciliation to net income (loss) attributable to Unitholders for the three months ended March 31, 2018:

  Attributable to Unitholders Contribution   Attributable    
  Hydroelectric   Wind   Solar   Storage   Corporate   Total   from equity   to non-   As per  
        and       accounted   controlling   IFRS  
($ MILLIONS)       Other       investments   interests   financials(1)  
Revenues 383   81   18   17   -   499   (39 ) 333   793  
Other income 2   1   2   -   1   6   (2 ) 5   9  
Direct operating costs (112 ) (24 ) (4 ) (8 ) (6 ) (154 ) 13   (115 ) (256 )
Share of Adjusted EBITDA from                  
equity accounted investments -   -   -   -   -   -   28   8   36  
Adjusted EBITDA 273   58   16   9   (5 ) 351   -   231    
Management service costs -   -   -   -   (21 ) (21 ) -   -   (21 )
Interest expense - borrowings (61 ) (20 ) (6 ) (4 ) (25 ) (116 ) 9   (73 ) (180 )
Current income taxes (4 ) (1 ) -   -   -   (5 ) -   (2 ) (7 )
Distributions attributable to                  
Preferred limited partners equity -   -   -   -   (9 ) (9 ) -   -   (9 )
Preferred equity -   -   -   -   (7 ) (7 ) -   -   (7 )
Share of interest and cash taxes from                  
equity accounted investments -   -   -   -   -   -   (9 ) (8 ) (17 )
Share of FFO                  
attributable to non-controlling interests -   -   -   -   -   -   -   (148 ) (148 )
FFO 208   37   10   5   (67 ) 193   -   -    
Depreciation (100 ) (39 ) (6 ) (6 ) -   (151 ) 12   (74 ) (213 )
Foreign exchange and                  
unrealized financial instrument loss -   (1 ) (2 ) 1   7   5   -   3   8  
Deferred income tax expenses (recovery) (15 ) (6 ) (1 ) -   15   (7 ) 2   (4 ) (9 )
Other (13 ) -   (3 ) (12 ) (4 ) (32 ) 5   (17 ) (44 )
Share of earnings from                  
equity accounted investments -   -   -   -   -   -   (19 ) -   (19 )
Net loss attributable to                  
non-controlling interests -   -   -   -   -   -   -   92   92  
Net income (loss) attributable to Unitholders(2) 80   (9 ) (2 ) (12 ) (49 ) 8   -   -   8  

 (1) Share of earnings from equity-accounted investments of nil million is comprised of amounts found on the share of Adjusted EBITDA, share of interest and cash taxes and share of earnings lines. Net income attributable to participating non-controlling interests – in operating subsidiaries of $56 million is comprised of amounts found on Share of FFO attributable to non-controlling interests and Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests.
 (2) Net income (loss) attributable to Unitholders includes net income (loss) attributable to GP interest, Redeemable/Exchangeable partnership units and LP Units. Total net income (loss) includes amounts attributable to Unitholders, non-controlling interests, preferred limited partners equity and preferred equity.     

The following table reconciles net income attributable to Unitholders and earnings per unit, the most directly comparable IFRS measures, to FFO, and FFO per unit, both non-IFRS financial metrics for the three months ended March 31:

          Per unit
(MILLIONS, EXCEPT AS NOTED)   2019     2018     2019     2018  
Net income attributable to:                
Limited partners' equity $ 25   $ 5   $ 0.14   $ 0.03  
General partnership interest in a holding                
subsidiary held by Brookfield   -     -     -     -  
Participating non-controlling interests - in a holding                
subsidiary - Redeemable/Exchangeable units                
held by Brookfield   18     3     -     -  
Net income attributable to Unitholders $ 43   $ 8   $ 0.14   $ 0.03  
Adjusted for proportionate share of:                
Depreciation   157     151     0.50     0.49  
Foreign exchange and                
unrealized financial instruments loss (gain)   18     (5 )   0.06     (0.02 )
Deferred income tax (recovery) expense   (24 )   7     (0.08 )   0.02  
Other   33     32     0.11     0.10  
FFO $ 227   $ 193   $ 0.73   $ 0.62  
Weighted average units outstanding(1)           311.1     312.7  

  (1) Includes GP interest, Redeemable/Exchangeable partnership units, and LP Units.