Capital Product Partners L.P. (NASDAQ:CPLP) Q3 2023 Earnings Call Transcript November 13, 2023
Operator: Thank you for standing by, and welcome to the Capital Product Partners Third Quarter 2023 Financial Results Conference Call. We have with us Mr. Jerry Kalogiratos, Chief Executive Officer; Mr. Spyros Leoussis , Chief Commercial Officer; and Mr. Nikolaos Kalapotharakos, Chief Financial Officer of the Company. At this time, all participants are in a listen-only mode. There will be a presentation followed by a question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] I must advise you that this conference is being recorded today November 13 2023. The statements in today's conference call that are not historical facts, including our expectations regarding cash generation, equity returns and future debt levels, our ability to pursue growth opportunities, our expectations or objectives regarding future distribution amounts, capital reserve amounts, distribution coverage, future earnings, capital allocation as well as our expectations regarding market fundamentals and the employment of our vessels, including redelivery dates and charter rates, may be forward-looking statements as such as defined in Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as amended.
These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause the stated or forecasted results to be materially different from those anticipated. Unless required by law, we expressly disclaim any obligation to update or revise any of these forward-looking statements, whether because of future events, new information, a change in our views or expectations to conform to actual results or otherwise. We assume no responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of the forward-looking statements. We make no prediction or statement about the performance of our common units. I would now like to hand over to your speaker today, Mr. Kalogiratos. Please go ahead, sir.
A closeup of the bow of a Liquefied Natural Gas carrier on a calm ocean.
Jerry Kalogiratos: Thank you, and thank you all for joining us today. As a reminder, we'll be referring to the supporting slides available on our website as we go through today's presentation. In addition to our quarterly earnings, we announced today an important strategic transaction for the partnership. In the interest of time, we will go through a shorter than usual presentation of our quarterly earnings, and we'll then move on to the transaction and what it all means for Capital Product Partners. Starting with slide three and the partnership's financial performance, net income for the third quarter of ‘23 was $17 million. Our Board of Directors has declared the cash distribution of $0.15 per common unit for the third quarter of ’23.
The third quarter cash distribution will be paid today November 13 to common unitholders of record on November 6. Finally, following the Cape Agamemnon delivery to hear new owners last week, the partnership's current fleet charter coverage for both 2023 and ‘24 stands at 100% with the remaining charter duration corresponding to 6.5 years and contracted revenue backlog of more than $1.7 billion. Now turning slide four, total revenue for the third quarter of 2023 was $95.5 million, compared to $71.9 million during the third quarter of ‘22. The increase in revenue was primarily attributable to the revenue contributed by the four new building vessels delivered to the partnership between fourth quarter of ‘22 and the second quarter of ‘23, as well as the increase in the daily rate earned by two of our LNG carriers since September 2022.
Total expenses for the third quarter of ‘23 were $51 million, compared to $40.4 million in the third quarter of ‘22. Total vessel operating expenses during the third quarter of ‘23 amounted to $22.3 million, compared to $17 million during the third quarter of last year. The increase in vessel operating expenses was mainly due to the net increase in the average number of vessels in our fleet and costs incurred during the scheduled maintenance of certain of our ships. Total expenses for the third quarter of ’23 also include vessel depreciation and amortization of $21.9 million, compared to $16.2 million in the third quarter of last year. The increase in depreciation and amortization during the third quarter of ‘23 was mainly attributable to the net increase in the average size of our fleet.
General and administrative expenses for the third quarter of ‘23 amounted to $2.6 million, compared to $2.8 million in the third quarter of ‘22. Interest expense and finance costs increased to $27.8 million for the third quarter of ’23, compared to $14.9 million for the third quarter of last year. Decrease in interest expense and finance costs was mainly attributable to the increase in the partnership's average indebtedness and the increase in the weighted average interest rate to 6.5% from 4.4% in the third quarter of ‘22. The partnership recorded net income of $17 million for the quarter, compared to net income of $11.5 million that is excluding the gain on sale of vessels we recorded in the third quarter of last year. Net income per common unit for the quarter was $0.84 compared to $0.57 per common unit in the third quarter of last year, once again excluding the gain on sale of vessels recorded a year ago.
