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Cascades Announces Strong Results for the First Quarter of 2019

KINGSEY FALLS, QC, May 9, 2019 /PRNewswire/ - Cascades Inc. (CAS.TO) reports its unaudited financial results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2019.

Q1 2019 Highlights4

  • Sales of $1,230 million
    (compared to $1,196 million in Q4 2018 (+3%) and $1,098 million in Q1 2018 (+12%))
  • As reported (including specific items)
  • Adjusted (excluding specific items)2
  • Net debt1 of $1,878 million as at March 31, 2019 (compared to $1,769 million as at December 31, 2018) and net debt to adjusted OIBD ratio1 at 3.4x on a pro-forma basis3.
  • Impact of IFRS 16 accounting for leases: $99 million debt increase as of January 1, 2019, and $30 million increase in full year OIBD for 2019.

 

1

OIBD = Operating income before depreciation and amortization.

2

For further details, please refer to the "Supplemental Information on non-IFRS Measures" section.

3

Pro-forma basis to include 2018 business combinations on a LTM basis and IFRS 16 Leases impact on an annualized basis as at March 31, 2019.

4

Fourth quarter 2018 results have been adjusted, retrospectively, to reflect adjustment of business acquisition purchase price allocation. Please refer to Note 5 of the unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements for details.



_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

        

Mr. Mario Plourde, President and Chief Executive Officer, commented: "We are pleased with our first quarter operational performance, with all of our business segments generating solid results that were in line with or above expectations. The Containerboard Packaging segment executed well within an environment of softer industry-wide demand and capacity utilization levels, in addition to slight decreases to index pricing levels during the quarter. While volumes were down sequentially, we maintained profitability levels in this segment as a result of lower raw material prices and improvements to sales mix which drove higher average selling prices. European Boxboard, via our equity position in Reno de Medici S.p.A., generated strong sequential results during the period that reflected recent business acquisitions, lower average raw material prices and higher average selling prices. The Specialty Products segment also generated improved sequential results in the first three months of the year. This was driven by recent business acquisitions and better performance in all packaging sub-segments, the benefits of which offset a lower contribution from the recovery sub-segment attributable to lower recycled fibre prices. Finally, we are very pleased with the important sequential improvement generated by the Tissue Papers segment. At the center of this were higher average selling prices owing to both improved sales mix and the implementation of price increases announced in 2018, in addition to lower raw material prices and lower production costs.

Other significant events announced during the first quarter include the closure of the felt floor backing plant in our Specialty Products segment in Quebec, and two paper machines in Ontario in our Tissue segment. We also announced that Jean-David Tardif was taking over the helm of the Tissue Papers segment, and the renewal of the Company's 2% annual normal course issuer bid for the March 2019 to March 2020 period."

 

Financial Summary

 

Selected consolidated information








(in millions of Canadian dollars, except amounts per common share) (unaudited)


Q1 2019



Q4 20182



Q1 2018


Sales


1,230



1,196



1,098


As Reported










Operating income before depreciation and amortization (OIBD)1


139



33



167


Operating income (loss)


72



(37)



112


Net earnings (loss)


24



(68)



61


per share

$

0.26


$

(0.72)


$

0.65


Adjusted1










Operating income before depreciation and amortization (OIBD)


135



113



105


Operating income


68



43



50


Net earnings


13





12


per share

$

0.14


$


$

0.13


Margin (OIBD)


11.0

%


9.4

%


9.6

%










1 -

Refer to the "Supplemental Information on Non-IFRS Measures" section.

2 -

Fourth quarter 2018 results have been adjusted, retrospectively, to reflect adjustment of business acquisition purchase price allocation. Please refer to Note 5 of the Unaudited Condensed Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for details


 

Segmented OIBD as reported








(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

Q1 2019

Q4 20181

Q1 2018

Packaging Products




Containerboard

111

111

141

Boxboard Europe

29

20

28

Specialty Products

11

11

7





Tissue Papers

4

(83)

13





Corporate Activities

(16)

(26)

(22)

OIBD as reported

139

33

167





1 -

Fourth quarter 2018 results have been adjusted, retrospectively, to reflect adjustment of business acquisition purchase price allocation. Please refer to Note 5 of the Unaudited Condensed Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for details.



