U.S. markets closed
  • S&P 500

    3,978.73
    +37.25 (+0.95%)
     
  • Dow 30

    32,120.28
    +191.66 (+0.60%)
     
  • Nasdaq

    11,434.74
    +170.29 (+1.51%)
     
  • Russell 2000

    1,799.16
    +34.34 (+1.95%)
     
  • Crude Oil

    110.87
    +0.54 (+0.49%)
     
  • Gold

    1,852.20
    +5.90 (+0.32%)
     
  • Silver

    22.00
    +0.12 (+0.57%)
     
  • EUR/USD

    1.0700
    -0.0038 (-0.35%)
     
  • 10-Yr Bond

    2.7490
    -0.0110 (-0.40%)
     
  • GBP/USD

    1.2584
    +0.0052 (+0.42%)
     
  • USD/JPY

    127.2660
    +0.4370 (+0.34%)
     
  • BTC-USD

    29,788.56
    +208.58 (+0.71%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    659.93
    -11.08 (-1.65%)
     
  • FTSE 100

    7,522.75
    +38.40 (+0.51%)
     
  • Nikkei 225

    26,677.80
    -70.34 (-0.26%)
     

Calculating The Fair Value Of MGP Ingredients, Inc. (NASDAQ:MGPI)

  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.
·6 min read
In this article:
  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.

Does the March share price for MGP Ingredients, Inc. (NASDAQ:MGPI) reflect what it's really worth? Today, we will estimate the stock's intrinsic value by estimating the company's future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. The Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model is the tool we will apply to do this. Don't get put off by the jargon, the math behind it is actually quite straightforward.

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for MGP Ingredients

The method

We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second 'steady growth' period. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

Levered FCF ($, Millions)

US$34.2m

US$39.3m

US$43.0m

US$46.1m

US$48.7m

US$50.9m

US$52.8m

US$54.6m

US$56.1m

US$57.6m

Growth Rate Estimate Source

Analyst x2

Analyst x2

Est @ 9.42%

Est @ 7.21%

Est @ 5.66%

Est @ 4.57%

Est @ 3.81%

Est @ 3.28%

Est @ 2.91%

Est @ 2.65%

Present Value ($, Millions) Discounted @ 6.2%

US$32.2

US$34.8

US$35.8

US$36.2

US$36.0

US$35.4

US$34.6

US$33.7

US$32.6

US$31.5

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = US$342m

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (2.0%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 6.2%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2030 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = US$58m× (1 + 2.0%) ÷ (6.2%– 2.0%) = US$1.4b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= US$1.4b÷ ( 1 + 6.2%)10= US$768m

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is US$1.1b. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of US$64.6, the company appears about fair value at a 1.6% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

dcf
dcf

Important assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at MGP Ingredients as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 6.2%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.800. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Next Steps:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. For MGP Ingredients, we've compiled three important factors you should further research:

  1. Risks: As an example, we've found 2 warning signs for MGP Ingredients that you need to consider before investing here.

  2. Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for MGPI's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.

  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every American stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.