On slide five, you can see the details of our operating surplus calculations that determine the distributions to our unitholders, compared to the previous quarter. Operating surplus is a non-GAAP financial measure, which is defined fully in our press release. We have generated approximately $41.7 million in cash from operations for the quarter before accounting for the capital reserve. We allocated $34.4 million to the capital reserve, a decrease of $0.6 million, compared to the previous quarter, due to the net decrease in the rate of amortization of our debt. After deducting to the capital reserve, the adjusted operating surplus amounted to $7.2 million. On slide six, you can see the details of our balance sheets. As of the end of the third quarter, the partner's capital amounted to $664.5 million, an increase of $26.1 million, compared to $638.4 million as of the end of last year.
The increase reflects net income for the nine months ended September 30, other comprehensive income of $2.1 million relating to the net effect of the cross currency swap agreement, we designated as an accounting hedge, and the amortization associated with the equity incentive plan of $2.8 million, partly offset by distributions declared unpaid during the period in a total amount of $9.2 million and the cost of repurchasing our common units and our unit repurchase program for an aggregate amount of $4.1 million. Total debt increased by $303.1 million to $1.6 billion, compared to $1.3 billion as of year-end 2022. The increase is attributable primarily to the drawdown of a total of $392 million to finance new vessel acquisitions, partly offset scheduled principal payments for the period of $64 million and the early prepayment in full of one of our facilities for an amount of $23.4 million.
Total cash as of the end of the quarter amounted to $108.5 million, including restricted cash of $11.7 million, which represents the minimum liquidity requirements under our financing arrangements. At this point, I would like to move to the second part of the presentation and in particular to slide number eight. I'm very pleased to talk about today what we consider a milestone transaction for the partnership and one that I believe will propel Capital Product Partners to a new chapter after 16-years of public presence as an MLP. I would like to start with the decision of the board to change the partnership's name. The new name, which we expect to take effect by year-end, is Capital New Energy Carriers L.P., and it will come with a new ticker symbol CNEC.
I'm starting with this symbolic move as it signifies that what we're aiming to do here is more than an asset transaction. It is a transformation of the partnership to reflect our new focus primarily on LNG shipping, but also the wider gas business related to the energy transition and the intention as part of this transaction to move away from the MLP model and convert into a corporation. This strategic transformation will be underpinned by the acquisition of 11 latest generation, two-stroke LNG carriers in a $3.1 billion transaction, with delivery starting from later this quarter and up to March 2027. The first five vessels delivering this and next year have medium to long-term charters in place, with revenue weighted average frame period of 7.5 years to highly reputable counterparties with a total of over $1.4 billion in contracted revenues.
Once all vessels have been delivered, we expect CPLP or CNEC, if you prefer, to transform to the largest U.S. listed operator of two-stroke LNG carriers, compared to the current fleet of other U.S. listed companies, and one of the largest U.S. listed shipping companies by enterprise value. Importantly, together with the focus on the LNG business, CPLP has committed to the opportunistic divestment from its container vessels. While has secured the right of its refusal on two very large ammonia carriers, and two liquid CO2 carriers, which are expected to play significant role during the energy transition together with natural gas. Now turning to the next slide. You can see how we expect to fund this strategic acquisition. Total vessel acquisition cost is $3.1 billion, which translates roughly to 8.4 times full-year EBITDA for the 11 new LNG carriers.
This estimate is based on the employment secured for the five vessels on a full-year basis and an assumption of $100,000 per day for the remainder six, in line with the current and medium to long-term period market. We believe the acquisition to be attractively priced in view of the uniqueness and size of this fleet comprising only latest generation MEG LNG carriers the tender and the quality of the contracted cash flows, as well as the delivery dates of the vessels and the particular of the open vessels, which coincide very well with the next phase of significant liquefaction capacity coming online from 2026 onwards as we will discuss later. The acquisition will be funded by rights offering of $500 million, which is open to all our unitholders.
In addition to commercial debt and an attractively priced $220 million unsecured seller's credit provided by Capital Maritime, to ensure that the transaction is fully capitalized even without the sale of any container assets. Turning to the next slide, we describe in more detail the $500 million rights issue and the seller’s credit. We chose the rights issue path because we wanted to make sure that all existing unitholders had the right to participate in this transformative transaction. Capital Maritime is backstopping 100% of the transaction without any fee at an attractive price of a minimum of $14.25, which translates into a $9.6 premium to the last closing price. Holders of common units as of record date of November 24th will receive the right to acquire up to 1.7 units for its unit they hold.