 

Segmented adjusted OIBD1








(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

Q1 2019

Q4 2018

Q1 2018

Packaging Products




Containerboard

104

111

77

Boxboard Europe

29

20

28

Specialty Products

12

10

7





Tissue Papers

9

(8)

13





Corporate Activities

(19)

(20)

(20)

Adjusted OIBD

135

113

105





1 -

Refer to the "Supplemental Information on Non-IFRS Measures" section.

 

Analysis of results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2019 (compared to the same period last year)

Sales of $1,230 million increased by $132 million, or 12%, compared to the same period last year. This reflects increases in all four business segments, most notably a $43 million or 14% increase in Tissue that was driven by improved average selling price, a more favourable exchange rate and better sales mix, the combined benefit of which offset slightly lower volume. The Containerboard Packaging group generated a 5% year-over-year increase in sales, reflecting a higher average selling price, more favourable exchange rate and sales mix, which more than mitigated the impact from lower volume during the period. Sales generated by the European Boxboard segment were up by 13% compared to the prior year. This was largely driven by the business acquisition in Spain at the end of 2018, the benefits of which were partially offset by slightly lower volume and a less favourable Canadian dollar - euro exchange rate.

Finally, first quarter sales in the Specialty Products segment improved by a strong 23% from prior year levels, reflecting the recent business acquisition of U.S. moulded pulp assets. Lower results from the Recovery & Recycling sub-segment attributable to price erosion of recycled material negatively impacted sales performance by $7 million year-over-year.

The Corporation generated an operating income before depreciation and amortization (OIBD) of $139 million in the first quarter of 2019. This compares to the $167 million generated in the same period last year, which included the $66 million gain related to the sale of the land and building of our Maspeth, NY containerboard converting facility. On a consolidated basis, the variance reflects higher average selling prices and a more favourable sales mix, lower raw material prices, and business acquisitions completed in the last twelve months. These were offset by lower comparable volume in all segments, in addition to higher production costs most notably in Tissue, which were driven by the greater percentage of converted products in the sales mix resulting in elevated logistics and sub-contracting costs.

On an adjusted basis1, first quarter 2019 OIBD stood at $135 million, versus $105 million in the prior year.

The specific items, before income taxes, that impacted our first quarter 2019 OIBD and/or net earnings were:

  • $10 million gain in the Containerboard segment from the reversal of liabilities following the termination of a lease on the Bear Island, VA facility by the lessee (OIBD and net earnings)
  • $4 million impairment charge on Tissue and Bear Island equipment (OIBD and net earnings)
  • $5 million of restructuring costs related to the closure of two Ontario tissue paper machines, closure of one Specialty Products plant and management changes in the Tissue Papers segment (OIBD and net earnings)
  • $3 million unrealized gain on financial instruments (OIBD and net earnings)
  • $6 million foreign exchange gain on long-term debt and financial instruments (net earnings)

In addition, net earnings for the first quarter reflect a $10 million increase in interest expense compared to last year related to the recognition of the fair value variation of the CDPQ's put option on its equity stake in Greenpac.

For the three-month period ended March 31, 2019, the Corporation posted net earnings of $24 million, or $0.26 per share, compared to net earnings of $61 million, or $0.65 per share, in the same period of 2018. On an adjusted basis1, the Corporation generated net earnings of $13 million in the first quarter of 2019, or $0.14 per share, compared to net earnings of $12 million, or $0.13 per share, in the same period of 2018.

