U.S. markets close in 5 hours 53 minutes
  • S&P 500

    3,828.15
    +6.60 (+0.17%)
     
  • Dow 30

    31,069.93
    +122.94 (+0.40%)
     
  • Nasdaq

    11,204.80
    +23.26 (+0.21%)
     
  • Russell 2000

    1,722.68
    -16.16 (-0.93%)
     
  • Crude Oil

    113.73
    +1.97 (+1.76%)
     
  • Gold

    1,820.30
    -0.90 (-0.05%)
     
  • Silver

    20.80
    -0.07 (-0.34%)
     
  • EUR/USD

    1.0490
    -0.0035 (-0.34%)
     
  • 10-Yr Bond

    3.1680
    -0.0380 (-1.19%)
     
  • GBP/USD

    1.2118
    -0.0067 (-0.55%)
     
  • USD/JPY

    136.8590
    +0.7310 (+0.54%)
     
  • BTC-USD

    20,104.60
    -944.35 (-4.49%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    433.69
    -5.98 (-1.36%)
     
  • FTSE 100

    7,338.70
    +15.29 (+0.21%)
     
  • Nikkei 225

    26,804.60
    -244.87 (-0.91%)
     

Calculating The Intrinsic Value Of Bill.com Holdings, Inc. (NYSE:BILL)

  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.
·5 min read
In this article:
  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.

Today we will run through one way of estimating the intrinsic value of Bill.com Holdings, Inc. (NYSE:BILL) by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. One way to achieve this is by employing the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple!

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. Anyone interested in learning a bit more about intrinsic value should have a read of the Simply Wall St analysis model.

View our latest analysis for Bill.com Holdings

Is Bill.com Holdings fairly valued?

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

2031

Levered FCF ($, Millions)

-US$20.1m

-US$22.9m

US$7.66m

US$165.6m

US$273.0m

US$360.7m

US$443.9m

US$518.2m

US$581.8m

US$635.2m

Growth Rate Estimate Source

Analyst x4

Analyst x5

Analyst x5

Analyst x1

Analyst x1

Est @ 32.13%

Est @ 23.07%

Est @ 16.72%

Est @ 12.28%

Est @ 9.17%

Present Value ($, Millions) Discounted @ 6.6%

-US$18.9

-US$20.2

US$6.3

US$128

US$199

US$246

US$284

US$311

US$328

US$336

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = US$1.8b

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (1.9%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 6.6%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = US$635m× (1 + 1.9%) ÷ (6.6%– 1.9%) = US$14b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= US$14b÷ ( 1 + 6.6%)10= US$7.4b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is US$9.2b. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of US$102, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
dcf

The assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Bill.com Holdings as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 6.6%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.097. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Next Steps:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For Bill.com Holdings, there are three fundamental factors you should look at:

  1. Risks: Consider for instance, the ever-present spectre of investment risk. We've identified 4 warning signs with Bill.com Holdings , and understanding them should be part of your investment process.

  2. Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for BILL's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.

  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the NYSE every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.