The closing of the rights offerings expect to take place on December 15th. As far as the seller's credit is concerned, it is attractively priced at 7.5% all in. It is unsecured and has a maturity in June 2027. We believe that the Capital Maritime support is an important part of this transaction and demonstrates Capital Maritime's continued alignment with the long-term success of the partnership. In the appendix on slide 24, you can find more details with regard to the deal structure and timing of payments. On the next slide, you will find the 11 vessels together with the breakdown of total contracted revenues and average day rate for each year, as well as our deliveries. These are old sister vessels built or under construction and Hyundai Shipyard in South Korea, the largest ship builder in the world.
These three very high specification vessels represent the latest generation of propulsion containment system, re-liquefaction plant and energy saving technologies in LNG shipping. Importantly, the propulsion arrangement with MEGA low pressure engines and sub-generators ensures the reduction of methane sleep by 50% even compared to first generation low pressure two-stroke vessels and close to 90%, compared to TFDE vessels. The first vessel, which was delivered from Hyundai to Capital Maritime at the end of October is on a three-year high lucrative charter to Qatar Energy and Trading, the Axios II is expected to commence a bareboat charter to Bonny Gas and Trading in the first quarter of ‘25 and in the meantime, we expect here to be fixed for a 12 to 15-months-time charter before year end.
The [Indiscernible] which delivers in May ‘24 is fixed on a 10-year charter Tokyo gas, a Japanese utility, similar to the Apostolos that follows thereafter, which is fixed to JERA. Finally, the Aktoras will also enter into seven-year bareboat charter in July of ‘24 with Bonny Gas and Trading. The remaining six vessels are not yet committed and have highly attractive delivery dates as today's shipyards offer typically capacity in the second-half of 2027 onwards. Turning to the next slide. After the delivery all 11 additional ILNG carriers, Capital will have a very modern fleet of 18 to stroke LNG vessels, the largest in the U.S. public markets as of this point, with 6.5 years of average firm charter duration that can extend to 9.6 years including options.
I will now hand over the floor to Spyros Leoussis, our Chief Commercial Officer, who will talk about the prospects of the LNG market and especially from 2026 onwards, where we have the most exposure. Importantly, Spyros will also explain why we believe that a two-stroke vessels like ours will gave even more traction and value going forward as environmental regulations and market based measures become more prevalent.
Spyros Leoussis: Thank you, Jerry, and good morning, everybody. This is indeed a very exciting transaction from where I'm sitting. As you know, and you can also see on slide 15, LNG is prevailing as the main supply source of natural gas as the ability to move natural gas in the form of LNG beyond the constraints of the pipeline not only gives producers and consumers more flexibility, but has become increasingly more important due to geopolitical issues. Hence, LNG shipping is an integral part of the value chain. And with this transaction, CPLP will become one of the largest owners worldwide of more than two-stroke LNG vessels. Then to the next slide, the global liquefied natural gas market capacity is expected to increase in the coming years by 70% by 2030.
The chart that you see on this slide refers to the global LNG production capacity, which is expected to exceed 750 million tons annually in 2030, up from 465 million tons in 2023. The increase in liquefaction involves projects under construction that have already received the final investment decision. The crucial element for the prospects of the LNG shipping market is that most of the new production will be installed in the U.S. Gulf with the main buyers located in the Far Eastern Europe, increasing the demand for LNG shipping due to higher ton miles. 2034 so far has been another very strong year in terms of FIDs for newly construction project with next decade Sempra and Vessel Global projects taking FID amounting to additional 50 million tons per annum of LNG from 2026-’27 onwards.
We expect the trend for FIDs to continue as a number of projects in the U.S. are reaching maturity and government support around the world for new projects has been an important catalyst. We expect the new players and their offtakers to drive the demand for new vessels when our ships -- when our open ships will be delivering from their yard. On the next slide, slide 15, we'll discuss the supplier of LNG carriers. Here, you can see the composition of the global LNG fleet. The LNG fleet on the water stands at 736 vessels and the order book is around 300 vessels. The order book to fleet ratio is slightly lower than the peak of 52% of last January as newbuilds deliver and order inflow slowdown. From the total of about 300 new vessels, only 29 vessels currently are open between now and 2028.