 

1 For further details, please refer to the "Supplemental Information on non-IFRS Measures" section.

 

Near-Term and Strategic Outlook

Discussing the outlook for Cascades, Mr. Plourde commented: "We are expecting near-term results to improve both sequentially and year-over-year for all of our North American business segments, taking into account usual seasonal trends and current market dynamics. In containerboard, lower OCC prices are expected to moderate industry-wide demand and pricing headwinds. European Boxboard performance is expected to continue to benefit from recent acquisitions in addition to lower recycled fibre pricing, the benefits of which are expected to mitigate more moderate demand levels and second quarter holiday-related closures. We anticipate moderately improved near-term results in the Specialty Products segment, as the impact of lower recycled fibre pricing on the recovery sub-segment is expected to be offset by stronger volumes and stable pricing in packaging. Lastly, our outlook for Tissue is positive, driven by internal initiatives and expected improvements in market conditions, in addition to more favourable raw material pricing. We are making progress with our internal initiatives to realign this segment's operational and financial performance, the early effects of which we began to see in the current quarter. In addition, management is focused and confident that the steps being taken will successfully position this segment for long-term success."

Dividend on common shares and normal course issuer bid

The Board of Directors of Cascades declared a quarterly dividend of $0.04 per share to be paid on June 6, 2019 to shareholders of record at the close of business on May 22, 2019. This dividend is an "eligible dividend" as per the Income Tax Act (R.C.S. (1985), Canada). During the first quarter of 2019, Cascades purchased 628,300 shares for cancellation at a weighted average price of $8.42.

2019 First Quarter Results Conference Call Details

Management will discuss the 2019 first quarter financial results during a conference call today at 8:30 a.m. EDT. The call can be accessed by dialing 1-888-231-8191 (international dial-in 1-647-427-7450). The conference call, including the investor presentation, will be broadcast live on the Cascades website (www.cascades.com under the "Investors" section). A replay of the call will be available on the Cascades website and may also be accessed by phone until June 9, 2019 by dialing 1-855-859-2056, access code 4599258.

Founded in 1964, Cascades offers sustainable, innovative and value-added packaging, hygiene and recovery solutions. The company employs 11,000 women and men across a network of over 90 facilities in North America and Europe. Driven by its participative management, half a century of experience in recycling, and continuous research and development efforts, Cascades continues to provide innovative products that customers have come to rely on, while contributing to the well-being of people, communities and the entire planet. Cascades' shares trade on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol CAS. Certain statements in this release, including statements regarding future results and performance, are forward-looking statements (as such term is defined under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) based on current expectations. The accuracy of such statements is subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions that may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected, including, but not limited to, the effect of general economic conditions, decreases in demand for the Corporation's products, increases in raw material costs, fluctuations in selling prices and adverse changes in general market and industry conditions and other factors listed in the Corporation's Securities and Exchange Commission filings.

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS




(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

March 31,
2019

December 31,
2018

Assets



Current assets



Cash and cash equivalents

117

123

Accounts receivable

666

635

Current income tax assets

27

29

Inventories

630

606

Current portion of financial assets

7

10

Assets held for sale

3


1,450

1,403

Long-term assets



Investments in associates and joint ventures

82

81

Property, plant and equipment

2,559

2,505

Intangible assets with finite useful life

197

204

Financial assets

18

20

Other assets

41

42

Deferred income tax assets

136

134

Goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite useful life

550

556


5,033

4,945

Liabilities and Equity



Current liabilities



Bank loans and advances

18

16

Trade and other payables

796

781

Current income tax liabilities

26

23

Current portion of long-term debt

73

55

Current portion of provisions for contingencies and charges

7

6

Current portion of financial liabilities and other liabilities

96

101


1,016

982

Long-term liabilities



Long-term debt

1,904

1,821

Provisions for contingencies and charges

42

42

Financial liabilities

8

14

Other liabilities

191

202

Deferred income tax liabilities

196

200


3,357

3,261

Equity



Capital stock

487

490

Contributed surplus

16

16

Retained earnings

1,003

997

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

(7)

