This analysis is intended to introduce important early concepts to people who are starting to invest and want to begin learning the link between company’s fundamentals and stock market performance.
Chesapeake Granite Wash Trust (NYSE:CHKR) outperformed the Oil and Gas Exploration and Production industry on the basis of its ROE – producing a higher 47.5% relative to the peer average of 13.1% over the past 12 months. Superficially, this looks great since we know that CHKR has generated big profits with little equity capital; however, ROE doesn’t tell us how much CHKR has borrowed in debt. In this article, we’ll closely examine some factors like financial leverage to evaluate the sustainability of CHKR’s ROE.
What you must know about ROE
Return on Equity (ROE) weighs Chesapeake Granite Wash Trust’s profit against the level of its shareholders’ equity. It essentially shows how much the company can generate in earnings given the amount of equity it has raised. In most cases, a higher ROE is preferred; however, there are many other factors we must consider prior to making any investment decisions.
Return on Equity = Net Profit ÷ Shareholders Equity
Returns are usually compared to costs to measure the efficiency of capital. Chesapeake Granite Wash Trust’s cost of equity is 10.9%. Given a positive discrepancy of 36.6% between return and cost, this indicates that Chesapeake Granite Wash Trust pays less for its capital than what it generates in return, which is a sign of capital efficiency. ROE can be broken down into three different ratios: net profit margin, asset turnover, and financial leverage. This is called the Dupont Formula:
ROE = profit margin × asset turnover × financial leverage
ROE = (annual net profit ÷ sales) × (sales ÷ assets) × (assets ÷ shareholders’ equity)
ROE = annual net profit ÷ shareholders’ equity
The first component is profit margin, which measures how much of sales is retained after the company pays for all its expenses. The other component, asset turnover, illustrates how much revenue Chesapeake Granite Wash Trust can make from its asset base. Finally, financial leverage will be our main focus today. It shows how much of assets are funded by equity and can show how sustainable the company’s capital structure is. Since ROE can be artificially increased through excessive borrowing, we should check Chesapeake Granite Wash Trust’s historic debt-to-equity ratio. Currently, Chesapeake Granite Wash Trust has no debt which means its returns are driven purely by equity capital. Therefore, the level of financial leverage has no impact on ROE, and the ratio is a representative measure of the efficiency of all its capital employed firm-wide.
ROE is one of many ratios which meaningfully dissects financial statements, which illustrates the quality of a company. Chesapeake Granite Wash Trust exhibits a strong ROE against its peers, as well as sufficient returns to cover its cost of equity. ROE is not likely to be inflated by excessive debt funding, giving shareholders more conviction in the sustainability of high returns. ROE is a helpful signal, but it is definitely not sufficient on its own to make an investment decision.
For Chesapeake Granite Wash Trust, I’ve put together three fundamental factors you should look at:
- Financial Health: Does it have a healthy balance sheet? Take a look at our free balance sheet analysis with six simple checks on key factors like leverage and risk.
- Valuation: What is Chesapeake Granite Wash Trust worth today? Is the stock undervalued, even when its growth outlook is factored into its intrinsic value? The intrinsic value infographic in our free research report helps visualize whether Chesapeake Granite Wash Trust is currently mispriced by the market.
- Other High-Growth Alternatives : Are there other high-growth stocks you could be holding instead of Chesapeake Granite Wash Trust? Explore our interactive list of stocks with large growth potential to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
To help readers see past the short term volatility of the financial market, we aim to bring you a long-term focused research analysis purely driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis does not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements.
The author is an independent contributor and at the time of publication had no position in the stocks mentioned. For errors that warrant correction please contact the editor at email@example.com.