Equivalent to 10% of the existing order book the vast majority of waters are committed to projects like Qatar Expansion, LNG Canada and others. Worth noting that the capital open positions will represent around the fifth of the market for uncommitted vessels. Position us well -- positioning us very well at the time when we expect demand for these vessels to accelerate. Motor vessels like the ones under the acquisition are larger and more economical, incorporating significant changes in propulsion technology and LNG tank construction. At the same time, as emissions regulations tightened with EXI, CII and other regulatory initiatives, and charters are placing an increased focus on ESG and specifically carbon dioxide emissions equivalent. Steam and TFDE vessels will become even less competitive going forward with two small vessels commanding a significant premium, both in terms of charter rate and utilization.
The older, smallest same turbine fleet is expected to be gradually phased out either through scoping or repurposing installers and electrification project. We should point out that the new vessels are equipped with a MEGA propulsion arrangement, which allows for a low gas supplies pressure and is better suited for use of [Indiscernible] of gas as a fuel, while at the same time having lower capital expenditure, operational expenditure and NOx emissions, non-current generation engines. The key driver behind the popularity of the new arrangement is the exhaust recycling system, which improves methane sleep by up to 50% as Jerry mentioned previously when combined with self-generated. We'll discuss more on the benefits of the new vessels in the following slide.
Looking a bit more into the unit freight cost calculation, and the relevant differential between the different type of vessels. As we mentioned above, the key drivers for the differential are more efficient propulsion with savings up to 100 tons per day of fuel, the largest size of vessel 174,000 cubic meters vessels, 145,000 or 160,000 cubic interest, the improved containment system resulting into lower boil off for 0.03 versus 0.15 daily evaporation of cargo. The lower long-term maintenance costs due to simpler propulsion arrangement, and from 2024, the tightening of emissions regulations with the monetization of carbon dioxide and methane. On the first graph, on the right, we have calculated the equivalent daily differential for a U.S. [Indiscernible] between the two-stroke vessel and the steamship or the DST.
The main parameter is a commodity price, and as we can see, in a $10 per MMBtu environment, the daily difference to a DFT exceeds $30,000 per day, while to a steamship is more than double to that exceeding $70,000 per day. We're noting that today's LNG [Indiscernible] price is around $17 per MMBtu. On the next graph, we have calculated the emission profile for its type of ship. With the two-stroke vessels having less than half of the emissions, reducing significantly the APS cost for the charter. For the U.S. EU trade post-2026, 100% of the emissions will need to be accounted for with emissions -- with emission allowances. A steamship will have to incur an additional cost versus our vessels of around $17,000 per day, assuming an $80 per ton of CO2.
Based on the unit freight cost and emission deferential, we expect that new vessels will be in high demand for at least the next decade. As fleet renewal processes, while at the same time, they will be able to command a significant premium corresponding to the efficiency gains that charter will record when utilizing it. This is already apparent today as we have a clear 3 Tier market, but with a gradual increase in pressure on older vessels from EXI and importantly from ETS, we expect to see even larger premium to be captured by two vessels like ours. The next slide provide us with a snapshot of the market outlook. The main two drivers for healthy LNG freight market and the shipping capacity required to transfer the new LNG that will come online from the need for fleet renewal.
With a conservative assumption that only vessels above 50-years will [Indiscernible]. The shipping balance for 2026 is in deficit by seven vessels, while for 2027, this will drop to 57 vessels in additional requirement. While we expect that part of this demand will be covered by new orders, the current CPR capacity in both Korea and China cannot support the acquired growth, leaving the market short of vessels and adding significant value to our 2026 and 2027 open positions. Overall, we will aim to be opportunistic in our approach as to when we will fix these vessels depending on what we see in terms of market dynamics. While in the past, we have six vessels only a few months after contracting them from the shipyard, the majority of the vessels have been fixed closer to delivery in order to capitalize on the scarcity value.
In addition, in our chartering strategy, we will make sure that we keep target expirations in order to maintain exposure to the market and reduce market cycle risk. This is all from me. I will now hand the floor over to Jerry. And be happy to answer your questions later.