2

Equity attributable to Shareholders

1,499

1,505

Non-controlling interests

177

179

Total equity

1,676

1,684


5,033

4,945

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS




For the 3-month periods ended March 31,

(in millions of Canadian dollars, except per share amounts and number of shares) (unaudited)

2019

2018

Sales

1,230

1,098

Cost of sales and expenses



Cost of sales (including depreciation and amortization of $67 million (2018 — $55 million))

1,058

946

Selling and administrative expenses

104

103

Gain on acquisitions, disposals and others

(10)

(66)

Impairment charges and restructuring costs

9

Foreign exchange gain

(1)

Loss (gain) on derivative financial instruments

(3)

4


1,158

986

Operating income

72

112

Financing expense

25

20

Interest expense on employee future benefits and other liabilities

14

3

Foreign exchange gain on long-term debt and financial instruments

(6)

(1)

Fair value revaluation gain on investments

(5)

Share of results of associates and joint ventures

(2)

(1)

Earnings before income taxes

41

96

Provision for income taxes

8

24

Net earnings from continuing operations including non-controlling interests for the period

33

72

Net earnings attributable to non-controlling interests

9

11

Net earnings attributable to Shareholders for the period

24

61

Net earnings per share



Basic

$

0.26

$

0.65

Diluted

$

0.26

$

0.63

Weighted average basic number of shares outstanding

94,166,959

95,013,041

Weighted average number of diluted shares

95,736,437

97,801,090

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME




For the 3-month periods ended March 31,

(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

2019

2018

Net earnings including non-controlling interests for the period

33

72

Other comprehensive income (loss)



Items that may be reclassified subsequently to earnings



Translation adjustments



Change in foreign currency translation of foreign subsidiaries

(37)

40

Change in foreign currency translation related to net investment hedging activities

21

(23)

Cash flow hedges



Change in fair value of foreign exchange forward contracts

1

(1)

Change in fair value of commodity derivative financial instruments

(1)

1

Recovery of income taxes

3


(16)

20

Items that are not released to earnings



Actuarial gain (loss) on employee future benefits

(5)

1

Recovery of income taxes

2


(3)

1

Other comprehensive income (loss)

(19)

21

Comprehensive income including non-controlling interests for the period

14

93

Comprehensive income attributable to non-controlling interests for the period

2

18

Comprehensive income attributable to Shareholders for the period

12

75

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY




For the 3-month period ended March 31, 2019

(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

CAPITAL
STOCK

CONTRIBUTED
SURPLUS

RETAINED
EARNINGS

ACCUMULATED
OTHER
COMPREHENSIVE
LOSS

TOTAL EQUITY
ATTRIBUTABLE TO
SHAREHOLDERS

NON-
CONTROLLING
INTERESTS

TOTAL
EQUITY

Balance - End of previous period, as reported

490

16

1,000

2

1,508

179

1,687

Business combination

(3)

(3)

(3)

Adjusted balance - End of previous period

490

16

997

2

1,505

179

1,684

New IFRS adoption

(9)

(9)

(9)

Balance - Beginning of period

490

16

988

2

1,496

179

1,675

Comprehensive income








Net earnings

24

24

9

33

Other comprehensive loss

(3)

(9)

(12)

(7)

(19)


21

(9)

12

2

14

Dividends

(4)

(4)

(4)

Redemption of common shares

(3)

(2)

(5)

(5)

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests

(4)

(4)

Balance - End of period

487

16

1,003

(7)

1,499

177

1,676




For the 3-month period ended March 31, 2018

(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

CAPITAL
STOCK

CONTRIBUTED
SURPLUS

RETAINED
EARNINGS

ACCUMULATED
OTHER
COMPREHENSIVE
LOSS

TOTAL EQUITY
ATTRIBUTABLE TO
SHAREHOLDERS

NON-
CONTROLLING
INTERESTS

TOTAL
EQUITY

Balance - End of previous period

492

16

982

(35)

1,455

146

1,601

New IFRS adoption

(2)

2

Balance - Beginning of period

492

16

980

(33)

1,455

146

1,601

Comprehensive income








Net earnings

61

61

11

72

Other comprehensive income

1

13

14

7

21


62

13

75

18

93

Dividends

(4)

(4)

(4)

Issuance of common shares upon exercise of stock options

2

2

2

Redemption of common shares

(3)

(3)

(6)

(6)

Capital contribution from a non-controlling interest

1

1

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests

(2)

(2)

Balance - End of period

491

16

1,035

(20)

1,522

163

1,685

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS




For the 3-month periods ended March 31,

(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

2019

2018

Operating activities



Net earnings attributable to Shareholders for the period

24

61

Adjustments for:



Financing expense and interest expense on employee future benefits and other liabilities

39

23

Depreciation and amortization

67

55

Gain on acquisitions, disposals and others

(9)

(66)

Impairment charges and restructuring costs

5

Unrealized loss (gain) on derivative financial instruments

(3)

4

Foreign exchange gain on long-term debt and financial instruments

(6)

(1)

Provision for income taxes

8

24

Fair value revaluation gain on investments

(5)

Share of results of associates and joint ventures

(2)

(1)

Net earnings attributable to non-controlling interests

9

11

Net financing expense paid

(43)

(37)

Net income taxes received

3

Employee future benefits and others

(7)

(2)


82

69

Changes in non-cash working capital components

(30)

(31)


52

38

Investing activities



Investments in associates and joint ventures

(2)

Payments for property, plant and equipment

(66)

(83)

Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment

1

81

Change in intangible and other assets

(1)

(4)

Net cash acquired in business combinations

3


(66)

(5)

Financing activities



Bank loans and advances

2

(13)

Change in credit facilities

64

36

Increase in other long-term debt

8

Payments of other long-term debt

(41)

(9)

Settlement of derivative financial instruments

(1)

Issuance of common shares upon exercise of stock options

2

Redemption of common shares

(5)

(6)

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests

(4)

(2)

Capital contribution from non-controlling interests

1

Dividends paid to the Corporation's Shareholders

(4)

(4)


12

12

Change in cash and cash equivalents during the period

(2)

45

Currency translation on cash and cash equivalents

(4)

3

Cash and cash equivalents - Beginning of the period

123

89

Cash and cash equivalents - End of the period

117

137

 

SEGMENTED INFORMATION

The Corporation analyzes the performance of its operating segments based on their operating income before depreciation and amortization, which is not a measure of performance under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS); however, the chief operating decision-maker (CODM) uses this performance measure to assess the operating performance of each reportable segment. Earnings for each segment are prepared on the same basis as those of the Corporation. Intersegment operations are recorded on the same basis as sales to third parties, which are at fair market value. The accounting policies of the reportable segments are the same as the Corporation's accounting policies described in its most recent audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018.

The Corporation's operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the CODM. The Chief Executive Officer has authority for resource allocation and management of the Corporation's performance, and is therefore the CODM.

The Corporation's operations are managed in four segments: Containerboard, Boxboard Europe and Specialty Products (which constitutes the Corporation's Packaging Products), and Tissue Papers.

 


SALES


For the 3-month periods ended March 31,

(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

2019

2018

Packaging Products



Containerboard

441

421

Boxboard Europe

279

246

Specialty Products

196

159

Intersegment sales

(22)

(24)


894

802

Tissue Papers

348

305

Intersegment sales and Corporate Activities

(12)

(9)


1,230

1,098





OPERATING INCOME BEFORE DEPRECIATION
AND AMORTIZATION


For the 3-month periods ended March 31,

(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

2019

2018

Packaging Products



Containerboard

111

141

Boxboard Europe

29

28

Specialty Products

11

7


151

176

Tissue Papers

4

13

Corporate Activities

(16)

(22)

Operating income before depreciation and amortization

139

167

Depreciation and amortization

(67)