Jerry Kalogiratos: Thank you, Spyros. Now turning to slides number 18 and the pro forma impact of the 11 fleet acquisition. It is clear that this is a transformative transaction across all metrics. Importantly, the LNG fleet contracted revenues for the partnership increased by 127% to $2.5 billion providing strong cash flow visibility and secured income going forward. Take into account also our container fleet, total pro forma contracted revenues would amount to $3.1 billion. Turning now to pro forma EBITDA, assuming for the 11 LNG carriers full-year employment under their firm charters and a $100,000 per day for the six and fixed vessels in line with the current period market. The estimated annual pro forma EBITDA would increase by 153% to $614 million, when combined with the last four quarters EBITDA of the existing fleet.
In the same manner, taking the last four quarters operating surplus of [Indiscernible] CPLP, at adding the incremental EBITDA from the 11 LNG carrier on a full-year basis less debt amortization and interest cost generated 206% decrease in free cash flow generation of the partnership. And while we expect to have divested from a number of container vessels by the time our full LNG fleet delivers, these pro forma numbers give you a sense of magnitude with regard to the impact of the 11 LNG carrier acquisition on our future cash flow generating capacity. Please also refer to the presentation appendix on slide 26 for the assumptions behind these numbers. Finally, our LNG fleet age is expected to decrease to 3.2 years with assets that have 35-year useful life.
Overall, we believe that this transaction builds further on our existing focus on long-term cash flow visibility, but also provides attractive exposure to a strengthening LNG market with best-in-class modern vessels. Moving to the next slide. As we have discussed in previous calls, CPLP has been trading over the last few quarters at the large discount to NAV. Despite value creating transaction, such as the Diamond S Spinoff and a very timely entry into the LNG market funded with no additional equity capital. This picture has not changed materially. We believe that moving away from the diversified fleet model and transforming the fleet is one of the largest, if not the largest pure play LNG and energy transition gas company EU U.S. public markets, and by converting the partnership into corporation with customary corporate governance and the capital allocation policy, we should be able over time to trade in line with our peers, which could translate substantial upside to our current unit price levels.
This can be seen more clearly on the next slides where we describe the pro forma NAV for the acquisition on a per unit base after the equity offering assuming an issue price of $14.25, which is based on recent charter attached third-party appraisals that we received to our existing fleet as well as debt, cash and working capital as of the end of third quarter of 2023. Adjusted for the charter attached value of the 11 LNC carrier’s fleet in line with third-party appraisals on a fully delivered basis and the estimated debt and cash adjustments required for their acquisitions. At the current unit price levels, CPLP is trading at 45% of its pro forma NAV, compared to 100% of its closest peer Flex LNG. As we execute against our newly set out business model over the next few quarters, we believe that we should be able to increasingly close this gap benefiting all our unitholders.
Turning to the next slide. The partnership has among others committed to divest from its remaining container vessels, whose charter attached, the latest fleet appraisal is close to $900 million, which translates to an estimated net asset value north of $400 million. While we see the container charter market increasingly under pressure, which has and this would also further affect asset values going forward, a large part of our container fleet valuation is protected as all of our container vessels have medium to long-term charters in place with their value being underpinned by the cash flows of these charters. Hence, we will opportunistically evaluate the potential sale of its assets against its cash flow and our expectations with regard to residual value, compared also to other opportunities in the LNG and wider gas markets.
Finally as we saw earlier CPLP will have a significant cash flow generation potential after this transaction is completed. Despite the materially higher unit count, after the rights issues completed, the common unit distribution guidance of $0.15 per quarter remains attained. As the company over the next few months converts into a corporation, we intend to also communicate a new capital allocation strategy. Overall, and subject to the final decision of the board, charter markets, financing and refinancing opportunities, as well as the timing of the container sales and availability of other growth opportunities, the expectation is to move to a floating distribution or dividend policy going forward, which is expected to be defined as a percentage of the income and cash flow generation of the company.
This is to be balanced with allocating capital to growth opportunities in the LNG and Energy Transition markets as well as repaying debt. Overall, I should stress that I'm personally very pleased to announce today the transformative transaction and I hope that our existing unitholders will take advantage of the rights issue to participate in this journey of taking the partnership to its next chapter with the aim of creating long-term shareholder value. I'm confident that our exceptional LNG fleet, our high quality customer base, our contracted cash flows and are uniquely positioned LNG and Energy Transition Shipping opportunities we make Capital New Energy Carriers bellwether in the industry. And with that, I'm happy to answer any questions you may have.
Operator: Thank you. At this time we’ll conducting a question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] Our first question comes from the line of Ben Nolan with Stifel. Please proceed with your question.
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