(55)

Financing expense and interest expense on employee future benefits and other liabilities

(39)

(23)

Foreign exchange gain on long-term debt and financial instruments

6

1

Fair value revaluation gain on investments

5

Share of results of associates and joint ventures

2

1

Earnings before income taxes

41

96





PAYMENTS FOR PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT


For the 3-month periods ended March 31,

(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

2019

2018

Packaging Products



Containerboard

22

59

Boxboard Europe

11

3

Specialty Products

6

6


39

68

Tissue Papers

29

9

Corporate Activities

8

3

Total acquisitions

76

80

Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment

(1)

(81)

Lease acquisitions

(15)

(3)


60

(4)

Acquisitions for property, plant and equipment included in "Trade and other payables"



Beginning of period

37

28

End of period

(32)

(22)

Payments for property, plant and equipment net of proceeds from disposals

65

2

 

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION ON NON-IFRS MEASURES

SPECIFIC ITEMS

The Corporation incurs some specific items that adversely or positively affect its operating results. We believe it is useful for readers to be aware of these items, as they provide additional information to measure performance, compare the Corporation's results between periods, and assess operating results and liquidity, notwithstanding these specific items. Management believes these specific items are not necessarily reflective of the Corporation's underlying business operations in measuring and comparing its performance and analyzing future trends. Our definition of specific items may differ from those of other corporations, and some of them may arise in the future and may reduce the Corporation's available cash.

They include, but are not limited to, charges for (reversals of) impairment of assets, restructuring gains or costs, loss on refinancing and repurchase of long-term debt, some deferred tax asset provisions or reversals, premiums paid on long-term debt refinancing, gains or losses on the acquisition or sale of a business unit, gains or losses on the share of results of associates and joint ventures, unrealized gains or losses on derivative financial instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting, unrealized gains or losses on interest rate swaps, foreign exchange gains or losses on long-term debt and financial instruments, specific items of discontinued operations and other significant items of an unusual, non-cash or non-recurring nature.

RECONCILIATION OF NON-IFRS MEASURES

To provide more information for evaluating the Corporation's performance, the financial information included in this analysis contains certain data that are not performance measures under IFRS ("non-IFRS measures"), which are also calculated on an adjusted basis to exclude specific items. We believe that providing certain key performance measures and non-IFRS measures is useful to both management and investors, as they provide additional information to measure the performance and financial position of the Corporation. It also increases the transparency and clarity of the financial information. The following non-IFRS measures are used in our financial disclosures:

  • Operating income before depreciation and amortization (OIBD): Used to assess operating performance and contribution of each segment when excluding depreciation & amortization. OIBD is widely used by investors as a measure of a corporation's ability to incur and service debt and as an evaluation metric.
  • Adjusted OIBD: Used to assess operating performance and contribution of each segment on a comparable basis.
  • Adjusted operating income: Used to assess operating performance of each segment on a comparable basis.
  • Adjusted net earnings: Used to assess the Corporation's consolidated financial performance on a comparable basis.
  • Adjusted free cash flow: Used to assess the Corporation's capacity to generate cash flows to meet financial obligations and/or discretionary items such as share repurchase, dividend increase and strategic investments.
  • Net debt to adjusted OIBD ratio: Used to measure the Corporation's credit performance and evaluate financial leverage.
  • Net debt to adjusted OIBD ratio on a pro-forma basis: Used to measure the Corporation's credit performance and evaluate the financial leverage on a comparable basis including significant business acquisitions and excluding significant business disposals, if any.

Non-IFRS measures are mainly derived from the consolidated financial statements, but do not have meanings prescribed by IFRS. These measures have limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered on their own or as a substitute for an analysis of our results as reported under IFRS. In addition, our definitions of non-IFRS measures may differ from those of other corporations. Any such modification or reformulation may be significant.

The reconciliation of operating income (loss) to OIBD, to adjusted operating income (loss) and to adjusted OIBD by business segment is as follows:

 


Q1 2019

(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

Containerboard

Boxboard
Europe

Specialty
Products

Tissue Papers

Corporate
Activities

Consolidated

Operating income (loss)

84

18

3

(8)

(25)

72

Depreciation and amortization

27

11

8

12

9

67

Operating income (loss) before depreciation and amortization

111

29

11

4

(16)

139

Specific items:







Gain on acquisitions, disposals and others

(10)

(10)

Impairment charges

3

1

4

Restructuring costs

1

4

5

Unrealized gain on financial instruments

(3)

(3)


(7)

1

5

(3)

(4)

Adjusted operating income (loss) before depreciation and amortization

104

29

12

9

(19)

135

Adjusted operating income (loss)

77

18

4

(3)

(28)

68









Q4 2018

(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

Containerboard

Boxboard
Europe

Specialty
Products

Tissue Papers

Corporate
Activities

Consolidated

Operating income (loss)

84

9

5

(100)

(35)

(37)

Depreciation and amortization

27

11

6

17

9

70

Operating income (loss) before depreciation and amortization

111

20

11

(83)

(26)

33

Specific items :







Gain on acquisitions, disposals and others

(1)

(1)

Impairment charges

75

75

Restructuring costs (gain)

3

(1)

2

Unrealized loss (gain) on derivative financial instruments

(2)

6

4


(1)

75

6

80

Adjusted operating income (loss) before depreciation and amortization

111

20

10

(8)

(20)

113

Adjusted operating income (loss)

84

9

5

(100)

(35)

(37)









Q1 2018

(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

Containerboard

Boxboard
Europe

Specialty
Products

Tissue Papers

Corporate
Activities

Consolidated

Operating income (loss)

121

19

2

(2)

(28)

112

Depreciation and amortization

20

9

5

15

6

55

Operating income (loss) before depreciation and amortization

141

28

7

13

(22)

167

Specific items:







Gain on acquisitions, disposals and others

(66)

(66)

Unrealized loss on financial instruments

2

2

4


(64)

2

(62)

Adjusted operating income (loss) before depreciation and amortization

77

28

7

13

(20)

105

Adjusted operating income (loss)

57

19

2

(2)

(26)

50

 

Net earnings (loss), as per IFRS, is reconciled below with operating income (loss), adjusted operating income and adjusted operating income before depreciation and amortization:

 





(in millions of Canadian dollars) (unaudited)

Q1 2019

Q4 2018

Q1 2018





Net earnings (loss) attributable to Shareholders

24

(68)

61

Net earnings attributable to non-controlling interests

9

7

11

Provision for (recovery of) income taxes

8

(9)

24

Fair value revaluation gain on investments

(5)

Share of results of associates and joint ventures

(2)

(4)

(1)

Foreign exchange loss (gain) on long-term debt and financial instruments

(6)

8

(1)

Financing expense, interest expense on employee future benefits and other liabilities

39

29

23

Operating income (loss)

72

(37)

112

Specific items:



Gain on acquisitions, disposals and others

(10)

(1)

(66)

Impairment charges

4

75

Restructuring costs

5

2

Unrealized loss (gain) on derivative financial instruments

(3)

4

4


(4)

80

(62)

Adjusted operating income

68

43

50

Depreciation and amortization

67

70

55

Adjusted operating income before depreciation and amortization

135

113

105

 

The following table reconciles net earnings (loss) and net earnings (loss) per share, as per IFRS, with adjusted net earnings (loss) and adjusted net earnings (loss) per share:

 






(in millions of Canadian dollars, except amounts per share) (unaudited)

NET EARNINGS



NET EARNINGS PER SHARE 1


Q1 2019

Q4 2018

Q1 2018



Q1 2019

Q4 2018

Q1 2018










As per IFRS

24

(68)

61



$

0.26

$

(0.72)

$

0.65

Specific items:









Gain on acquisitions, disposals and others

(10)

(1)

(66)



$

(0.11)

$

(0.01)

$

(0.51)

Impairment charges

4

75



$

0.03

$

0.60

Restructuring costs

5

2



$

0.04

$

0.02

Unrealized loss (gain) on derivative financial instruments

(3)

4

4



$

(0.02)

$

0.03

$

0.03

Foreign exchange loss (gain) on long-term debt and financial instruments

(6)

8

(1)



$

(0.06)

$

0.06

$

(0.01)

Fair value revaluation gain on investments

(5)



$

(0.03)

Tax effect on specific items, other tax adjustments and attributable to non-controlling interest1

(1)

(20)

19



$

0.02


(11)

68

(49)



$

(0.12)

$

0.72

$

(0.52)

Adjusted

13

12



$

0.14

$

0.13



1

Specific amounts per share are calculated on an after-tax basis and are net of the portion attributable to non-controlling interests. Per share amounts in line item ''Tax effect on specific items, other tax adjustments and attributable to non-controlling interests'' only include the effect of tax adjustments.

 

The following table reconciles cash flow from operating activities with operating income (loss) and operating income before depreciation and amortization:

 





(in millions of Canadian dollars)

Q1 2019

Q4 2018

Q1 2018

Cash flow from operating activities

52

85

38

Changes in non-cash working capital components

30

4

31

Depreciation and amortization

(67)

(70)

(55)

Net income taxes paid (received)

7

(3)

Net financing expense paid

43

13

37

Gain on acquisitions, disposals and others

9

1

66

Impairment charges and restructuring costs

(5)

(77)

Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative financial instruments

3

(4)

(4)

Dividend received, employee future benefits and others

7

4

2

Operating income (loss)

72

(37)

112

Depreciation and amortization

67

70

55

Operating income before depreciation and amortization

139

33

167

 

The following table reconciles cash flow from operating activities with cash flow from operating activities (excluding changes in non-cash working capital components) and adjusted cash flow from operating activities. It also reconciles adjusted cash flow from operating activities to adjusted free cash flow, which is also calculated on a per share basis:

 





(in millions of Canadian dollars, except amount per common share or otherwise mentioned)

Q1 2019

Q4 2018

Q1 2018

Cash flow from operating activities

52

85

38

Changes in non-cash working capital components

30

4

31

Cash flow from operating activities (excluding changes in non-cash working capital components)

82

89

69

Specific items, net of current income taxes if applicable:




Restructuring costs

3

Adjusted cash flow from operating activities

85

89

69

Capital expenditures & other assets1 and capital lease payments, net of disposals of $81 million in Q1 2018

(76)

(66)

(9)

Dividends paid to the Corporation's Shareholders and to non-controlling interests

(8)

(8)

(6)

Adjusted free cash flow

1

15

54

Adjusted free cash flow per common share

$

0.01

$

0.16

$

0.56

Weighted average basic number of common shares outstanding

94,166,959

94,173,071

95,013,041









1 Excluding increase in investments

 

The following table reconciles total debt and net debt with the ratio of net debt to adjusted operating income before depreciation and amortization (adjusted OIBD): 

 





(in millions of Canadian dollars)

March 31, 2019

December 31,
2018

March 31, 2018

Long-term debt

1,904

1,821

1,582

Current portion of long-term debt

73

55

66

Bank loans and advances

18

16

23

Total debt

1,995

1,892

1,671

Less: Cash and cash equivalents (including $25 million of restricted cash on March 31, 2018)

117

123

137

Net debt

1,878

1,769

1,534

Adjusted OIBD (last twelve months)

519

489

423

Net debt / Adjusted OIBD ratio

3.6

3.6

3.6

Net debt / Adjusted OIBD ratio on a pro forma basis1

3.4

3.5

3.6



1

Pro-forma to include adjusted OIBD of 2017 and 2018 business acquisitions on a last twelve months basis and IFRS 16 Leases impact on an annualized basis as at March 31, 2019.

 

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